Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC272

Incident date

January 3, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎: شرفة الملاحة, Tripoli: Shurfat Al Malaha, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.885089, 13.285718 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian was killed and a child was injured in alleged LNA forces shelling with BM-21 Grad missiles on Shurfat Al Malaha area near Maitika International Airport on January 3rd, 2020 according to local sources.

The killed man was identified as Jumaa Al Qabaili and the injured child who was admitted to hospital was identified as Muhaimin Muhammad Qnedi.

Libya Al Ahrar reported that the shelling with Grad rockets on Shurfet Al Milaha  targeted nine houses and a school causing injuries including children.

Hona Souq Al-Khmies said: “A rocket fell a short time ago on the house of rented by a family in Shurfat Al Malaha, behind Mitiga.”

The Libya Observer tweeted “Shurfat Al-Malaha residential area near Mitiga Airport came under intense rocket attacks by warlord Khalifa Haftar’s armed groups last night leaving one person dead and causing damage to people’s houses.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    LNA

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Location where alleged LNA forces missiles landed in Shurfat Al Malaha in Tripoli on January 3rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Location where alleged LNA forces missiles landed in Shurfat Al Malaha in Tripoli on January 3rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Location where alleged LNA forces missiles landed in Shurfat Al Malaha in Tripoli on January 3rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Location where alleged LNA forces missiles landed in Shurfat Al Malaha in Tripoli on January 3rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Location on Google Maps where the missiles landed in Shurfet Al MIlaha in Tripoli on January 3rd, 2020 (via @Lyobserver).
  • Picture of the damage allegedly caused by shelling on Shurfat Al Malaha on January 3rd 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Picture of the damage allegedly caused by shelling on Shurfat Al Malaha on January 3rd 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Picture of the damage allegedly caused by shelling on Shurfat Al Malaha on January 3rd 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Picture of the damage allegedly caused by shelling on Shurfat Al Malaha on January 3rd 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    LNA

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC302

Incident date

February 24, 2020

Location

صلاح الدين, Salaheddin, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.846389, 13.161667 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Four civilians were allegedly injured by LNA shelling on the Saleheddin neighbourhood of Tripoli.

The Field Medicine and Support Center said: “A team from the center toured the field to find out the severity of the injuries left by the fall of a shell on Monday evening, 24/2/2020 in Saleheddin, and injured a family of a father, mother and child and injured another citizen.”

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation accused the LNA.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Ali Huwaidi Ali Age unknown male Abdominal fragment injury, underwent an operation injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Victim allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Salaheddin on February 24, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Salaheddin on February 24, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Salaheddin on February 24, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Salaheddin on February 24, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Salaheddin (صلاح الدين), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.846389, 13.161667. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Salaheddin (صلاح الدين).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC334

Incident date

April 3, 2020

Location

المستشفى الجامعي طرابلس, Tripoli University Hospital, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.853009, 13.230138 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were allegedly injured by LNA shelling near the Tripoli Unversity Hospital.

The Field Medicine and Support Center wrote: “Today, Saturday 4-4-2020, the Monitoring and Follow-up Team of the Field Medicine and Support Center monitored the injury of Mr. Aseel Al-Aswad, 35, who is a member of the Ministry of Interior and Citizenship, Hala Salem, 22, with a serious head injury as a result of targeting the back gate of Tripoli University Hospital (medical). The two cases were transferred to each of Kaddour Medical Center and Al-Mukhtar Clinic.”

The Libya Observer said it was a rocket attack conducted by the LNA.

Other sources reported the same number of wounded people.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC364

Incident date

April 22, 2020

Location

تاجوراء‎: وريمة, Tajoura: Weryama, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.8963579, 13.2995395 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Two civilians, including a child, were injured in alleged LNA shelling on the neighbourhood of Weryama in Tarjoura on April 22nd, 2020, according to local sources.

Tk Yahrouq Kl shy reported that “shrapnel fell on a house in Weryama area, adjacent to the Maitika airport, and a young girl from the Al Ezibi family was injured alongside her uncle.”

Libya Al Ahrar wrote that Haftar militias intensively shelled areas in Tripoli, among which Weryama, reporting civilian casualties and damaged houses.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Damaged house after alleged LNA shelling on Weryama neighbourhood in Tajoura on April 22nd, 2018 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy).
  • Photo of a damaged house after alleged LNA shelling on Weryama neighbourhood in Tajoura on April 22nd, 2018 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy).

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC393

Incident date

May 13, 2020

Location

الزاوية: شارع الزاوية, Tripoli: Az Zawiya street, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.879830, 13.189395 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Street

Airwars assessment

A number of civilians were reported injured in alleged LNA shelling on Az Zawiya street in Tripoli in the midnight on May 14th, 2020 according to local sources.

Libya Alahrar TV reported: “Ministry of Health spokesman Fawzi Onis confirms to the Libya Alahrar that the death toll from the bombing of Haftar militias on al-Zawiyah Street has risen to 14, including women and children.”

Other sources also reported 14 victims from the incidents at Az Zawiya street and Al Sour road. Airwars cannot cleary attribute the victim names at present so the casualty toll is split up between the LC393 and LC394.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • A civilian injured in alleged LNA shelling on Al Zawiya street in Tripoli on May 13th, 2020 (via FMSC).
  • Civilian were rushed to hospital after they were injured in alleged LNA shelling on Al Zawiya street in Tripoli on May 13th, 2020 (via FMSC).
  • Aftermath of alleged LNA shelling on Al Zawiya street in Tripoli on May 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy).
  • Aftermath of alleged LNA shelling on Al Zawiya street in Tripoli on May 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy).
  • Aftermath of alleged LNA shelling on Al Zawiya street in Tripoli on May 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy).
  • Aftermath of alleged LNA shelling on Al Zawiya street in Tripoli on May 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy).
  • A civilian injured in alleged LNA shelling on Al Zawiya street in Tripoli on May 13th, 2020 (via FMSC).

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC098

Incident date

November 14, 2018

Location

قصر بن غشير, Qasr Bin Gashir, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.688716, 13.173889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported injured as a result of indiscriminate artillery shelling in Qasr bin Ghashir south of Tripoli.

A single source, United Libyan, posted on Facebook that “citizen Abdul Basit Bouziane was injured by shrapnel as a result of indiscriminate missiles near Jiha road between the Suwani and the palace.”

Azzawiyah News 24 published a carbon copy of the post.

The source did not name the culprit of the attack. According to local media, clashes between the 7th Brigade and GNA-affiliated militias occurred on that day south of Tripoli.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of the man allegedly injured by shrapnel

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

7th Brigade Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    7th Brigade
  • 7th Brigade position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ060

Incident date

November 1, 2017

Location

ورشفانة, Wershafana, Jafara, Libya

Geolocation

32.55048, 12.981661 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

Facebook sources reported “indiscriminate” shelling of Wershefana, 45km from Tripoli, with a BM-21 Grad.

According to one source, Amany El Weshahy, the attack displaced civilians from the area. However there were no reports at the time of civilian harm.

The War is Boring blog also reported artillery shelling but with Chinese GP1 laser-guided ammunition which was it said was first misidentified by Libya Times as a Raytheon Excalibur.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ034

Incident date

August 29, 2016

Location

بنغازي‎, Ganfouda, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.028594, 20.026959 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

The LNA self-reported MiG-23 strikes on “armed militias” in Ganfouda.

However, Benghazi News claimed on Twitter that three airstrikes had been deliberately aimed at civilian infrastructure.

Russia Today added that the bombardment led to a demonstration asking to lift the siege on Ganfouda. It also reported that “Libyan media sources said Monday that the Council of Elders of Misurata condemned the aerial bombardment of Qanfouda in a statement, saying it was ‘a crime committed by the forces of Hafter and foreign forces that support them against defenceless civilians.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]