Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC121

Incident date

April 19, 2019

Location

الاصابعة, Asabi'ah: Jendouba mall, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

32.059374, 12.889187 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

A family was reported injured in GNA airstrike on Asabi’ah.

Anis Abdalgawad said the Abbeish family was rushed to hospital after being wounded in the attack.

Almontaser IA said the family was hit in their car and posted a picture of the damaged vehicle.

Other sources published similar accounts.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The car allegedly damaged in the attack

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC120

Incident date

April 19, 2019

Location

مدرسة تحرير ليبيا, Tahrer School, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.688062, 13.178065 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One child was reportedly killed by indiscriminate artillery shelling on Qasr Bin Gashir.

Riyadh Burshan said that Teqwa Abu Bakr Awn died after a shell landed in Qasr Bin Gashir.

Libyan News said it was near the School of Liberation.

Other sources published similar reports.

According to local sources, GNA and LNA were fighting in the area.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Teqwa Abu Bakr Awn Child male killed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the Tahrer School (مدرسة تحرير ليبيا) for which the generic coordinates are: 32.688062, 13.178065. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC119

Incident date

April 19, 2019

Location

قصر بن غشير, Qasr Bin Gashir, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.688716, 13.173889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One child allegedly died from indiscriminate artillery shelling on Qasr Bin Gashir near Tripoli.

Mohamed Al Terhouni posted on Facebook: “Today my wife’s cousin, Radwan Milad Attiya, died because of a mortar shell. My wife’s brother and his cousin were slightly injured.”

Mohammed A Alhise said that the two injured were both cousin’s of Attiya.

Other sources provided similar information and posted pictures of the victim.

Local reports of shelling point at GNA or LNA as the perpetrator of the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Radwan Milad Attiya Child male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Photos os the victim and the incident
  • Another picture of the victim

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Qasr Bin Gashir (قصر بن غشير), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.688716, 13.173889. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC118

Incident date

April 16, 2019

Location

أبو سليم, Abu Salim, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.842957, 13.171578 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Between three and six civilians were allegedly killed by indiscriminate LNA artillery shelling on the Abu Salim neighbourhood of Tripoli.

The Libya Observer said a Filipino worker was killed by shelling.

Field medicine and support center (FMSC) counted three dead and 11 injured.

GNA media wrote the shelling “resulted in the death of three women and one man, and more than 26 wounded, 7 of them with intensive care, four of them amputated, most of these injuries in the neighborhood of Abu Salim, and Salahuddin.”

Al Khal reported the death of the family of Sassi Abu Qusaiha, including mother, two daughters and grandmother.

OCHA reported six people, four of them women, dead “in heaviest shelling since eruption of clashes in Tripoli.”

The Municipal Council of Abu Salim later published a statement saying that “Civilian death toll rises to 7 after death of young man Ali Mohammed Al-Mabrouk, 22 years old, resident of Al-Nasr neighborhood, as a result of the indiscriminate bombing of yesterday night.”

On April 22 the Municipal Council added that Mohammed Ahmed Qashat Al-Zanati died from injuries sustained in the incident.

Though sources apportioned blamed to the LNA for the shelling it later condemned indiscriminate shelling in the outskirts of Tripoli.

Amnesty International later published a detailed report on the incident, saying: “On the night of 16 April, residents reported a number of rocket attacks in Hay al-Intissar. One eyewitness said five rockets struck five different homes – killing four women and one man, and injuring a young girl. The girl was taken to hospital in a critical condition, but survived.”

An on-the-ground investigation by Amnesty International later said: The rockets used in this strike on the Abu Salim neighbourhood are notoriously inaccurate. They cannot be aimed precisely at specific targets and should therefore never be used in populated residential areas. Those who launched these strikes would have known that the likelihood of harming civilians was very high. International humanitarian law prohibits indiscriminate attacks (attacks which are not directed at a specific military objective), as well as attacks which employ a method or means of combat which cannot be directed at a specific military objective. Launching an indiscriminate attack resulting in death or injury to civilians constitutes a war crime.

It also quoted one victim’s brother: “We were 13 people in the house when the rocket struck. Noureddine was upstairs with his wife and their three children and I was downstairs with my family and my parents and siblings. My brother was hit directly; his head and abdomen were split open and had other injuries in his arms and legs. He died instantly. I was only a few meters away from him but was not injured. It could have been me in his place, or anyone else from the family. There is no way of knowing where these rockets will strike and so there is nothing one can do to protect himself and his family. It is terrifying every time we hear shelling and we live with that fear all the time”

The report further states that all residents interviewed by Amnesty International believed the LNA conducted the attack.

The family of Mufida Sasi Abu Gasiah later filed a lawsuit against LNA leader Khalifa Haftar stating: “45. On April 16, 2019, Haftar and his forces launched missiles into the civilian
neighborhood of Hay Alintassar in Trippoli in which Mufida Sasi Abu Gasiah, her
mother, sister, and young daughter lived.
46. Defendant knew that there were numerous civilians living in this neighborhood. He
knew that there were women and children present.
47. Yet without any regard for human life, Defendant Haftar still launched missiles into
the Hay Alintassar, Trippoli.
48. Mufida Sasi Abu Gasiah, along with her mother, sister, and young daughter, lived on
Tariq Al Matar road in the neighborhood of Hay Alintassar, Trippoli.
49. Mufida Sasi Abu Gasiah, her mother and sister were all killed by the missile strike on
April 16, 2019.

Plaintiff Mais Ahmed Mayouf was the only survivor of the brutal attack. She was
taken to the hospital for observations but was then released.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Aziza Omar Ghuma 68 years old female Mother killed
  • Karima Abu Qse’aa 51 years old female Daughter killed
  • Mufida Sasi Abu Gasiah 54 years old female Daughter killed
  • Ali Mohammed Al-Mabrouk 22 years old male killed
  • Mohammed Ahmed Qashat Al-Zanati 23 years old male killed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 8
  • (3–4 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–26
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Pictures of victims allegedly injured or killed in the shelling
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    More pictures of alleged victims
  • More pictures from the incident
  • A house allegedly damaged by shelling
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    More pictures from the incident

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Abu Salim (أبو سليم), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.842957, 13.171578. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Abu Salim (أبو سليم).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 8
  • (3–4 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–26
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC117

Incident date

April 16, 2019

Location

محطة وقود البوعيشي, Al Buashi gas station, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.790437, 13.179721 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

An elder woman was reported killed and between one and four civilians injured from indiscriminate artillery shelling on Ain Zara.

Aksa Net posted a video with a man claiming the death of the woman.

Riyadh Burshan said one woman was injured and posted images of the site of the incident.

Tk yhrog kl shy2 wrote: “Yesterday night a shell fell on the Al-Milo family house in Ain Zara behind the petrol station (Al Buashi), wounding four young brothers, three had limbs amputated and the fourth in serious condition in the care.”

Local reports point at the GNA or the LNA as perpetrators of the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Pictures from the incident
  • Video claiming the death of the woman

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Buashi Gas Station (محطة وقود البوعيشي), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.790437, 13.179721. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC116

Incident date

April 15, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: أبو سليم, Tripoli: Abu Salim, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.842957, 13.171578 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Between one and six civilians were allegedly injured by indiscriminate artillery shelling on Tripoli.

Libya 24 TV reported: “On Monday, the municipal council of Abu Salim announced that five random shells had been fired at the residential area adjacent to Repsol, one of which hit a residential apartment for a family of six.

The media office of the municipality in a post on the official page of the social networking site “Facebook” that the bombing resulted in a injured family member to be taken to receive treatment at the Green Hospital, and damaged the apartment and a number of cars located in the place.

Local reports of fighting point at the GNA or LNA as the perpetrator of the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Video of the alleged shelling
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A person allegedly injured in the attack (via Tripoli Alaan)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another person allegedly injured in the attack (via Tripoli Alaan)
  • Damage from the shelling (via Tripoli Alaan)
  • More damage from the shelling (via Tripoli Alaan)
  • More pictures from the incident

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC115a

Incident date

April 14, 2019

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.820349, 13.266284 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One man with uncler combatant status was allegedly killed by indiscriminate LNA shelling on Ain Zara.

Fathi M. El Krewi said: “He had an appointment with the death when the third shell struck and was on a solid ground, which is the paved road … As if someone was following these shells and giving their coordinates in order to fall on the hard ground and hit as many people as possible, including Brigadier General Msaddek.”

Tanasuh reported that he was a retired Brigadier General who “went out to defend the city” due to the incoming LNA attack.

His family later filed a lawsuit against LNA leader Khalifa Haftar claiming: “33. On April 4, 2019 [sic], Msaddek Tunalli was evacuating women and children from an area
being indiscriminately bombed by Haftar’s forces in the in the Ayan Zarah District.
34. Haftar’s forces were randomly shelling the entire area.
35. At approximately 4:45pm, one of the mortars fell on Msaddek Tunalli, killing him.
36. The medical examiner stated that Msaddek Tunalli’s death is a result of multiple
infliction wounds to the head, shoulders, stomach, and arms, which resulted in severe
skull damage and sever damage to the brain and internal bleeding in the brain. The
weapons used were multiple artillery rounds and mortar shells. The heart, lungs and
stomach were severely punctured with internal bleeding as well, which resulted in
loss of oxygen to the brain and suffocation. The right elbow was fractured. The angle
of penetration was from the back, from the right side of the brain and from the back
side of the arms, while the angle of exit was from the stomach area.
37. The medical examiner stated that Msaddek Tunalli’s body was free of alcohol or any
other poisonous substances.
38. The medical examiner found two shrapnel fragments in the front side of Msaddek
Tunalli’s lungs and has preserved them.
39. The indiscriminate shelling was not necessary on behalf of Haftar.
40. The indiscriminate shelling was the direct cause of Msaddek Tunalli’s death.

41. Msaddek Tunalli was a husband to Plaintiff Aida Elzagally and a father to six
children: Plaintiffs Ayah Tunalli, Alaa Tunalli, Abdulhameed Tunalli, Adbulrrauf
Tunalli, Muhammad Tunalli, and Adbuladeem Tunalli.
42. The Plaintiffs named above are not left without a husband and father and the only
financial support.
43. Plaintiffs Ayah Tunalli, Alaa Tunalli, Abdulhameed Tunalli, Adbulrrauf Tunalli,
Muhammad Tunalli, and Adbuladeem Tunalli are severely traumatized by the loss of
their father.
44. Due to the loss of her father, Ayah Tunalli is psychologically unstable and having
nightmares.”

Additionally Riyadh Burshan, Al Jazeera and Ein Libya reported that civilian infrastructure was targeted in the area as a book store of the Ministry of Education was hit and “5 million textbooks burned by the fires of war in Libya”.

The incident occured at 4:45 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • (0–1 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • TV report on the incident
  • Book store allegedly targeted by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Riyadh Burshan)
  • Book store allegedly targeted by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Riyadh Burshan)
  • Book store allegedly targeted by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Riyadh Burshan)
  • Book store allegedly targeted by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Riyadh Burshan)
  • Msaddek Tunalli, allegedly killed by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Bl5a.bl5a)
  • Msaddek Tunalli, allegedly killed by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Aiyda Al Tounali)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • (0–1 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC115

Incident date

April 14, 2019

Location

قصر بن غشير, Qasr Bin Gashir, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.688716, 13.173889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Between three and four civilians were reportedly killed in a GNA airstrike on Qasr Bin Gashir.

Oil Crescent News wrote: “A plane from the Misurata Air College led by a mercenary bombed the Al Dhawahi Al Ahliyya company, leaving three Sudanese workers dead and three injured employees who were present in the building.”

The LNA Spox said four Sudanese workers were killed and also accused a plane from Misurata of conducting the strike.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Pictures allegedly take at the site of the incident
  • More images of the incident
  • Video of the alleged aftermath of the incident

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]