Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

RS362

Incident date

January 10, 2016

Location

دوما, Douma, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5714804, 36.4033699 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

11 civilians including five women and two children were killed and nearly 35 injured in airstrikes on Douma, according to multiple sources. While most sources allege Russia was responsible, one blamed the Assad regime.

The Shaam News Network reported that 10 non-combatants died following raids by Russian warplanes, which also caused considerable damage to residential buildings.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights did not identify the warplanes responsible but said that eight people, including one child and two women, had been confirmed dead while two others had not been identified. It added that the death toll was expected to rise due to the severity of the injuries.

Other sources including the Violations Documentation Center, the Syrian Media Organisation and the White Helmets (who put the death at 10 including two children and four women) blamed Russia. Both the Syrian Media Organisation and the White Helmets posted distressing videos showing children being dug out from the rubble.

However, the Syrian Network for Human Rights said that regime shelling killed at least seven, including one child and four women. And video blogger Yasser al Fawwal filmed victims of what he said were both Russian airstrikes and Assad regime missile strikes.

10 victims were named by the Violations Documentation Centre as well as one Unidentified  female adult.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (2 children5 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    35
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • White Helmets and other civilians attempt to clear the rubble left following a raid. (via, Syrian Media Organisation)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured child being rescued from the rubble of her home which was destroyed by alleged Russian and Syrian Regime warplanes on 10th January 2016. (via, Syrian Media Organisation)
  • The exact moment Douma was hit by alleged Russian and Syrian Regime warplanes. (via, Ein a’la al watan)
  • Footage of the damage to the infrastructure in Douma following a contested raid. (via, Step News Agency)
  • Footage of the aftermath of the airstrikes which caused huge amounts of destruction to residential homes in Douma. (via, Bara’a Abd Al Rahma)
  • More footage showing damage to residential buildings. (via, Syrian Media Organisation)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Upsetting scenes of civilians including children being treated in a medical facility for their injuries. (via, AFP)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Upsetting footage of a child killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid on 10th January 2016. (via, Yasser al Fawwal al Doumani)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of an unborn child, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid on Douma. (via, Yasser al Fawwal al Doumani)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A burial in the aftermath of the raid on Douma. (via, Yasser al Fawwal al Doumani)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    More footage of another deceased child who was killed in Douma on the 10th January 2016. (via, Yasser al Fawwal al Doumani)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Moments before the burial of a deceased citizen from an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Yasser al Fawwal al Doumani)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Moments before the burial of a deceased citizen from an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, Yasser al Fawwal al Doumani)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Damascus governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (2 children5 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    35
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS361

Incident date

January 9, 2016

Location

أورم الجوز, Orme al Joz, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.79192, 36.56668 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Up to four four non-combatants including two named children were killed – and four more children injured – in an alleged Russian airstrike on Orme al Joz, according to The Shaam News Network and the Violations Documentation Centre.

The Shaam News Network said that a raid by Russian planes killed “several” people and wounded others.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (2–3 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Footage of the aftermath of the alleged Russian raid which caused destruction to residential homes. (via, Emadoo Mourad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic photograph of a deceased child following an alleged Russian raid on Orme al Joze. (via, Tnsyqyt Awrm Aljwz Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic photograph of a deceased child following an alleged Russian raid on Orme al Joze. (via, Tnsyqyt Awrm Aljwz Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic photograph of a deceased man following an alleged Russian raid on Orme al Joze. (via, Tnsyqyt Awrm Aljwz Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image of a child in a medical facility receiving treatment. following an alleged Russian raid on Orme al Joz. (via, Cairoportal)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not publicly reported any strikes between January 11th-15th 2016.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (2–3 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS358

Incident date

January 9, 2016

Location

دير جمال, Dayr al Jamil, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.4451, 37.02787 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two adult male civilians, named by the Violations Documentation Center as Abdulkareem al-Halabi and Abd al Salam Saeid, were killed in an alleged Russian dawn airstrike on Dayr Jamal, according to reports.

SNN reported that Russian planes carried out “a massacre” launching air raids “on the towns of Tel Huraytan, Tal Rifa’at, Deir Jamal and the regions of the English grave [Qabr Inglisi] and Assya and the surrounding areas of the liberated airport of Managh which led to the fall of one martyr in Deir Jamal and wounded in Huraytan.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Aleppo governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS359

Incident date

January 9, 2016

Location

سفلانية, Suflaniyah, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.40929, 37.57825 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Five civilians including three women and two children were killed in an alleged Russian airstrike on Saflaneh, according to the Violations Documentation Centre.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children3 women)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Aleppo governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children3 women)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS360

Incident date

January 9, 2016

Location

الباب, Al-Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed and several others injured in an alleged Russian airstrike on Al Bab, according to the Shaam News Network.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Aleppo governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS357

Incident date

January 9, 2016

Location

حي العامرية, Al Ameria (Aleppo), Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.17204, 37.13025 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. marker Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between eight and 10 civilians including one to three children were killed and up to 15 injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the Al Ameria and Al Sukkari neighbourhoods, according to multiple sources.

The White Helmets said that eight civilians died and three were injured in a raid on Al Sukkari, but they did not state was was responsible for the attack.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also said that eight were killed in a strike near the al-Abbas mosque between the neighbourhoods of Al Sukkari and Al Ameria. Four were from the same family, including one child and five elderly people. They did not say who the “warplanes” belonged to, but added that the death toll was expected to rise.

The Shaam News Network put the number of deaths higher – at 10 – and blamed Russian aircraft for targeting non-combatants directly in Al Sukkari, adding that the shelling caused material damage, resulting in the complete destruction of two houses and partial destruction of a third.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights also reported that 10 had died, including three children and 15 others were injured when “suspected Russian warplanes” fired missiles on Al Ameria.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Family members (4)

  • Mohamed Hassan Mukahal Adult male  additionally named by The Damascus Centre for Human Rights, from Amiriyah who died “in indiscriminate shelling by the Russian air force.” killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (1–3 children6 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The White Helmets at the scene of an alleged Russian airstrike on Al Sukkari which they said killed eight civilians. (via, White Helmets)
  • An interview in the aftermath of the alleged Russian raid, shows huge amounts of destruction. (via, SNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies being tended to following an alleged Russian raid. Footage also reveals civilians attempting to clear the rubble. (via, AFP)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Aleppo governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (1–3 children6 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS354 CS164

Incident date

January 9, 2016

Location

عين عيسى, `Ayn `Isa, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

36.383715, 38.866611 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

A strike by aircraft reportedly killed five civilians. Syria News attributed the attack to Russia, while Ara News said it was a Coalition action.

VDC – which attributed the attack to the regime – named five victims.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (4 children1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

The Coalition confirmed a strike in the vicinity for January 9th-10th 2016, noting that “Near Ayn Isa, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed four ISIL buildings.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (4 children1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS355

Incident date

January 9, 2016

Location

سراقب, Saraqib, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.864249, 36.804977 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One civilian was killed and several others injured in an alleged Russian airstrike on Saraqib, according to the Shaam News Network.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Idlib governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]