Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Confirmed
Fair
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS279

Incident date

March 17, 2018

Location

محمودية, Mahmoudiya neighbourhood, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.518056, 36.845278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Between 11 and 13 civilians died in an alleged Turkish airstrike on a convoy of cars in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood of Afrin, according to local media.

IC Afrin reported that two vehicles were hit with dozens of people on the road out of Afrin to Tirinde village. The people were attempting to flee the area towards Shehba Canton.

The source went on to add: In the Mahmoudiye neighbourhood of Afrin city a howitzer of the Turkish army hit a tractor which was full of civilians. The numbers of killed civilians are at least 13. Their bodies were completely burned. Only one child survived injured.

ANF said that a tractor and another vehicle were struck, reporting that dozens of civilians including children were killed.

Massoud Mohammed put the death toll slightly lower, at 11 civilians.

Afrin now on Facebook identified a woman and her husband and indicated that their son disappeared. Also, another victim was identified.

The source Efrin Dile Kurdistane also reported the death of Shahnaz Rasho, though it reported her killed on March 16th, while all other sources point to this event in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood occurring on March 17th. Consequently, there is the possibility that she is one of the 47 killed (the general figure was given by Hawar news) on March 16th.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Reber Aliko Child male via Afrin now on Facebook killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 13
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • An image reveals the destruction that followed a strike targeted a convoy of cars in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood of Afrin (source: Hawar news)
  • A picture of Reber Aliko, killed in an alleged Turkish strike on in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood of Afrin (source: Afrin now)
  • A picture of Shahnaz Rasho, killed with her husband in an alleged Turkish strike on in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood of Afrin (source: Afrin now)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 13
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS248

Incident date

March 5, 2018

Location

فريرة, Village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.400000, 36.770556 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between two and 15 civilians including a three-month-old baby died and up to 10 others were wounded in an alleged Turkish airstrike on the village of Freriye in Jindires, Syria, according to sources on the ground.

ANHA reported: “The Turkish occupation air force bombed the village of Freriye in Jindires, where a three-month baby and a young man martyred, in addition, eight civilians were wounded. Having reached Afrin hospital, our correspondents got the names of the martyrs and the wounded, the martyrs are two civilians; a three-month baby named Diana Gazi al-Saleh, and Mahmod Muhamad Nour al-Alo, aged 20.” These two fatalities were also named by other sources.

IC Afrin Resistance also put the death toll at two, with 10 more wounded.

However, according to SDF War Media on Facebook, four civilians died, including a baby.

However, Anatolian News Agency (AA) released footage recorded by an armed drone, that showed an explosion near a vehicle in Fireriye village in Jindires. AA claimed that the attack was carried out by YPG. ANF said: “The vehicle was carrying an Arab family who was trying to escape from the bombardment. Diyana Gazi El Saleh (3-month-old baby) and Mahmud Elo (25) were killed and Ebdulah Tirkî Dawud, Xetuce Mistefa Mistefa, Suphi Gazi El Saleh, Seyyah Cemal El Saleh and Atur El Saleh Hesen were wounded in the attack”.

“The survivors said that their vehicle was targeted by an airstrike. The family was actually trying to reach behind the Turkish lines to meet with their relatives who are among the FSA gangs.

The footage which was released by Anatolian News Agency shows two persons planting a roadside explosive device in an unidentified location. Those persons start to run after planting the device and they were hit by an airstrike afterwards.

Later the truck which carried the civilians was struck by an airstrike. At first, it doesn’t take a direct hit so the civilians jump out of the vehicle and start to run away. But they were targeted in a second airstrike.

The Turkish media claimed that the attack was carried out by YPG with a roadside explosive device but the footage shows otherwise.”

One source, ROK Online, put the death toll as high as 15.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Diana Gazi al-Saleh 3 months years old female killed
  • Mahmod Muhamad Nour al-Alo 20 years old male unclear whether he died i Jindires, Afrin or Village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin killed
  • Anwar al Saleh 15 years old injured
  • Mohammad Subhi al Saleh 3 years old male injured
  • Fouad Ghazi al Saleh 25 years old injured
  • Sabah Jamal al Saleh 25 years old injured
  • Khadija mustapha 30 years old injured
  • Abdallah Zaki Dawood 18 years old male injured
  • Diana Ghazi al Saleh 3 months years old injured
  • Subhi Ghazi al Saleh 30 years old injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 15
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    News footage reporting on the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike which targeted Village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Ronahi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child grieves over a civilian casualty in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via ANF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded child in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Kurdhr)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Diyana El Saleh, 3 months old, killed in alleged Turkish airstrike on the village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • A wounded civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded child in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Wounded and killed civilians in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike which targeted Village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via ANHA)
  • A wounded civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Rojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Diyana El Saleh, 3 months old, killed in alleged Turkish airstrike on the village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Rojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Diyana El Saleh, 3 months old, killed in alleged Turkish airstrike on the village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Rojava)
  • List of wounded. (via Rumaf)
  • List of wounded. (via Rumaf)
  • Footage showing the targeting of a vehicle by alleged Turkish aircraft on 5 March 2018. (via ANF)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 15
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS028

Incident date

December 21, 2016

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between seven and 15 civilians, most of them apparently from one family, were reported killed in a Turkish bombardment of Al Bab, Syria.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that “the city is witnessing massive bombardment by the Turkish forces leading to the death of seven, the majority of them from one family, the number of the dead is likely to rise.”

The ISIS media propaganda outlet Al A’amaq published a similar report but said all the victims were from one family.

LCCSY and Al Bab News reported that 15 people were killed. Al Bab News added they were mostly from the Al Nako family and four of them children. In addition, one woman from the Al Masri family was reported dead.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

  • Member of the Al Masri family Adult female killed

Family members (4)

  • Member of the Al Nako family Child killed
  • Member of the Al Nako family Child killed
  • Member of the Al Nako family Child killed
  • Member of the Al Nako family Child killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 15
  • (0–4 children0–1 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 15
  • (0–4 children0–1 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS278

Incident date

March 16, 2018

Location

عفرين, Afrin hospital, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.509672, 36.858106 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Between nine and 16 civilians died in alleged Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital, according to local media.

Pesmerge chali put the death toll and nine, while Rumaf and other sources said that 16 civilians died – reportedly “mostly children and women”.

According to the source Aldar xelil: Avrin Hospital was the only medical facility in service. It has been hit by 3 missiles. 15 bodies have been identified, and many more are scattered all over the place.

The BBC reported on the event, quoting an Afrin resident, ‘Ranya’: “At night there were air strikes targeting Afrin hospital. There were a lot of victims there and due to the intensive shelling people cannot go to get the bodies. Some bodies are still there on the street.”

Turkey denied carrying out the strikes on the hospital. In response, the SDF issued a statement accusing “Turkish media [of] hiding the massacres the invading Turkish state has committed against the people”. ANF reported on the SDF press release, as follows:

“The Avrin Hospital was bombed by invading Turkish state fighter jets on March 16, 2018. Dozens of civilians were martyred and killed in the bombing, and the hospital where thousands of civilians receive treatment was greatly damaged.

After the bombing, the Turkish state’s official news agency the Anadolu Agency published a video that shows a building close to the hospital. With this footage they had published, the Turkish state wants to hide the fact that they bombed a hospital with fighter jets.

We declare to the public that the Avrin Hospital has been bombed by Turkish jet fighters and that the building in the footage the Turkish state had published is not the hospital building.

The bombing of the hospital has been documented with photographs and videos”.

Sana, the regime’s official media, put the death toll at 16 with “dozens” more injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • An image reveals the destruction of the building that followed alleged Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital. (Source: SDF Press)
  • Another image reveals the destruction of the building that followed alleged Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital. (Source: SDF Press)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows some injured civilians in the medical care followed Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows some injured civilians in the medical care followed Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows many civilians dead bodies on the flour, killed followed Turkish airstrike on Afrin hospital, Afrin (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a man, killed followed Turkish airstrike on Afrin hospital, Afrin (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child followed Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A video shows dead, and injured civilians followed the alleged Turkish airstrike on the Kurdish town of Afrin in northern Syria (sources : CNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The hospital in the aftermath of the Turkish raid. (via Aylina Kilic)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS135

Incident date

January 28, 2018

Location

كوبلة, Kobla village, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.483495, 36.933987 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between fourteen and seventeen named civilians from one family died in alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, according to local media. A further seven or more people were injured.

Afrin Now published a very graphic video depicting “cruel scenes of the victims of the massacre of the village of Kobla in the countryside of Afrin, as a result of Turkish shelling of the village”.

According to the source Rumaf, “thirteen people from one family were killed, leaving only four people alive (the father, the eldest son and his two young daughters).

Afrin Now, also naming the above, added that there were three other victims who had not been identified.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mahmud Kano Adult male killed
  • Hassan Kano 13 years old male killed
  • Hussein Kano Adult male killed
  • Hanadi Kano 17 years old female killed
  • Amira Kano 17 years old female killed
  • Kamal Kano 7 months years old male killed
  • Fatima abd Rabuh 40 years old female wife of Abdullah killed
  • Rawan al Aswad 20 years old female from Tal A’jjar Kana, the daughter in law of Abdulla killed
  • Jouriya Kino 45 years old female killed
  • Hussein Child male son of Abdullah killed
  • Ali Kano Child male still trapped under the rubble (dead) at time of publishing killed
  • Mohammed Abdullah Kano Child male killed
  • Sefaa Kino 7 years old female killed
  • Rahaf al Hussen 33 years old female killed
  • Abdullah Kano 50 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Mohammed Abdullah Kano 27 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Badriya Abdullah Kano 17 years old Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Mahmoud Abdullah Kano 6 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Rahaf Abdullah Kano 4 years old Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Abdullah Mohammed Kano 4 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Hosny Mohammed Kano 2 years old Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 17
  • (6 children5 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Wounded children await medical treatment in a hospital following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via ROK)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Rojava network)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via HogirNecar)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Seriously graphic footage showing random body parts and a baby with its skull half missing, following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Afrin Now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A graphic image of a baby with its skull missing, killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Free Afrin)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018 (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via SDF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via SDF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via SDF)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 17
  • (6 children5 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS276

Incident date

March 15, 2018

Location

ترينيدة, Trinide village or Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.493056, 36.879444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least five civilians including three children and two women died in alleged Turkish artillery and/or air strikes on Afrin, local media in Syria reported – though there was some uncertainty about the location. Rudaw put the death toll as high as 18.

According to Hawar, the Turkish occupation planes bombed the village of Trinide , the city of Afrin, resulting in the serious injury of Abdullah Bakr, 49 years. Bakr was taken to a hospital in Afrin for treatment. The correspondent confirmed that the bombing is still continuing on the neighbourhoods of the city of Afrin.

However, Afrin Now, who also named Abdullah Bakr, said that he was wounded in the Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood of Afrin.

IC Afrin reported the death of three children and two women.

According to ANF, however, the death toll may have been higher – though it is unclear whether the figure it gives applies specifically to this event or two several across the night of March 15th. On March 16th, the source reported: “The invading Turkish army and allied gangs intensely bombed Afrin city centre with mortar and artillery fire from last night until this morning. 13 civilians, mostly children, died and many more got wounded as a result.

ANF reporter Ersin Çaksu who is in Afrin stated this is only the number they themselves have reached.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ehmed Exlas 32 years old male killed
  • Şewket Henan 30 years old male killed
  • Qidret Bexlawa 70 years old male killed
  • Nezmî Elî 45 years old injured
  • Heval Cangora 22 years old injured
  • Ebdulwehab El-Xelef 60 years old injured
  • Hisên Ebdulwehab 35 years old injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 18
  • (3 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike or shelling by allegedly Turkish Army on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike or shelling by allegedly Turkish Army on Afrin city centre (Source: Aire-cudi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows the victim Abdullah Bakr, 49 years, at the medical centre, injured following an alleged Turkish airstrike or artillery of Afrin city centre (source: ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured child in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Trinide village or Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood, Afrin, 15th March 2018. (via Aire-cudi)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 18
  • (3 children2 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS327 TS005

Incident date

October 4, 2016

Location

الثلثانة, Taltanah, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.44605, 37.34302 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

Up to 19 civilians including 3 children were killed – and as many as 41 people injured – when airstrikes hit the village of Al Thaltanah. Multiple reports initially assigned blame to the Coalition or Turkish forces. However, on December 1st 2016 the Coalition conceded it had injured one civilian in the event.

The Syrian Network and Syria News Desk reported that seven civilians died, and assigned responsibility to the Coalition. Several other reports also blamed the Coalition. The Syrian Observatory reported that “warplanes” targeted the village “inhabited by Kurdish civilians,” leaving 60 civilian casualties, including 13 confirmed civilian deaths.

In a separate report, the Observatory clarified the airstrikes were carried out “likely by Turkish warplanes,” and reported that the death toll rose to 19 civilians, including 3 children, noting “the number of the dead is likely to rise.” ISIL’s news arm Al A’maq News reported that 10 civilians died and several were injured in an “American raid.”

Reflecting the confusion, al Jazeera cited the Observatory and wrote, “it was unclear whether the strike was carried out by the US-led coalition fighting ISIL, or Turkey, which is leading an operation against the group in the area with support from Syrian rebel forces.”

In its December 1st report the Coalition stated: “During a strike targeting ISIL fighters it is assessed that one civilian was inadvertently killed as a result of the blast following the strike.”

This was later amended on April 30th 2017: “Oct. 4, 2016, near Talatanah, Syria: Number 5 on the Dec. 1, 2016, CJTF-OIR press release reported that one civilian was killed during a strike on ISIS fighters. That was incorrect, it was assessed that one civilian was unintentionally injured.”

Halab News identified 11 civilians, 9 of which it named, who it said were victims of “Coalition plane shelling.”

In July 2019 the Coalition provided Airwars with the location for this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Unidentified from Kleisharo family Age unknown from Kafr Sgheer village killed
  • Unidentified from Kleisharo family Age unknown killed

Family members (3)

  • Mohammad Yahiya al Ibo Age unknown male killed
  • Mahmoud Yahiya al Ibo Age unknown male killed
  • Mustapha Yahyia al Ibo Age unknown male killed

Family members (2)

  • Rashid Risho Age unknown male killed
  • Ahmad Rashid Risho Age unknown male killed

Family members (3)

  • Illo al Haj Illo Age unknown male killed
  • Yahiya Yusuf Al Hajj Illo Age unknown male killed
  • Ibrahim Yahyia al Hajj Illo Age unknown male killed
  • Mohammad al Qarmatli Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 19
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    41
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • "Satellite images show recent attack resulted from an airstrike, UN says, as battle for Aleppo sees more children killed", November 2016. (via Al-Jazeera)
  • Location of the village where the air strike took place, November 2016. (via Eastern Manbij countryside)

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition releasing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated it to the nearest village at 36.4457989, 37.3436021

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible / Substantiated
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Killed by strike blast
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    1
  • Stated location
    near Taltanah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SCA515347
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Apr 30, 2017
  • Dec 1, 2016
  • Oct. 4, 2016, near Taltanah, Syria: During a strike targeting ISIL fighters it is assessed that one civilian was inadvertently killed as a result of the blast following the strike.

  • Oct. 4, 2016, near Talatanah, Syria: Number 5 on the Dec. 1, 2016, CJTF-OIR press release reported that one civilian was killed during a strike on ISIS fighters. That was incorrect, it was assessed that one civilian was unintentionally injured.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 3rd-4th 2016, the Coalition reported no strikes in the near vicinity, though others for Aleppo governorate: ”Near Manbij, one strike destroyed an ISIL machine gun. Near Mar’a, four strikes engaged three ISIL tactical units and destroyed two fighting positions and a command and control node.”

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 19
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    41
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS277

Incident date

March 16, 2018

Location

عفرين, Afrin city centre, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Up to 21 civilians including five children died and as many of 45 were injured in alleged Turkish shelling of Afrin city centre, according to local media.

IC Afrin indicated the death count at 20 reporting that the Turkish army is shelling everywhere in Afrin city and its surroundings.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights learned from a number of reliable sources that Turkish warplanes targeted Afrin city during the past few hours [March 16th]. The targeting of Afrin has continued since last night, by the Turkish forces and warplanes, which resulted in the fall of tens of casualties and wounded. The Observatory has documented the death of 18 citizens including 5 children while more than 45 others were injured with varying severity, and others are still missing, with bodies trapped under the rubble.

ANF recorded the death toll as at 21. Six named were identified. Additionally, 29 were identified as injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 21
  • (1 child5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    29–45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows dead bodies of civilians, killed followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were killed in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. This victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured or likely dead civilian, following an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. This victim was injured or killed in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a number of injured people followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. This victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: IC Afrin)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child, harmed followed an alleged Turkish shelling of Afrin city centre. The victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (via ANF English Mobile)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child, harmed followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. The victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (via ANF English Mobile)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows civilians dead bodies, killed followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. These victims were killed in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (Source: ANF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured or dead man, following an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin city centre. The victim was injured in one of the incidents occurred in Afrin at the same day (via ANF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A footage shows dozens of civilians, killed following an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin (source: MOHAMMED HASSAN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows two civilians, injured forgoing an alleged Turkish strike in Afrin (Source: ROK)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 21
  • (1 child5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    29–45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]