Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Confirmed
Fair
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS340

Incident date

October 14, 2019

Location

رأس العين‎, Ras Al Ain , Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.848579, 40.073576 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that one civilian died and two were wounded in alleged Turkish shelling of Ras Al Ain.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Wounded civilian taken into the hospital in Ras Al Ain after alleged Turkish shelling on the city on October 14th 2019 (via Hawar News).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Ras Al Ain (رأس العين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.848579, 40.073576. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS367

Incident date

October 25, 2019

Location

Menacîr, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.685491, 40.197258 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported injured in an alleged Turkish forces attack on Menacîr, Ras Al Ain in Hassakah Governorate on October 25th, 2019, according to local sources.

 

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • A wounded civilian following an alleged Turkish attack on Menajir, Ras al-Ain, Oct 25th.
  • One of two civilians reported injured in an alleged Turkish forces attack on Menajir, Ras al-Ain on 25 October 2019 (via ANHA)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Menacîr, for which the generic coordinates are: 36.685491, 40.197258. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS397

Incident date

November 20, 2019

Location

قرنفل, Qaranfil, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.633611, 38.736667 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and three others injured in an alleged Turkish drone attack on a vehicle including five civilians in Qaranfil village in Tal Abyad – Raqqa in Syria on November 20th, 2019, according to local sources.

The victims are all from the same family and moved to a hospital in Kobane.

The killed civilians were identified as Nîzam Mihemed Fetûh aged 20, and Haci Hemed Sali who is a cousin to Nazim, age unknown.

Nazim’s two sisters Rokistan Mihemed Fetûh aged 22 and Nîroz Mihemed Fetûh aged 25, in addition to Mohamed Mahmoud Fetûh were injured in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (39) [ collapse]

  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
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  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

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  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Images from the funeral of the victims killed in an alleged Turkish attack (via ANHA)
  • Images from the funeral of the victims killed in an alleged Turkish attack (via ANHA)
  • Possibly one of the victims of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Possibly one or two victims of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the civilians killed in the attack (via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the civilians killed in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • Injured from the attack (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via SOHR)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Qaranfil (قرنفل) for which the generic coordinates are: 36.633611, 38.736667. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS339a

Incident date

October 10–13, 2019

Location

منبج‎ / عين العرب‎ / كوباني‎, M4 Highway, between Manbij and Kobani, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.6304613, 38.2997323 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

Kurdish civilians were summarily executed by Turkish forces on the M4 highway in north east Syria, according to local media.

Video shared by @zana_med on twitter shows Turkey-backed militants near bodies of two civilians that they executed earlier on the M4 highway in Hassakah governroate.  The date of the summary execution is not known but possibly between 10 and 13 October 2019.

The content of the video is graphic.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army
  • Suspected target
    Free Syrian Army

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the incident took place on the M4 highway between the cities of Manbij (منبج‎) and Kobani (عين العرب‎ / كوباني‎) for which the generic coordinates are: 36.6304613, 38.2997323. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the incident took place on the M4 highway between the cities of Manbij (منبج‎) and Kobani (عين العرب‎ / كوباني‎).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army
  • Suspected target
    Free Syrian Army

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS437

Incident date

May 19, 2020

Location

عرب حسن كبير, Arab Hassan Kabir, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.649744, 37.848683 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

A civilian was injured in artillery strikes by alleged Turkish-backed mercenaries on the village of Arab Hassan Kabir, Aleppo governorate, on May 19th, 2020, according to local sources.

Hawar News reported that as a result of shelling by Turkish-backed mercenaries, the 30-year-old Mohammed Hajj Hussein Al Khalaf was wounded. Medical staff told Hawar News that the man “suffered a slight head and foot injury, while the abdominal area was seriously injured, resulting in liver tear and internal bleeding, and the necessary operations were performed while he was under intensive care.”

Hawar News spoke to the uncle of the victim, Ali Al Khalaf, who stated: “We were sleeping in our homes and the shelling started at 5 am.” According to Al Khalaf, six shells landed on the village, destroying civilian homes. The victim’s uncle left the house when the shelling stopped, finding that his nephew had been wounded and taken to the city of Manbij, adding that one of the shells hit the wall of the house of his nephew.

Rojava Network reported that “Turkish-backed terror groups shelled the village Arab Hassan Kabir with mortars, wounding one civilian, in addition to material damage.”

The incident occured at approximately 5:00 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Ali Al Khalaf, the uncle of Mohammed Hajj Hussein Al Khalaf, who was injured in alleged Turkish-backed artillery strikes on the village of Arab Hassan Kabir on May 19th, 2020, was interviewed by Hawar News (via Hawar News).
  • Mohammed Hajj Hussein Al Khalaf was injured in alleged Turkish-backed artillery strikes on the village of Arab Hassan Kabir on May 19th, 2020 (via Hawar News).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Arab Hassan Kabir (عرب حسن كبير), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.649744, 37.848683. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS170

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

كوتانة، عفرين, Kotana, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.463611, 38.481944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Claudia Al Minah reported that Turkey “attacked Kotana village in the Bilbilê area, Syria, last night, injuring seriously 3 inhabitants, damaging houses and the school.”

Photographic evidence shows the extensive material damage to the vicinity.

Electricity was also cut off in the village.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of alleged Turkish airstrikes on Kotana, Afrin, 9th February 2018. (via Afrin Now)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS226

Incident date

February 24, 2018

Location

عرب ويران, Arab Weyran, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.678333, 36.994444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to IC Afrin resistance, “Mihemed Sido Yusif, from Rejio/Bedina, Fayiq Cafer from Shera/Arab Werane [Syria] and Durshata Mihemed Ali, also from Shera/Arab Werane, were heavily injured by Turkish jets.”

The victims were also named by Rojnews.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mihemed Sido Yusif Age unknown from Rejio/Bedina injured
  • Fayiq Cafer Age unknown from Shera/Arab Werane injured
  • Durshata Mihemed Ali Age unknown also from Shera/Arab Werane injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Translation: # Afrin Violent clashes continue in the village of Arab and Oran and Omra, which is part of the evil of Afrin between the fighters of the units of protection of the people and women on the one hand, the Turkish occupation army and mercenaries on the other, while the Turkish army planes bombed the region
  • An injured civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Arab Weyran, Afrin, 24th February 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • An injured civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Arab Weyran, Afrin, 24th February 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Arab Weyran, Afrin, 24th February 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Arab Weyran, Afrin, 24th February 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS261

Incident date

March 10, 2018

Location

عنابكي, A'nabki, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.515724, 36.952900 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to two local sources, two civilians were wounded followed an alleged Turkish shelling on the village Annabeki, part of Shara East of Afrin, Syria.

Afrin Qalb Al-Hadath, identified the two males civilians who were injured in the incident, accusing the Turkish military of the shelling.

Xeber24 also named the two victims.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • A picture shows one of the victims, injured followed an alleged Turkish shelling on A'nabki, Afrin 10th March 2018. (via: Afrin Qalb Al-Hadath)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows one civilian being treated at the medical centre followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin Qalb Al-Hadath, 10th March 2018. (via: Afrin Qalb Al-Hadath)
  • A picture shows a mortar bomb that landed in the street in Afrin Qalb Al-Hadath, 10th march 2018. (via: Afrin Qalb Al-Hadath)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on in Afrin Qalb Al-Hadath, 10th march 2018. (via Afrin Qalb Al-Hadath)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]