Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4000

Incident date

December 7, 2019

Location

عدة بلدات, Several towns, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaam News reported on December 7th, 2019 that “dozens of people were wounded in the cities and towns and villages of Kafr Nabl, Ahsam, Hazaran, Hass, Khirbet Bernan, Farwan, Al Halba, Halah, Barasah, Sheikh Idris, Abilene, Kafr Sijnah, Balshron, Kafrouma, لآarisa, Rayan, Maarizita and Al Bureij And Urma Al Jouz and Kafr Takharim , Al Sheikh Baher, Shannan and Bzabor and the sanctity of Maaret and Kafr Shalaya and Marchuren and Jrzinaz and Masran Tel Molasses and Al Ghadfa.”

No more details are available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4030

Incident date

December 21, 2019

Location

الدير شرقي, Deir al Sharqi, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two men and one woman were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the village of Deir al Sharqi, Idlib governorate, on December 21st, 2019, according to local sources. An unknown number of civilians was wounded.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported that “a man, an elderly man and a woman” were killed by Russian raids targeting the village. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that one of the victims was Abdul Hadi al Hamoud, who was reportedly killed along his wife as Russian airstrikes hit their house. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the third victim was also a member of the same family.

According to @ShabhaPress, the victims were trying to move their belongings in order to flee to a less dangerous area. Step News Agency reported that, in addition to the three killed civilians, “others were wounded”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Abdul Hadi Al Hamoud was killed along with his wife in alleged Russian airstrikes on their house in Deir al Sharqi village, Idlib governorate, on December 21st, 2019 (via SNHR).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers searching for victims underneath the rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Deir al Sharqi, Idlib governorate, on December 21st, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers searching for victims underneath the rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Deir al Sharqi, Idlib governorate, on December 21st, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers searching for victims underneath the rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Deir al Sharqi, Idlib governorate, on December 21st, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers searching for victims underneath the rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Deir al Sharqi, Idlib governorate, on December 21st, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3861

Incident date

August 27, 2019

Location

Ma'arat Horma, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Edlib Media Centre reported: “A woman was injured when Russian warplanes raided the town of Ma’arat Horma, south of Idlib”.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3688

Incident date

July 14, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma’ret Al Nu’man, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A water pumping station in Ma’arat al-Nu’man south of Idlib was struck by one of six alleged Russian air raids, injuring four technical staff members of the station and putting the station out of service.

No other details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • A water pumping station in Ma'arat al-Nu'man south of Idlib was struck by an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on July 14th (via Macro Media Center).
  • A water pumping station in Ma'arat al-Nu'man south of Idlib was struck by an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on July 14th (via Macro Media Center).
  • A water pumping station in Ma'arat al-Nu'man south of Idlib was struck by an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on July 14th (via Macro Media Center).
  • A water pumping station in Ma'arat al-Nu'man south of Idlib was struck by an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on July 14th (via Macro Media Center).
  • A water pumping station in Ma'arat al-Nu'man south of Idlib was struck by an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on July 14th (via Macro Media Center).
  • A water pumping station in Ma'arat al-Nu'man south of Idlib was struck by an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on July 14th (via Macro Media Center).
  • A water pumping station in Ma'arat al-Nu'man south of Idlib was struck by an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on July 14th (via Macro Media Center).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3594

Incident date

June 15, 2019

Location

كفرزيتا, Kafar Zeita, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source reported “victims” in an airstrike on Kafar Zeita, Hama, on June 15th.

Another source, Shaam News, also alleges the attack, but does not make reference to any civilian casualties.

Although victims are reported by Smart News in the “aerial bombardment”, no other information is known at this time with regard to how many civilians were harmed in the incident, or to what extent.

Airwars has set a possible injury range of 1 to 2 for this event – and is conducting ongoing research.

Shaam News names both Russia and the Syrian regime in the reporting of the event, while Smart News does not positively attribute blame for the airstrike.

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3536

Incident date

June 1, 2019

Location

الأتارب, Al Atareb, Aleppo , Syria

Airwars assessment

Three sources reported airstrikes on Al Atareb, Aleppo, on June 1st.

Shaam News claimed that civilians had been injured, but did not quantify how many had been harmed in the attack.

While Smart News and Step News Agency attributed the strikes to Russia, Shaam News claimed that both Russia and the Syrian regime were active belligerents in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Unknown
  • English
    /
    Original

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3392

Incident date

March 13, 2019

Location

Tal Mardikh, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that an unspecified number of civilians were wounded in an alleged Russian airstrike on Tal Mardikh.

Horrya said: “According to a reporter, Russian warplanes launched heavy air raids, on Tuesday night [March 12th], with rockets and vacuum and concussion missiles on the city of Sarakib and the towns of Tel Mardikh and Khan Sabeel south of Idlib.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3208

Incident date

April 18, 2018

Location

قرية الخالدية, Al Khaldiya village, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

Russian warplanes attacked the village of Khalidiya in the Hama countryside, according to local sources, injuring a number of civilians.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported violent explosions caused by strikes in the area.

According to Step, “Seven people were injured as a result of the air and ground bombardment of the villages of Al-Musthira and Khalidiya, northwest of Hama”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]