Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3874

Incident date

September 12, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma’aret Al Nu’man, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two people, among which a child, were killed and five or six other civilians were injured in airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Al Nu’man, Idlib.

The Justice Organization and @SyrianCoalition blamed both the Syrian regime and Russian forces.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights “documented the martyrdom of a child and the injury of 6 others as a result of rocket shelling carried out by regime forces stationed in Khan Sheikhoun targeting Maaret al-Nu’man city in the southern countryside of Idlib.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Mohammed Jalal bin Yasser Amhan was killed by airstrikes on Ma’aret Al Nu’man on September 12th 2019 (via Justice Organization on Facebook).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Islam Sadir was killed by airstrikes on Ma’aret Al Nu’man on September 12th 2019 (via Justice Organization on Facebook).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3903

Incident date

November 5, 2019

Location

الدار الكبيرة, Dar al Kabira, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three children (brothers), named as Israa, Bara’a, and Hakem Khaled Adnan al Saleh, died and their mother was wounded in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on their home in Dar al Kabira, according to local media.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported: “The sibling children Israa, Bara’a and Hakem Khaled Adnan al Saleh, displaced from al Latamena town in the northwestern suburbs of Hama governorate, were killed and their mother was injured as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on their house in al Dar al Kabira village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on November 5, 2019.”

@abuhuzaifa_ also pointed to the regime, tweeting: “Bashar al-Assad and his regime writes its constitution with the blood of children and the massacres he makes daily with the Russian occupation. This criminal is protected by his constitution shedding the blood of innocent people”.

Sources published exceptionally graphic images of the dead children.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Warning: very graphic. Images of the dead children. Translation: "Bashar al-Assad and his regime writes its constitution with the blood of children and the massacres he makes daily with the Russian occupation. This criminal is protected by his constitution shedding the blood of innocent people"
  • The White Helmets attend the scene of an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on a family's home in Dar Al Kabira, Nov 5th 2019 (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3932

Incident date

November 13, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafar Nubul, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One man was reported injured in alleged Russian forces airstrikes on Kafar Nubul in Idlib – Syria on November 13th, 2019, according to local sources.

IdlibPlus said “A man was also injured in the city of Kafar Nabil as a result of the shelling by Russian warplanes with four air strikes.”

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3960

Incident date

November 26, 2019

Location

كرسعة, Karsa’a, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians including a child died and several others were wounded in an alleged Russia or Assad regime airstrike on Karsa’a, according to local media.

Idlib Plus said two men were killed, and civilian homes were damaged.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that two civilians were struck as they returned from picking olives.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3988

Incident date

December 4, 2019

Location

بلدات متعددة, Several towns, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Dozens of civilians, including children and women, were wounded in alleged Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes on several towns in Idlib governorate on December 4th, 2019, according to Shaam News Network.

The Shaam News Network reported that the “very violent air raids” targeted locations south of the international M4-line in the southern countryside of Idlib, mentioning the towns of Al Qrati, Tal Dam, Abu Sharja, Al Sarj, Qatra, Harran, Kafr Al Kabira, Al Dar Al Kabir Urum Al Jouz, Kansfra, Al Fatera, aAl Sorman, Kafr Amim, Al Thahiba and Tal Al Touqan.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4018

Incident date

December 18, 2019

Location

خان السبل, Khan Al Sboul, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One man was killed and four civilians were wounded in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the town of Khan Al Sboul, Idlib governorate, on December 18th, 2019, according to local sources.

Edlib Media Center reported that “a man was killed and four others were wounded when the Russian occupation warplanes targeted Khan Al Sboul, south of Idlib, with rockets”. In another post, EMC stated that the wounded were civilians.

Shaam News Network reported that one martyr died in “Russian and regime warplanes and helicopter” airstrikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4044

Incident date

January 5, 2020

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

In a major incident, 14 civilians including children and women were reported killed and between 23 and 30 injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on the western neighborhood of Ariha city in Idlib, Syria on January 5th, 2020.

Macro Media Center (MMC) reported that airstrikes were launched by a  SU-24 warplane with a full load of vacuum missiles.

Local sources said the airstrikes targeted civilian areas in the city attacking six civilian facilities including Khaled Bashir al Halabiyah School- known as al Muhdatheh School, al Hadidi Mosque- known as al Imam Malek Mosque-, Woman Centre of Zayzafon Charity Organization, Baraem al Islam Kindergarten, al Muslim al Saghir Kindergarten and an institute of Muslim Care Organization.

The Syrian Civil Defense (SCD) reported that the airstrikes also targeted IDPs on the outskirts of the International Highway (Aleppo- Lattakia road) causing casualties. Ariha Facebook Page mentioned that two of the victims are students at the Technical Institute for Media at the University of Idlib, and they died while they were on their way to their homes in Jabal Al-Zawiya.

According to list of names documented by local sources, eight of those killed belong to the same family. Victims include at least three children, one woman and three unidentified bodies and those injured include at least eight women.

The death toll is expected to rise as many of those injured remain in critical conditions.

While Justice Organization blamed solely Russia for this incident, most of sources blamed the Syrian regime like @SyriaCoalition, Macro Media Center, Ariha Today, Syrian Network for Human Rights and Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. From their side, Syrian Civil Defense, Step News, Shaam News and @SyrianCoaltion blamed Russia and the regime, with @SyrianCoaltion stating that the attack was done by the regime with Russian and Iranian support.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

Family members (2)

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14
  • (3–8 children1–2 women5–8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    23–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via @SyrianCoalition).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage made by a Syrian Civil Defence volunteer of the aftermath of the alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via @SyriaCivilDefe).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via SCD Idlib).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via Ariha Today).
  • Muhammad Al Madi and Mustafa Krom, students at the Technical Institute for Media at the University of Idlib, were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020, when they were on their way to their home in Jabal Al- Zawiya (via Ariha Today).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ariha on January 5th, 2020 (via Ariha Today).
  • SCD volunteer broke into tears as she carried body of a child killed in the airstrikes on Ariha in Idlib on January 5th 2020 (via SCD).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14
  • (3–8 children1–2 women5–8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    23–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4068

Incident date

January 20, 2020

Location

الكماري, Al Kamari, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaam Network reported that Russian airstrikes targeted Al Kamari village in Aleppo’s southern countryside on January 20th, 2020, causing injuries among civilians.

@so_ria98 tweeted that “Civilian casualties were reported by Russian airstrikes on the village of Al Kamari in the southern countryside of Aleppo.”

No further details are available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]