Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3989

Incident date

December 7, 2019

Location

بلدة البارة, Al Barah, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least four civilians, including one child and two women, were killed and several others wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes that coincided with Syrian regime artillery strikes in the city centre of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019, according to local sources.

Step News Agency reported that Russian raids targeted the main street in the city centre, as well as a mosque and school, while the Syrian regime simultaneously targeted the city with artillery. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that Al Rahman mosque in the suburbs of Al Barah was hit and partly destroyed by Russian airstrikes. According to the Syrian Civil Defence, the homes of civilians were targeted a well. MMC reported that a popular market was targeted.

According to Smart News Agency, a child and two women were among those killed, and another woman was wounded. According to Ahira, the fourth fatal victim was a male civilian.  The Syrian Committee for Human Rights reported that the names of the killed civilians were: Halima Muhammad Al Qashlan, Baraa Abdul Halim Al Qashlan, Fatim Hatim Al Sayyadi and Khaled Haj Hamidi.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Damage inside Al Rahman mosque in Al Bara after alleged Russian airstrikes on December 7th, 2019 (via SN4HR).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the scene of the incident after alleged Russian airstrikes in center of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the scene of the incident after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city center of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the scene of the incident after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city center of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Syrian Civil Defence volunteer carrying a child victim after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city center of Al Barah on December 7th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3991

Incident date

December 7, 2019

Location

إبديتا, Abdita, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Six civilians including a woman and five children died in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on Abdita, according to local media.

Many sources blamed regime barrel bombs for the civilian harm, though there were also claims that Russian conducted airstrikes.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported: “at least five civilians (four girls and a woman) were killed as Syrian regime forces helicopters dropped barrel bombs on Abdita village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate”.

The Syrian Human Rights committee reported on 16 December 2019 that child Abdullah Al-Zaidan died because of wounds he endured in the attack, only to be added to the other victims: Noor Ali Zidan (child), Iman Ali Zidan (child), Walaa Muteeh Al-Jazzar and her two daughters whose names are not available at the moment.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Noor Ali Zidan Child female https://www.shrc.org/?p=35439 killed
  • Iman Ali Zidan Child female https://www.shrc.org/?p=35439 killed
  • Walaa Muteeh Al-Jazzar Adult female https://www.shrc.org/?p=35439 killed
  • Abdullah Al-Zaidan Child male https://www.shrc.org/?p=35466 killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 6
  • (3–4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Dead bodies following an alleged regime barrel bombing in Abdita, Dec 7th 2019 (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 6
  • (3–4 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4003

Incident date

December 16, 2019

Location

جزرايا, Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one person was injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019, according to local sources.

Smart News Agency reported that Russian warplanes carried out four air raids, which wounded one civilian. According to the Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook, there were injured civilians and civilian property was damaged.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Syrian Civil Defence on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Liveuamap).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jazraya, Aleppo governorate, on December 16th, 2019 (via Liveuamap).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4007A

Incident date

December 16, 2019

Location

أبو دفنة, Abo Dafna, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Casualties among civilians were reported as Russian forces or Syrian regime forces targeted ‘Martyr Mustafa al Qasem School’ in Abu Dafna village in the eastern suburbs of Idlib governorate, Syria on December 16th, 2019, according to local sources.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4004

Incident date

December 16, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma’ret Al Nu’man, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

An unknown number of civilians was reportedly wounded by alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes in Ma’rat Al Numan city, Idlib governorate, on December 16th, 2019.

Shaam News Agency reported “dozens of wounded”.

Further information is currently unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4005

Incident date

December 16, 2019

Location

كفروما, Kafarouma, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One person was allegedly killed and an unknown number of civilians wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Kafarouma, Idlib countryside, on December 16th, 2019, according to local sources.

Baladi News reported that an “Russian Air Force airplane took off from Khmeimim Airport in Lattakia countryside and bombed the town of Kafarouma in southern Idlib countryside with a number of rockets, which resulted in the injury of several civilians with varying wounds”.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported one martyr on Facebook.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4006

Incident date

December 16, 2019

Location

جرجناز, Jarjanaz, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was reportedly injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Jarjanaz, Idlib governorate, on December 16th, 2019.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported on Facebook that “civilians were wounded by rockets targeting the Russian occupation air force, in the town of Jarjanaz, south of Idlib”.

Baladi News reported one wounded civilian and wrote that the bombardment targeted civilians’ homes and properties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4007

Incident date

December 16, 2019

Location

بلدات متعددة, several towns, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Dozens of civilians were reportedly wounded as the result of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on several locations in Idlib governorate on December 16th, 2019.

Shaam News Agency reported that the airstrikes targeted the city of Ma’arat Al Numan and the villages and towns of Deir Al Sharqi, Al Haraki, Al Harman, Harran, Abumaki, Mar’shourin, Talmans, Al Ra’fah, Al Halba, Kafarouma, Tal Al Shih, Ma’saran, Al Ghadfa, Al Barasa, Abu Dafna, Ma’saruna, Jarjnaz, Ma’rash, Al Sayyid, Hataya, Dana, and Ain Qurei farm.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]