Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4094

Incident date

January 22, 2020

Location

كفرناها, Kafar Naha, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian, an adult male, was wounded in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike in Kafar Naha, according to local sources.

The White Helmets reported: “A person was injured as a result of the bombing of a factory in the town of Kafr Nanaha, in the western countryside of Aleppo. Our team assisted him to the hospital.”

A subsequent post by the White Helmets added that there had been rwio raids “that targeted a building used as a petrol station”.

Local Coordination Committees of Syria named the victim as 35-year-old Mahmoud Al-Khader. The source said that a raid by a “warplane” targeted the outskirts of Kafr Naha at 14:12 local time.

The incident occured at 2:12 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Kafar Naha, Jan 22nd (via White Helmets)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Kafar Naha, Jan 22nd (via White Helmets)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Kafar Naha, Jan 22nd (via White Helmets)
  • The aftermath of an airstrike on Kafar Naha, Jan 22nd (via White Helmets)

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4097

Incident date

January 22, 2020

Location

معردبسة, Ma’ardibsa, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian reportedly died and two more – a woman and a child – were wounded in an alleged regime or Russian air or artillery strikes on Ma’ardibsa.

Local Coordination Committees if Syria reported: “At 15:46 a regime’s MiG-23 warplane raid targeted the village of Ma`rdbasa. This resulted in the death of Satouf ali al-Hashoum and the injury of a woman and a child.

The Shaam News Network noted that both Russian and regime warplanes “launched dozens of airstrikes” across cities and towns in Idlib, including Ma’ardibsa.

The incident occured at 3:56 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4101

Incident date

January 23, 2020

Location

اريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to eight people, including six children, were injured in an alleged Russian double raid on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020, according to local sources. In addition, a Syrian Civil Defence ambulance was burned.

Shabha Press tweeded that eight people, including six children, were injured. Step News reported five wounded.

The Syrian Civil Defence told Shaam News Network that “Russian warplanes carried out double raids that targeted Civil Defence teams during their work in giving first aid in the city of Ariha to those who were injured as a result of the first air raid, pointing out that the double raids resulted in the burning of the civil defense ambulance and injured several civilians”.

All sources reported Russia as the belligerent for this specific incident, but it should be noted that the Syrian regime was also conducting air raids in the area, as reported by Shaam News Network.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence ambulance burning after a double air raid by alleged Russian forces on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020 (via syrialiveua).
  • Syrian Civil Defence ambulance on fire after a double air raid by alleged Russian forces on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Footage of the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020 (via @IdlibPlus).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4099

Incident date

January 23, 2020

Location

ارنبة, Arinba, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A mother and her two children were killed and another child was injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Arinba, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that it had “documented the death of three civilians of the same family (a boy, a girl and a woman) as a result of airstrikes carried out this morning by Russian jets” on the village, which is located in Jabal Al Zawiya. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that the incident targeted Al Gharbi neighbourhood in the village.

According to the Syrian Civil Defence, the Russian strikes targeted a residential neighbourhood in the village around midnight. Macro Media Center and Step News, however, reported that the incident occurred at dawn. Step News added that the family was sleeping when the incident occured.

Shaam News Network reported that the strikes hit the house of the family, killing the mother and two of her children, and injuring the rest of the family.

The incident occured between 12:00 am and 6:00 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers looking for victims and survivors underneath the rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Arinba on January 23rd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers carrying a body after alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Arinba on January 23rd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers looking for victims and survivors underneath the rubble after alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Arinba on January 23rd, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Damaged house after alleged Russian airstrike on the village of Arinba, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Destruction after alleged Russian airstrike on the village of Arinba, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Civilians in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrike on the village of Arinba, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Damaged house after alleged Russian airstrike on the village of Arinba, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020 (via EMC).
  • Destruction after alleged Russian airstrike on the village of Arinba, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020 (via EMC).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4102

Incident date

January 23, 2020

Location

بلدات متعددة, several towns, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

An unknown number of civilians were wounded in alleged Russian and Syrian regime air or artillery strikes on several cities and towns in Aleppo governorate on January 23rd, 2020, according to local sources.

Shaam News Network reported that the Kafar Hamra, Khan Al Asal, Khalsa, Khan Toman, Al Zorba, Zaitan, Al Hamira, Shwayneh, Lirmoun, Kafar Dael, and Al Qalagiya were targeted by Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes.

Step Agency reported that “the town of Kafarnaha, the town of Kafardael, and the Al Rashideen area were subjected to several airstrikes loaded with vacuum missiles by Russian warplanes, while the Syrian opposition forces targeted the positions of the Syrian regime forces in the neighbourhood of Zahraa with artillery shells in the western countryside of Aleppo and in the northern countryside, the Lirmoun region and the villages and towns of Shuwihaina. The Lirmoun and Kafr Hamra were bombed with barrel bombs and airstrikes from the Syrian regime’s helicopters and Russian warplanes”.

Step further wrote that Russian warplanes conducted airstrikes and shelling with explosive barrels in the towns of Khalsa, Khan Tuman, Hamira and Zaitan.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4103

Incident date

January 23, 2020

Location

دار عزة, Dar Ezza, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Six children and a man were reported injured as a result of the explosion of a cluster bomb remnant of an alleged previous Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Dar Ezza in Aleppo, Syria, on January 23rd 2020.

SMART said: “Six children and a young man were injured Thursday, as a result of the explosion of the remnants of a cluster bomb from the remnants of a previous bombing by the Syrian regime forces on the city of Dar Ezza (25 km west of Aleppo) in northern Syria.”  The Syrian Civil Defense said that two of the children are in a serious condition.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, the injured civilians and their ages are:  Mustafa Ahmed Aeg, aged 5, Ali Ahmed Ahmed Aeg, aged 10, Bashir Mustafa Aeg,  aged 18, Hassan Moustafa Aeg, aged 9, Abdullah Alaa Saleh, aged 7, Nasrallah Bashir Homs, aged 12 years and Walid Khaled Shahama, aged 13.

SMART also quoted Syrian Civil Defense Post to note that the 18-year-old man and three of the children have the same family name, but their relationship is not known yet.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4100

Incident date

January 23, 2020

Location

قرب سراقب, near Saraqib, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three children were killed alongside their parents in alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib, Idlib governorate, on January 23rd, 2020, according to local sources. Up to fifteen people, including children and women, were injured.

According to Step News Agency correspondent Hassan Al Muhammed, “the Russian aviation inflicted a massacre on the displaced people on a farm they were taking refuge in, near the city of Saraqib, east of Idlib. This resulted in the death of 5 people and the injury of 10 others from the same family, including children and women.”

@so_ria98 tweeted that the following civilians were killed: Fatima Izz Al Din (50), Musab Khatoon (26) and Murhaf Musab Khatoon (1). @SyrianCoalition added that Murhaf’s brother Basil was also killed in the airstrikes.

Muhammed Al Ali, an activist, told Jeron that the Russian aircraft conducted several airstrikes, killing five civilians and wounded another five, including two children. He noted that the family fled their village of Al Hamra in the eastern countryside of Hama two years earlier after the regime took control over the village.

SMART reported that there were three children and one woman among the wounded. A correspondent for Baladi News reported that “Russian warplanes targeted a farm located about five km away from the city of Saraqib, sheltering IDPs from the countryside of Idlib, with rockets, killing five of them and wounding 15 others with varying injuries.”

Although most sources reported that the airstrike targeted a farm or a “house on farmland”, Edlib Media Center gave conflicting reports. EMC first stated the attack hit a petrol station in which the displaced family had sought refuge, but wrote in a later report that the family had been residing in tents.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • Damage after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Damage after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Man standing at the site after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Damaged house after alleged Russian airstrikes near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people on January 23rd, 2020 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian airstrikes near Saraqib January 23rd, 2020 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian airstrikes near Saraqib January 23rd, 2020 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Footage of the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via @abuhuzaifa_).
  • The site after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • Inside a damaged building after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • Damage after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • The site after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • The site after alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via Edlib Media Center).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The children Basil and Murhaf Musab Khatoon were killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on a farm housing displaced people near Saraqib on January 23rd, 2020 (via @SyrianCoalition).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4107

Incident date

January 25, 2020

Location

كفر البطيخ , Kafar Albatiekh, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaam Network reported that one civilian was killed when Russian and Assad warplanes and helicopters launched airstrikes in the midst of artillery and missile shelling on Kafar Albatiekh in Idlib on January 25th 2020.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]