Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4348

Incident date

July 18, 2021

Location

دارة عزة, Daret Ezza, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a child, was killed and three to five civilians, including three to four women and up to two children, were injured in artillery shelling on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021.

A tweet from @kwater4syr identified “A child was killed and 4 civilians were wounded by Russian laser artillery shelling”. @anasanas84 tweeted that among the four that were wounded were women and Zaman Al Wasl identified all of those four injured as women. However, @Sy24ria put the toll of wounded at three and added that they were all from the same family while Syrian Civil Defense put the toll of wounded at “3 women and two children”.

A Baladi News correspondent in Aleppo countryside reported that the areas affected by the strikes were “residential neighborhoods in the city of Darat Izza” and that among those injured, “one is in serious condition, who were taken to field hospitals in the area”.

@anasanas84 named the child killed: Musa Mustafa Turkmani, 8 years old. A correspondent for Zaman Al Wasl provided the age of Musa as 6 years old.

At the time of the strikes, the father of the child who was killed was painting the house in preparation for Eid. He helped the Civil Defense rescue “his 2 daughters & wife but not his youngest son Mousa who died under rubble.”

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes. A tweet from @syriapostnew1 attributed the strikes to Russia while Macro Media Center blamed regime forces for artillery shelling.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by @AhmedDekhan)
  • A father morns the loss of his son, Musa Mustafa Turkmani, who was killed in strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by @NidalAbdulmonem)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of Musa Mustafa Turkmani, who was killed in strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Smoke rises from the site of the shelling in Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by Daret Ezza Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by Daret Ezza Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by Daret Ezza Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by Daret Ezza Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by Daret Ezza Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Daret Ezza on July 18, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • "I saved my sister and became a role for my brother Musa, he was stoned." A family emerged from under the rubble and a child was killed, and the rest of the family was wounded in the city of Darat Izza in the western countryside of Aleppo this morning, Sunday, July 18, as a result of the bombing of their house by the regime and Russia’s forces with artillery shells.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4380

Incident date

August 26, 2021

Location

طفس, Tafas, Daraa, Syria

Airwars assessment

A major bombardment of the town of Tafas in Daraa caused up to three civilian deaths and up to six more injuries, according to extensive local reporting. Both the Assad regime and to a lesser extend Russia were blamed for the attacks.

Horan Free Media, citing its local correspondent, initially described the death of one young civilian male and six injuries “including critical cases” in the attack. The Syrian Observatory also described the deaths of a man and woman.

All sources were agreed on one fatal victim, 26 year old Hafeza Mar’i al-Rabadawi, a woman. Horan for example noted that “a medical source from Tafas Hospital told the Ahrar Horan Gathering that the woman, Hafeza Mar’i al-Rabadawi, died directly as a result of the bombing, while all 6 injured people were treated in the city hospital.”

Adding some confusion to reporting, a second woman’s death – that of Sabah al-Bardan – was also initially claimed by the outlet, though this was later denied on its own Telegram channel, which reported that Ms al-Bardan was in fact alive. The Syrian Network instead reported the death of Ms al-Bardan, as did several other local sources.

A third fatal victim was named by several sources including Qasioun as Samir Reshan Al-Zoubi, a young man.

The White Helmets, which posted a video showing at least six strikes on the town, declared that “Civilians were killed and wounded in a major military escalation by the regime and Russia forces on the city of Tafas in Daraa governorate.” Halab Today said that more than 30 missiles had targeted the town, while Thiqa News claimed that 50 missiles had struck. It was one of several local sources to report three civilian deaths.

In a separate video, Shaam News showed what it described as “the state of panic and fear among the students, after missile shelling by the Fourth Division militias on the vicinity of a school during work hours in Tafas city.”

The Syrian Network condemned what it said was “the bombing of civilian-populated areas by the Syrian regime which fails to distinguish between populated civilian areas and military targets, resulting in the destruction of homes that threatens and forcibly displaces the residents of those areas.”

Baladi News was alone in suggesting the attack may have been in response to local rebel actions, noting that “The area is witnessing a security alert by regime forces, after a military vehicle was targeted with an explosive device on the Nawa – Sheikh Maskin road, west of Daraa, and the regime’s ranks were killed and wounded.”

The incident occured in the morning.

  • Hafeza Mar’i al-Rabadawi 26 years old female killed
  • Sabah al-Bardan Adult female Reported as either killed or injured injured
  • Samir Reshan Al-Zoubi Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • Reported victim of Regime and/ or Russian strikes on Tafas on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Medics attend to a victim of a Russian or Regime strike on Tafas, August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free News)
  • 'The moment the Fourth Division militias bombed Tafas, 26th August 2021' (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • 'Less than two days after the signing of a settlement agreement in #Daraa, direct scenes from the bombing of the Assad militia on the town of #Tafas'
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    '#Daraa: More than thirty treacherous missiles fell on the city of Tafas within minutes. There are a lot of injured'
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Unidentified injured male reportedly harmed in Regime and/ or Russian strikes on Tafas, August 26th 2021 (via @syria7ra)
  • '#Urgent #Daraa The death of a woman and the injury of 6 civilians as Assad's militias targeted residential neighborhoods in the city of Tafas, west of Daraa, with rocket launchers.'
  • '3 martyrs so far and 7 wounded in Tafas city 1- The martyr Samir Tarshan Al-Zoubi (M) 2- The martyr Hafiza Al-Salkhadi (F) 3- The martyr Sabah Halima (F) #Battle of dignity '

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2131

Incident date

April 16, 2017

Location

بداما , Bdama, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.811903, 36.202275 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

According to the Smart News Agency, “On Sunday, April 16, 2017, three civilians, including a woman, were injured in an air strike on the town of Badama in the western suburb of Idlib. The warplanes responsible are likely to be Russian”.

Jirsrtv reported: “the Civil Defense said that two people were injured by air strikes on the town of Badama in the western countryside”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3599

Incident date

March 11, 2019

Location

كفرنبودة, Kafar Nbouda, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.429388, 36.49078 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One or two civilians were injured in alleged artillery strikes on Kafar Nbouda, local media reported. The majority of sources said that the Assad regime was responsible, though Russian actions were also reported within the vicinity.

According to the Step News Agency, “an artillery bombardment by regime forces stationed at Camp of Bredig hit the town of Kfara Nbuda, slightly wounding a civilian.”

In a later report, Step said “a civilian was injured as a result of the mortar shelling on the town of Kafr Nbouda from the regime forces stationed at the Karim checkpoint north of Hama.”

Other sources mentioned wounded “civilians”.

Most reports blamed the regime, though the Smart News Agency pointed to “artillery shelling by Russia and the regime.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • 'the bombing of Kfar Nbouda'
  • Photo of artillery strikes on Kafar Nbouda on March 11th, 2019 (via @NorsForStudies).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3629

Incident date

April 28, 2019

Location

البشيرية, Al Bashiriya, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that two children were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes with vacuum rockets on the town of Al Bashiriya in Idlib.

EdlibEmc1 posted “Two children were injured as a result the targeting by the Russian occupation warplanes of the town of Al Bashiriya west of Idlib with concussion missiles.”

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • An alleged Russian airstrike hits Al Bashriya, April 28th (via EdlibEMC1)
  • An alleged Russian airstrike hits Al Bashriya, April 28th (via EdlibEMC1)
  • A wounded child is rescued from Al Bashriya on April 28th following an alleged Russian airstrike on the town (via JMC)
  • A reported Russian airstrike hits Al Bashiriya, Idlib, April 28th (via Syriapost 3)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3380

Incident date

April 1, 2018

Location

جسر الشغور, Jisr Al Shougur, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.814269, 36.31994 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Several missiles fell on the city of Jisr Al Shougur in Idlib province, wounding two civilians, according to Smart News.

The news agency attributed the strike to Russian forces, however, Idlib24 reported said Syrian planes were also involved.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS2895

Incident date

January 13, 2018

Location

كفرزيتا, Kafr Zeita, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.3747033, 36.5923691 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly wounded in alleged Russian or regime air and artillery strikes which struck Kafr Zeita. There were no reports of any civilian deaths. All sources either blamed Russia, or did not attribute blame to a belligerent.

According to local media, Russian aircraft bombarded the vicinity with the use of concussion bombs.

Smart reported that, “Two civilians, including a woman, were wounded on Saturday by an air strike likely to be Russian on the towns and villages of the northern Hama countryside, coinciding with heavy artillery and missile fire on the area.”

Alweeam noted that the Assad regime was also carrying out shelling on Idlib and Hama, including on Kafr Zeita, at this time.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS288

Incident date

December 17, 2015

Location

حي المرجة, Al Murja, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.1867279, 37.1785927 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Dozens were reported killed and injured in a friendly fire incident when Russian warplanes allegedly targeted Al Murja, killing dozens of regime fighters by mistake, according to the Shaam News Network.

No further details are currently available.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

No Russian reports were published for December 16th-18th 2016.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]