Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4314

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

منطف, Mantaf, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.7742266, 36.6543839 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Between one and two civilians, including at least one woman, was killed and up to nine others were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on Mantaf on June 12, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, “the killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef”.

SCD also added that “while the mother is in intensive care, her fetus dies before he comes to her, as a result of being hit by shrapnel of a guided missile from the Russian warplanes. However, other sources, including @alatareb, reported that the mother and her fetus were killed in the strikes.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported “a 16-year-old girl, named as Safaa Abboud was killed, along with the unborn baby of Samaher Muhammad Barakat, while six other civilians were injured when fixed-wing warplanes which we believed were Russian fired missiles on houses in the outskirts of Mentef village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate on June 12. SNHR has received assurances that the unborn baby’s mother, named above, is alive and is receiving treatment in a hospital in Idlib governorate.”

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the pregnant woman and her fetus were killed, while adding that only one other person was injured. Zaiton mag gave the highest estimate that nine civilians were injured in the airstrikes on Mantef.

@Nabel_othman023 tweeted that “residential neighborhoods were targeted in the village of Mantef, near the city of Jericho this afternoon”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Russia or did not distinguish whether Russia or the regime was responsible.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

  • Safaa Abboud 16 years old female killed
  • Samaher Muhammad Barakat Age unknown female pregnant killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–9
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: The killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef, near the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, this afternoon, Saturday, June 12. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: The killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef, near the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, this afternoon, Saturday, June 12. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: The killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef, near the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, this afternoon, Saturday, June 12. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: The killing of a woman and the wounding of 7 civilians, including 3 children, in Russian air strikes targeting residential neighborhoods in the village of Mantef, near the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, this afternoon, Saturday, June 12. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of the fetus of a pregnant woman who was affected by an airstrike on the village of Mantef on June 12, 2021. While some sources reported that only the fetus was killed, other sources reported that the pregnant mother was killed as well. (Image posted by @a175286)
  • Image of the explosion caused by the airstrikes on the town of Mantef on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Image of the explosion caused by the airstrikes on the town of Mantef on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @moeredah)
  • Image of the explosion caused by the airstrikes on the town of Mantef on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Hmo Syria)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Blood in Al Shami Hospital from the victims of the bombing of Mantef on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Abo Hamza Kalali via Facebook)

Geolocation notes (4) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the village of Mantaf (منطف). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 35.7742266, 36.6543839.

  • Reports of the incident mention the village of Mantaf (منطف). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to exact coordinates.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged satellite imagery based on sources.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    @alaaibra95

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–9
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4315

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

سرجة, Sarja, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one man was injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Sarja on June 12, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, “the village of Sarja was subjected to similar raids, which resulted in the injury of a man.” @syr_television referred to “civilians” being injured but did not provide a specific number. None of the other sources mention civilian casualties.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Russia. A tweet from @anasanas84 also identified vacuum missiles as being used in the strikes and @khaleedalkhteb specified that three raids were carried out on Sarja.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: The moment Russian warplanes targeted with missiles the vicinity of the town of Sarja in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south of Idlib (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • According to @Gurbtwatan, Russian aircraft bombed the village of Sarjah on June 12, 2021.
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Sarja on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @humam_isa)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Sarja on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @humam_isa)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Sarja on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @aboalhodaalhoms)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on Sarja on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @moeredah)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4316 IRS008 YS105

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.5112804, 36.851089 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and others were injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces or Russian airstrikes on agricultural lands in the outskirts of Afrin on June 12, 2021.

According to Macro Media Center, “a civilian was killed and others were wounded as a result of the bombing of the PYD PKK gangs with missiles on the city of Afrin”. Shaam News also reported that one civilian was killed in the incident.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the SDF and PKK. However, Mazloum Abadi, the head of the SDF, issued a statement: “We strongly condemn the bombing by the Russian forces of the city of Afrin, which is overcrowded with civilians.”

The incident occured at 5:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Image of the agricultural lands outside of Afrin that were bombed on June 12, 2021. Image shows "the moment civilians fled during the bombing of the #PKK militia, on the city from their lands where they were working." (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the city of Afrin (عفرين). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to an area just west of the city, for which the exact coordinates are: 36.5112804, 36.851089.

  • Reports of the incident mention the city of Afrin (عفرين). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to an area just west of the city.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged satellite imagery according to sources.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Gurbtwatan

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4317 IRS009 YS106

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.509587, 36.858479 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

At least 13 civilians, including four hospital staff, were killed and 27 others, including 11 hospital staff, were injured in alleged airstrikes and/or artillery shelling of Al-Shifaa Hospital in Afrin on June 12, 2021.

The Syrian American Medical Society issues a statement that “SAMS-supported Al-Shifaa Hospital in Afrin, Syria was directly targeted by two missiles. Initial reports from the ground indicate that thirteen people have been killed. Tragically, of this number, two were hospital staff and two were ambulance drivers. Eleven staff were injured, including one midwife in critical condition”. Additional details are that “the first missile hit the emergency room, and the second missile hit the labor and delivery room. Both units have been completely destroyed, in addition to the outpatient department that was partially destroyed. The hospital has been taken out of service, evacuating patients to nearby facilities.”

A tweet from @rahhalahmad06 gave information on one of the victims: “the death of the anesthesiologist, Amin Qusho, as a result of the heinous crime that affected Al-Shifa Hospital in Afrin.”

@hsasmar also identified Mahmoud Al-Dabbas Abu Khaled as someone who was “trying to provide aid to the wounded who fell as a result of the bombing on the city of #Afrin.”

@BilloMohemed gave the context that Zalloukh Hanan Muhammad, 85 years old was killed “when a missile fell on her house in the vicinity of Marati roundabout in the center of Afrin city”.

The victims “Zeinab Sheikh Daoud“, 21 years old, and her two-year-old son, “Yusuf Qilij”, from the village of Ma’arat were both killed as well, according to @SheroAlo1. Afrin Rights Watch reported that the husband and father of the deceased was being held in Marati Prison / Marata, under the control of the Turkish, and was denied a request to be released to attend their funeral.

According to @Zoher__kh, a friend of one of the victims, Majed Kbeish was a member of the Shafak Organization. @rame0alsayed also identified Anwar Al-Daher as an employee of the Shafak Organization and pointed out that he was helping one of the wounded when he was killed.

Maaret alnuman posted on Facebook that Rana Fawzi Al-Manfoukh, the wife of Mahmoud Khashan, was also killed in the bombing of Al Shifaa Hospital.

A Facebook post by Mustafa Sheikho identified the death of Malak Othman Khalil from the village of Konde Khalil and the injury of her daughter, Mazkin Hassan Muhammad, from Alkana.

An image posted by @Marea_Elshame shows a child in a wheelchair who was paralyzed prior to the incident and was killed in the strikes.

@SyrianCoalition published a full list of the names of those killed: Zaloukh Hanan Muhammad Afrin, 85 years old (F); Zainab Sheikh Daoud Afrin, 21 years old  (F); Yusuf Kilij Khushan Afrin, 2 years old  (M); Amin Qushou, 55 years old  (M); Muhammad Osama Mamdouh Homs, 33 years old  (M); Dana Al-Manfoukh  (F); Ghaith Abbas, 23 years old  (M); Samira Al-Sufi, Damascus, 41 years old  (F); Mahmoud Dias Homs, 35 years old  (M); Fadel Haj Ibrahim  (M); Laith Al-Hamwi  (M); Lian Mustafa Al-Amiri  (F); Lana Mustafa Al-Amiri  (F); Anwar Ahmed Daher  (M); Majed Kbeish  (M)

Syrian Civil Defense published the names Ismail Al-Naasan, Zaher Hamsho, and Ahmed Ibrahim, three volunteers of the White Helmets were injured while performing their humanitarian duty.

Afrin Post included additional names of civilians injured from Afrin: Fatima Sager Ahmed, 56 years old (F); Mazkin Muhammad Hassan, 39 years old (F)  //daughter of Malak Othamn Khalil; Ali Ali Mahmoud, 21 years old (M); Awfa Al-Nasir Muhammad, 50 years old (?); Nidal Hajj Ibrahim, 55 years old (M); Laith Al-Amiri Mustafa, 4 years old (M); Layan Al-Amiri Mustafa, a year and a half old (M); Nisreen Al-Aroor Abdul Karim 2 years old (F); Aisha Kılıch Colin, 56 years old (M)

Afrin Post also named civilians injured from outside of Afrin: Mohieddin Al-Zein, age 55 (M); Ismail Nassan 39 (M); Muhammad Saleh. 23 (M); Zahid Hamsho 36 (?); Douaa Kamel Saad Eddin 60 (F); Abdullah Al-Abed 33 (M); Iman, Ghadab Zakaria (5 years) (F); Jalal Al-Qassab Omar (30 years old) (M); Iman al-Akhras Muhammad (22 years old) (F); Muhammad Qadriya (27 .) (M); Muhammad Hamidi Attia (36 years old) (M); Qusay Muhammad Khalil (31 years old). (M); Muhammad Zaher Al-Sakka (41 years old) (M); Bilal Ramadan (29 years old). (M); Hossam Noureddine Farouk (37 years old) (M); Tariq Najm Muhammad Faisal (31 years old) (M)

Qasioun News reported that “the authorities of the Turkish state of Hatay announced killing 13 civilians and injury 27 others as a result of the attack carried out by SDF.”

A tweet from @ahmadal_shame put the number of civilians killed in the strikes “at more than 18” and @SyrianCoalition tweeted that the number of people killed had risen to 19. A higher count was given by Step News, putting that the strikes “killed 23 people and injured more than 40 civilians and medical staff” and Al Modon reported that more than 50 civilians were injured. However, other sources gave lower estimates, with @SEMA_Org tweeting that “at least 6 civilian casualties were killed, and 15 were injured,” but this seems to be an early estimate.

Orient News provided information on the victims: “killing of at least seven people in the initial toll, including three women from the medical staff (a midwife and two nurses), a civil defense volunteer and two civilians, in addition to the injury of dozens, including three civil defense volunteers and a number of medical staff and civilians, especially women”. Enab Baladi gave information that of the seven killed, that included “four medical personnel and three members of the “Syrian Civil Defense” team” and Syrian Network for Human Rights identified one child and five women among those killed.

In addition, Orient identified Iran as responsible for the bombardment on the hospital and added that the bombing “originated from the Iranian “sectarian” militia points in the areas of Aleppo countryside”.

A tweet from @NagiNajjar blamed the strikes on the regime and Iran.

Various sources, including @itsnotsuhad and Syrian Civil Defense, attributed the strikes to the Syrian Democratic Forces and/or the PKK. Syrian Arab News Agency, the regime controlled news agency, reported that the civilian casualties resulted from “mutual shelling between the Turkish occupation forces and their terrorist mercenaries on the one hand, and the US occupation backed-QSD militants on  the other hand”.

However, Farhad Shami, Director of the Media Center of the Syrian Democratic Forces released a statement that “some media published incorrect news about the targeting of the city center of Afrin this evening and attributed it to our forces. We in the Syrian Democratic Forces confirm that we do not have any presence in those areas, and we call on all media outlets to adhere to credibility in publishing news related to our force”. The head of the SDF also denied that they were responsible, blaming Russia for the strikes.

Afrin Post reported that “Turkish soldiers in six military vehicles (with Turkish flags on them) had evacuated their military headquarters located in the building (formerly Ronahi Press) adjacent to Afrin Hospital (al-Shifaa now) just 4 minutes before the start of the missile shelling on the city, which indicates that they were on Aware of the missile targeting and its timing” and that Turkish forces prevented activists and media from entering the hospital following the strikes. In addition, “the missile shelling was launched from the outskirts of the towns of Nubl and al-Zahra, which are under the control of the Syrian regime army.”

A tweet from @maamo_walid provided an image of the “Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance”. Using the same image, @AKMcKeever referred to it as ” a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins) taken ~175m from the site of the Afrin hospital”.

The US State Department issued a statement condemning the attack and pointed out that “this hospital’s coordinates have been shared with the UN deconfliction mechanism for Syria” but did not identify who was responsible. The World Health Organization also issued a condemnation of the attack and did not attribute responsibility.

The incident occured at approximately 7:15 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Malak Othman Khalil Adult female from the village of Konde Khalil killed
  • Mazkin Hassan Muhammad 39 years old female injured

Family members (2)

  • Zainab Sheikh Daoud 21 years old female From Afrin killed
  • Yusuf Kilij Khushan 2 years old male From Afrin killed

Family members (4)

  • Laith Al-Amiri Mustafa 4 years old male injured
  • Lian Mustafa Al-Amiri Age unknown female killed
  • Lana Mustafa Al-Amiri 2 years old female killed
  • Layan Al-Amiri Mustafa 1.5 years old male injured
  • Amin Qusho 55 years old male Anesthesiologists killed
  • Zaloukh Hanan Muhammad 85 years old female From Afrin killed
  • Muhammad Osama Mamdouh 33 years old male From Afrin killed
  • Dana Al-Manfoukh Age unknown female killed
  • Ghaith Abbas 23 years old male killed
  • Samira Al-Sufi 41 years old female From Damascus killed
  • Mahmoud Dias 35 years old male killed
  • Fadel Haj Ibrahim Age unknown male killed
  • Anwar Ahmed Daher Age unknown male killed
  • Majed Kbeish Age unknown male killed
  • Rana Fawzi Al-Manfoukh Age unknown female wife of Mahmoud Khashan killed
  • Ismail Al-Naasan Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Zaher Hamsho Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Ahmed Ibrahim Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Laith Al-Hamwi Age unknown male killed
  • Fatima Sager Ahmed 56 years old female injured
  • Ali Ali Mahmoud 21 years old male injured
  • Awfa Al-Nasir Muhammad 50 years old injured
  • Nidal Hajj Ibrahim 55 years old male injured
  • Nisreen Al-Aroor Abdul Karim 2 years old female injured
  • Aisha Kılıch Colin 56 years old male injured
  • Mohieddin Al-Zein 55 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Saleh 23 years old male injured
  • Douaa Kamel Saad Eddin 60 years old female injured
  • Abdullah Al-Abed 33 years old male injured
  • Iman, Ghadab Zakaria 5 years old female injured
  • Jalal Al-Qassab Omar 30 years old male injured
  • Iman al-Akhras Muhammad 22 years old female injured
  • Muhammad Qadriya 27 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Hamidi Attia 36 years old male injured
  • Qusay Muhammad Khalil 31 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Zaher Al-Sakka 41 years old male injured
  • Bilal Ramadan 29 years old male injured
  • Hossam Noureddine Farouk 37 years old male injured
  • Tariq Najm Muhammad Faisal 31 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 23
  • (1–3 children3–6 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–50
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (89) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (72) [ collapse]

  • Image of the destroyed al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. According to the Syrian American Medical Society, "thirteen people have been killed. Tragically, of this number, two were hospital staff and two were ambulance drivers. Eleven staff were injured, including one midwife in critical condition."
  • Image of al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin, which was destroyed by missile and artillery strikes on June 12, 2021. "The authorities of the Turkish state of Hatay announced killing 13 civilians and injury 27 others as a result of the attack carried out by SDF." (Image posted by Qasioun)
  • According to @Marea_Elshame, the image shows a child who was paralyzed in a wheelchair and was killed in the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital.
  • Amin Qusho, an anesthesiologist who was killed in the bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @rahhalahmad06)
  • An ambulance destroyed by the bombardment of Al-Shifaa hospital on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @SyrianCoalition)
  • Image of Amin Qushou. an anesthesiologist who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of an unidentified victim who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of Anwar Al-Zahir who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of an Majed Kbeish, a published writer who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Unidentified victims of the June 12th bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Unidentified victims of the June 12th bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Following the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital, medical facilities were in need of blood donations to help those injured in the strikes. (Images posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Following the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital, medical facilities were in need of blood donations to help those injured in the strikes. (Images posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of an unidentified civilian who was injured in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @Tb7FgaFJwxqQlKu)
  • Image of a car belonging to Anwar Al-Daher, an employee of the Shafak Organization that was trying to help the wounded when he was hit with another missile. (Image posted by @rame0alsayed)
  • Image of the destruction to the hospital and blood from the victims of the bombing on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense searching through the rubble for survivors following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A injured member of the Syrian Civil Defense being taken to a medical facility in an ambulance following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense helping an injured victim following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense searching through the rubble for survivors following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: Shahba Press reporter said that 19 people were killed, including 5 women, children and workers in humanitarian and medical organizations, and others were wounded - some of them in critical condition - as a result of the missile shelling by YPG militia on residential neighborhoods in the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Shahba Press)
  • Caption translation: Shahba Press reporter said that 19 people were killed, including 5 women, children and workers in humanitarian and medical organizations, and others were wounded - some of them in critical condition - as a result of the missile shelling by YPG militia on residential neighborhoods in the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Shahba Press)
  • An image posted by the Turkish Defense Ministry shows the damage caused by the airstrikes on Afrin of June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @tcsavunma)
  • Image of Mahmoud Dabbas Abu Khaled, who was killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021.
  • Image of Anwar Al-Zahir and Majid Kubaish, members of Shafak Organization who died while performing their humanitarian duty to provide aid to the wounded following the bombing of the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Bonyan organization via Facebook)
  • Image of Ghaith Abbas, killed in airstrikes on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Ahmad Khaled via Facebook)
  • An image of the damage caused by the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of damage to Al-Shifaa hospital following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a White Helmet searching through the rubble of the hospital following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a cleaning up following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a wheelchair in the destroyed Al-Shifaa hospital, which suffered damage from airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Mazkin Hassan Muhammad, from Alkana was injured, along with her mother who was killed, in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Mustafa Sheikho via Facebook)
  • Malak Othman Khalil from the village of Konde Khalil was killed, along with her daughter who was injured, in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Mustafa Sheikho via Facebook)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners burying some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of a White Helmet and a civilian carrying the body of one of the victims of the bombing on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Al Araby)
  • Image of Zainab Sheikh Daoud, 21, and her two-year-old son, Yusef Khoshnav Kilij, who were killed in airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Afrin Rights Watch)
  • Referred to by @maamo_walid as "he Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance" while @AKMcKeever referred to it as "a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins)"
  • Image of the location struck by the bombing in Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @AKMcKeever)
  • Referred to by @maamo_walid as "he Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance" while @AKMcKeever referred to it as "a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins)"

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Shifa hospital (مشفى الشفاء) in Afrin (عفرين). According to research conducted by @AKMcKeever, and as confirmed by our geolocation team, the exact coordinates for this strike are: 36.509587, 36.858479.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 23
  • (1–3 children3–6 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–50
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (89) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4318

Incident date

June 14, 2021

Location

مرعيان, Mara’yan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between three and four civilians, including a woman and two to three children, were injured in alleged Russian or regime artillery shelling on Mara’yan village on June 13, 2021.

According to Macro Media Center, “a woman and her three children were injured as a result of artillery shelling by Assad’s gangs and Russian militias targeting a civilian house in Mara’an village”.

Al Araby reported on the incident, providing information that “Syrian regime forces renewed their artillery shelling this morning…injuring a woman and two children.” @mzmgr941 added that one of the children was in critical condition at the time of the reporting.

A tweet by @rahhalahmad06 named those that were injured: Malik Ateeq 44 years old, Riyad Al-Asaad 9 years old, Abdulrahman Al-Asaad 14 years old.

@SyriawatanNews reported that “a number of militants were killed and injured” but did not include further details.

Sources were conflicted between whether Russia or the regime were responsible for the artillery strikes.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Malik Ateeq 44 years old female injured
  • Riyad Al-Asaad 9 years old injured
  • Abdulrahman Al-Asaad 14 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • The damage caused by artillery strikes from alleged Russian or regime on Mara’yan on June 14, 2021. (Image posted by @mzmgr941)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The picture shows a child who was seriously injured as a result of the bombing of the Assad forces and Russia on the village of Marayan. (Image posted by @blaas083)
  • An image of a smoke cloud caused by the artillery strikes on Marayan on June 14, 2021. (Image posted by @al_rahman6)
  • An image of the damage caused by the artillery strikes on Mara’yan on June 14, 2021. (Image posted by @mhamadkb112)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4319

Incident date

June 15, 2021

Location

معرزاف, Mu’arzaf, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.7898898, 36.6580114 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

At least one person was killed and others were wounded in alleged Russian or regime airstrikes and/or artillery shelling on Mu’arzaf on June 15, 2021.

According to @HalabTodayTV, “one person was killed and others were injured as a result of shelling by the regime forces with heavy artillery targeting the village of Maarzaf”. @anasanas84 added that “a civilian was killed as a civilian house was targeted in the village of Maarzaf by Russian laser artillery shells” and Ebaa News Agency pointed out that the home collapsed and killed the civilian.

@mzmgr941 reported that the civilian Ahmed Muhammad Jammoul was killed along with a number of injured. A Facebook post by Ahmad Al Hasan identified that he was nicknamed Ahmad al-Saghir.

Multiple sources reported that other civilians were injured but did not give a specific count.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the regime. However, @seerij80 blamed Russia.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • A civilian was killed as a civilian house was targeted in the village of Maarzaf by alleged Russian artillery shells on June 15, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One person was killed and others injured as a result of the regime forces' artillery shelling targeting the village of Maarzaf in Idlib countryside
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of Ahmed Muhammad Jammoul, who was killed in airstrikes and/or artillery strikes on the village of Maarzaf on June 15, 2021. (Image posted by @mzmgr941)
  • An image of the village of Maarzaf as a result of the artillery shelling on June 15, 2021. (Image posted by @ahmadaabden)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of Ahmed Muhammad Jammoul, who was killed in airstrikes and/or artillery strikes on the village of Maarzaf on June 15, 2021. (Image posted by Ahmad Al Hasan via Facebook)
  • White Helmets working through the wires from a collapsed home following airstrikes on the village of Maarzaf on June 15, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Syrian Civil Defense members sorting through the rubble of a collapsed home following airstrikes on the village of Maarzaf on June 15, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White helmets rescuing an injured civilian following airstrikes on the village of Maarzaf on June 15, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Syrian Civil Defense members sorting through the rubble of a collapsed home following airstrikes on the village of Maarzaf on June 15, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ahmed... can you hear me, Ahmed?" The moment a young man was pulled out from the rubble, who died as a result of shelling by the regime forces targeting the village of Maarzaf in the southern Idlib countryside this morning

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the village of Mu’arzaf (معرزاف). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 35.7898898, 36.6580114.

  • Reports of the incident mention the village of Mu’arzaf (معرزاف). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to exact coordinates.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged satellite imagery according to sources.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    ahmadaabden

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4320

Incident date

June 17, 2021

Location

ابديتا, Abdita, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least two people were killed and three others were wounded in alleged Russian or regime airstrikes or artillery shelling on Abdita on June 17, 2021. The status of those killed is contested, with the majority of sourced reporting that those killed and injured were civilians whole Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and Al Mahjar News reported that they were “members of the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham (HTS).

@HalabTodayTV reported that “two civilians were killed and others were injured as the regime forces targeted with heavy artillery”. @defense_syr tweeted that in addition to the civilians killed, three others were injured.

Al Mahjar news reported that “government forces kill two members and injure three members of Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham during artillery shelling on the village of Abdita”. A tweet by @HamMrakb also identified two members of the Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham that were killed, Mujahid Abu Abdo Khan and Abu Malik al-Adlabi, but doesn’t specify if they were killed in Abdita.

Images posted by @dbOFRYEU7XqMrTc show the extensive damage to buildings caused by the strikes.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the regime. However, @anasanas84 reported “laser-guided artillery shelling by the Russian occupation”.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–3

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by the strikes on the village of Abdita on June 17, 2021. (Image posted by @tawjih_syria)
  • Damage caused by the strikes on the village of Abdita on June 17, 2021. (Image posted by @dbOFRYEU7XqMrTc)
  • Damage caused by the strikes on the village of Abdita on June 17, 2021. (Image posted by @dbOFRYEU7XqMrTc)
  • Damage caused by the strikes on the village of Abdita on June 17, 2021. (Image posted by @dbOFRYEU7XqMrTc)
  • A tweet by @HamMrakb also identified two members of the Hay'at Tahrir al-Sham that were killed, Mujahid Abu Abdo Khan and Abu Malik al-Adlabi, but doesn't specify if they were killed in Abdita.
  • Images of White Helmets searching through the rubble of a destroyed building following airstrikes on Abdita on June 17, 2021. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Images of White Helmets searching through the rubble of a destroyed building following airstrikes on Abdita on June 17, 2021. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Images of White Helmets searching through the rubble of a destroyed building following airstrikes on Abdita on June 17, 2021. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Blood from one of the victims of the airstrikes on Abdita on June 17, 2021. (Image posted by @ArihaToday)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–3

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4321

Incident date

June 19, 2021

Location

بزابور, Bzabor, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between four and eight civilians, including at least one woman and two children, were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on the village of Bzabor in the southern countryside of Idlib on June 18, 2021

Activists from the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported on the “injury of six civilians, including a woman and two children, due to the regime rocket attacks on Bazabour village”. However, @Step_Agency tweeted that “4 civilians, most of them children, were injured.”

Higher counts were given by @Nabel_othman023, who reported that “the number of injuries in the village of #Bzabur has reached 7, from one family, including a woman and two girls” and @AmerBakri89 wrote that the shelling “seriously wounding 8 civilians”. Enab Baladi News identified “two women and two girls” as being injured in the incident.

@IdlibPlus identified that all of the civilians that were injured were members of the same family. Macro Media Center reported on one of the victims, Zaki Asi, who “is seventy years old. His only sin is that he returned from displacement to his home in the village of Bazabur to harvest his crops from the mahlab, so that the Assad regime’s shells were waiting for him and his wife, son and wife and their sons”.

Macro Media Center published a video showing the White Helmets rescuing members of the family, pointing out that “the Syrian Civil Defense team survived a shell that fell meters away from the ambulance”.

Syrian Civil Defense pointed out that the shelling “almost completely destroying the structure of the house” and quoted Syrian Network for Human Rights as stating that “the targeted area is a civilian one and free of any military presence or equipment.”

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes. Zaiton Magazine reported that “regime forces bombed the town of Bazabour in Jabal Al-Arbaeen, south of Idlib, with more than 6 artillery shells this morning”. However, @voicenorth1 attributed the strikes to Russia.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

  • Zaki Asi 70 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • Image of Zaki Asi, who was injured in airstrikes on his home in Bazabour on June 18, 2021. " he returned from displacement to his home in the village of Bazabur to harvest his crops from the mahlab, so that the Assad regime's shells were waiting for him and his wife, son and wife and their sons". (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    #watch | Rescuing an entire family whose members were injured today by artillery shelling by the regime forces on the village of #Bzabur, south of #Idlib in #Syria Source: Syrian Civil Defense - Twitter
  • A cloud rises over the village of Bazabour following artillery strikes on June 18, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Images of White Helmets rescuing civilians from the rubble of a home following strikes on the town of Bazabour in Idlib on June 18, 2021. (Images posted by @Nabel_othman023)
  • Images of White Helmets rescuing civilians from the rubble of a home following strikes on the town of Bazabour in Idlib on June 18, 2021. (Images posted by @Nabel_othman023)
  • Civilians were wounded in shelling by the regime forces on the town of Bazabour in Idlib countrysideريف Reporting: Ahmed Amin
  • Today: A man, a woman and two children were injured in #Zabur "family" Yesterday: Two martyrs and a number of injuries in #Bedita The villages and towns of Jabal Al-Zawiya, Jabal Al-Arbaeen, and Al-Ghab Plain continue to be targeted with missiles believed to be laser-guided
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Images of one of the White Helmets carrying a stretcher to rescue civilians from the rubble of a home following strikes on the town of Bazabour in Idlib on June 18, 2021. (Images posted by @syria55s)
  • Images of White Helmets rescuing civilians from the rubble of a home following strikes on the town of Bazabour in Idlib on June 18, 2021. (Images posted by @syria55s)
  • Images of White Helmets rescuing civilians from the rubble of a home following strikes on the town of Bazabour in Idlib on June 18, 2021. (Images posted by @AmerBakri89)
  • Recovered by the Syrian Civil Defense following strikes on the town of Bazabour in Idlib on June 18, 2021. (Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (32) [ collapse]