Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4382

Incident date

September 3, 2021

Location

كنصفرة, Kansafra, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.658395, 36.484453 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a child, was killed and one to two others were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes while grazing a flock of sheep on the outskirts of Kansafra on September 3, 2021.

Idlib Plus reported that the child “Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk” was killed in Russian airstrikes on the town of Kansafra. Syrian Network for Human Rights identified Ali as being 12 years old and Zaman Al Wasl News said that Ali died from “severe wounds he sustained in the abdomen and pelvis, as well as bleeding in the vertebral arteries and vertebral veins”.

Shaam News added that in addition to the child that was killed, a man was also injured in the bombing and North Press Agency provided the name of the injured young man: Youssef al-Najjar, resident of Kansafra. Both were with a flock of sheep on the outskirts of the village when the attack occurred, which also killed many of the sheep. Syrian Civil Defense added that both tended to sheep to support their families.

Edlib Media Center put the victim toll from the strikes at one child killed and two others injured. The correspondent for Radio Al Kul added that the two wounded were between light and medium injuries and were taken to nearby hospitals for treatment. The correspondent of “Zaman Al-Wasl” in Idlib identified the child that was killed’s father as also sustaining wounds to varying degrees.

Firas Khalifa, the media official in the Syrian Civil Defense (White Helmets), told Anadolu Agency that the bombing targeted a farm for raising animals and a workshop for making bricks.

A tweet from @Tiger_forces_ identified “terrorist gatherings and headquarters in the vicinity of the town of Kansafra” as the location of the strikes but provided no other information.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the airstrikes to Russia. Anadolu Agency reported that the “Aviation Tracking Observatory” of the Syrian opposition stated, on its social media accounts, that a Russian plane took off at around 10 am this morning, local time, from Hmeimim Airport in Lattakia Governorate (west) and bombed the village of Kansafra in the southern countryside of Idlib Governorate.

Macro Media Center identified “vacuum missiles” as being used in the airstrikes. “Nedaa Post” correspondent said that the southern outskirts of the village of Kansafra were targeted with three raids.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk 12 years old male killed
  • Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk's father Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • The death of the child "Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk" as a result of targeting the town of Kansafra in the Jabal Al-Zawiya area in the Idlib countryside, with Russian air strikes. (Image posted by @IdlibPluss)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of the child Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk, killed in airtrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Sheep that were killed in an airstrike on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • The death of the child "Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk" as a result of targeting the town of Kansafra in the Jabal Al-Zawiya area in the Idlib countryside, with Russian air strikes. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Animals that were killed in airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Crater caused by airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Animals that were killed in airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets help victims of the airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Smoke and dust from the airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Smoke and dust from the airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Civilians killed and injured in airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Kansafra, the generic coordinates for which are: 35.658395, 36.484453. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4383

Incident date

September 4, 2021

Location

الرامي, Al Rami, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.762620, 36.557678 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least one child was injured in alleged Russian strikes on the outskirts of the town of Al Rami on September 4, 2021.

The Al-Jisr Network correspondent reported that a child was injured by Russian warplanes bombing on the outskirts of the town of Al-Rami.

Baladi News added that the child was injured to varying degrees and that he was taken to the nearest medical point by the Civil Defense teams.

Macro Media Center provided the name of the child injured: Abdo Ahmed Asali and a correspondent for Zaman Al Wasl added that he was eight years old.

Syrian Civil Defense identified the location of the strikes as being on a poultry farm. According to Zaman Al Wasl, the bombings occurred “close to the lines of contact separating Assad’s forces and the Syrian opposition within the Jabal al-Zawiya area”.

All of the sources blamed the strikes on Russia and Zaman Al Wasl identified a Russian (Sukhoi-35) warplane as being used in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami on September 4, 2021. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami on September 4, 2021. (Image posted by @13_r13)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Rami (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami on September 4, 2021. (Image posted by Edlib Media Center)
  • A child was injured, in Russian air strikes, targeting a poultry farm on the outskirts of the village of Al-Rami in the southern countryside of Idlib, today, Saturday, September 4th.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Rami, the generic coordinates for which are: 35.762620, 36.557678. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4384

Incident date

September 4, 2021

Location

الكفير, Al Kafir, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.781561, 36.321330 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between one and four civilians, including one to two women and one child, were injured in alleged Russian or regime artillery strikes on al-Kafir on September 7, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense (SCD), a woman was seriously injured in artillery shelling in al-Kafir

@baladinetwork put the injury toll at three injuries from the strikes while Nedaa Post identified four civilians, a child, two women and a man, as being injured.

Other source that reported on this incident referred to “civilians” as being injured but did not specify how many civilians.

The SCD pointed out that civilian homes were affect by the artillery shelling.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the shelling. The Syrian Civil Defense attributed the incident to both the regime and Russia while Radio Al Kul blamed only the regime for the artillery shelling. 7al News specifically identified regime forces stationed in “Jorin” camp, west of the city of Hama, as being responsible for the strikes.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defense members search an affected area following artillery shelling of the village of al-Kafir on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Kafir, the generic coordinates for which are: 35.781561, 36.321330. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4385

Incident date

September 7, 2021

Location

مخيم مريم, Maryam refugee camp, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.992606, 36.640529 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between four and eight civilians, including three to six children and one to two women, were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on IDPs living in “Maryam” refugee camp on September 7, 2021.

Syrian Civil Defense (SCD) reported that four children and two women were injured in Russian air strikes targeting the outskirts of “Maryam” camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin.

A tweet from @ZaitunAgency put the injury toll at five, including three children while @Najdat567 reported that “more than six civilians” were injured but did not specify how many. The lowest toll provided was that four civilians, three children and a woman, were injured, according the Anadolu Agency while the highest toll provided was eight civilians, including six children, one of whom was in serious condition, and a woman, according to Zaman Al Wasl.

@Almohrar1 provided the names of the civilians injured: Khadija Ziada, Reem Ziada, Aziza Ziada, Salaam Ziada. Nedaa Post added that Ali Abbas was also critically injured in the head and Reem (Al-Yousef) suffered multiple injuries and was in critical condition.

The director of “Maryam” camp, Ahmed Muhammad Abdul Rahman, confirmed in a call with Radio Al-Kul Al-Youm that the raids of the Russian warplanes resulted in the injury of a man, his wife and 4 children, all from one family. One of the children was transferred to Turkey due to the seriousness of his injury.

A video posted by the SCD rescuing a mother and her five children from under the rubbling following the strikes and they described “we rescue[d] those trapped under the rubble, there was a woman and two young girls, and their father was beside us all the time, waiting for us to see them”.

A tweet from @syria55s reported that following the strikes, Russian planes attacked the ambulance systems trying to reach and rescue the victims.

Muhammad Ali Pasha, a volunteer with the White Helmets, recounts that “within a few moments, I had to make a fateful decision, either evacuate the place and leave the children under the rubble, or put myself and my team in mortal danger” due to the continued reconnaissance planes waiting to retarget the area. When he arrived, he described “the voice of the children those who were crying under the rubble” and that he had to calm down the six year old girl under the rubble by telling her “how sweet she is and that she must be strong so that we can look at her and take her to her mother’s”.

The strikes occurred in “Maryam” refugee camp, which houses Internally Displaced Persons, and the strikes resulted in damage to several residents’ tents. Nedaa Post identified that five air strikes were carried out against the camp.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Russian forces and Macro Media Center specified that the Russian planes that carried out the strikes  took off from the “Hmeimim” air base. 7al reported that the Russian forces used vacuum missiles in the attack.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Khadija Ziada Age unknown injured
  • Reem Ziada Child female injured
  • Aziza Ziada Age unknown injured
  • Salaam Ziada Age unknown injured
  • Ali Abbas Child male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (48) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (31) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search for injured civilians following strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search for injured civilians following strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets rescue for injured civilians following strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • "Oh God, do not be afraid...your limit is us...your limit" Breathtaking moments for the Syrian Civil Defense teams to rescue a family of a mother and her five children from under the rubble after Russian air strikes targeted them today, Tuesday 7 September, on the outskirts of Maryam camp near the city of Maarat Misrin in the northern countryside of Idlib.
  • A father is reunited with his daughter, who was stuck under the rubble following strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Smoke and dust caused by strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • Child injured in strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Child injured in strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Smoke and dust caused by strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Smoke and dust caused by strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • A video documenting the moment Russian warplanes targeted with missiles the vicinity of the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib Governorate
  • Civilians were wounded as a result of Russian warplanes bombing Maryam camp near the town of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib
  • Smoke and dust caused by strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of an injury sustained by a child in strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by @a2hmmad77)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of an injury sustained by a child in strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by @freeehsem)
  • Child injured in strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Child injured in strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Child injured in strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Child injured in strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Smoke and dust caused by strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by @Najdat567)
  • Child injured in strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Smoke and dust caused by strikes on "Maryam" camp and Madjna, near the city of Maarat Misrin, on September 7, 2021. (Image posted by Radio Al Kul)
  • The injuries in #Maryam camp, most of them are women and children due to the bombing of the #Russian occupation warplanes, and I have known of them until now 1 Khadija Ziada 2 Reem Zyadeh 3 Aziza Ziada 4 salaam theidah
  • We count God and yes agent injuries in #Maryam camp as a result of targeting the camp by the #Russian occupation aircraft 1_ Khadija Ziada 2_ Reem Ziyadeh 3_ Aziza Ziada 4_ Salam Ziada

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Maryam camp, the generic coordinates for which are: 35.992606, 36.640529. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (48) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4386

Incident date

September 7, 2021

Location

ادلب, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.93062, 36.63393 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Between four and five civilians, including a child, were reported killed and up to 15 other civilians injured in alleged Syrian regime or Russian artillery attacks in Idlib city, on September 7 2021. Andalou Agency was alone in reporting that the attack was also carried out by Iranian backed militias.

This attack was widely noted as being the first escalation of violence since a ceasefire deal between Russia and Turkey signed in March 2020.

The area of the city, reported as the neighbourhood Al-Dabit, was described by one Twitter user as being “crowded with civilians” (@Muslim98F16). The buildings most affected by the shelling were reported to include a family swimming pool (thought to be “Al Husari pool”), with one source claiming that a wedding party was also present (@sarkiss18).

Syrian Civil Defense posted on Facebook: “A dangerous escalation of the regime and Russia forces on the city of #Idlib, the largest population center in northwestern #Syria, indicates a new catastrophe… Who will stop these deadly attacks on civilians?”

One of the victims was reported by multiple sources to be Dr Noureddin Ghafir, who was killed alongside his 12 year old son, Majed Al-Din Ghafir. Dr Ghafir was reported to be a professor at the Faculty of Administration and Economics and Al-Nahda University. Some sources mentioned that he was also the Vice President of Idlib University for Administrative Affairs. An adult man Abu Ahmad Sabbagh was also named on Facebook by Abdallah Amiri to have died as a result of injuries sustained in the incident.

Multiple sources mentioned that a young woman, Jude Yasser Shara, was also killed as a result of the artillery shelling. Shara was reported to have recently graduated from an undergraduate degree, and was working in a kindergarten in Idlib City:

“A 21-year-old woman, named as Joud Yaser Shreit, who was a BA graduate in Psychology and the head of al Seraj al Munir Kindergarten for Memorizing the Holy Quran, was one of the victims who were killed in Syrian regime’s heavy artillery bombardment of al Dbeit neighborhood in the west of Idlib city on the evening of September 7” (Syria Network for Human Rights).

Her last Facebook post, uploaded minutes before she died, was circulated by the Idlib Media Center. She had written: “Oh God, good in every choice, and light in every darkness, and ease in every difficulty, the reality of all that we wish. Oh God, by the size of the beauty of your paradise, show me the beauty of the next in my life and fulfil for me what I wish, and comfort my heart. Oh God, the satisfaction that makes our hearts calm, our worries fleeting, and our misfortunes easy”.

Laser-guided missiles were widely reported to have been used in the attack, with Syria Press alleging that it was the Russian ‘Krasnapol’ missile. Other sources referred to the artillery as rocket-propelled grenades or surface-to-surface missiles.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (43) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (27) [ collapse]

  • Video published by Idlib Media Center (EMC) reporting to show the initial artillery strikes on the city of Idlib, September 7 2021 (via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Second video published by Idlib Media Center (EMC) showing bodies being lifted from alleged artillery bombardment on a residential neighbourhood in Idlib city, September 7 2021 (via Facebook).
  • Doctors tend to a child harmed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery attacks on Idlib City, September 7 2021 (image published by MMC via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The face of a child reported to have been killed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery attacks on Idlib City, September 7 2021 (Image published by MMC via Facebook).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Doctors attempt to treat a child with head injuries resulting from alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on Idlib City, September 7 2021 (Image published by MMC via Facebook)
  • A building turned to rubble with fire burning in the wreckage, a result of alleged Syrian regime or Russian artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021 (image published by MMC via Facebook)
  • Smoke rises over Idlib City, as reported by Idlib Media Center (MMC) to indicate artillery shelling on September 7 2021.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "More than 5 martyrs and dozens wounded in the bombing of the Syrian regime forces targeting a wedding party in a popular swimming pool in the vicinity of the city of #Idlib" via @sarkiss18 on Twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The dismembered body of what appears to be a child, reportedly killed by Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes in Idlib City on September 7 2021 (Image posted by @sarkiss18 via Twitter)
  • A building on fire in Idlib City on September 7 2021, reported to have resulted from Russian or Syrian regime artillery attacks (Image posted by @sarkiss18 on Twitter)
  • "The rise of Dr. "Nour El-Din Ghafir", a teacher at the Faculty of Administration and Economics at Al-Nahda University, and his child, "Majd El-Din Ghafir", following the bombing of the city of #Idlib" - @SRoudinah2 via Twitter
  • Video posted by Al Jazeera showing the aftermath of reported shelling on Idlib City, September 7 2021.
  • White Helmets volunteers search through the rubble in Idlib City resulting from Russian or Syria regime artillery attacks, as reported by Syria Network for Human Rights.
  • White Helmets volunteers use torches to search through the rubble of a collapsed building, posted by Idlib Plus. Reports allege the building was hit by Russian or Syrian Regime "laser guided shells" (Idlib Plus).
  • The aftermath of reported shelling by Syrian Regime or Russian forces in Idlib City September 7 2021. White Helmets search through the rubble at night and appear to carry a body found in the wreckage. Video via @IdlibPlus on Twitter
  • Image taken by White Helmets Volunteers after the reported shelling of Idlib City September 7 2021, allegedly carried out by Syrian Regime or Russian forces (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • White Helmets volunteers look over a body in an ambulance, related to the reported artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021 (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • Dr Noureddin Ghafir was reportedly killed alongside his son on September 7 2021 when Russian or Syrian artillery shelling hit Idlib City (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • An image of a child's toy in rubble posted by Syrian Civil Defense reported to have been taken in the debris caused by Russian or Syrian Regime artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021. Multiple reports mentioned that a family swimming pool had been affected by the shelling.
  • A man stands in front of a building reported to have been hit the previous night by Russian or Syrian artillery shelling in Idlib City September 7 2021 (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • An image posted by Syrian Civil Defense after Russian and Syrian regime forces allegedly hit Idlib City with artillery strikes.
  • Hadaf Kindergarten post a tribute to Majed Al-Din Ghafir, reportedly killed in Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021. Image posted via Facebook. Image reads: And give good tidings to the patient We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return Administering and teachers of #Model _ Goal _ Kindergarten 😔 We extend our deepest condolences and condolences to the family of Al Ghafir for the death of Dr. (Nouruddin Ghafir) And the distinguished and decent child (Majd Al-Din Ghafir) May Allah accept them from the martyrs, raise their position, and empty their family and family patience and solace, O Most Merciful of those who show mercy.
  • "Oh God, good in every choice, and light in every darkness, and ease in every difficulty, the reality of all that we wish. Oh God, by the size of the beauty of your paradise, show me the beauty of the next in my life and fulfil for me what I wish, and comfort my heart. Oh God, the satisfaction that makes our hearts calm, our worries fleeting, and our misfortunes easy".

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention strikes in the vicinity of the Al Mutlaq roundabout, the Bilal mosque, and the Al Hosary swimming pool. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for the Al Mutlaq roundabout are: 35.908632, 36.634269. The generic coordinates for the Bilal mosque are: 35.929709, 36.623699. The generic coordinates for the Al Hosary pool are: 35.905023, 36.649437.

  • Distribution of landmarks mentioned in sources across Idlib.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (43) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4387

Incident date

September 8, 2021

Location

مرعيان, Marayan, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.740062, 36.564127 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least one woman was killed and one to five others, including a child, were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on a home and medical facility in Marayan on September 8, 2021.

According to @HadiAlabdallah, Russian airstrikes hit Marian Medical Center, the last medical center in Jabal Al-Zawiya, and killed one woman and seriously wounded a child. @thawrat111 reported that the child had to have his hand amputated due to the severity of the injury.

@Gurbtwatan provided the name of the woman that was killed: Fatima Khatib.

Syrian Civil Defense added that the woman killed was the mother of the child that was injured and that the damage to the clinic was so extensive that the clinic was no longer able to serve patients.

@YusufAd76532779 reported that both the woman and her child were killed, and others were wounded in the strikes.

@BassamJaara identified Fatima as being the wife of the director of the medical center and a post by Mar`aian added that she was the “daughter of the martyr Khaled Al-Dadoush.”

The “Syrian Media Association” said in a statement: “With great sadness and sorrow, we received, today, Wednesday, September 8, 2021, the news of the death of the mother of our colleague “Qasim Khatib”, a member of the association, in artillery shelling by the Russian forces that targeted their house and a medical point in Marian village

Activist Mustafa Al-Mohammed told Alaraby News that the Russian warplanes bombed separate areas in Jabal Al-Zawiya in the southern countryside of Idlib, targeting a medical point and civilian homes in Marayan district, killing a woman and wounding five others with varying degrees.

Marian Medical Center, which was destroyed in the strike, served over 50,000 civilians living in Jabal al-Zawiya and was the only medical clinic in this area, providing medical care to around 150 patients a day.

The Syria Response Coordinators Team published a picture of the targeted medical point and commented on it: “This is what remains of the only medical point in the town of Marayan, which provides the simplest services to the residents of the villages and towns of Jabal Al-Zawiya in the southern countryside of Idlib.”

Sources were conflicted as to whether the regime or Russia or both forces were responsible for the strikes. Additionally, a few sources, including Anadolu Agency, mentioned that militias tied to Iran were also involved. Many of sources identified Krasnopol laser guided shells as being used in the attack and Zaman Al Wasl reported that more than 10 shells were used.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (54) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (31) [ collapse]

  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @sebusher)
  • Airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @sebusher)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • While Helmets work to rescue victims following airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
    While Helmets work to rescue victims following airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child had to have his hand amputated following airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @thawrat111)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @_AlRasid1_)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @HamoMjd)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @HamoMjd)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @HamoMjd)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @syria55s)
  • Interior damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Alaraby News)
  • Fires caused by strikes on Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Ugarit Post)
  • Sign for Marian Medical Center, destroyed in airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • The martyrdom of Mrs. "Fatima Khatib" as a result of artillery shelling by the Russian occupation forces on the medical point in the village of Mara'an, south of Idlib..
  • The medical point in the village of Mara’an in Jabal Al-Zawiya went out of service today, Wednesday, September 8, after being targeted by artillery shelling by the regime forces and Russia, and on this day 3 years ago, regime helicopters targeted and destroyed a hospital in the town of Hass with barrel bombs. A systematic policy of targeting life forms for more than 10 years without any accountability or accountability for these crimes.
  • Sign for Marian Medical Center, destroyed in airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • White Helmets work to put out fires caused by airstrikes on Marian on September 8, 2021. 9Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets work to put out fires caused by airstrikes on Marian on September 8, 2021. 9Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the medical center in the village of Marayan (مرعيان), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.740062, 36.564127. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (54) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4388

Incident date

September 8–9, 2021

Location

اريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.81374, 36.60964 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Between four and six civilians, including two women, were injured by Russian or regime forces on September 8/9, 2021.

According to @ajmurgent, five civilians were wounded, including a woman, in artillery shelling by the regime forces while a tweet from @mhmdfaisel put the injury toll at four.

A tweet from @thawrat111 listed the named of those injured: Ismail Mohamed Arian – 30 years old; Abdullah Kestan Ibn Mustafa; Abd al-Qadir al-Muna Ibn Muhammad (hand injury); Nuras Alnaayib – 36 years old (back injury); Wessal Sobhi Mlecho (face injury).

A post by @Jabal.Alzaweya.today added that Ahmed Al Naeb Ibn Anas was also injured and suffered a chest injury from the shelling.

Baladi News reported that six civilians, including a woman, were injured when more than five shells struck residential neighborhoods in Ariha after midnight Wednesday-Thursday. Two of the civilians with serious injuries were transferred to Bab Al-Hawa Hospital.

Sources were conflicted as to whether Russia, the regime, or Iran was responsible for the strikes. Baladi News pointed to the regime forces and the militias supporting them stationed in the city of Saraqib as being responsible for the shelling, adding that the shelling coincided with Russian reconnaissance of the area and the passage of several Turkish vehicles on the Aleppo-Lattakia International Highway.

The incident occured after midnight.

  • Ismail Mohamed Arian 30 years old injured
  • Abdullah Kestan Ibn Mustafa Age unknown injured
  • Abd al-Qadir al-Muna Ibn Muhammad Age unknown injured
  • Nuras Alnaayib 36 years old female injured
  • Wessal Sobhi Mlecho Age unknown female injured
  • Ahmed Al Naeb Ibn Anas Age unknown

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Shelling of the town of Ariha on September 8/9. 2021. (Image posted by Baladi News)
  • Six injuries as a result of the artillery shelling that targeted the city of Ariha by the regime forces and their Russian ally, in conjunction with the flight of reconnaissance aircraft over the city. The names of the injured 1- Ismail Muhammad Arian 2- Abdullah Kestan, son of Mustafa 3- Abd al-Qadir al-Muna, son of Muhammad 4- Nawras Al Naeb woman . 5- Wessal Sobhi Mlecho, a woman 6- Ahmed Al Naeb Ibn Anas had a chest injury
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Victims of the shelling of the town of Ariha being treated at a medical facility on September 8/9. 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search for victims following strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search for victims following strikes on Ariha on September 8/9, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Victims of the shelling of the town of Ariha being treated at a medical facility on September 8/9. 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ariha, for which the generic coordinates are: 35.81374, 36.60964. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4390

Incident date

September 15, 2021

Location

بلدة الحمامة, Al Hamama town, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.924672, 36.355597 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

At least three children were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Hamamah on September 15, 2021.

A tweet from @alfuratyalatiqe that three children were wounded in Russian strikes near the village of Al Hamamah and that this was the preliminary result of the attack. @anasanas84 also reported that there were wounded civilians, including children, but did not identify how many.

@Almohrar1 identified the location as being near Istanbul Alan camp and put the number of raids at seven with four warplanes in the area. All of the sources attributed the strikes to Russia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Strikes in the vicinity of Al-Hamamah town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Al Hamama (الحمامة‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.924672, 36.355597. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]