Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS394

Incident date

November 18, 2019

Location

Kemrok road, Mabata district, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

A 23-year-old woman and a member of the Difa Al Civil (Civil Defense) were killed by alleged Turkey-backed militants in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on November 18th, 2019, according to Hawar News Agency.

Hawar News Agency stated that Nircis Dawoudi and Ali Al Shaqur had just received their salaries when they were blocked by gangs on Kemrok road, Mabata district. Their money was taken and both were killed. According to @HiwaDilan_71, both were members of Difa Al Civil, whereas Hawar News Agency stated that only Al Shaqur was a member.

@RojavaIC wrote on Twitter that the attack was perpetrated by “Turkish-backed faction Sultan Murad”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Nircis Dawûdi 23 years old female Yazidi woman from the village of Kemrok killed
  • Ali Al Shaqur Adult male member of Difa Al Civil (Civil Defense), from Khuta Al Sherqiya killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ali Al Shaqur and Nircis Dawoodi were allegedly killed by Turkey-backed militants in Afrin on November 18th, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS395 R3945B

Incident date

November 18, 2019

Location

كوباني, Kobanî, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one woman was injured during protests against a joint Turkish-Russian patrol in the eastern countryside of Kobanî, Aleppo governorate, on November 18th, 2019, according to local sources.

ANF reported that “the people protested against the patrol by throwing stones. A young woman was hit by a vehicle of the military convoy and was badly injured on her foot. She was then taken to the hospital of Kobanê. The injured woman explained that the vehicle had deliberately hit her”.

North Press Agency reported that the incident occurred in the village of Terri and that the military patrol hit two civilians and resulted in the crash of a car.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • A van damaged after allegedly being attacked as civilians protested against Turkish and Russian military patrols in the eastern countryside of Kobanî, Aleppo governorate, on November 18th, 2019 (via ANF).
  • A woman allegedly deliberately hit by a military vehicle, badly injured on her foot and taken to hospital of Kobane on November 18th, 2019 (via ANF).
  • A van damaged after allegedly being attacked as civilians protested against Turkish and Russian military patrols in the eastern countryside of Kobanî, Aleppo governorate, on November 18th, 2019 (via NPA).
  • Images of attacks on civilians who protested against Turkish and Russian military patrols in the eastern countryside of Kobanî, Aleppo governorate, on November 18th, 2019 (via NPA).
  • Civilians protested against Turkish and Russian military patrols in the eastern countryside of Kobanî, Aleppo governorate, on November 18th, 2019 (via NPA).
  • Image showing the Turkish Patrol convoy in the eastern countryside of Kobanî, Aleppo governorate, on November 18th, 2019 (via @VDCNS).
  • A car damaged after being attacked by a joint Turkish and Russian military convoy in the eastern countryside of Kobanî, Aleppo governorate, on November 18th, 2019 (via @VDCNS).
  • Image showing Turkish and Russian military patrols attacking protesters in the eastern countryside of Kobanî, Aleppo governorate, on November 18th, 2019 (via @NPA).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI031

Incident date

November 19, 2019

Location

Khanasor, Sinjar, Iraq

Airwars assessment

@murad_ismael reported “Another Turkish air strike today [Nov 19th] on town of Khanesor. Reportedly there are civilian victims which are yet to be confirmed.”

@ameddicleT added that “Turkish armed unmanned aerial vehicles bombed tKhanasor town at noon”.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

  • Name unknown

Family members (1)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS396

Incident date

November 20, 2019

Location

تل رفعت‎, Tal Rifat , Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reportedly wounded by alleged Turkish airstrikes on Tel Rifat, according to ANF News. Further information is currently unavailable.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • "3 CIVILIANS INJURED The Turkish army bombed the villages of Şera and Tıl Rıfat."

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS397

Incident date

November 20, 2019

Location

قرية قرنفل, Qronfol village, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and three others injured in an alleged Turkish drone attack on a vehicle including five civilians in Qurunful village in Tal Abyad – Raqqa in Syria on November 20th, 2019, according to local sources.

The victims are all from the same family and moved to a hospital in Kobane.

The killed civilians were identified as Nîzam Mihemed Fetûh aged 20, and Haci Hemed Sali who is a cousin to Nazim, age unknown.

Nazim’s two sisters Rokistan Mihemed Fetûh aged 22 and Nîroz Mihemed Fetûh aged 25, in addition to Mohamed Mahmoud Fetûh were injured in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (39) [ collapse]

  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Images from the funeral of the victims killed in an alleged Turkish attack (via ANHA)
  • Images from the funeral of the victims killed in an alleged Turkish attack (via ANHA)
  • Possibly one of the victims of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Possibly one or two victims of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the civilians killed in the attack (via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the civilians killed in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • Injured from the attack (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via SOHR)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS398

Incident date

November 23, 2019

Location

Mala village - Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were reported killed and between three and 22 others including a child injured in alleged Turkish forces mortar, gun fire and drone strikes on Mala village in Ayn Issa – Syria on November 23rd 2019, according to local sources.

ANF said that three civilians were injured when a Free Burma Rangers health team has been attacked by Turkey.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–22
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Via ANF

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–22
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS399

Incident date

December 2, 2019

Location

تل رفعت, Tal Rifat, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to 11 civilians – 10 of whom were named – including eight children aged between three and 15, a woman and an elderly man were reported killed, and 12 others – most of them are children – seriously injured in an alleged Turkish artillery attack on Tal Rifaat, in Aleppo governorate, Syria on December 2nd, 2019, according to local sources.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the attack happened near a primary school and a market  in Tal Rifaat town where a Russian base is established. According to AFP, Maher Mohammed, 35, a vendor in the market, said it was the most frightening bombardment he had witnessed in years. “We ran inside the shops and threw ourselves on the ground,” the father of five told AFP. “They bombarded half the market,” he said.

A nine-year-old who survived the attack with injuries said, “We were playing in our neighborhood. A mortar shell fell near us, a shrapnel piece hit my hand and injured me. I was hospitalised afterwards. We live in Til Rifat, a mortar shell hit our house too.” Mihemed Kêfo, another injured child said that the attack took place when they were playing: “I was in the hospital when I opened my eyes ”.

@Raman_Hassi reported that a mother of one of the victims said, “”I was washing dishes. Suddenly our house was filled with shrapnel. I went out and called Arif (my son), but I did not see him. I only saw black smoke. When the smoke faded away, I saw my son on the ground as a martyr.”

A UNICEF statement said: “We are shocked and saddened by reports that eight children were killed and another eight were injured in attacks on Tal Rifaat town, northern Aleppo. All of them were under the age of 15.”

İbrahim Heftaro, one of the executives of Avrîn/Efrin Hospital, where the wounded were being treated, said: “Most of those injuries of the attack are critical. The district is heavily bombed and therefore the number of wounded and martyrs may increase.”

It is believed that most of the victims are IDPs who fled to Tal Rifaat from Afrin and that many of them have already lost family members in the war. Henîf Hemo, one of the injured children was quoted saying: “In Efrîn they bombed us and attacked us. We left our house and came here. They also attacked here. Are we terrorists? What have we done to bomb us? They killed my friends. What do they want from us? ”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (8 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (60) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (60) [ collapse]

  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • Civilians killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Many civilians including children were killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Many civilians were killed and injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Many children were killed and injured in the alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat (via Politika)
  • Many children were killed and injured in the alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat (via Politika)
  • Via Politika
  • Child Arif Mohammad was reported killed in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019. (via @Raman_Hassi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • via SOHR
  • via SOHR
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    via SOHR
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • via SOHR
  • A child injured in the attack (via ANF)
  • via ANF
  • via AFP
  • SDC statement on the attack (via @dersi4m)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • via NPA
  • via ANF
  • via Gazetekarinca
  • Gazetekarinca
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • names of victims. (via @Kendal_Uzun).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (8 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (60) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS400

Incident date

December 9, 2019

Location

Tal Al Ward, Tal Amr, Hasaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, one civilian was reported killed when Turkish forces or Turkey-backed forces launched an artillery attack on Tal Ward in Tal Tamr town of Hasakah in Syria, on December 9th, 2019.

No further details are available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Free Syrian Army

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Liveaumap Middle East marking the location of the strike on Tal Al Ward (via @lummideast).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Free Syrian Army

Sources (15) [ collapse]