Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS204

Incident date

February 16, 2018

Location

جنديرس, Jindires, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.391667, 36.693056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

According to a local report, a civilian at the age of 13 years old was injured following an alleged Turkish shelling of Jindires, Afrin.

Rumaf identified the victim by name. Alghad TV reveals a report that shows the destruction of civilians houses in Jindires, Afrin followed alleged airstrikes and shelling.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • A channel report reveals the destruction that followed an alleged Turkish shelling. the report also said that airstrike used in the village of Afrin Jindires, Afrin 16th February 2018. (Source: Alghad TV)
  • An image shows smoke rising from the scene of a reported shelling allegedly by Turkish aircraft on Afrin, 16th February 2018. (source: Shyar Jamo)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI022

Incident date

June 5, 2019

Location

سدكان, Sedkan, Erbil, Iraq

Geolocation

36.801389, 44.665 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Three Peshmergas, potentially civilian combatants at the time, were injured by an alleged Turkish airstrike on Sedkan.

Rudaw said: “Three militants from the Peshmerga were wounded, one of them in a serious condition, as a result of Turkish shelling on Wednesday around the town of “Sedkan” of the city of Erbil in the Kurdistan Region.

According to the information received, the Turkish warplanes bombed sites of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) early Wednesday morning in the area of ​​Sheikh Zadeh near the village of Merkeh Rash in the vicinity of the town of Sidkan in Erbil.”

Nasnews reported: “The Peshmerga elements rushed to extinguish the fires left by the shelling,” adding that “one of the injured was seriously injured (one hand and one leg was amputated).”

Rojnews noted: “Three Peshmerga troops were wounded” – and published associated images of the casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Khoshoy Mikael Adult male Peshmerga killed
  • Muhajer Mikael Adult male Peshmerga killed
  • Aziz Jafir Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–3

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Accoridng to Rojnews, "Three Peshmerga troops were wounded in a Turkish air attack on the Bradost area in northern Holler." (via Rojnews)
  • Accoridng to Rojnews, "Three Peshmerga troops were wounded in a Turkish air attack on the Bradost area in northern Holler." (via Rojnews)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–3

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS311

Incident date

October 11, 2019

Location

Metin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reported killed in alleged Turkish shelling on the village of Metin, east of the city of Kobane, on October 11th, 2019, as reported by local sources.

@y_ozgurpolitika has identified one of the victims as Eidan Sheikh Ahmad, male, 60 years old, who was taken to the hospital a few hours after the incident.

The Kurdish Red Crescent named the other two victims as Watan Amro, male, 24 years old and Maso’ud Sheikh Hamd, male, age unknown.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Eidan Sheikh Ahmad 60 years old male killed
  • Watan Amro 24 years old male killed
  • Maso'ud Sheikh Hamd Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS343

Incident date

October 15, 2019

Location

Abu Surra, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians died and another was wounded in an alleged Turkish attack on a car carrying civilians, multiple sources reported.

@thefinalwar tweeted” “The Turkish state and its gangs attacked a vehicle belonging to civilians in the village of Abu Sirê to the west of Eyn Isa. Two civilians were martyred and one civilian was injured in the attack.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS350C

Incident date

October 16, 2019

Location

Ras al-Ain, Hassaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four civilians were reported injured after being shot on October 16th, 2019 according to local sources.

Other sources also reported “a violent attack by Turkish-backed armed factions on top of  Ras Al Ain”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Muhammad Khalaf 30 years old male injured
  • Eyad ahmad 19 years old male injured
  • Hozan Ahmad 19 years old male injured
  • Ali Dawood 22 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS384

Incident date

November 6, 2019

Location

جامع الصديق , Al Seddiqe Mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.207338, 37.143774 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed and “many” injured in an alleged Turkey-backed militants’ artillery attack on the Al-Cemîliye neighbourhood, in Aleppo, Syria, on November 6th, 2019 according to local sources.

The Al Siddiqe Mosque was reportedly targeted.

Some sources blamed the Jabhat al-Nusra group.

The incident occured in the evening.

  • bd al-Hadi Janbaz 28 years old male killed
  • Basil al-Dhafiri 29 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army, Unknown

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of the attack.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Aftermath of the attack.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention an airstrike in the vicinity of Al Seddiqe Mosque (جامع الصديق), within the Jamiliyeh (الجميلية) neighbourhood of Aleppo (ﺣَﻠَﺐ‎). The exact coordinates of the mosque are: 36.207338, 37.143774.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army, Unknown

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS339a

Incident date

October 10–13, 2019

Location

M4 highway, Hasaka , Syria

Airwars assessment

Kurdish civilians were summarily executed by Turkish forces on the M4 highway in north east Syria, according to local media.

Video shared by @zana_med on twitter shows Turkey-backed militants near bodies of two civilians that they executed earlier on the M4 highway in Hassakah governroate.  The date of the summary execution is not known but possibly between 10 and 13 October 2019.

The content of the video is graphic.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army
  • Suspected target
    Free Syrian Army

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army
  • Suspected target
    Free Syrian Army

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS421

Incident date

March 23, 2020

Location

Um Al Hawaash, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

An elderly man was reportedly severely injured in artillery shelling carried out by alleged Turkish-backed factions in the village of Um Al Hawaash on March 23rd, 2020, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

The SOHR reported that “on March 23, SOHR activists said that an elderly man was seriously injured today by artillery shelling carried out by Turkish-backed factions, targeting the village of Um Al Hawaash in areas held by Kurdish forces, north of Aleppo.”

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]