Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LQ052

Incident date

July 16, 2017

Location

الحدود الليبية المصرية, Libyan-Egyptian border, Butnan, Libya

Geolocation

29.3223255, 24.7302246 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

Egyptian airstrikes targeted 15 vehicles reportedly loaded with weapons near the border with Libya as they attempted to enter Egypt.

According to Egyptian military sources cited by Libya’s Channel, “Egyptian armed forces have carried out military operations during the twenty-four last hour, building intelligence information, according to the gathering of a number of criminal elements to infiltrate from the western border to Egypt using a number of SUVs.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Egyptian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Egyptian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Egyptian Armed Forces
  • Egyptian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Egyptian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC034

Incident date

June 26, 2016

Location

قنفودة, Ganfouda, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.028594, 20.026959 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

According to the LNA Facebook page, a MiG-23 hit two targets in Ganfouda. A MiG-21 also hit two targets near the Nairouz resort.

A Mi-17 team also reportedly targeted Qawarsheh and two boats near the Nairouz resort that were unloading ammunition and personnel.

A single Twitter source claimed that a ‘foreign aircraft’ had bombed a civilian home at night at Ganfouda but didn’t specify the belligerent. The status of any civilian crew on board the boats is also unknown.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Translation: Part of the destruction of the families' homes in Qanfouda Because of the bombing of foreign spy planes at night #Unseize the siege of Derna (Source: @benghazip)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Ganfouda (قنفودة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.028594, 20.026959. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ015

Incident date

October 12, 2015

Location

بنغازي‎, Leithi, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.094722, 20.1275 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Various social media sources reported airstrikes in the Bouatni, Leithi and Al-Nahr areas of Benghazi in response to artillery shelling by alleged ISIS members.

One source – @hamza27990139 – claimed an apartment building was hit but didn’t say if there was civilian harm. They said that “the Libyan airforce bombed an ISIS position in an apartment building”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Translation: URGENT Benghazi (Libya) Bombing the Libyan Air Force Daesh stronghold in some buildings (Source: @HamasCall 0139)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC145

Incident date

May 24, 2019

Location

أبو سليم, Abu Salim, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.842957, 13.171578 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Three people were reportedly injured by indiscriminate artillery shelling on the Abu Salim neighbourhood of Tripoli.

The Municipal Council of Abu Salim published a statement saying: “As a result of the indiscriminate shelling of the Municipality of Abu Salim, a random rocket landed on the main road next to the traffic light. This rocket caused panic among the residents in their cars.
Some civilians (one woman and two young men from one family) were injured.”

Dr. Hatem Ezwai tweeted: “Municipality of Abu Salim announces the injury of a woman and two young men from the same family as a result of a missile hittin them on the airport road.”

Other sources published similar accounts.

Local reports of fighting point at the GNA or the LNA as the perpetrator of the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Pictures from the site of the incident
  • Video of the aftermath

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Abu Salim (أبو سليم), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.842957, 13.171578. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Abu Salim (أبو سليم).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC205

Incident date

September 30, 2019

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.816556, 13.267525 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killing by LNA artillery shelling on Ain Zara.

The Libya Observer reported: “One civilian person was killed and others were wounded as Khalifa Haftar’s forces shelled a residential area in Ain Zara in southern Tripoli on Sunday, the Volcano of Rage media office said.

Identical sources reported shells falling on Salah Al-Deen near the Customs Department office, causing damage to two houses.

The spokesman for the Anti-terrorism Force Abdelbasit Tika said Haftar’s forces are using mortars in most frontlines and that they had obtained Howitzers launcher and it was being used by Russian mercenaries.”

There is currently no more information available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC232

Incident date

October 31, 2019

Location

طرابلس: وزارة الداخلية, Tripoli: Ministry of Interior, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.840074, 13.148217 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Up to ten civilians were allegedly injured by an LNA airstrike near the Ministry of Interior in Tripoli.

Al Wasat said: “A mother and her husband and four of their children were injured as a result of an aerial bombardment that hit their house on the airport road in the capital Tripoli.”

The Libya Observer reported: “The spokesman for the Ambulance Apparatus Osama Ali said ten civilians including women and children were injured in the airstrike that hit the Interior Ministry’s headquarters, adding that they were sent to Abu Salim Accidents Hospital for medical treatment.”

According to Libya Alahrar TV, ten civilians, including four children and one woman were injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Bashir Khairy Khaled Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Ministry of Interior (وزارة الداخلية) near the Airport road (طريق المطار) in Tripoli (طرابلس). The coordinates for the Ministry of Interior are: 32.840074 13.148217

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC263

Incident date

December 27–28, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مشروع الهضبة, Tripoli: Hadaba project, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Up to six civilians including children were injured and one killed after the Tripoli neighbourhood of the Hadaba project was shelled, most likely by LNA forces.

Several shells appear to have caused civilian harm, including one which struck the home of Omar Al-Ayat and one which fell outside a nearby mosque.

Burkan al Ghadab reported the following: “In continuation of its criminal record targeting civilians and residential neighborhoods as a result of the indiscriminate shelling of  people in the municipality of Abu Salim, yesterday evening, property and homes in the agricultural plateau project were subjected to intense indiscriminate shelling, resulting in the injury of more than 6 civilians, including a child who was in critical condition, and the martyrdom of another person who fell with him. The shell [dropped] as they were leaving the mosque, and three other civilians were wounded by shrapnel.”

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Damage to the home of Omar Al-Ayat following a likely LNA shell strike on December 27th-28th 2019 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy)
  • Damage to the home of Omar Al-Ayat following a likely LNA shell strike on December 27th-28th 2019 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy)
  • Damage to the home of Omar Al-Ayat following a likely LNA shell strike on December 27th-28th 2019 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy)
  • Damage to the home of Omar Al-Ayat following a likely LNA shell strike on December 27th-28th 2019 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy)
  • Damage to the home of Omar Al-Ayat following a likely LNA shell strike on December 27th-28th 2019 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy)
  • Unnamed civilian boy badly injured in suspected LNA shelling of Tripoli, December 27th-28th 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Hadaba project (مشروع الهضبة) in Tripoli (طرابلس‎). The coordinates for the Hadaba project are: 32.838333 13.175278. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC291

Incident date

February 8, 2020

Location

الدبلوماسي, Adduplomasi, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.832547, 13.18911 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Ain Zara.

The Libya Observer wrote: “Three foreign workers were injured when a shell fired by Haftar’s militias hit their workplace in Ain Zara district, south of Tripoli, on Saturday evening, spokesman for the Ministry of Health, Fawzi Onis has confirmed.

Haftar’s militias continue to indiscriminately and deliberately target civilian population and facilities with alarming frequency, despite their formal commitment to the truce announced on January 12.”

Libya Alahrar TV and Tk Yahroug Kl shy also reported three African expats injured. Tk Yahroug Kl shy said several shells fell in the Al Diplomasi neighbourhood of Ain Zara.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Adduplomasi (الدبلوماسي), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.832547, 13.18911. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Adduplomasi (الدبلوماسي).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]