Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC273

Incident date

January 4, 2020

Location

الكلية العسكرية في الهضبة, Military College, Al Hadaba, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

In a massive incident, between 20 and 30 people were killed and 33 others injured in an alleged LNA or Emirati airstrike that targeted a military school in Al Hadaba, Tripoli, Libya on January, 4th, 2020, according to local sources. Libya Al Ahrar reported that victims of this attack don’t exceed the age of 25 years old.

While the majority of casualties are among combatants, Al Wasat reported that there have also been civilian casualties.

Akhbar Libya reported from other sources that a shell landed on the college’s square during an evening gathering and that it wasn’t clear whether the attack was deliberate or not.

According to 218TV, the Media Department of the Ministry of Health in Al-Wefaq government confirmed that the final outcome of targeting the Military College in Tripoli is 30 dead, including two unidentified bodies, and 33 wounded.

Libya Al Ahrar said that the initial examination of the remnants of the missile used in the attack revealed that “the missile, a ‘Blue Arrow Seven’, was launched from a Chinese-made ‘Wing Loong’ drones, in which the UAE supported Haftar’s militants, according to reports of the United Nations Committee of Experts concerned.”

According to Al Wasat “it is not possible to count the number of dead due to the scattering shreds.” It also quoted LNA spokesman Ahmed al-Mismari saying: “The explosion was from inside the college and not from outside it.” Al Wasat added that “he pointed to pictures of the bombing as evidence of what he said was ‘the absence of traces of shells in the college.'”

The Libya Observer later updated the death toll among the cadets to 32. Additionally it said that “The Government of National Accord condemned the airstrike and declared three days of mourning in the country.

Reacting to the airstrike, Minister of Interior Fathi Bashagha urged the government to cut ties with the United Arab Emirates immediately.

Shortly after the massacre, thousands of people went to the streets of Tripoli.”

A BBC investigation later found that the strike was most likely conducted by an Emiratin Wing Loong II drone.

The incident occured at approximately 9:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA
  • Belligerents reported killed
    20–32
  • Belligerents reported injured
    12–33

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Wounded in the hospital after an airstrike by troops allegedly loyal to Gen Khalifa Haftar on a military school in Al Hadaba, Tripoli, on January 4th, 2020 (via Al Wasat).
  • Wounded in the hospital after alleged airstrike by troops loyal to Gen Khalifa Haftar on a military school in Al Hadaba, Tripoli, on January 4th, 2020 (via Al Wasat).
  • Wounded in the hospital after an airstrike by troops allegedly loyal to Gen Khalifa Haftar on a military school in Al Hadaba, Tripoli, on January 4th, 2020 (via Al Wasat).
  • Wounded in the hospital after an airstrike by troops allegedly loyal to Gen Khalifa Haftar on a military school in Al Hadaba, Tripoli, on January 4th, 2020 (via Al Wasat).
  • Wounded in the hospital after an airstrike by troops allegedly loyal to Gen Khalifa Haftar on a military school in Al Hadaba, Tripoli, on January 4th, 2020 (via Libya Al Ahrar).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Wounded in the hospital after an airstrike by troops allegedly loyal to Gen Khalifa Haftar on a military school in Al Hadaba, Tripoli, on January 4th, 2020 (via Libya Al Ahrar).
  • Aftermath of the attack on the military academy allegedly by LNA on January 4th, 2020 (via 218TV).
  • Aftermath of the alleged LNA attack on the military academy in Al Hadaba, Tripoli on January 4th, 2020 (via Libya Observer).
  • Images of bodies of students in the military college who got killed allegedly by LNA forces on January 5th, 2020 (via @Lyobserver)
  • Images of bodies of students in the military college who got killed allegedly by LNA forces on January 5th, 2020 (via @Lyobserver)
  • Remnants of the rocket that hit the military college in Al Hadaba in Tripoli on January 4th, 2020 (via Libya Al Ahrar).

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA
  • Belligerents reported killed
    20–32
  • Belligerents reported injured
    12–33

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC303

Incident date

February 25, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎: مشروع الهضبة, Tripoli: Hadaba project, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed and two more injured by LNA shelling on the Hadaba project area of Tripoli.

Al Wasat wrote: “A spokesman for the Ministry of Health in the Government of Al-Wefaq, Amin al-Hashemi, announced that a citizen was killed by a random shell that landed in the ‘Hadaba Tawal’ area, south of Tripoli, on Tuesday evening.

Al-Hashemi said in a statement to Al-Wasat that the dead man was named Mohammed Mustafa Al-Ajili, who is 33 years old, and his body was transferred to the Medical Hospital Dar Al-Rahma.”

Libya Observer and Libya Alahrar TV both reported one killed and two injured. Libya Alahrar TV added mortar shells were used.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Picture of a car damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on February 25th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC335

Incident date

April 6, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎: غابة النصر, Tripoli: Nasr forest, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.862827, 13.18634 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Four civilians were allegedly injured by LNA shelling near the Nasr Forest in Tripoli

The Libya Observer reported: “‘Three people have been injured in Haftar’s attack on Abu Salim, including one 15-year-old boy. The shelling continues on Ghabat Al-Nasser, Hay Dimashiq, and Abu Salim. At least four civilians are injured.’ Al-Hashemi [media adviser of the Health Ministry] added.”

Hona Souq Al-Khmies posted a video of the supposed Grad shelling but did not mention civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Video of the shelling

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC365

Incident date

April 23, 2020

Location

عين زارة: أربع شوارع زويته, Ain Zara: Four Streets Zuwita, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.81663, 13.267043 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Street

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed by indiscriminate artillery selling on Ain Zara.

Al Wasat wrote: “A spokesman for the ambulance and emergency services, Osama Ali, announced the death of a citizen as a result of a shrapnel wound when ‘shells fell on a house in Zuwita Street in Ain Zara’ in the capital, Tripoli, on Thursday evening.

Ali said that ambulances are still at the scene, pointing out that the Ain Zara ambulance team, supported by the emergency team, joined and appealed to citizens to stay away from balconies and patios.

The spokesman for the ambulance service announced earlier Thursday, that a number of shells had fallen on Zuwita Street in the Ain Zara area of ​​the capital, Tripoli, which caused the fire, and issued an urgent appeal to the civil protection to move quickly to control the fire.”

The Field Medicine and Support Center said two people were killed and one injured

Libya Alahrar TV later reported: “The media advisor to the Ministry of Health, Al-Amin Al-Hashemi, reported the death of three citizens and the wounding of three others, including a foreign expatriate from Niger, as a result of several shells falling on the “four streets of Zuwita” in Ain Zara on Thursday night.

Local reports of shelling point at GNA or LNA as the culprit.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Destroyed car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim of indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via FMSC)

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC395

Incident date

May 14, 2020

Location

الشويرف, Ash Shwayrif, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

29.979613, 14.260209 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed in alleged Turkish drone attack on their car in Ash Shwayrif in Jabal al Gharbi in Libya on May 14th, according to local sources. The two men belong to the Mashashiya tribe.

Libya 24 said that “Activists on social media reported that two young men from the Mashashiya tribe from Al Kabbashi family were killed Thursday night, after a Turkish plane bombed their car near the town of Ash Shwayrif.”

The two victims were identified as Abdulaziz Ali Abu Al-Qasim Al Kabbashi Al-Mashay, and Al Mabrouk Hassan Al Kabbashi Al-Mashay.

Gharyan Al Hadath posted on Facebook that “two young men from the Mashashiya tribe of Al Kabbashi family – Muzdah moved to the mercy of God, after their car was bombed by Turkish drone on the outskirts of the city of Ash Shwayrif.”

The post continues “for information, the two men are civilians with no affiliation to armed forces.”

The incident occured around midnight.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ash Shwayrif (الشويرف), for which the generic coordinates are: 29.979613, 14.260209. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]