Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish Military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS279

Incident date

March 17, 2018

Location

محمودية, Mahmoudiya neighbourhood, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.518056, 36.845278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Between 11 and 13 civilians died in an alleged Turkish airstrike on a convoy of cars in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood of Afrin, according to local media.

IC Afrin reported that two vehicles were hit with dozens of people on the road out of Afrin to Tirinde village. The people were attempting to flee the area towards Shehba Canton.

The source went on to add: In the Mahmoudiye neighbourhood of Afrin city a howitzer of the Turkish army hit a tractor which was full of civilians. The numbers of killed civilians are at least 13. Their bodies were completely burned. Only one child survived injured.

ANF said that a tractor and another vehicle were struck, reporting that dozens of civilians including children were killed.

Massoud Mohammed put the death toll slightly lower, at 11 civilians.

Afrin now on Facebook identified a woman and her husband and indicated that their son disappeared. Also, another victim was identified.

The source Efrin Dile Kurdistane also reported the death of Shahnaz Rasho, though it reported her killed on March 16th, while all other sources point to this event in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood occurring on March 17th. Consequently, there is the possibility that she is one of the 47 killed (the general figure was given by Hawar news) on March 16th.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Reber Aliko Child male via Afrin now on Facebook killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 13
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • An image reveals the destruction that followed a strike targeted a convoy of cars in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood of Afrin (source: Hawar news)
  • A picture of Reber Aliko, killed in an alleged Turkish strike on in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood of Afrin (source: Afrin now)
  • A picture of Shahnaz Rasho, killed with her husband in an alleged Turkish strike on in the Mahmoudiya neighbourhood of Afrin (source: Afrin now)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 13
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS333 TS005a

Incident date

October 8, 2016

Location

دويبق, Dabiq, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.5643925, 37.2749805 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Twelve to 14 civilians, including up to seven children and five women, were killed in air raids on the village of Dabiq in Aleppo governorate, according to local reports. It was alleged that both the Coalition and Turkey were responsible.

The Syrian Network reported “at least 8 civilians died in International Coalition warplanes missiles fired on Al Dabiq village in Aleppo governorate.” Halab Today TV, citing activists, reported that 12 civilians had been killed and others injured “following the targeting by international coalition planes.”

Sky News Arabia also reported a figure of “at least” 10 civilians, which it said were from “the same family,” and it blamed the bombardment on the international coalition – as did Hara FM which added that 23 people were injured. It described raids in residential areas that destroyed five houses, which killed “eight civilians from one family, most of them children and two from a second family” and said eight people had been transferred to Al Bab due to injuries, most of them critical.

However, the Syrian Observatory assigned blame to Turkey and put the death toll at 9 members from the same family. It said the victims were “an elderly man, 3 citizen women and 5 children” and added that others were injured and the death toll was expected to rise as some were in a “critical situation.”

In their May 2020 civilian casualty report, the US-led Coalition assessed reports that they were responsible for civilian harm in this strike as “non-credible”, stating that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area at that time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Mahmoud Fara Age unknown male killed
  • Mahmoud Fara's wife Age unknown female killed

Family members (6)

  • Sheikho Imam's wife Age unknown female killed
  • Sheikho Imam's wife Age unknown female killed
  • Sheikho Imam' child 1 Child killed
  • Sheikho Imam' child 2 Child killed
  • Sheikho Imam' child 3 Child killed
  • Sheikho Imam' child 4 Child killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 14
  • (4–7 children4–5 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    23
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SCA456479
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 1, 2020
  • Oct. 8, 2016, in Dabiq, Syria via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 3068/CS333 37SCA456479

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 7th-8th 2016 the Coalition reported strikes in Aleppo governorate: “Near Mar’a, one strike damaged an ISIL VBIED facility. Near Washiyah, two strikes engaged an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL-held building and a command and control node.”

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 14
  • (4–7 children4–5 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    23
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS028

Incident date

December 21, 2016

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between seven and 15 civilians, most of them apparently from one family, were reported killed in a Turkish bombardment of Al Bab, Syria.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that “the city is witnessing massive bombardment by the Turkish forces leading to the death of seven, the majority of them from one family, the number of the dead is likely to rise.”

The ISIS media propaganda outlet Al A’amaq published a similar report but said all the victims were from one family.

LCCSY and Al Bab News reported that 15 people were killed. Al Bab News added they were mostly from the Al Nako family and four of them children. In addition, one woman from the Al Masri family was reported dead.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

  • Member of the Al Masri family Adult female killed

Family members (4)

  • Member of the Al Nako family Child killed
  • Member of the Al Nako family Child killed
  • Member of the Al Nako family Child killed
  • Member of the Al Nako family Child killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 15
  • (0–4 children0–1 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 15
  • (0–4 children0–1 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS416 TS024

Incident date

December 16, 2016

Location

الباب, Al-Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between eleven and 15 civilians were reported killed in a Turkish (or less likely Coalition) action at al Bab.

According to LCCSY eleven civilians died, “most of them killed in Coalition raids on al Bab.”However, the source had consistently denied civilian harm from Turkish actions during the al-Bab campaign.

Al Bab News reported “more than 15 dead most of them women and children and dozens injured as a result of the bombardment on al Bab yesterday. There are families still under the rubble and the rescue operations are underway.”

However ISIS’s media wing reported “intense raids with more than 15 Turkish air raids and 180 shells falling on al Bab in the Aleppo countryside since dawn today.” And the Syrian Observatory reported that “Turkish warplanes bombed areas on the outskirts of al-Bab city which is under the control of the “Islamic State” northeast of Aleppo province, amid clashes in several places in the area between members of the organisation against the factions of Euphrates Shield supported by Turkish forces, which caused casualties.”

The Syrian Network suggested Free Syrian Army (FSA) or Turkish artillery may also have been responsible: “Three civilians from the same family including a child died in Der’ Al Furat forces, supported by Turkish forces, artillery fired shells on Al Bab city in Aleppo governorate eastern suburbs, December 16, 2016.”

In an emailed response to a report submitted by Airwars on this and other incidents in December 2016, Coalition officials said the event was presently assessed as ‘Not credible for Coalition caused civcas.’

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 15
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Khaled Shaban reports more than 150 shells fired and 15 air raids targeting al Bab allegedly by Turkish forces and allied militias since dawn. 16th December 2016. (via Khaled Shaban)
  • Jahra online reports Turkish army declarations that they had destroyed 60 Daesh targets near al Bab amid accusations of killing civilians. 16th December 2016. (via Jahra)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Al Bab, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Aug 4, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area of the reported civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For December 15th-17th 2016 the Coalition has publicly reported no strikes in the vicinity.

France
  • English
    /
    Original

For December 14th to 20th, France reports 10 strikes: 8 in Iraq – 7 of which were in Mosul – and 2 in Syria. They reported that 16 targets were destroyed.

#Chammal : 10 frappes contre Daech en Irak et en Syrie cette semaine, 16 objectifs détruits.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 15
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS057 CS455

Incident date

January 22, 2017

Location

الباب, Al Bab city, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between six and 15 civilians died including two children and two women and 16 more were wounded in air or artillery strikes on Al Bab, Syria, according to local media – though it was unclear whether Turkey or the US-led Coalition were responsible.

Al Bab 24 said that “Al Bab city was exposed to a violent artillery attack with more than 150 shells targeting the residential neighbourhoods of the city killing six people including two women and injuring 16 others.” But the source didn’t say who was to blame.

On January 22nd, LCCSY reported that there had been “15 martyrs in #Aleepo most of them killed by the Turkish bombing on #Albab city.” This figure, however, may not apply only to this one day.

However, according to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, the Coalition was responsible. The source reported that “four civilians from the same family (2 children and their parents) died in International Coalition warplanes missiles fired on Al Bab city in Aleppo governorate eastern suburbs, January 22، 2017.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 15
  • (2 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Oct 27, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For January 21st-22nd the Coalition publicly noted: “Near Al Bab, two strikes engaged an ISIL tactical unit, destroyed an artillery piece, and damaged a tactical vehicle.”

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 15
  • (2 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS248

Incident date

March 5, 2018

Location

فريرة, Village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.400000, 36.770556 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between two and 15 civilians including a three-month-old baby died and up to 10 others were wounded in an alleged Turkish airstrike on the village of Freriye in Jindires, Syria, according to sources on the ground.

ANHA reported: “The Turkish occupation air force bombed the village of Freriye in Jindires, where a three-month baby and a young man martyred, in addition, eight civilians were wounded. Having reached Afrin hospital, our correspondents got the names of the martyrs and the wounded, the martyrs are two civilians; a three-month baby named Diana Gazi al-Saleh, and Mahmod Muhamad Nour al-Alo, aged 20.” These two fatalities were also named by other sources.

IC Afrin Resistance also put the death toll at two, with 10 more wounded.

However, according to SDF War Media on Facebook, four civilians died, including a baby.

However, Anatolian News Agency (AA) released footage recorded by an armed drone, that showed an explosion near a vehicle in Fireriye village in Jindires. AA claimed that the attack was carried out by YPG. ANF said: “The vehicle was carrying an Arab family who was trying to escape from the bombardment. Diyana Gazi El Saleh (3-month-old baby) and Mahmud Elo (25) were killed and Ebdulah Tirkî Dawud, Xetuce Mistefa Mistefa, Suphi Gazi El Saleh, Seyyah Cemal El Saleh and Atur El Saleh Hesen were wounded in the attack”.

“The survivors said that their vehicle was targeted by an airstrike. The family was actually trying to reach behind the Turkish lines to meet with their relatives who are among the FSA gangs.

The footage which was released by Anatolian News Agency shows two persons planting a roadside explosive device in an unidentified location. Those persons start to run after planting the device and they were hit by an airstrike afterwards.

Later the truck which carried the civilians was struck by an airstrike. At first, it doesn’t take a direct hit so the civilians jump out of the vehicle and start to run away. But they were targeted in a second airstrike.

The Turkish media claimed that the attack was carried out by YPG with a roadside explosive device but the footage shows otherwise.”

One source, ROK Online, put the death toll as high as 15.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Diana Gazi al-Saleh 3 months years old female killed
  • Mahmod Muhamad Nour al-Alo 20 years old male unclear whether he died i Jindires, Afrin or Village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin killed
  • Anwar al Saleh 15 years old injured
  • Mohammad Subhi al Saleh 3 years old male injured
  • Fouad Ghazi al Saleh 25 years old injured
  • Sabah Jamal al Saleh 25 years old injured
  • Khadija mustapha 30 years old injured
  • Abdallah Zaki Dawood 18 years old male injured
  • Diana Ghazi al Saleh 3 months years old injured
  • Subhi Ghazi al Saleh 30 years old injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 15
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    News footage reporting on the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike which targeted Village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Ronahi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child grieves over a civilian casualty in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via ANF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded child in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Kurdhr)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Diyana El Saleh, 3 months old, killed in alleged Turkish airstrike on the village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • A wounded civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded child in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via IC Afrin resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Wounded and killed civilians in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike which targeted Village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via ANHA)
  • A wounded civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Rojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Diyana El Saleh, 3 months old, killed in alleged Turkish airstrike on the village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Rojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Diyana El Saleh, 3 months old, killed in alleged Turkish airstrike on the village of Freriye, Jindires, Afrin, 5th March 2018. (via Rojava)
  • List of wounded. (via Rumaf)
  • List of wounded. (via Rumaf)
  • Footage showing the targeting of a vehicle by alleged Turkish aircraft on 5 March 2018. (via ANF)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 15
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS278

Incident date

March 16, 2018

Location

عفرين, Afrin hospital, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.509672, 36.858106 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Between nine and 16 civilians died in alleged Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital, according to local media.

Pesmerge chali put the death toll and nine, while Rumaf and other sources said that 16 civilians died – reportedly “mostly children and women”.

According to the source Aldar xelil: Avrin Hospital was the only medical facility in service. It has been hit by 3 missiles. 15 bodies have been identified, and many more are scattered all over the place.

The BBC reported on the event, quoting an Afrin resident, ‘Ranya’: “At night there were air strikes targeting Afrin hospital. There were a lot of victims there and due to the intensive shelling people cannot go to get the bodies. Some bodies are still there on the street.”

Turkey denied carrying out the strikes on the hospital. In response, the SDF issued a statement accusing “Turkish media [of] hiding the massacres the invading Turkish state has committed against the people”. ANF reported on the SDF press release, as follows:

“The Avrin Hospital was bombed by invading Turkish state fighter jets on March 16, 2018. Dozens of civilians were martyred and killed in the bombing, and the hospital where thousands of civilians receive treatment was greatly damaged.

After the bombing, the Turkish state’s official news agency the Anadolu Agency published a video that shows a building close to the hospital. With this footage they had published, the Turkish state wants to hide the fact that they bombed a hospital with fighter jets.

We declare to the public that the Avrin Hospital has been bombed by Turkish jet fighters and that the building in the footage the Turkish state had published is not the hospital building.

The bombing of the hospital has been documented with photographs and videos”.

Sana, the regime’s official media, put the death toll at 16 with “dozens” more injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • An image reveals the destruction of the building that followed alleged Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital. (Source: SDF Press)
  • Another image reveals the destruction of the building that followed alleged Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital. (Source: SDF Press)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows some injured civilians in the medical care followed Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows some injured civilians in the medical care followed Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image shows many civilians dead bodies on the flour, killed followed Turkish airstrike on Afrin hospital, Afrin (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a man, killed followed Turkish airstrike on Afrin hospital, Afrin (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child followed Turkish airstrikes on Afrin hospital (Source: @AzadiRojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A video shows dead, and injured civilians followed the alleged Turkish airstrike on the Kurdish town of Afrin in northern Syria (sources : CNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The hospital in the aftermath of the Turkish raid. (via Aylina Kilic)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS135

Incident date

January 28, 2018

Location

كوبلة, Kobla village, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.483495, 36.933987 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between fourteen and seventeen named civilians from one family died in alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, according to local media. A further seven or more people were injured.

Afrin Now published a very graphic video depicting “cruel scenes of the victims of the massacre of the village of Kobla in the countryside of Afrin, as a result of Turkish shelling of the village”.

According to the source Rumaf, “thirteen people from one family were killed, leaving only four people alive (the father, the eldest son and his two young daughters).

Afrin Now, also naming the above, added that there were three other victims who had not been identified.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mahmud Kano Adult male killed
  • Hassan Kano 13 years old male killed
  • Hussein Kano Adult male killed
  • Hanadi Kano 17 years old female killed
  • Amira Kano 17 years old female killed
  • Kamal Kano 7 months years old male killed
  • Fatima abd Rabuh 40 years old female wife of Abdullah killed
  • Rawan al Aswad 20 years old female from Tal A’jjar Kana, the daughter in law of Abdulla killed
  • Jouriya Kino 45 years old female killed
  • Hussein Child male son of Abdullah killed
  • Ali Kano Child male still trapped under the rubble (dead) at time of publishing killed
  • Mohammed Abdullah Kano Child male killed
  • Sefaa Kino 7 years old female killed
  • Rahaf al Hussen 33 years old female killed
  • Abdullah Kano 50 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Mohammed Abdullah Kano 27 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Badriya Abdullah Kano 17 years old Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Mahmoud Abdullah Kano 6 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Rahaf Abdullah Kano 4 years old Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Abdullah Mohammed Kano 4 years old male Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured
  • Hosny Mohammed Kano 2 years old Named as wounded by Free Afrin injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 17
  • (6 children5 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Wounded children await medical treatment in a hospital following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via ROK)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Rojava network)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via HogirNecar)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Seriously graphic footage showing random body parts and a baby with its skull half missing, following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Afrin Now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A graphic image of a baby with its skull missing, killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Free Afrin)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018 (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Members of the Kurdish Red Crescent search for civilians in the rubble following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via SDF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via SDF)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilian casualties in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Kobla village, 28th January 2018. (via SDF)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 17
  • (6 children5 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–25
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]