Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TI058

Incident date

May 25, 2021

Location

ادني, Edny, Dohuk, Iraq

Geolocation

34.169204, 46.354309 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was injured in alleged Turkish shelling on Edny village in Amedi district (Amadiyah) of Dohuk governorate on May 25, 2021.

According to Rudaw Media Network, “Turkish shelling today resulted in the injury of a young man from the village of “Dishish” with bleeding, and he was taken to Kani Masi Hospital for treatment.” In addition, “the director of Kani Masi district, Serbast Sabri, told Rudaw Media Network that six families were living in the village of “Adni”, but as a result of the intense bombardment, they were forced to evacuate the village and flee to “Gomri” village.”

Rudaw Media Network added that the shelling was part of the Turkish military operation “Lightning Claw – Thunderbolt”, which they cite is due to the presence of Workers’ Party fighters in the region, targeting Mount Kista and the villages of the Kani Masi area with air and artillery bombardments.

Kurdistan24 and Roj News also reported that one civilian was injured in the Turkish bombardment of the Kani Masi area.

Basnews identified the civilian injured as Baawer Ahmed Taher, a young man from the village of Dashishi, who was returning to the village that was evacuated to water an orchard. At the time of reporting, the civilian was “lying in the hospital to receive treatment.”

In a report by Christian Peacemaker Teams, “Bawer was with a group of farmers from Dishishe, all of whom were irrigating their fields when the Turkish military conducted an artillery shelling on the village. Bawer Ahmed, who is 20 years old, was injured from shrapnel that penetrated his leg, which caused severe bleeding. After this attack, all residents of Dishishe fled the village.”

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the shelling to Turkish forces.

The incident occured at 10:30 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: Turkish shelling today resulted in the injury of a young man from the village of "Dishish" with bleeding, and he was taken to Kani Masi Hospital for treatment. (Image posted by Rudaw Media Network)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Edny (ادني), allegedly in the vicinity of Kani Masi (كاني ماسي). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Kani Masi are: 34.169204, 45.354309.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI059

Incident date

May 26, 2021

Location

بهيري, Behri, Dohuk, Iraq

Geolocation

37.240802, 42.824356 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

At least two civilians were injured in alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Behri in the Zakho District at 2:30am on May 26th, 2021.

Kurdistan24 reported that two brothers were wounded “as a result of repeated Turkish artillery shelling”. Asharq News also reported that two people were injured, adding that they were both sheep herders and were severely injured.

Roj News identified the names of the civilians: “two shepherds came from the Shengal area, Hassan Mohsen and Ali Mohsen, while they were transferred to a hospital in Dohuk. The condition of one of them is critical.”

According to a report by Christian Peacemaker Teams, “at 2:30 in the morning, the Turkish military shelled Bhere village, west of Kesta mountain in Darkar sub-district, Zakho district.The flying shrapnel wounded two brothers: Ali Muhsin, 16 years old, and Hasan Muhsin, 20 years old. Both of whom were guarding a flock of a thousand sheep and sleeping at the time of the attack.”

Basnews provided information that the village that was bombed was a stronghold of PKK militants and that “the two brothers, Hassan and Ali Mohsen Al-Masban, [are] from a displaced family from Shengal, work as shepherds in the area for a monthly wage. One of them told the (Basnews) reporter that they were asleep at the time of the bombing.”

All of the sources attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The incident occured at 2:30 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: a Turkish bombardment hit the village of Bhairi in the sub-district early in the morning Today, Wednesday, two brothers were injured. (Image posted by basnews)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Behri (بهيري), allegedly located within the Zakho (زاخو) district. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. According to research, there is a Behri Cave (كهف بهيري) located within this area, which could be in the vicinity of the village. The generic coordinates for Behri Cave are: 37.240802, 42.824356.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI060

Incident date

June 1, 2021

Location

كاني ماسي, Amedi, Kani Masi, Syria

Airwars assessment

A least one civilian, an elderly man, was injured in alleged Turkish strikes on Kani Masi on June 1, 2021.

A report from the Christian Peacemaker Teams identified “on June 1, when Turkish forces fired artillery at Ramazan Ali, a 70 year old farmer, injuring him as he was irrigating his fields in Hirure”.

The mayor of Kani Masi sub-district told Zhyan News Network that “Ali was caught in a Turkish bombardment while irrigating his farm and transferred to Begufa Hospital in Duhok’s Batifa sub-district”.

The victim of the bombing, Ramazan Ali, told Rudaw he was “thrown” off of his feet when bombs hit around 3km from the village of Hrure. “I knew I was injured. I walked slowly from here back to the village, [but] no one was there,” he said while receiving treatment for his injuries.

Rudaw reported that “Witness Haji Hassan said that Ali was hit while working in his vineyard late this morning when the shelling took place. The doctor treating Ali said that he was hit by shrapnel but is in a good condition, and will be sent to Zakho hospital for further treatment.”

Mustafa Ahmed, another resident of the district, told: “Today, the Turkish forces hit the cannons on the village of Harour, which resulted in the wounding of a farmer who was watering his orchards in the village of Harour. He was more than 70 years old, the citizen Ramadan Ali from the village of Harour, and he was wounded. 20 shrapnel from the Turkish artillery shelling.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Ramazan Ali was hospitalized after sustaining injuries from Turkey’s artillery shelling on June 1, 2021. (Image posted by Christian Peacemaker Teams)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ramazan Ali was hospitalized after sustaining injuries from Turkey’s artillery shelling on June 1, 2021. (Image posted by Zhyan News Network)
  • Ramazan Ali being treated after sustaining injuries from Turkey’s artillery shelling on June 1, 2021. (Image posted by Rudaw News)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI061

Incident date

June 5, 2021

Location

مخمور, Makhmour Refugee Camp, Erbil, Iraq

Geolocation

35.755637, 43.603063 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

At least three people were killed and up to five others were injured in an alleged Turkish drone strike on Makhmour Refugee Camp south of Erbil in Kurdistan, Iraq. The Turkish government and their sources refer to those killed as members of the PKK while local and international sources refer to those killed and wounded as civilians.

The official of the National Union in Makhmour, Rashad Kalali, told Baghdad Today, “Turkish warplanes bombed Makhmour camp, located minutes ago, in the south of the district. The bombing targeted gardens for children inside the camp, which led to 3 casualties and 4 injuries,” explaining that “the camp is for Turkish refugees who have lived in it since 1997.”

A member of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Gazi Kakai, also told Mangish “Turkish bombing targeted a refugee camp, specifically a park for children’s games, killing 3 and wounding 5 others” and “those who are inside the camp have nothing to do with the [Kurdistan Workers Party] PKK, and they have been in Makhmour since 1997 in accordance with the Refugee Protection Convention.”

The Kurdistan Party has referred to those killed as “civilians” and Deutsche Welle reported that “three civilians were killed and two more injured on Saturday in a Turkish missile attack on a refugee camp in northern Iraq.”

US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas Greenfield tweeted that “I made clear to Turkish officials that any attack targeting civilians at Makhmour refugee camp would be a violation of international and humanitarian law.”

A few days prior to the incident, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had threatened to “clean up” Makhmour camp because it was being used as a base for the PKK.

According to Reuters, “Erdogan said that Selman Bozkir, who he said was a senior PKK official and manager of the Makhmour camp, had been “neutralised” – a term Turkish authorities use for targets who have been killed or wounded.” In addition, “an Iraqi security official said PKK officials at the camp had prevented police from entering the camp after the air strike, and declined to share details of the casualties.”

Daily Sabbah, a Turkish pro-government source, also added that “the PKK terrorist group’s so-called Makhmour regional leader in northern Iraq code-named “Doctor Hüseyin” was eliminated” and ” two more terrorists were neutralized in the operation,” referring to Makhmour as “portrayed as a refugee camp but actually serving as a recruitment and training area for the PKK.”

Kurdistan 24 reported “A security source who asked not to be named told Kurdistan 24 that the Turkish drone also struck a PKK outpost near the camp. “The Turkish drone targeted a headquarters of PKK militants located in the vicinity of the refugee camp,” they said, killing and wounding several PKK members.”

All of the sources that reported on the incident confirm that Turkey was responsible and the Turkish president took credit for the operation on Twitter, thanking his security forces for a successful operation and naming Selman Bozkir as being killed.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Known attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: The official of the National Union in Makhmour, Rashad Kalali, told (Baghdad Today), "Turkish warplanes bombed Makhmour camp, located minutes ago, in the south of the district." Kalali added, "The bombing targeted gardens for children inside the camp, which led to 3 casualties and 4 injuries," explaining that "the camp is for Turkish refugees who have lived in it since 1997." (Images from Baghdad Today)
  • Caption translation: The official of the National Union in Makhmour, Rashad Kalali, told (Baghdad Today), "Turkish warplanes bombed Makhmour camp, located minutes ago, in the south of the district." Kalali added, "The bombing targeted gardens for children inside the camp, which led to 3 casualties and 4 injuries," explaining that "the camp is for Turkish refugees who have lived in it since 1997." (Images from Baghdad Today)
  • Caption translation: The official of the National Union in Makhmour, Rashad Kalali, told (Baghdad Today), "Turkish warplanes bombed Makhmour camp, located minutes ago, in the south of the district." Kalali added, "The bombing targeted gardens for children inside the camp, which led to 3 casualties and 4 injuries," explaining that "the camp is for Turkish refugees who have lived in it since 1997." (Images from Baghdad Today)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a children’s playing ground within the Makhmour Refugee Camp (مخمور), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.755637, 43.603063. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Turkish Armed Forces

Here I want to give good news to our nation.

Selman Bozkır, code-named "Doctor Hüseyin", the senior manager of the terrorist organization PKK and the general manager of Mahmur, was neutralized by the heroes of our National Intelligence Organization yesterday.

On behalf of my nation, I would like to thank all my friends who contributed to this successful operation.

We will not allow the treacherous and separatist organization to use Mahmur as an "incubation center" for terrorism, and we will continue to dry terrorism at its source.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Known attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS469

Incident date

June 5, 2021

Location

قرية كالوتا, Kalota, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a child, was killed and three others were wounded in alleged Turkish strikes on Kalota village on June 5, 2021.

A tweet from @RojavaIC reported that “a 13yo child, Zeynab Hussain Ibrahim Bento, died in Kalota village, Shehba, when her family house was hit by shells from Turkish-occupied Afrin.”

In addition to the girl that was killed, Bas News reported that “her brother and father were wounded” alongside her from the Turkish shelling. ASO network provided their names, “her brother “Bakr Hussein” and her father, “Hussein Ibrahim“. Alyaum TV also identified that “her mother was seriously injured” in the same strike.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Zeynab Hussain Ibrahim Bento 13 years old female killed
  • Bakr Hussein male Brother of Zeynab injured
  • Hussein Ibrahim Adult male Father of Zeynab injured
  • Mother of Zeynab Adult female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Damage to the home of Zeynab Hussain Ibrahim Bento, a child who was killed when alleged Turkish shells struck Kalota village on June 5, 2021. (Image posted by @RojavaIC)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4317 IRS009 YS106

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.509587, 36.858479 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

At least 13 civilians, including four hospital staff, were killed and 27 others, including 11 hospital staff, were injured in alleged airstrikes and/or artillery shelling of Al-Shifaa Hospital in Afrin on June 12, 2021.

The Syrian American Medical Society issues a statement that “SAMS-supported Al-Shifaa Hospital in Afrin, Syria was directly targeted by two missiles. Initial reports from the ground indicate that thirteen people have been killed. Tragically, of this number, two were hospital staff and two were ambulance drivers. Eleven staff were injured, including one midwife in critical condition”. Additional details are that “the first missile hit the emergency room, and the second missile hit the labor and delivery room. Both units have been completely destroyed, in addition to the outpatient department that was partially destroyed. The hospital has been taken out of service, evacuating patients to nearby facilities.”

A tweet from @rahhalahmad06 gave information on one of the victims: “the death of the anesthesiologist, Amin Qusho, as a result of the heinous crime that affected Al-Shifa Hospital in Afrin.”

@hsasmar also identified Mahmoud Al-Dabbas Abu Khaled as someone who was “trying to provide aid to the wounded who fell as a result of the bombing on the city of #Afrin.”

@BilloMohemed gave the context that Zalloukh Hanan Muhammad, 85 years old was killed “when a missile fell on her house in the vicinity of Marati roundabout in the center of Afrin city”.

The victims “Zeinab Sheikh Daoud“, 21 years old, and her two-year-old son, “Yusuf Qilij”, from the village of Ma’arat were both killed as well, according to @SheroAlo1. Afrin Rights Watch reported that the husband and father of the deceased was being held in Marati Prison / Marata, under the control of the Turkish, and was denied a request to be released to attend their funeral.

According to @Zoher__kh, a friend of one of the victims, Majed Kbeish was a member of the Shafak Organization. @rame0alsayed also identified Anwar Al-Daher as an employee of the Shafak Organization and pointed out that he was helping one of the wounded when he was killed.

Maaret alnuman posted on Facebook that Rana Fawzi Al-Manfoukh, the wife of Mahmoud Khashan, was also killed in the bombing of Al Shifaa Hospital.

A Facebook post by Mustafa Sheikho identified the death of Malak Othman Khalil from the village of Konde Khalil and the injury of her daughter, Mazkin Hassan Muhammad, from Alkana.

An image posted by @Marea_Elshame shows a child in a wheelchair who was paralyzed prior to the incident and was killed in the strikes.

@SyrianCoalition published a full list of the names of those killed: Zaloukh Hanan Muhammad Afrin, 85 years old (F); Zainab Sheikh Daoud Afrin, 21 years old  (F); Yusuf Kilij Khushan Afrin, 2 years old  (M); Amin Qushou, 55 years old  (M); Muhammad Osama Mamdouh Homs, 33 years old  (M); Dana Al-Manfoukh  (F); Ghaith Abbas, 23 years old  (M); Samira Al-Sufi, Damascus, 41 years old  (F); Mahmoud Dias Homs, 35 years old  (M); Fadel Haj Ibrahim  (M); Laith Al-Hamwi  (M); Lian Mustafa Al-Amiri  (F); Lana Mustafa Al-Amiri  (F); Anwar Ahmed Daher  (M); Majed Kbeish  (M)

Syrian Civil Defense published the names Ismail Al-Naasan, Zaher Hamsho, and Ahmed Ibrahim, three volunteers of the White Helmets were injured while performing their humanitarian duty.

Afrin Post included additional names of civilians injured from Afrin: Fatima Sager Ahmed, 56 years old (F); Mazkin Muhammad Hassan, 39 years old (F)  //daughter of Malak Othamn Khalil; Ali Ali Mahmoud, 21 years old (M); Awfa Al-Nasir Muhammad, 50 years old (?); Nidal Hajj Ibrahim, 55 years old (M); Laith Al-Amiri Mustafa, 4 years old (M); Layan Al-Amiri Mustafa, a year and a half old (M); Nisreen Al-Aroor Abdul Karim 2 years old (F); Aisha Kılıch Colin, 56 years old (M)

Afrin Post also named civilians injured from outside of Afrin: Mohieddin Al-Zein, age 55 (M); Ismail Nassan 39 (M); Muhammad Saleh. 23 (M); Zahid Hamsho 36 (?); Douaa Kamel Saad Eddin 60 (F); Abdullah Al-Abed 33 (M); Iman, Ghadab Zakaria (5 years) (F); Jalal Al-Qassab Omar (30 years old) (M); Iman al-Akhras Muhammad (22 years old) (F); Muhammad Qadriya (27 .) (M); Muhammad Hamidi Attia (36 years old) (M); Qusay Muhammad Khalil (31 years old). (M); Muhammad Zaher Al-Sakka (41 years old) (M); Bilal Ramadan (29 years old). (M); Hossam Noureddine Farouk (37 years old) (M); Tariq Najm Muhammad Faisal (31 years old) (M)

Qasioun News reported that “the authorities of the Turkish state of Hatay announced killing 13 civilians and injury 27 others as a result of the attack carried out by SDF.”

A tweet from @ahmadal_shame put the number of civilians killed in the strikes “at more than 18” and @SyrianCoalition tweeted that the number of people killed had risen to 19. A higher count was given by Step News, putting that the strikes “killed 23 people and injured more than 40 civilians and medical staff” and Al Modon reported that more than 50 civilians were injured. However, other sources gave lower estimates, with @SEMA_Org tweeting that “at least 6 civilian casualties were killed, and 15 were injured,” but this seems to be an early estimate.

Orient News provided information on the victims: “killing of at least seven people in the initial toll, including three women from the medical staff (a midwife and two nurses), a civil defense volunteer and two civilians, in addition to the injury of dozens, including three civil defense volunteers and a number of medical staff and civilians, especially women”. Enab Baladi gave information that of the seven killed, that included “four medical personnel and three members of the “Syrian Civil Defense” team” and Syrian Network for Human Rights identified one child and five women among those killed.

In addition, Orient identified Iran as responsible for the bombardment on the hospital and added that the bombing “originated from the Iranian “sectarian” militia points in the areas of Aleppo countryside”.

A tweet from @NagiNajjar blamed the strikes on the regime and Iran.

Various sources, including @itsnotsuhad and Syrian Civil Defense, attributed the strikes to the Syrian Democratic Forces and/or the PKK. Syrian Arab News Agency, the regime controlled news agency, reported that the civilian casualties resulted from “mutual shelling between the Turkish occupation forces and their terrorist mercenaries on the one hand, and the US occupation backed-QSD militants on  the other hand”.

However, Farhad Shami, Director of the Media Center of the Syrian Democratic Forces released a statement that “some media published incorrect news about the targeting of the city center of Afrin this evening and attributed it to our forces. We in the Syrian Democratic Forces confirm that we do not have any presence in those areas, and we call on all media outlets to adhere to credibility in publishing news related to our force”. The head of the SDF also denied that they were responsible, blaming Russia for the strikes.

Afrin Post reported that “Turkish soldiers in six military vehicles (with Turkish flags on them) had evacuated their military headquarters located in the building (formerly Ronahi Press) adjacent to Afrin Hospital (al-Shifaa now) just 4 minutes before the start of the missile shelling on the city, which indicates that they were on Aware of the missile targeting and its timing” and that Turkish forces prevented activists and media from entering the hospital following the strikes. In addition, “the missile shelling was launched from the outskirts of the towns of Nubl and al-Zahra, which are under the control of the Syrian regime army.”

A tweet from @maamo_walid provided an image of the “Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance”. Using the same image, @AKMcKeever referred to it as ” a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins) taken ~175m from the site of the Afrin hospital”.

The US State Department issued a statement condemning the attack and pointed out that “this hospital’s coordinates have been shared with the UN deconfliction mechanism for Syria” but did not identify who was responsible. The World Health Organization also issued a condemnation of the attack and did not attribute responsibility.

The incident occured at approximately 7:15 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Malak Othman Khalil Adult female from the village of Konde Khalil killed
  • Mazkin Hassan Muhammad 39 years old female injured

Family members (2)

  • Zainab Sheikh Daoud 21 years old female From Afrin killed
  • Yusuf Kilij Khushan 2 years old male From Afrin killed

Family members (4)

  • Laith Al-Amiri Mustafa 4 years old male injured
  • Lian Mustafa Al-Amiri Age unknown female killed
  • Lana Mustafa Al-Amiri 2 years old female killed
  • Layan Al-Amiri Mustafa 1.5 years old male injured
  • Amin Qusho 55 years old male Anesthesiologists killed
  • Zaloukh Hanan Muhammad 85 years old female From Afrin killed
  • Muhammad Osama Mamdouh 33 years old male From Afrin killed
  • Dana Al-Manfoukh Age unknown female killed
  • Ghaith Abbas 23 years old male killed
  • Samira Al-Sufi 41 years old female From Damascus killed
  • Mahmoud Dias 35 years old male killed
  • Fadel Haj Ibrahim Age unknown male killed
  • Anwar Ahmed Daher Age unknown male killed
  • Majed Kbeish Age unknown male killed
  • Rana Fawzi Al-Manfoukh Age unknown female wife of Mahmoud Khashan killed
  • Ismail Al-Naasan Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Zaher Hamsho Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Ahmed Ibrahim Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Laith Al-Hamwi Age unknown male killed
  • Fatima Sager Ahmed 56 years old female injured
  • Ali Ali Mahmoud 21 years old male injured
  • Awfa Al-Nasir Muhammad 50 years old injured
  • Nidal Hajj Ibrahim 55 years old male injured
  • Nisreen Al-Aroor Abdul Karim 2 years old female injured
  • Aisha Kılıch Colin 56 years old male injured
  • Mohieddin Al-Zein 55 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Saleh 23 years old male injured
  • Douaa Kamel Saad Eddin 60 years old female injured
  • Abdullah Al-Abed 33 years old male injured
  • Iman, Ghadab Zakaria 5 years old female injured
  • Jalal Al-Qassab Omar 30 years old male injured
  • Iman al-Akhras Muhammad 22 years old female injured
  • Muhammad Qadriya 27 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Hamidi Attia 36 years old male injured
  • Qusay Muhammad Khalil 31 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Zaher Al-Sakka 41 years old male injured
  • Bilal Ramadan 29 years old male injured
  • Hossam Noureddine Farouk 37 years old male injured
  • Tariq Najm Muhammad Faisal 31 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 23
  • (1–3 children3–6 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–50
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (89) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (72) [ collapse]

  • Image of the destroyed al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. According to the Syrian American Medical Society, "thirteen people have been killed. Tragically, of this number, two were hospital staff and two were ambulance drivers. Eleven staff were injured, including one midwife in critical condition."
  • Image of al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin, which was destroyed by missile and artillery strikes on June 12, 2021. "The authorities of the Turkish state of Hatay announced killing 13 civilians and injury 27 others as a result of the attack carried out by SDF." (Image posted by Qasioun)
  • According to @Marea_Elshame, the image shows a child who was paralyzed in a wheelchair and was killed in the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital.
  • Amin Qusho, an anesthesiologist who was killed in the bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @rahhalahmad06)
  • An ambulance destroyed by the bombardment of Al-Shifaa hospital on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @SyrianCoalition)
  • Image of Amin Qushou. an anesthesiologist who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of an unidentified victim who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of Anwar Al-Zahir who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of an Majed Kbeish, a published writer who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Unidentified victims of the June 12th bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Unidentified victims of the June 12th bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Following the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital, medical facilities were in need of blood donations to help those injured in the strikes. (Images posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Following the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital, medical facilities were in need of blood donations to help those injured in the strikes. (Images posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of an unidentified civilian who was injured in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @Tb7FgaFJwxqQlKu)
  • Image of a car belonging to Anwar Al-Daher, an employee of the Shafak Organization that was trying to help the wounded when he was hit with another missile. (Image posted by @rame0alsayed)
  • Image of the destruction to the hospital and blood from the victims of the bombing on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense searching through the rubble for survivors following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A injured member of the Syrian Civil Defense being taken to a medical facility in an ambulance following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense helping an injured victim following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense searching through the rubble for survivors following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: Shahba Press reporter said that 19 people were killed, including 5 women, children and workers in humanitarian and medical organizations, and others were wounded - some of them in critical condition - as a result of the missile shelling by YPG militia on residential neighborhoods in the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Shahba Press)
  • Caption translation: Shahba Press reporter said that 19 people were killed, including 5 women, children and workers in humanitarian and medical organizations, and others were wounded - some of them in critical condition - as a result of the missile shelling by YPG militia on residential neighborhoods in the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Shahba Press)
  • An image posted by the Turkish Defense Ministry shows the damage caused by the airstrikes on Afrin of June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @tcsavunma)
  • Image of Mahmoud Dabbas Abu Khaled, who was killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021.
  • Image of Anwar Al-Zahir and Majid Kubaish, members of Shafak Organization who died while performing their humanitarian duty to provide aid to the wounded following the bombing of the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Bonyan organization via Facebook)
  • Image of Ghaith Abbas, killed in airstrikes on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Ahmad Khaled via Facebook)
  • An image of the damage caused by the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of damage to Al-Shifaa hospital following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a White Helmet searching through the rubble of the hospital following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a cleaning up following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a wheelchair in the destroyed Al-Shifaa hospital, which suffered damage from airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Mazkin Hassan Muhammad, from Alkana was injured, along with her mother who was killed, in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Mustafa Sheikho via Facebook)
  • Malak Othman Khalil from the village of Konde Khalil was killed, along with her daughter who was injured, in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Mustafa Sheikho via Facebook)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners burying some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of a White Helmet and a civilian carrying the body of one of the victims of the bombing on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Al Araby)
  • Image of Zainab Sheikh Daoud, 21, and her two-year-old son, Yusef Khoshnav Kilij, who were killed in airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Afrin Rights Watch)
  • Referred to by @maamo_walid as "he Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance" while @AKMcKeever referred to it as "a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins)"
  • Image of the location struck by the bombing in Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @AKMcKeever)
  • Referred to by @maamo_walid as "he Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance" while @AKMcKeever referred to it as "a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins)"

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Shifa hospital (مشفى الشفاء) in Afrin (عفرين). According to research conducted by @AKMcKeever, and as confirmed by our geolocation team, the exact coordinates for this strike are: 36.509587, 36.858479.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 23
  • (1–3 children3–6 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–50
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Turkish Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (89) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI062

Incident date

June 13, 2021

Location

قلعة دزة, Qalaat Diza, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq

Airwars assessment

At least four people were killed in alleged Turkish airstrikes on Qalaat Diza on June 13, 2021. While the majority of sources refer to those killed as civilians, Turkish sources allege they five members of the PKK were killed.

According to North Press Agency “four civilians, at least, lost their lives due to Turkish air strike of a civilian vehicle. The civilian vehicle that the Turkish warplanes targeted was a Toyota carrying four people, whose identities are unknown yet. He pointed out that the area that was targeted, at exactly 13:30 on Sunday afternoon, is a civilian-populated area. It is near Helsho District, and it is not a military area. ”

Mawazin News also referred to those killed as civilians, stating that “a civilian car carrying four Iraqi Kurds” was bombed.

Sulaymaniyah Eye reported the name of one of those killed as Abu Bakr Tawfiq. Kurdistan News Now added that he got married 9 days prior to when he was killed.

Rudaw media quoted that Turkish media outlets circulated that the bombing “leaded five people to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) who were inside the car” but stated that the identities of those killed were not known.

A tweet from @metesohtaoglu, a Turkish journalist, also alleges that those killed were militants, added that “a destroyed PKK/HPG terror group vehicle is seen after it was targeted in a Turkish drone strike in Sulaimani’s Pishdar area on Sunday. 5 militants killed”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The incident occured at 1:30 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 4
  • (0–1 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–5

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: Turkish warplanes bombed areas in Qalaat Diza, killing four civilians The picture below is of the martyr Abu Bakr Tawfiq, one of the martyrs of today's bombing. (Image posted by Sulaymaniyah Eye)
  • #Iraq- A destroyed PKK/HPG terror group vehicle is seen after it was targeted in a Turkish drone strike in Sulaimani's Pishdar area on Sunday. 5 militants killed #KRG (Image posted by @metesohtaoglu)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 4
  • (0–1 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–5

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI038B

Incident date

June 17, 2021

Location

قرية سيدان, Sidan village in the Nairoh-Rikan region, Dohuk, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reported killed in alleged Turkish shelling on Sida/Sidan village on June 19th, 2020.

Darkamazi.net named the three victims as Aazad Mahdi ShjiDamhat Omar Ormari and Mukhlis Adam Kukri. The source said that “on Friday, June 19th, 2020, that the war planes of the occupying Turkish state had targeted the areas of Niruh-Rikan and Barwari Bala, and that three martyrs from the people of Southern Kurdistan were near their villages.”

Two citizens were killed in the vicinity of Sidae village in the Nairoh-Rikan region, and another citizen in Barwari Bala district, in the vicinity of the village of “Darkla Messi Bey”,was killed as a result of the Turkish shelling of the area.

Mahdi Rekani, the father of Azad Mahdi who was among the victims, said that “His son Azad Mahdi aged 26, and two friends, Mukhlis Adam and Deman Omar both aged 28, all construction workers, were heading to Shaji, a village in Sheladiz sub district, for a picnic. Rekani, who had been speaking to his son on the phone, said that between 10:00 and 11:30 a.m., Mahdi parked his car on a small road outside a village near Sida village. As they were walking from the car, an airstrike killed all three.”

In April 2021, the Guardian published a piece on Turkey attacks in Iraq and interviewed the family of Mukhis Adam, whose daughter, three months old by the time of the interview, was born after he was killed.

According to the paper, “Adam’s car was hit by a Turkish airstrike while he was on the way to a picnic in June last year. Human Rights Watch interviewed witnesses who raised the possibility that the men may have been stopped at a PKK checkpoint moments before being targeted.”

His family burned his pictures in grief.

According to Rudaw, the bodies were burned so they first were able to identify two of the victims who were described as aged between 30 – 40 years old. The source said that this particular incident caused fear among the residents.

No further information is available.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Family of Mukhlis Adam at his grave. He was allegedly killed in a Turkish attack on June 19th, 2020. (via the Guardian).
  • Family of Adam Mukhlis with his new born daughter who he was killed before seeing, allegedly by a Turkish airstrike. (via the Guardian).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]