Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish Military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TI063

Incident date

July 7, 2021

Location

قرية هرور, Harur Village, Duhok, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Between one and two civilians were injured in alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Harur on July 7, 2021.

A security source told Shafaq News Agency, “Turkish warplanes bombed the vicinity of Harour village in Kani Masi district in Al-Amadiyah district in Dohuk governorate. The aerial bombardment resulted in the injury of a citizen and cut off the electricity in the village of Harour.”

Kurdistan Today reported that “A number of people were seriously injured, while the electrical power was cut off, as a result of the bombing of the Turkish warplanes” but did not specify how many people were injured.

Sabah Arabi added that “the village that was subjected to the Turkish bombardment is surrounded by pastures and farms owned by the residents of that district.”

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the airstrikes to Turkey.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS470

Incident date

July 20, 2021

Location

Nubl, نبل, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a woman, was killed and one to three other civilians, including children, were injured in alleged Turkish artillery strikes on the town of Nubl on July 20, 2021.

NPA Syria reported “A woman lost her life and a child was injured, on Tuesday, in the bombing of the Turkish-backed factions on the Shiite towns of Nubl and Zahraa, north of Aleppo, in northern Syria. Local sources in the two towns said that Amina Abbas El-Fil, 35, lost her life, and a six-year-old girl was injured. She added that the bombing came from the positions of the Turkish forces and their loyal factions in the Brad area of ​​Afrin countryside.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also identified “the death of a female citizen succumbed to her injuries as a result of rocket shelling by the factions targeting the town of Nubl” and that the shells caused “casualties among civilians, in addition to causing material damage to the properties of the people”.

A tweet from put the number of injured at “3 civilians” and identified “3 missiles” striking Nubl.

Hawar News added that the shelling occurred at 18:00 and involved ” tens of shells and missiles fired by the Turkish occupation forces and its mercenaries stationed in the occupied city of Afrin”. They also originally reported “deaths and injuries among civilians in the two towns, without knowing the number” and then later identified the killing of a woman, 30 years old, ” in addition to the injury of a child and a girl seriously injured, they were taken to Aleppo city hospitals for treatment.”

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The incident occured at 6:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish shelling on the village of Nubl on July 20, 2021. (Image posted by Hawar News)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI064

Incident date

July 30, 2021

Location

قرية سنكسر, Sinksar village, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq

Airwars assessment

At least two civilians were killed in alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Sinksar on July 30, 2021.

Mawazin News reported that the director of the Snaksar district in Sulaymaniyah, Nehru Abdullah, said in a press statement “During the past 24 hours, Turkish planes bombed the Qandil Mountains and the surrounding villages in search of PKK fighters, killing two civilians who were on a motorbike in the Sinksar area of Bashdar district in the Raparin district administration. Abdullah added, “It is not known to which side the two victims belonged so far, and we could not verify the matter due to fears of repeated bombing”.

24 AE also quoted Abdullah as saying that “civilians are worried and terrified as a result of the repeated bombing of Turkish planes, which is causing the burning of forests and farms in villages.”

Firat News Agency also reported that two people were killed on a motorcycle in the bombing and that “Turkish planes have been bombing the slopes of Mount Qandil for more than 24 hours”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkish planes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS469a

Incident date

August 4, 2021

Location

عين عيسى, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least four civilians, including three children, were killed and two other civilians, including a woman and a child, were injured in alleged Turkish strikes on the town of Ain Issa on August 4, 2021.

According to a statement from the Syrian Democratic Forces, “the occupation army bombed with tank shells at exactly three o’clock this morning the homes of civilians in the east of the town of Ain Issa, where it committed a massacre against a family in the town of Al-Safawiyeh, east of the village of Al-Sharkarak on the international road M4. This morning, the bodies of four civilians from one family who lost their lives were transferred to Ain Issa town hospital, after the people retrieved their bodies from their house, which was destroyed due to the Turkish bombing.”

The SDF also published the names of the civilians killed: Zaid Khalaf Issa (54) years old. Ziyad Zaid Issa (12) years old. Mona Zaid Issa. Huda Zeid Issa. Jesr Press identified Zaid as being the father and Ziyad, Monda, and Huda as his children.

In addition, a woman and her daughter from the same family were also wounded in the bombing. They were taken to Raqqa Hospital due to severe injuries. North Press Agency identified the child injured as being one year old.

All of the sources that reported on the incident identified Turkey as being responsible for the strikes and North Press Agency specifically reported that Turkish tanks carried out the attacks.

The incident occured at 3:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of the children killed in alleged Turkish strikes on Ain Issa on July 4, 2021. (Image posted by the Syrian Democratic Forces)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of the children killed in alleged Turkish strikes on Ain Issa on July 4, 2021. (Image posted by the Syrian Democratic Forces)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of the children killed in alleged Turkish strikes on Ain Issa on July 4, 2021. (Image posted by the Syrian Democratic Forces)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of the children killed in alleged Turkish strikes on Ain Issa on July 4, 2021. (Image posted by the Syrian Democratic Forces)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of the children killed in alleged Turkish strikes on Ain Issa on July 4, 2021. (Image posted by the Syrian Democratic Forces)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of the civilians killed in alleged Turkish strikes on Ain Issa on July 4, 2021. (Image posted by the Syrian Democratic Forces)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One year old girl wounded by alleged Turkish shelling of Ain Issa on July 4, 2021. (Image posted by North Press Agency)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS112

Incident date

August 5–6, 2021

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between 17 and 27 civilians, including four children and three women, were injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces or regime strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021.

Macro Media Center reported that “civilians were wounded and civilian homes were destroyed as a result of the targeting of SDF forces with rocket launchers, the city of al-Bab, east of Aleppo”.

A tweet from @Almohrar1 put the number of injuries at 17 and listed the names: Khaled Al-Saour (M), Kassem Dandab (M), Safwan Tarrad (M), Abdullah Dandel (M), Donia Dandel (F), Talal Dandel (M), Hamid Al-Jahmali (M), Wadah Amroush (M), Falak Al Ragheb (M), Zolfa Amroush (F), Abdul-Razzaq Al-Sayed (M), Aisha El Sayed (F), Ahmed El-Sayed (M), Duha Zarzour (F), Mohamed Sabbagh (M), Mohamed Nidal Manla (M), Nasser Hanash (M)

Zaman Al Wasl reported that 23 civilians including women and children were injured and quoted the White Helmets as saying that “the bombing targeted the city of Al-Bab in the middle of the night, noting that during the response of his teams to aid civilians, they were double-targeted without causing any injuries, and the bombing left large fires in civilian properties”.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights provided the toll as 18 injuries, “including 4 children and 3 female citizens”.

Orient’s correspondent in the countryside of Aleppo said that “the city of Al-Bab, which is under the control of the opposition factions, was subjected to a shelling with rocket launchers that reached residential neighborhoods in the city, which resulted in the injury of 27 people, including children and women, in addition to setting fires in a number of areas that were bombed.”

A video posted by @Sharif199629 shows a baby being treated by medical personnel after being injured by the rocket fire and an image from @K_ALED_ASLAM shows two children being treated for injuries.

@shoaoonthorea2 reported that in addition to the 23 injuries, the strikes resulted in “the outbreak of fires in shops and causing great material damage to private and public properties” and Al-Modon’s correspondent, Muhammad Ayool, stated that the area that was bombed is a densely populated area, while no party has claimed responsibility for the bombing.

JisrTV identified the specific locations that were struck as “Al-Rai Street – Al-Nofita Street – Al-Waki neighborhood – Al-Ajl neighborhood – next to Qasour Al-Sham restaurant – “Al-Balah” market – next to Al-Kitab roundabout”.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and Radio Al Kul identified ” the Syrian Democratic Forces stationed in the Shaala Radar front” as being responsible. However, a tweet from @waledALedlbe blamed both the regime and the SDF and Al Modon’s assessment of responsibility was that “there are conflicting accounts about the source of the shells being fired. The first refers to the areas under the control of the Syrian regime, and the second says that they were launched from the areas under the control of the SDF. Al-Modon learned from a military source that the shells were fired from the Shaala radar area, west of al-Bab, an area divided in influence between the regime forces and the SDF.”

The incident occured at 11:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (38) [ collapse]

  • Smoke from the strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Smoke from the strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • #Sham #Urgent: Violent missile shelling targeting the city of Al-Bab, east of Aleppo, is believed to have originated from the SDF militias, as it resulted in injuries to civilians, including children.
  • Fires broke out as a result of strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Fires broke out as a result of strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Fires broke out as a result of strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Fires broke out as a result of strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Fires broke out as a result of strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Urgent || Civilian wounded and fires as a result of renewed bombardment by SDF forces on residential neighborhoods in the city of Al-Bab, east of Aleppo
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @waledALedlbe)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @waledALedlbe)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @waledALedlbe)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @waledALedlbe)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @enabbaladi)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @enabbaladi)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @enabbaladi)
  • Destruction caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @enabbaladi)
  • Damage to buildings caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Radio Al Kul)
  • Damage to buildings caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Radio Al Kul)
  • Damage to a vehicle caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Radio Al Kul)
  • Damage to buildings caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Radio Al Kul)
  • Damage to buildings caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Radio Al Kul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Damage to buildings caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @shoaoonthorea2)
  • Damage to buildings caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @shoaoonthorea2)
  • Damage to buildings caused by strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by @shoaoonthorea2)
  • Two children being treated for injuries after bring injured in strikes on Al Bab on August 5, 2021. (Image posted by @K_ALED_ASLAM)
  • White Helmets rescue people from the rubble following strikes on Al Bab on August 5/6, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS471

Incident date

August 17, 2021

Location

ابو راسين, Zirgan, Hassakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and two civilians, including a woman and a child, were killed and between 10 and 20 others, including two women and two children, were injured in alleged Turkish airstrikes on Zirgan on August 17, 2021.

According to North Press Agency (NPA), at least one civilian was killed and between 10 and 20 others were injured. “Nadwa al-Nifekh, 45, was killed in the Turkish bombing, and more than ten wounded civilians were transferred to the hospitals of al-Derbasiyah, Amuda and Hasakah,” local sources from the town said.

Ahram News identified one of the civilians killed as being a woman while Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported that a little girl was killed along with five civilians injured, along with two images of young children in bandages in a medical facility but it is unclear if they were killed or injured. In another post, (SOHR) put the number of injured civilians at 20, including women and children, and the number killed at two, including a woman and a child.

Rudaw news also reported that a woman and child were killed along with 11 other civilians injured. Images they posted show at least two women, a child, and a man receiving medical treatment for their wounds following the strikes.

A military source of the SDF also told NPA that the bombing included five villages belonging to the town, which are Bab al-Khair, Bab al-Faraj, Tel al-Ward, al-Rabi’at and Shour. He said that about 50 artillery and mortar shells fell on the town alone, which, in addition to human losses, caused great material damage. Ahram News also reported that the bombing caused widespread panic among civilians and led to multiple families leaving the villages.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the shelling to Turkey

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Shelling of Zirgan on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by NPA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child, one of the victims of the bombing of Zirgan on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child, one of the victims of the bombing of Zirgan on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • A child receiving medical treatment after the bombing of Zirgan on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Rudaw News)
  • A woman receiving medical treatment after the bombing of Zirgan on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Rudaw News)
  • A man receiving medical treatment after the bombing of Zirgan on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Rudaw News)
  • A woman receiving medical treatment after the bombing of Zirgan on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Rudaw News)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI065

Incident date

August 17, 2021

Location

قرية سكينة, Medical center in the village of Sakina, Nineveh, Iraq

Airwars assessment

At least eight people were killed, including four members of the medical staff at a hospital and four fighters of the Sinjar Resistance Units who were receiving treatment at  a hospital, and four others were injured in alleged Turkish strikes on Al-Askiniyah Hospital in the village of Sakina in Sinjar district on August 17, 2021.

Ajansa Nûçeyan a Firatê published that “according to the statement of the Autonomous Administration Council in Sinjar, the attack resulted in the death of at least 8 people and the injury of 4 others. Among the martyrs were 4 fighters of the Sinjar Resistance Units who were receiving treatment in the hospital, in addition to the martyrdom of 4 members of the medical staff in the hospital who were serving the Yazidi community.” An image posted on Facebook shows that a baby was among those injured.

The names of those killed in the bombing are: Hamid Saadoun (Qiran Siba), a fighter of the Sinjar Resistance Units; Khader Sharaf (Bir Khader), a fighter of the Sinjar Resistance Units; Rami Al-Salem (Ronny), a fighter of the Sinjar Resistance Units, from the Arab component of the people of the Ba’aj region; Maytum Khader Khalaf (Sarhad Zammar), a fighter of the Sinjar Resistance Units; Ali Rasho Khader, from the medical staff; Saadu Elias Rasho, from the medical staff; Hajji Khader, from the medical staff; Mukhlisat Sidar, from the medical staff.

A report from the PKK identified Mukhlisat Sidar as being a doctor in the medical facility and added that he “had come to Sinjar in  2014 as a medical volunteer from North Kurdistan (southeast Turkey) to help provide medical  treatment for the local population during the IS attacks.”

An activist from Singer told Independent Arabia that “today’s operation came to complete the attack launched by Turkish planes yesterday in Sinjar, which killed three people from the Sinjar Protection Units and wounded two others.” The activist added that the two wounded, one of whom is a leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, were taken to this hospital for treatment.

A statement from the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) pointed out that the initial strike was against “an Ezidi diplomatic delegation on its way to a meeting with Iraqi government officials on August 16”.  The reported added that “five members of a diplomatic delegation representing our  Democratic Autonomous Council of Sinjar (MXDŞ) were targeted by a Turkish air strike while  driving through the center of Sinjar city. Two members of the delegation, Seîd Hesen and Îsa  Xwedêda, were killed in the attack while Medya Qasim Simo, Şamir Abbas Berces and Mîrza  Alî were wounded.”

An Iraqi security source told Al-Ain News that “Turkish warplanes bombed this afternoon the military hospital of the Sinjar Protection Forces, which is located in the village of Al-Sakina, south of the district, in Nineveh Governorate. The Turkish aircraft deliberately targeted the building and made any attempts to evacuate those sleeping in it.”

According to the PKK report, the hospital that was bombed had been treating many civilian patients, including COVID patients, at the time of the attack and that “the hospital in the village of Sikêniyê – a former school building – had been established in  2016 after the liberation of the village by the Kurdish guerrilla and YBŞ/YJŞ forces. Ever since,  it had been run solely with the resources provided by the local population and the MXDŞ. It  had been used both by the civilian population of Sinjar and members of the YBŞ/YJŞ”.

“The hospital was subjected to three raids with drones that destroyed the entire building,” said Jalal Khalaf Basso, deputy mayor of Sinjar, to Agence France-Presse. A report from the PKK recalled that “after the first air strike had hit the hospital and  had wounded several people, civilians and Iraqi soldiers from a nearby military base who were  rushing to the scene to help were targeted by three more air strikes.”. All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

  • Hamid Saadoun (Qiran Siba) Age unknown male a fighter of the Shingal Resistance Units killed
  • Khader Sharaf (Bir Khader) Age unknown male a fighter of the Shingal Resistance Units killed
  • Rami Al-Salem (Ronny) Age unknown male a fighter of the Shingal Resistance Units, from the Arab component of the people of the Ba’aj region. killed
  • Maytum Khader Khalaf (Sarhad Zammar) Age unknown male a fighter of the Shingal Resistance Units killed
  • Ali Rasho Khader Age unknown from the medical staff killed
  • Saadu Elias Rasho Age unknown from the medical staff killed
  • Hajji Khader, Age unknown from the medical staff killed
  • Mukhlisat Sidar Age unknown from the medical staff killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Iraqi militias (PMUs)

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Victims of the bombing of a medical center in the village of Sakina (Image posted by ANF)
  • Image of Hamed Saadoun (with his wife), who was killed in alleged Turkish bombing of Al-Askiniyah Hospital on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Shingal Sinjar my city on Facebook)
  • Four of the people that were killed at a medical facility on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Shingal Sinjar my city)
  • Image of Khidr Sharaf, Ali Rasho Khidr, and Hajji Khidr, killed in strikes on a medical facility on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Shingal Sinjar my city)
  • A baby injured in the strikes on the medical facility in the village of Sakina on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Shingal Sinjar my city)
  • Image of Hamed Saadoun, who was killed in alleged Turkish bombing of Al-Askiniyah Hospital on August 17, 2021. (Image posted by Shingal Sinjar my city on Facebook)
  • Image of a car destroyed in the initial strikes by Turkish forces that killed three Sinjar Protection Forces personnel and injured two others. (Image posted by Shafaq News)
  • Image of a car destroyed in the initial strikes by Turkish forces that killed three Sinjar Protection Forces personnel and injured two others. (Image posted by Irq women via Facebook)
  • Hassan Saeed, commander of the 80th Brigade, was killed the day before in a strike along with two others and another two personnel were injured. The injured were receiving treatment at the hospital when the Turkish launched another strike and killed four military personnel. (Image posted by Murad Sheikh Kalou)
  • Image of a car destroyed in the initial strikes by Turkish forces that killed three Sinjar Protection Forces personnel and injured two others. (Image posted by Kurdistan Workers' Party)
  • Before and after photos of the Mt. Shengal clinic that was allegedly bombed by Turkish forces on August 17, 2021.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Iraqi militias (PMUs)

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI066 YI001

Incident date

August 20, 2021

Location

قرية بانكا, Banka village, Dohuk, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Two Iraqi tourists were killed in alleged Turkish artillery shelling or an IED planted by the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) in the village of Banka on August 20, 2021.

The security source told Shafaq News Agency, “Two tourists from Mosul entered, two days ago, the prohibited area in the village of Banka in Bativa district, affiliated to Zakho district, north of Dohuk,” noting that “a Turkish artillery shell fell near their car, leaving them dead.” The source added, “The two tourists are Ahmed Shukr, born in 1981, and Youssef Omar, born in 1995,” explaining that “the security forces in Zakho are trying to enter the prohibited area to evacuate the bodies of the tourists.”

The correspondent of Kurdistan 24, Islam Yousef added that the bodies of the victims were found in their car after the car was hit with a shell. The families of the victims had been searching for them for two days.

The director of Batova district told Rudaw Media Network that “the Turkish bombing of the areas where PKK fighters are located, in the village of Bandro, of Batufa district, led to the killing of Iraqi tourists.”

The majority of the sources identified the artillery shells that struck the car as originating from Turkish forces. However, a tweet from @BarzanSadiq alleges that “an IED blast planted by #PKK killed the two #Iraqi tourists” and included a video showing the blast.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ahmed Shukr 40 years old killed
  • Youssef Omar 26 years old killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, YPG forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Image of Yousif Omar, who was killed in Turkish shelling of Banka village while visiting. (Image posted by Rudaw News)
  • Image of Ahmed Shukr Mahmoud, who was killed in Turkish shelling of Banka village while visiting. (Image posted by Rudaw News)
  • Image of Yousif Omar, who was killed in Turkish shelling of Banka village while visiting. (Image posted by Kurdistan revolution in Arabic)
  • Image of the vehicle where Ahmed Shukr Mahmoud and Yousif Omar were killed in Turkish shelling while visiting Banka village on August 20, 2021. (Image posted by Basnews)
  • Funeral for Yousif Omar, who was killed in Turkish shelling of Banka village while visiting. (Image posted by Naynawa Alghad)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, YPG forces
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (10) [ collapse]