Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish Military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

TS193

Incident date

February 13, 2018

Location

قوطا شرقية,بلبل , Qota Sharqiya, Bulbul district, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.711111, 36.801944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to two sources, some civilians were injured followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Qota Sharqiya, Bulbul district.

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported three civilians were injured followed an alleged Turkish shelling of Qota Sharqiya, Afrin.

The Smart News Agency also reported three wounded civilians but cited the Kurdish Red Crescent report.

One of the child victims was later named at age of two, injured in his forehead.

Please note that some of the images are also reported in TS192, Heikja, Afrin. We are unable to identify which incident they belong too. 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Abdo Shieko
2 years old male injury to the forehead injured
Khalil Ahmad
80 years old foot injury injured
Zeinab Ahmad
70 years old foot injury injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Qota Sharqiya, Bulbul district, Afrin (قوطا شرقية,بلبل ), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.711111, 36.801944. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Sa'arnajka, Sharan district, Afrin, 13th February 2018. (via The Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Sa'arnajka, Sharan district, Afrin, 13th February 2018. (via The Kurdish Red Crescent)
  • An injured civilian in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Sa'arnajka, Sharan district, Afrin, 13th February 2018. (via The Kurdish Red Crescent)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS092

Incident date

August 29, 2017

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between six and 10 civilians including one or more child were wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin, according to local media.

Rudaw said that “Rizan Haddu, a political writer, told them that the initial result of the shelling that targeted the neighborhoods of Afrin injured six civilians to varying degrees”.

Yekiti reported the same figures, saying “six civilians were wounded when four mortar shells hit the center of the city of Afrin in Syrian Kurdistan on Tuesday evening.”

Sputnik – also blaming Turkey – put the number of “seriously wounded” at 10, including a female child.

Rok added that two Turkish rockets hit Afrin, while Step referred to “Turkish artillery” injuring several civilians, including a 10-year-old boy.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Afrin (عفرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.511389, 36.864167. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded civilian following an alleged Turkish mortar attack on Afrin, Aug 29th 2017. (via Rudaw)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS300

Incident date

October 9, 2019

Location

Ashme, Kobane, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.894878, 38.312931 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported injured in an alleged Turkish forces airstrike on Ashme Village in Kobane, Aleppo governorate, October 9th 2019 according to local media.

No additional public information is presently known about this claim.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Age unknown male injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the subdistrict of Ashme, Kobane, for which the generic coordinates are: 36.894878, 38.312931. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS311

Incident date

October 11, 2019

Location

متينان, Metin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.628892, 38.675480 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reported killed in alleged Turkish shelling on the village of Metin, east of the city of Kobane, on October 11th, 2019, as reported by local sources.

@y_ozgurpolitika has identified one of the victims as Eidan Sheikh Ahmad, male, 60 years old, who was taken to the hospital a few hours after the incident.

The Kurdish Red Crescent named the other two victims as Watan Amro, male, 24 years old and Maso’ud Sheikh Hamd, male, age unknown.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

60 years old male killed
Watan Amro
24 years old male killed
Maso'ud Sheikh Hamd
Age unknown male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Metin (متينان), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.628892, 38.675480. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS344

Incident date

October 16, 2019

Location

العريف بين Çelebeyi وعين عيسى, Al Arif, between Celebeyi and Ayn Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.591274, 38.586731 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Ten civilians died and others were wounded in alleged Turkish shelling of Al Araf, between Celebeyi and Ayn Issa, local media reported.

#ANF noted: “Turkish troops and mercenaries carried out aggression against the village of al-Aref located between Kobanê’s Çelebeyi town and Ayn Issa. There are reports that many civilians lost their lives in the attack.”

According to @TurkceAnha, “The invading Turkish state and its gangs launched a howitzer attack on the village of El Aref between the village of Çelebeyi in Kobanê and Eyn Isa, where there were many civilians. Many civilians were killed in the attack.”

@dersi4m said that “10 civilians were killed and several were wounded”, while @ HiwaDilan_71 tweeted that the “Turkish army massacred and wounded more than 10 civilians in the village of al-Arif.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Arif (العريف), allegeledy located between Kobane (كوباني) and Ayn Issa (عين عيسى), in vicinity of Çelebeyi. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for the middle point between Ayn Issa and Kobane are: 36.591274, 38.586731.

  • Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Arif (العريف), allegeledy located between Kobane (كوباني) and Ayn Issa (عين عيسى), in vicinity of Çelebeyi.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: "In the village of Abu Sirra, located between Girê Spî-Ayn Îssa, gangs attacked the civilian population."

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS365

Incident date

October 24, 2019

Location

السلوك, Suluk, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.597801, 39.127185 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One health worker and two nurses working for Al Suluk hospital – Tal Abyad in Raqqa were reported kidnapped then killed allegedly by Turkey-backed militants (FSA/SNA) on October 24th, 2019, according to local media sources.

ANHA and ANF named one of the victims as Mihemed Bozan Seîdî. ANHA said the members of Al Nusra kidnapped and killed the three health workers.

The Kurdish Red Crescent identified the two nurses as Hevi Khalil and Mediya Khalil (both females, age unknown).

ANF said bodies of the victims were found in sewers.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Age unknown male killed
Hevi Khalil
Age unknown female killed
Mediya Khalil
Age unknown female killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Suluk (سلوك‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.597801, 39.127185. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1–3 healthcare_personnel)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Free Syrian Army

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1–3 healthcare_personnel)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Free Syrian Army

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS383

Incident date

November 6, 2019

Location

القنطري, Al Qenteri, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.396389, 39.264444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One woman was reported injured in an alleged Turkish forces and/or Turkey-backed militants’ attack on Qenteri village, Tal Abyad in Raqqa – Syria.

The attack happened on November 6th 2019, according to local sources. No additional details are presently known.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes

Reports on the incident mention the village of Al Qenteri (القنطري) for which the generic coordinates are 36.396389, 39.264444. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Free Syrian Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Free Syrian Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS306D

Incident date

October 10, 2019

Location

عين عيسى, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.387430, 38.863020 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported wounded with burns likely caused by Turkey’s use of White Phosphorus in Ain Issa, Aleppo in Syria on October 10th, 2019 according to a report by the Times.

No further details available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Age unknown male injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ain Issa (عين عيسى), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.387430, 38.863020. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Sipan Faisal Rasho who was burnt in the alleged Turkish attack.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]