Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish Military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

TS107

Incident date

January 22, 2018

Location

راس العين, Kotana, Afrin, Al Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.843889, 40.072222 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The Smart News Agency reported that “three wounded civilians arrived at Rouge Hospital in the city of Ras al-Ain (about 70 km northwest of the city of Hassaka), including a woman and a 14-year-old boy who were injured by the Turkish army targeting the grain silos area in the city of Ras al-Ain with two mortars.”

However, according to Baladi, the dead and wounded were Kurdish fighters. It said that “the Turkish army shelled the Kurdish units of the Democratic Union Party (PDD) in al-Qamishli, Hasaka province”, resulting in “dead and wounded in the ranks of Kurdish units”.

Al Hassaka Youth Union also reported dead Kurdish fighters, putting the number at seven, as did the source Al Khabour.

According to the Facebook page Olive Branch, there were “dead and wounded”, but the source didn’t specify whether these were civilians.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Kotana, Afrin (راس العين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.843889, 40.072222. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS108

Incident date

January 22, 2018

Location

راجو, Rajo district of Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.67296, 36.666364 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians died and up to 14 more were wounded in an alleged Turkish airstrike on the Rajo district of Afrin, according to sources on the ground.

Two victims were named by The Kurdish Red Crescent. ANF also reported that a Turkish strike killed “a civilian and injured his mother and sister who were in the house.”

Additionally, Afrin Now published images “of martyrs and wounded civilians from the district of Rajo in Afrin countryside who were killed by Turkish air strikes since Monday morning until now”.

Shiar Khalil Khalil put the number wounded at eight, while Anha News named one of them as 60-year-old Rachid Daoud. The Kurdish Red Crescent named four more as injured. In an associated event it said an additional five civilians had been injured in a car crash caused by the ‘shelling’ of Rajo.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Muhammad Khelil Bekir
10 years old male named by The Kurdish Red Crescent killed
Unidentified male
Adult male named by The Kurdish Red Crescent killed
Zakaria Sheikho
Age unknown male news reporter injured
Rachid Daoud
60 years old injured
Hussen Shivan
Age unknown male injured
Shahin Abab
Age unknown injured
Mohammed Bila
Age unknown male injured
Shyar Amanos
Age unknown injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Rajo district of Afrin (راجو), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.67296, 36.666364. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    9–14
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • Zakaria Sheikho, a correspondent of the Ronahi new channel, reportedly wounded in an alleged Turkish strike on the Rajo district of Affrin, 22nd January 2018. (via Free Afrin)
  • Woman allegedly injured in a Turkish airstrike on Rajo, 22nd January 2018. (via Free Afrin facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Rajo, 22nd January 2018. (via Free Afrin facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Rajo, 22nd January 2018. (via Free Afrin facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Rajo, 22nd January 2018. (via Free Afrin facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Rajo, 22nd January 2018. (via Free Afrin facebook)
  • A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Rajo, 22nd January 2018. (via Free Afrin facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Rajo, 22nd January 2018. (via Free Afrin facebook)
  • This image comes from a generic news story which covers the Turkish airstrikes which occurred in the vicinity at the time. (via Anfarabic)
  • This image comes from a generic news story which covers the Turkish airstrikes which occurred in the vicinity at the time. (via Anfarabic)
  • Image showing destruction to the civilian housing in the aftermath of the alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 22nd January 2018. (via Afrin Now)
  • Image showing destruction to the civilian housing in the aftermath of the alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 22nd January 2018. (via Afrin Now)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    9–14
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS105

Incident date

January 21, 2018

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported that two civilians were killed and five people injured in the vicinity of Afrin city.

In a private message with Airwars, it was reported that two people were killed and two people were injured.

There are no additional details are presently known.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Muhammad Abdo Kinjo
27 years old male killed
Muhammad Kado
32 years old male killed
Viyan Rashed
Adult female shock injured
Mustafa Muhammad
Adult male shock injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Afrin (عفرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.511389, 36.864167. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • English
    • English

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • English
    • English

Incident Code

TS106

Incident date

January 21, 2018

Location

شيرا, Shera, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.617500, 36.936944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported that four civilians were injured in the vicinity of Shera in Afrin canton.

Injured civilians were named in a report shared with Airwars.

No additional details are presently known.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Saed Mussa
Adult male leg injury, named in a report shared with Airwars injured
Muhammad Horro
Adult male leg injury, named in a report shared with Airwars injured
Khayri Darwesh
Adult male shock, named in a report shared with Airwars injured
Unidentified woman
Adult female named in a report shared with Airwars killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Shera (شيرا), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.617500, 36.936944. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • English
    • English

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • English
    • English

Incident Code

TS102

Incident date

January 21, 2018

Location

شيا عفرين, Shya, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.496944, 36.598333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

A number of civilians were killed in an alleged Turkish aerial bombardement of Shya and its surrounding areas. The Kurdish Red Crescent reported a number of civilians killed and injured in the vicinity of Shya in Afrin canton.

A report by Aldiwan said that Turkish airstrikes resulted in “much destruction and many civilians killed in Shih and Shura”.

Rok and Hawar News reported Turkish strikes in the area but made no mention of civilian casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Ez Alden Amer
8 years old male named in a report shared with Airwars killed
Amara Ali
20 years old female named in a report shared with Airwars killed
Rashed AlNsan
40 years old male named in a report shared with Airwars killed
Feyroz Omar
Age unknown named in a report shared with Airwars injured
Kajin Shekh Muhammad
Age unknown named in a report shared with Airwars injured
Zeynab Hemklino
40 years old female named in a report shared with Airwars injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Shya (شيا عفرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.496944, 36.598333. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS103

Incident date

January 21, 2018

Location

محبة, Mobato, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.562634, 36.74562 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported a number of civilians killed and injured in the vicinity of Mobato in Afrin canton.

According to a report shared with Airwars the victims were an unnamed child (killed); and an unidentified woman suffering from shock. Adult civilian males Hassan and Mustafa Ali both reportedly received leg injuries.

Other sources reported Turkish strikes in the areas but made no mention of civilian casualties.

In a private list shared with Airwars, Rumaf listed an “unidentified child, a boy, killed in Mobato on Jan 21st”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Unidentified woman
Adult female killed
Unidentified child
Child male killed
Hassan
Age unknown male injured
Mustafa Ali
Age unknown male injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Mobato (محبة), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.562634, 36.74562. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS104

Incident date

January 21, 2018

Location

عفرين, Jindires, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.391667, 36.693056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported that five adult male civilians were killed and four people injured in the vicinity of Jinderes in Afrin canton. The victims names were confirmed though a private message shared with Airwars.

Other sources also reported Turkish strikes in the area. According to Alnado, civilians sheltered in caves “to escape the heavy Turkish bombardment”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Baker Adnan
Adult male shared in a private report with Airwars, also named by Rumaf killed
Muhammad Hanan
Adult male shared in a private report with Airwars, also named by Rumaf killed
Bashar Dilsher welat
Adult male shared in a private report with Airwars, also named by Rumaf killed
Chekdar
Adult male shared in a private report with Airwars, also named by Rumaf killed
Waled Tersely
28 years old male shared in a private report with Airwars, also named by Rumaf killed
Yousif Abdul Rahman
15 years old male head injury injured
Selva Eed
Age unknown suffering from shock injured
Majd Adel Beker
Age unknown broken hand injured
Basel Hassan
Age unknown bruising injured
Muhammad Oso Yousif
65 years old male injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Jindires, Afrin (عفرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.391667, 36.693056. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The exact moment an alleged Turkish airstrike hit Jindires, Afrin 21st January 2018. (via Barada)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS101

Incident date

January 21, 2018

Location

ماريامين, Mariamain and Diwa villages, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.531667, 36.950833 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Afrin Now reported that three civilians were killed and 13 wounded in an alleged Turkish strike on Mariamain and Diwa villages.

According to Almjhar, Hawar, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and Tardous News, two of the victims died in Mariamain’s Shara area, and one in Diwa’s Gendressa quarter.

Afrin Now named Ahmad Himmo as one of the three victims, though did not say which of the two villages he came from.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Ahmad Himmo
Adult male killed
Ismail Al Hussein
9 years old male injured
Fadi Al Hussein
10 years old injured
Abdul Sattar Jenco
28 years old male injured
Mohammed Abdo Jenko
27 years old male injured
Ismail Mohammed Ibrahim
12 years old injured
Fadi Mohammed Abdo
10 years old injured
Hamid Battal
30 years old injured
Khalid Abdul Qader
46 years old male injured
Hamida Ibrahim
3 years old injured
Faiza Badr Al Hassan
24 years old injured
Driana Mohammed Seedo
Age unknown injured
Hiba Akram
13 years old injured
unknown civilian aged 30 years
30 years old injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Mariamain and Diwa villages (ماريامين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.531667, 36.950833. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Injured civilian being treated in a medical facility following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mariamain and Diwa villages, 21st Jan 2018. (via Afrin now)
  • Injured civilian being treated in a medical facility following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mariamain and Diwa villages, 21st Jan 2018. (via Afrin now)
  • Injured civilian being treated in a medical facility following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mariamain and Diwa villages, 21st Jan 2018. (via Afrin now)
  • Injured civilian being treated in a medical facility following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mariamain and Diwa villages, 21st Jan 2018. (via Afrin now)
  • Injured civilian being treated in a medical facility following an alleged Turkish airstrike on Mariamain and Diwa villages, 21st Jan 2018. (via Afrin now)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]