Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish Military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

TI073

Incident date

October 4, 2021

Location

سيدان, Sidan, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq

Geolocation

35.58366, 44.72131 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two to three people, including a woman, were injured in alleged Turkish drone strikes on the village of Saydani on October 4, 2021. Local sources were conflicted as to whether those injured were civilians or members of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).

According to Rudaw News, a 24-year-old woman and a 53-year-old man were injured in a Turkish drone strike on Saydani village. Sharif Rahim, the spokesperson for Chamchamal health directorate, told Rudaw “the injury to the man is serious.”

The head of Chemchemal’s health directorate, Sharif Raheem Moawen, told Shafaq News Agency, “two civilians from Sidan village, the Chemchemal district, were injured: a 24 years old male and a 33 years old male.”

@AnwarKazhin said the strike took place on the outskirts of Shwan sub-district.

ANF News said the incident occurred at 5:50 p.m. The source said it “believed” a Turkish drone had carried out the strike but “Iranian regime forces could also be responsible”.

Hawar News reported that the drone strike struck a car while Kurdistan 24 referred to the location as being an alleged Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) outpost, adding that “Two injured people were transferred to the emergency hospital in Chamchamal,” Chamchamal health directorate spokesman Sharif Rahim told Kurdistan 24. It was not immediately clear if the victims were PKK members or civilians.”

Said Karim, a Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) official in Qarahanjir, told BasNews that “As a result of this bombardment, three fighters of PKK have been injured who have now been transferred to Chamchamall hospital for medical treatment.”

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The incident occured at approximately 5:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–3

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Sidan (سيدان), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.58366, 44.72131. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported injured
    0–3

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI079

Incident date

May 21, 2022

Location

مەخموور, Makhmur, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

35.75382, 43.605244 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and seven others were injured in alleged Turkish drone strikes on Makhmur refugee camp on May 21, 2022. In addition, one to two alleged members of the PKK were killed in the same incident.

Camp director Nechirvan Mahmoud told AFP that a suspected Turkish drone struck a vehicle in Makhmur refugee camp, killing a resident.

According to @SweeneySteve, at least seven people were injured in the strikes on Makhmour refugee camp. @dersi4m reported that a young man named Haci Mirza Ali who was injured in the same strikes died from his injuries the following day.

BasNews reported that according to a Turkish security source, the person killed was a senior commander of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) named Mehmet Erdogan, codenamed Ahmet Rubar. “The source added that Rubar had directed and overseen the PKK operations in the northern areas of Makhmur, Sulaymaniyah, and Kirkuk since 2021. He used a fake ID card under the name Haji Mirza Ali, the source revealed.” Overall, BasNews identified “several people” as being killed and injured.

A tweet from @nicolas62574020 added that Turkey’s national intelligence organization accused Erdogan of “attempting to overthrow the constitutional order and violating Turkey’s territorial integrity” after joining the PKK in 1990. @SardarSattar added that “several PKK members” were killed in a PKK vehicle.

In contrast to reporting that those killed were militants, Media News reported that the vehicle struck belonged to the civilian and none of the sources specifically refer to Haci Mirza Ali as being a member of the PKK.

The New Arab pointed out that Makhmur refugee camp hosts more than 12,000 Kurdish refugees and that the camp is being sponsored by the United Nations.

The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), one of the two major political parties in the KRI, released a statement condemning the drone strike: “We call on the Iraqi government to fulfil its constitutional and national obligation to protect Iraqi soil and air space, including the KRI. The Iraqi government should approach the Turkish government about these violations through diplomatic channels. The KRI administration should summon Turkey’s ambassador and communicate to him its discontent with these attacks. There can be no excuse for border violations of this nature, resulting in civilian deaths and injuries.”

All of the sources that report on the incident attributed the drone strikes to Turkey.

The incident occured at approximately 12:00 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Haci Mirza Ali
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1–2

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Mehmet Erdogan, who was killed in alleged Turkish drone strikes on Makhmur camp on May 21, 2022. (Image posted by BasNews)
  • Mehmet Erdogan, who was killed in alleged Turkish drone strikes on Makhmur camp on May 21, 2022. Turkey has accused Erdogan of being a member of the PKK. (Image posted by @nicolas62574020)
  • Truck hit by alleged Turkish drone strikes on Makhmur camp on May 21, 2022. (Image posted by @nicolas62574020)
  • Truck hit by alleged Turkish drone strikes on Makhmur camp on May 21, 2022. (Image posted by @nicolas62574020)
  • Residents of Makhmur camp surround the truck hit by alleged Turkish drone strikes on May 21, 2022. (Image posted by @dersi4m)

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a vehicle being struck in Makhmur (مەخموور) refugee camp. Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the exact location of the strike to these coordinates: 35.75382, 43.605244.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Exact Location","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"type":"Point","coordinates":[43.605244,35.75382]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"X","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[43.618597984313965,35.75040447346476],[43.61751437187195,35.75032610862661],[43.61629128456116,35.749960405028354],[43.61639857292175,35.749098382755264],[43.61740708351135,35.74870655136291],[43.61888766288757,35.74905484602914],[43.61963868141174,35.74863689224677],[43.62205266952515,35.74964694346383],[43.62174153327942,35.751780199166745],[43.62066864967346,35.752285206431935],[43.618597984313965,35.75040447346476]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Y","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[43.615561723709106,35.7469694089579],[43.61614644527435,35.7469694089579],[43.61614644527435,35.74732206499439],[43.615561723709106,35.74732206499439],[43.615561723709106,35.7469694089579]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"E"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[43.60499583184719,35.7538709519493],[43.60515810549259,35.75393734142935],[43.60511451959609,35.7540048192048],[43.60508903861046,35.75399393569649],[43.60507495701313,35.7540091726077],[43.60498510301113,35.753978154606834],[43.60499918460846,35.753941150660125],[43.60495626926422,35.75392373703221],[43.60499583184719,35.7538709519493]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"C"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[43.6052767932415,35.753781162810284],[43.6051782220602,35.753740893708965],[43.605237901210785,35.75365273695656],[43.60533244907856,35.753690829392404],[43.6052767932415,35.753781162810284]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"B"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[43.60570795834064,35.753707698893905],[43.60553227365017,35.75385789171718],[43.60546186566353,35.753915574392806],[43.60543370246887,35.75391666274478],[43.605277463793755,35.75378932546345],[43.60548935830593,35.753664708866935],[43.605616092681885,35.753599407515715],[43.60570795834064,35.753707698893905]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0,"label":"A"},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[43.60627055168152,35.75372021497333],[43.60611900687218,35.75388510053164],[43.6058534681797,35.753768646740404],[43.60596813261509,35.753678857485966],[43.60610090196132,35.75358471470432],[43.60616460442543,35.75360430511892],[43.60618807375431,35.75362770477449],[43.60622562468052,35.753673959887344],[43.60627055168152,35.75372021497333]]]}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"D","label-type":"white-red","stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[43.60489457845688,35.753728377632775],[43.60465854406357,35.75362171881674],[43.60477119684219,35.753443228233415],[43.604991137981415,35.7535651242849],[43.60489457845688,35.753728377632775]]]}}]}
  • Imagery:
    Medya News

  • Imagery:
    Medya News

  • Imagery:
    Medya News

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1–2

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS530

Incident date

July 24, 2022

Location

الاسدية, Al Asadiya, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.776363, 40.130898 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Four civilians, including two children and their father, were injured in alleged Turkish shelling of al-Asadiya village in Zarkan district on July 24, 2022.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the bombardment resulted in the injury of eight civilians, including a woman and two children, in the area from Abu Rasin (Zarkan) to Tel Tamr countryside. However, the source did not specify whether the injuries occurred in in Tel Tamr or Zarkan district.

A Facebook post by Dijla-Syrian desert provided the names of four people injured: Mohammed Muayyad Abdullah (7 years), Tayseer Muayyad Abdullah (5 years), the father Muayyad Abdullah (32 years), and Muhammad Qasim (20 years).

A military source told North Press that one of Syrian army soldiers lost his life due to the Turkish shelling on al-Asadiya and a medical source in Martyr Khabat Hospital in Derbasiyah told North Press that four wounded people including two children reached the hospital due to the Turkish shelling.

Hawar News reported that “a member of the Damascus government forces was killed and 4 others, including 2 children and their father, were wounded in Zarghan district.”

North Press Agency identified the villages of Qabr al-Khedrawi, Tel Hermel, al-Asadiya, Mushairfa Zarkan, Tel al-Amir, Bsais and Harmallah as being shelled by Turkish forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Mohammed Muayyad Abdullah محمد مؤيد عبد الله
7 years old injured
Tayseer Muayyad Abdullah تيسير مؤيد عبد االله
5 years old injured
Muayyad Abdullah مؤيد عبد الله
32 years old male injured

The victims were named as:

Muhammad Qasim محمد قاسم
20 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish shelling of the villages of Zarkan on July 24, 2022. (Image posted by Dijla-Syrian desert via Facebook)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention strikes on the village of Al Asadiya (الاسدية), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.776363, 40.130898. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS561

Incident date

October 14, 2022

Location

الفكة, Al Fakkah, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.728188, 40.399893 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two farmers were injured when alleged Turkish artillery shells struck their agricultural land in the village of Al-Fakkah on October 14, 2022.

Hawar News reported that two farmers were wounded when Turkish forces bombed the village of Al-Fakkah, north of Tal Tamer District. Local residents told Hawar the the two injured civilians, Dhiyab Khalaf al-Darwish (40 years old) and Hajj Yassin al-Darwish (40 years old), were injured while working on their agricultural land and were transferred to Al-Shahida Lycrin Hospital for treatment.

Lou’i Bakr, a director of a hospital in Tel Tamr, told North Press that the Turkish forces targeted with several shells the village of Al-Fakkah, resulting in the injury of two farmers on their land. At the time of the reporting, the condition of the wounded civilians was not known yet.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and Dijla-Syrian desert also reported that two civilians were wounded by Turkish forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

40 years old injured
40 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Agriculture
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Fakkah (الفكة), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.728188, 40.399893. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Agriculture
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS590

Incident date

March 20, 2023

Location

جنديرس, Jindires, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.415093, 36.700472 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Four men from the same family were killed and three others, including a child with special needs, were injured when Turkish mercenaries alleged shot them during Newroz celebrations in Jandrisa district on March 20, 2023.

Local sources told Hawar News that the mercenaries of Ahrar al-Sharqiya opened fire on civilians in Jandrisa district while they were lighting a Newroz fire on the roof of their house, killed four people from one family and injuring three others.

Hawar News published the names of the civilians killed: Farah al-Din Othman (43 years old) – Muhammad Muhammad Othman (38 years old) – Muhammad Ismail Othman (18 years old) – Nazmi Muhammad Othman (53 years old). The three older family members killed were brothers, and the youngest was a son/nephew. Afrin News added that the minor Firas Abdo Khalil, 14 years old with special needs, was also injured in the shooting.

The Syrian Democratic Council identified the victims as a Kurdish family living in a refugee tent because they were displaced by the February 6th earthquake.

Ms. Rosheen Othman, the sister of the three brothers who were killed and the mother of the younger man killed, told the Syrian Democratic Council that she was hiding inside the tent during the attack with her son and she tried to prevent her son from exiting the tent, but he wanted to help his father and other relatives. He ran out and was shot in the heart, and died instantly.

Afrin News detailed that “Nazmi” was sitting outside near the fire when he was first assaulted and threatened, then machine gunned heavily until the rest of his family came out to help and they were hit in the chest and stomach, each victim sustaining 10-15 bullet wounds.

According to private sources who spoke to Hawar News, the injured and killed civilians were transferred to the “military hospital” in Afrin but the hospital refused to treat the injured so they were transferred to a hospital in the town of Atmeh, which is under the occupation of “Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham.”

Hawar News reported that following the massacre against the family, demonstrations against the Turkish military and its mercenary groups occurred in Afrin and the surrounding villages, with the protestors refusing to hold a funeral until the perpetrators of the massacre were held accountable. The “Military Police” announced that they had arrested the perpetrator – “Hassan al-Daba'”, the leader of the “Ahrar al-Sharqiya” mercenaries – however Hawar News speculated that Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham was also involved. Afrin News named the perpetrators as “Omar Saleh Al-Asmar, born in 2000 AD, Habib Ali Khalaf, born in 2004 AD, Bilal Ahmed Al-Aboud, born in 2000 AD) with direct support and attribution from the so-called “Ali Khalaf / Abu Habib Khasham.”

The Syrian Democratic Council also documented connection between the mercenary group and Turkish forces, stating that “Jaish al-Sharqiya is one of main Turkish-backed terrorist groups controlling the Syrian district of Afrin…These militants benefit from training and equipment provided by the Turkish government. The militants are given money, weapons, and the authority to conduct activities by Turkish officials.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Farah al-Din Othman
43 years old male killed
Muhammad Muhammad Othman
38 years old male killed
Muhammad Ismail Othman
18 years old male killed
Nazmi Muhammad Othman
42 years old male killed

The victims were named as:

Firas Abdo Khalil
14 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of the victims of a shooting allegedly carried out by Turkish mercenaries near Afrin on March 20, 2023. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • The victims of a shooting allegedly carried out by Turkish mercenaries near Afrin on March 20, 2023. (Image posted by Hawar News)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Jindires (جنديرس) subdistrict, the generic coordinates for which are: 36.415093, 36.700472. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1,"fill-opacity":0},"geometry":{"type":"MultiPolygon","coordinates":[[[[36.78132057200003,36.506448746000046],[36.79127693200007,36.48454475400007],[36.79725074700008,36.45766258300006],[36.79127693200007,36.42878913900006],[36.78928565900003,36.395933151000065],[36.78430748000005,36.36805534400003],[36.78430748000005,36.350133895000056],[36.79028129500006,36.340177536000056],[36.79824485800003,36.33619575600005],[36.79824381100008,36.33619538600004],[36.79549352200007,36.322336793000034],[36.77857118000003,36.31583335200003],[36.77516114600007,36.314522425000064],[36.76029829700008,36.31274484700003],[36.76029777600007,36.312746048000065],[36.75929069500006,36.31504631000007],[36.757474899000044,36.31965065000003],[36.75562477200003,36.32489204400008],[36.75385093700004,36.328695297000024],[36.75128746100006,36.33265113900006],[36.74859046900008,36.33548545900004],[36.74513435400007,36.337831497000025],[36.740190505000044,36.33872032200003],[36.73216056800004,36.338766098000065],[36.72573661800004,36.33803749100008],[36.72405433600005,36.33657646100005],[36.722799301000066,36.33448219300004],[36.726720810000074,36.33070945700007],[36.72942924500006,36.32771492000006],[36.72503471400006,36.32573509200006],[36.718851089000054,36.32421302800003],[36.71541404800007,36.32256507900007],[36.70841407700004,36.32166862500003],[36.69745826700006,36.32151603700004],[36.693246842000065,36.32153511100006],[36.68673133800007,36.32256126400006],[36.679502487000036,36.32229805000003],[36.67289161700006,36.321409225000025],[36.669092772000056,36.320497655000054],[36.66909217800003,36.32049751200003],[36.66911141600008,36.321483940000064],[36.669202804000065,36.326169968000045],[36.66884040900004,36.32666206300007],[36.66623115600004,36.33023262100005],[36.663431167000056,36.331750870000064],[36.659311295000066,36.333982468000045],[36.65610694900005,36.334714889000054],[36.65327150200005,36.33535946200004],[36.652700424000045,36.335489273000064],[36.65017128000005,36.33606910700007],[36.640161515000045,36.335641861000056],[36.64006614700003,36.33563804700003],[36.63989416600003,36.335631128000045],[36.63940239000004,36.33561134400003],[36.62148094100007,36.32880210800005],[36.61158943200007,36.32790184000004],[36.60783994700006,36.329881476000025],[36.60783958400003,36.32988166800004],[36.607821616000024,36.33039478000006],[36.607770920000064,36.33184242300007],[36.60774040800004,36.33286075400008],[36.60774040200005,36.33286094700003],[36.607812006000074,36.33299306600003],[36.609586716000024,36.33626747100004],[36.61145439400008,36.33972345900003],[36.61200904900005,36.340749741000025],[36.618230820000065,36.346052170000064],[36.62774002700007,36.35416150700007],[36.62774085900003,36.35416221700007],[36.62783241200003,36.35902977000006],[36.627851486000054,36.35967063900006],[36.62618738500004,36.362988434000044],[36.625429154000074,36.364500046000046],[36.62346127500007,36.36844924800005],[36.62026044500004,36.37487179200008],[36.62026023900006,36.37487220700007],[36.62073900300004,36.37680095600007],[36.62352180500005,36.38801002500003],[36.622900009000034,36.390050888000076],[36.622560502000056,36.39119911200004],[36.622560246000035,36.391199166000035],[36.61836826100006,36.39209217300004],[36.615701675000025,36.39266014100008],[36.61570030200005,36.39265993600003],[36.60666084300004,36.391309738000075],[36.60624489600008,36.391365594000035],[36.602029800000025,36.39193153400004],[36.59926033000005,36.39229011500004],[36.59683036800004,36.39307212800003],[36.593229294000025,36.39423179700003],[36.58937710500004,36.39760247500004],[36.58913993800007,36.39780998200007],[36.58672904900004,36.401880264000056],[36.58663219500005,36.40244401600006],[36.58643150300003,36.40361213700004],[36.58532787900003,36.409801953000056],[36.58498954800007,36.41169929500006],[36.583658445000026,36.41385580300005],[36.579900741000074,36.419942856000034],[36.57689094500006,36.42482185400007],[36.57639122000006,36.430101394000076],[36.57558250400007,36.438550949000046],[36.57354927100005,36.442281723000065],[36.57354164100008,36.44230079700003],[36.570791245000066,36.44381141700006],[36.56855201700006,36.44505119300004],[36.56838421100008,36.450043454000024],[36.56838417100005,36.45004463200007],[36.60410881100006,36.45203971900003],[36.61670221300005,36.45413806600004],[36.617499397000074,36.45427088500003],[36.62586910700003,36.460408673000074],[36.633693160000064,36.46731711500007],[36.63144891500008,36.48049598000006],[36.63144895600004,36.48049612600005],[36.631448746000046,36.48049736000007],[36.63319592100004,36.48667913400004],[36.63870266400005,36.50616309500003],[36.64930429900005,36.51843867100007],[36.66065079600003,36.51944991500005],[36.660650048000036,36.519449216000055],[36.660566886000026,36.51937146800003],[36.65962762300006,36.518493325000065],[36.657461814000044,36.51162084400005],[36.65746141600005,36.51161957800008],[36.659741170000075,36.50939631000006],[36.65834921000004,36.50692864800004],[36.65834808100004,36.50692664500008],[36.65579080600003,36.50446850000003],[36.65578848300004,36.504466267000055],[36.66034099600006,36.50048183200005],[36.663779377000026,36.498858194000036],[36.66546817700004,36.49806066300005],[36.66634008600005,36.49746126000008],[36.670025671000076,36.49492738600003],[36.67384303500006,36.49288345700006],[36.67601274400005,36.49300400200008],[36.677645891000054,36.49161279700007],[36.68430501700004,36.49128413300008],[36.69006415100006,36.495097230000056],[36.69006444100006,36.49509939700005],[36.690223898000056,36.49628740500003],[36.69047069000004,36.49812603000004],[36.69511078800008,36.50069164100006],[36.69587656400006,36.50111502200008],[36.69587709700005,36.50111475800003],[36.699829419000025,36.49915407100008],[36.70379559100007,36.497744289000025],[36.703796159000035,36.49774436600006],[36.711487877000025,36.49878559600006],[36.71652716500006,36.500399310000034],[36.716752187000054,36.500218346000054],[36.720322802000055,36.49734667900003],[36.72510611700005,36.496747682000034],[36.731808768000064,36.495797448000076],[36.73540478100006,36.495287476000044],[36.73794184700006,36.49559757500003],[36.741757250000035,36.49606381600006],[36.74175790900006,36.496065086000044],[36.74583496900004,36.50393117200008],[36.750600672000076,36.51281749200007],[36.75256441800008,36.516478558000074],[36.779326956000034,36.52237706100004],[36.77932703700003,36.52237842300008],[36.77932930000003,36.52237892200003],[36.78132057200003,36.506448746000046]]]]}}]}

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Ground operation
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS622

Incident date

August 9, 2023

Location

قرية ام الكيف, village of Um al-Kaif, Al-Hasakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was wounded by a mortar strike suspected to have been carried out by the Turkish armed forces on the village of Um al-Kaif in the Tal Tamr countryside on August 9, 2023.

Hawar News reported that Daham Ahmed Muhammad, aged 26, was wounded by shrapnel and taken to Martyr Likrin Hospital to receive treatment. An image shared by Hawar News shows him in hospital with a large medical dressing to the lower left of his back.

NPA reported that six mortar shells struck the village of Um al-Kaif, resulting in the injury of two people.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the shelling to Turkish forces.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Daham Ahmed Muhammad دحام أحمد محمد
26 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Daham Ahmed Muhammad, injured by alleged Turkish shelling on August 6, 2023. (Image posted by Hawar News)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS655

Incident date

October 27, 2023

Location

ساحة ازادي, Azadi Square, city of Al-Malikiyah (Dayrik), Qamishlo canton, Al-Hasakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

On Friday, October 27, 2023, an 11-year-old child Ahmed Shaheen was injured alongside a 39-year-old woman Avin Khalil, and later died of his injuries inflicted by an drone strike declared by the Turkish military on the Azadi Square in Al-Malikiyah city, also known as Dayrik, in the Hasakah countryside, Syria, an area under the influence of the Autonomous Administration.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), the strike also killed a senior commander of the Syrian Democratic Forces and the coordinator with the International Coalition Forces, Shibli Dirik (Farhad Derik), when he was leaving his home in Azadi Square. According to SOHR, Dirik had previously been targeted in a failed assassination attempt by a Turkish drone. Multiple sources on social media posted the images of the deceased militant.

SOHR reported that the injured child and woman were hospitalized in a hospital in Hasakah. Later on the same day, October 27, 2023, SOHR provided an update claiming that the child died due to the wounds.

The airstrike was also reported by multiple prominent local media outlets, which corroborated the location, number of the victims, their identities, ages, and information regarding the suspected belligerent. One source, Qamishlo now, claimed that two children were injured as a result of the attack; however, it did not provide details regarding the identity of the victim.

On the day of the incident, a local news outlet on Facebook posted a video which appeared to show the remains of a shell, allegedly as a result of the attack. Meanwhile, another media agency shared a picture showing the damage to the house with a broken window and the remains of the shell on the ground.

The Turkish government released a statement through state-run Anadolu Agency that the Turkish intelligence agency (MIT) “neutralized terrorist Muhammed Azo [his Arabic name rather than his Kurdish name], the so-called Derik brigade leader of the terrorist organization PKK/YPG, in an operation in northern Syria.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Ahmed Shaheen أحمد شاهين
11 years old male killed
Avin Khalil أفين خليل
39 years old female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Known target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Source: Derke Hamko facebook
  • Source: Qamishlo voice facebook
  • Source: Qamishlo voice facebook
  • Source: Qamishlo voice facebook
  • Source: Kobani live facebook
  • Source: Qamishlo now facebook

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Turkish Military

According to information obtained from security sources, Muhammed Azo was targeted by MİT last year, but he survived the operation injured.

Action was taken after it was determined that terrorist Azo, who was sent abroad by the terrorist organization PKK/YPG for treatment, returned to Derik in northern Syria.

MİT neutralized terrorist Azo, the so-called Derik brigade leader of the terrorist organization PKK/YPG, in an operation in northern Syria.

Terrorist Muhammed Azo was wanted on the grounds that he was the perpetrator of the attack on the Yakacık Police Station of the 1st Border Battalion Command on the Şırnak/Cizre-Silopi road on February 2, 2022, in which private Tarık Tarcan was martyred and 3 soldiers were injured, 20 days before his discharge. .

While Muhammed Azo was serving as the so-called brigade officer in the terrorist organization, he served as the coordination officer of the joint exercise in which 250 PYD/YPG terrorists participated with the United States in Derik in northern Syria on September 7, 2022, and posed candidly with US soldiers. was also determined.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Known target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS154

Incident date

February 3, 2018

Location

جنديرس, Rajo, Afrin, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.67296, 36.666364 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported the injury of six civilians in Rajo, Syria. It named the victims and listed injuries.

The weapon used was not reported.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Joan Mohammed Baker
35 years old male Bruises injured
Sheyar Khalil
32 years old male Head injury injured
Khalil Ahmad
43 years old male Shrapnel in the head injured
Mustafa Alo
31 years old male Shoulder injury injured
Othman Mohammed
32 years old male Various shrapnel wounds in the body injured
Akkash Dawood
66 years old male Various shrapnel wounds in both sides injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Rajo, Afrin, Aleppo (جنديرس), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.67296, 36.666364. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]