Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC092

Incident date

September 20, 2018

Location

وادي الربيع, Wadi al Rabie, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.743819, 13.357047 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reported killed in Tajoura because of indiscriminate artillery shelling.

Wagak Original said on Twitter that three initially unidentified bodies were found in the Al Khala area and sent to the Tripoli Medical Hospital. They were then “identified as Khairi Bizik and his brother Karim Bizik and Hamza Goma.” The source added that they were hit by indiscriminate shelling at a traffic light in the Wadi al Rabie area.

Other sources on social media published similar reports, Mohamed Al Megrahi posted graphic pictures of the three victims on Facebook.

Local reports indicate that the 7th Brigade and GNA-affiliated militias were shelling around Tajoura that day.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Khairi Bizik Adult male Via Wagak Original killed
  • Karim Bizik Adult male Via Wagak Original killed
  • Hamza Goma Adult male Via Wagak Original killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of an alleged victim (via Mohamed Al Megrahi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of an alleged victim (via Mohamed Al Megrahi)
  • Image of another supposed victim (via Tripoli Tewa)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Wadi Al Rabie (الطويشة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.709600, 13.382378. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Wadi Al Rabie (الطويشة).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

7th Brigade Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    7th Brigade
  • 7th Brigade position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC173

Incident date

July 27, 2019

Location

الهضبة البدري, Al Hadaba Al Badri, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.836207, 13.213150 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Between two and three civilians were reported killed resulting from indiscriminate artillery shelling on the Al Hadba Al Badri neighbourhood of Tripoli.

The Libya Observer reported: “The National Safety Authority says two people died as a result of a shell falling on their home in Al Hadaba Al Badri area south of Tripoli.”

Libya Al Alahrar TV wrote: “The National Safety Authority in Tripoli confirmed the death of two people because a shell landed on a house in Al Hadaba Al-Badri area.”

Ambulance Services Libya said: “Ambulance rescue and ambulance teams are providing emergency services to the injured following the fall of shells on a residential neighborhood in Al Hadaba Al Badri area in the capital Tripoli, causing the deaths of two children and a man.”

Al Motawaset later named three victims likely from this incident.

Local reports of fighting point at shelling by either GNA or LNA.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Al-Haj Age unknown male killed
  • Miloud Ambiya Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2 children1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the aftermath

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Hadaba Al Badri (الهضبة البدري), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.836207, 13.21315. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Hadaba Al Badri (الهضبة البدري).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2 children1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC100b

Incident date

January 16, 2019

Location

راس يوسف, Ras Yusuf, Nuqat al Khums, Libya

Geolocation

32.786200, 12.318565 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Two women and an elderly man were reportedly killed by indiscriminate artillery shelling in Tripoli.

UNSMIL wrote in its civilian casualty report that “two women and an elderly man were killed in Ras Yusuf district while attempting to escape the shelling.”

Local reports point at GNA-affiliated militias or the 7th Brigade as the perpetrator behind the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 women1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ras Yusuf (راس يوسف), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.786200, 12.318565. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 women1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC096

Incident date

September 23, 2018

Location

طرابلس‎, Tripoli: Airport road, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.806027, 13.139814 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Street

Airwars assessment

Four civilians, all of them from the Bin Zakri family, were reported killed because of if indiscriminate artillery shelling on their house near the Airport road in Tripoli.

Dr Suad Diab, a well-known doctor from Tripoli, her husband Ali Eltaher Bin Zakri and their two children Mohammed Ali Bin Zakri and Riham Ali Ben Zakri reportedly died after a shell hit their home just behind Libya Mall.

Ewan Libya wrote: “Media sources confirmed the death of a family of four after a shell fell on their house near Tripoli airport.”

Other sources published similar reports.

The Tripoli Protection Force militia accused the Somoud Brigade which supports the 7th Brigade of conducting the shelling.

Two sources, Radaa Abuslim and Alwasat, however, contested the claims and said the story was untrue, citing the Ministry of Health.

A local medical source told Airwars that the family’s death currently can’t be confirmed.

The case will be updated once there is more information available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Dr Suad Diab Adult female Via Ewan Libya killed
  • Ali Eltaher Bin Zakri Adult male Via Ewan Libya killed
  • Mohammed Ali Bin Zakri Child male Via Ewan Libya killed
  • Riham Ali Ben Zakri Child female Via Ewan Libya killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    7th Brigade

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Headline: "Four members of one family were killed in clashes in the capital"

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the road leading to the airport in Tripoli (طرابلس‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.806027, 13.139814. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the road leading to the airport in Tripoli (طرابلس‎).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

7th Brigade Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    7th Brigade
  • 7th Brigade position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    7th Brigade

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC001

Incident date

August 11, 2013

Location

الظهي, Al Dahir, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

31.200556, 16.428333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Wissam Salem reported on Twitter that four people were killed and 15 more injured in an airstrike near Sirte. Salem didn’t elaborate if the victims were civilians or combattants.

However, other sources claimed that the casualties resulted either from a car bomb or mortars.

Wady Dynar reported that the explosions heard in Al Dahir in the outskirts of Sirte were mortar shells and not airstrikes.

Libyans reported that the explosions were caused by a car bomb.

A pro Gaddafi Facebook page claimed the strikes were conducted by the US near the Wadan project.

News_yemen on Twitter also reported the incident as a US airstrike on Ansar al-Sharia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Dahir (الظهي), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.200556, 16.428333. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Dahir (الظهي).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC168

Incident date

July 19, 2019

Location

الاصابعة, Asabi'ah, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

32.516483, 13.167439 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Up to four civilians were reportedly killed in a GNA airstrike on Asabi’ah.

Al Mashhad said that the bombing left civilian casualties and that according to their source three people were killed.

218TV reported: “The media center of the LNA Operations Room confirmed that the rockets launched by terrorist groups on a residential neighborhood in Asabi’ah led to the death of four people and the wounding of others.”

The Libya Observer, however, contested the claim and said that “four militants loyal to warlord Haftar were killed and eight others wounded in an airstrike by the Libyan Air Force on a military location in Asabi’ah town in the Nafusa Mountains last night.”

Tarhuna 24 published a similar report: “The city was hit by an airstrike at 12:55 pm targeting a concentration of armed forces resulting in the martyrdom of four soldiers.”

Hona Sog Al-Khmies listed seven dead soldiers, allegedly from the LNA battalion 152 and eight more injured fighters.

Burkanly said that GNA Colonel Mohammad Qannouno had confirmed airstrikes on Asabi’ah but did not mention civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–7
  • Belligerents reported injured
    8

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Asabi’ah (الاصابعة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.516483, 13.167439. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–7
  • Belligerents reported injured
    8

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC093

Incident date

September 1–30, 2018

Location

طرابلس‎, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.886602, 13.190912 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between two and four civilians were reported killed as a result of possible indiscriminate artillery shelling in and around Tripoli.

The Tripoli wounded affairs administration posted on Facebook: “Statistics of the victims of the clashes that took place south of Tripoli on Thursday, 20 September 2018

Casualties:

11 deaths (5 civilians, 3 foreign workers, 3 fighters)

1 missing

11 injured”

Alnabaa TV broadcasted a report where it stated that four civilians had been killed and 17 people had been injured in the clashes.

Casualties from the cases LC090, LC091 and LC092 have been deducted in this report. It is also unclear whether all the victims died from artillery strikes or from gunfire.

In its monthly report for September UNSMIL reported eight civilian deaths plus 16 wounded for the whole of Libya from shelling. It reported 15 civilian deaths and 22 injuries for Tripoli, the majority of which from indiscriminate artillery shelling, mentioning cases also assessed by Airwars.

Local reports point at the 7th Brigade or GNA-affiliated militias as the perpetrator.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 4
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–17
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Casualty statistics of the Tripoli clashes: Casualties: 11 deaths (5 civilians, 3 Foreigner workers, 3 fighters) 1 missing 11 injured
  • TV report from Alnabaa saying the death toll on September 18th-20th was four civilians and three combatants. In addition 17 people were reported injured
  • Local sources keep posting images of damaged civilian infrastructure

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Tripoli (طرابلس‎), for which the coordinates are: 32.886602, 13.190912. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

7th Brigade Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    7th Brigade
  • 7th Brigade position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 4
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–17
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC058

Incident date

January 5, 2017

Location

قنفودة, Ganfouda, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.028594, 20.026959 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Libya Alahrar TV reported on Facebook that four children were killed in an airstrike in Ganfouda carried out by the UAE in support of LNA. A two-family house was reportedly hit in the strike.

Other sources, such as Morasel Benghazi and bngazy22, also reported the death of four children, some of them quoting the Saraya Media Center.

Al-Saraya Media Center reported that 4 children from 2 familes were killed in the Benghazi neighbourhood of Ganfouda by airstrikes.

Aareen Alasood posted extremely graphic pictures of the victims on Twitter.

According to Abdulqader Alqainin reported that 14 airstrikes in Benghazi were recorded on that day.

Alnabaa reported four UAE drone strikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Ganfouda (قنفودة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.028594, 20.026959. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Ganfouda (قنفودة).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]