US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CS1207

Incident date

July 15, 2017

Location

الدرعية, Al Dariya near Tariq Ibn Zaid school, Raqqa, Raqqa, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.940959, 39.004435 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

A civilian male was killed following alleged SDF mortar fire or Coalition artillery strikes into the Al Dariya neighbourhood of Raqqa, local sources reported.

Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently and @Q_Alenezy reported that he was killed after shells hit his home behind the Tariq Ibn Ziyad school.

Four of the five sources alleged that the US-backed SDF was responsible, however two sources alleged that artillery fire was responsible, meaning that the Coalition was to blame as Airwars understands that they are the only party with access to such weaponry.

Amnesty International later reported generally on the situation in the neighbourhood, citing ‘Mahmouda’, who escaped on July 21st: “They were fighting on both sides when we left. They [the SDF/coalition] had been shelling for two months. IS slaughtered people like birds. Many people were killed in the shelling. There were bodies all over the streets. The killing was from both sides but the worst was from IS. Families and families died.

The planes couldn’t distinguish between IS and civilians as IS made us all wear the same clothes. If the religious police caught my 12 year old son they’d make him cut his trousers [between the knee and the ankle – Kandahari style] so they couldn’t distinguish.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Professor Mahmoud Khalaf al Mousa Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Mahmoud Khalaf al-Mous, killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Raqqa, 15th July 2017. (via Sharqiya voice)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SEV004774
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 15th-16th: “Near Raqqah, nine strikes engaged five ISIS tactical units and destroyed 14 fighting positions, two anti-air artillery systems and a VBIED.” It was additionally reported that “On July 15, near Raqqah, Syria, 12 strikes engaged five ISIS tactical units and destroyed seven fighting positions, three mortar team positions, a mortar system, a fighting position and a vehicle.”

France
  • English
    /
    Original

For July 12th-18th, France report 11 strikes: 7 in Syria (6 in Raqqa) and 4 in Iraq. There were 26 artillery strikes in Mosul. Since September 19th 2014 France has carried out 1322 strikes, with 2090 targets destroyed and 6812 air sorties. Additionally, they’ve carried out 1310 artillery missions.

‘OPÉRATION CHAMMAL SITUATION En Syrie, Dans la ville de Raqqah désormais encerclée, Daech défend fermement les quartiers sous son contrôle en s’appuyant sur un usage intensif de pièges dont le terrain est littéralement saturé pour ralentir la progression des forces démocratiques syriennes (FDS). Cette stratégie impose aux FDS de déminer, pas à pas, chaque rue et chaque maison, sous la menace permanente de tireurs isolés entre autres tactiques adverses. Leur progression reste donc très lente. En Irak, Alors que les opérations de sécurisation de Mossoul se poursuivent, la principale zone de combat se situe désormais à l’Ouest de la ville dans le secteur de Tall Afar. Depuis cette localité, Daech mène des actions de harcèlement par des tirs directs et indirects contre les positions des Forces de Sécurité Irakiennes (FSI) à proximité. L’effort aérien de la coalition s’y porte donc tout en s’accompagnant d’un engagement plus large sur l’ensemble des autres territoires encore sous le contrôle de l’organisation terroriste. Daech poursuit notamment ses actions de harcèlement depuis la poche de Hawijah et dans l’Anbar, région dans laquelle elle dispose de nombreux camps et caches d’armes. ACTIVITÉS DE LA FORCE Cette semaine, les aéronefs ont réalisé 37 sorties aériennes dont 31 de reconnaissance armée et d’appui au sol (CAS), ainsi que 04 missions de recueil de renseignement et 02 de ravitaillement en vol après le déploiement récent d’un C135. La moitié des frappes françaises (6 sur les 11 frappes) a été réalisée dans le cadre de la bataille de Raqqah, les missions de reconnaissance française ou alliée permettant d’en réaliser autant sur le reste du théâtre afin de préparer les manœuvres futures ou de peser sur les réseaux terroristes. La Task Force (TF) Wagram a mené de son côté 26 missions de tir dont 17 de harcèlement et 09 d’éclairement. Le bilan global de CHAMMAL depuis le 19 septembre 2014 s’élève 1322 frappes, 2090 objectifs détruits et 6812 sorties aériennes réalisées. 1310 missions d’artillerie complètent cet engagement cinétique de la France au Levant.’

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

Saturday 15 July – Tornados hit a sniper in Mosul, Typhoons and Tornados attacked mortar positions in Raqqa… The following day [July 15th], Tornados and Typhoons utilised eleven Paveway IV bombs against mortar positions in Raqqa, whilst a pair of Tornados used a Brimstone missile against a sniper holding out in western Mosul.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1291

Incident date

July 28, 2017

Location

ميادين, Mayadin, Al Masaken, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.016624, 40.4645133 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian died and several others were wounded in airstrikes on Al Mayadin, according to local media – though it is unclear whether the US-led Coalition or Russia were to blame.

According to Euphrates Post, “The International Alliance launched several air raids around 7am targeting the Al Masaken area near the mosque of Othman bin Affan and the kindergarten Al Ryaheen and the area of Jerdak in the center of the city of Mayadeen. The civilian Bashar Hamoud al-Hurib was killed and a number of others wounded”. The victim was also named by other sources. However, these did not identify the planes responsible for his death.

However, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that there were four raids on Al Mayadin, but that it was unknown whether the warplanes were Russian or belonged to the Coalition. It said “The first and second raids targeted Rawdat Al-Rihan and houses near Othman Ibn Affan Mosque, causing the death of a young man and injuring others”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Bashar Hamoud al-Hurib Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near al Mayadin, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 28th-29th: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, three strikes destroyed an ISIS headquarters, an oil storage vehicle, and a well-head.” It additionally reported that “On July 28, near Dayr Az Zawr, Syria, one strike destroyed four ISIS oil stills.”

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1364

Incident date

August 12, 2017

Location

حطلة, Hatla, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.34169, 40.19897 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

An adult male, identified as Kassir Fawzi Al-Abeed Al-Nasser was reported killed in alleged airstrikes on Hatla town, Deir Ezzor. It was not entirely clear who was to blame for this civilian casualty event. However multiple sources cited Russia or the Syrian Regime, whilst two did not specify a culprit.

According to a Facebook post by Alsharq Al Souri, Kassir Fawzi Al-Abeed Al-Nasser was killed inside his home as a result of missiles targeting the house.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Kasser Fawaz Ahmad Al-Sulaiman Al-Nasir, killed in an airstrike on Hatla, August 12th, according to local sources (via Mahmoud Al Haj Ibrahim"

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Amal neighbourhood (العمال) in the town of Hatla (حطلة). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location of this neighbourhood. The generic coordinates for the town of Hatla (حطلة) are: 35.34169, 40.19897.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Hatla, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFV089115
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For August 11th-12th the Coalition reported “Near Dayr Az Zawr, one strike destroyed an ISIS vehicle.” It additionally reported that “On Aug. 11, near Dayr Az Zawr, Syria, two strikes destroyed 11 ISIS oil stills and three oil barrels.”

Unknown
  • English
    /
    Original

For Aug 9-15th, France report 2 strikes in Raqqah, Syria – and 13 artillery missions in Mosul.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1800

Incident date

September 19, 2018

Location

الباغوز, Al Bagouz Fawqani, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.4641667, 40.9452778 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported the death of an adult civilian male, Hussein al-Humeidahin al Bagouz. There was however a discrepancy in the reports. While some local sources attributed the civilian’s death to (SDF) artillery shelling, one source claimed that he was killed by a sniper.

Euphrates Post reported for example the “martyrdom of Hussein al-Humeidah after artillery shelling by the SDF on the town of Al-Bagouz this morning.”

Al Boukamal Direct added that Mr al-Humeidah had refused to leave his home to flee intense fighting in al Bagouz. However another source said Mr al-Humeidah had instead been shephering his sheep at the time of his death.

Other media also reported heavy fighting between so-called Islamic State and the SDF. Al Shafaa stated on its Facebook page that in the “early hours of the morning” columns of smoke were rising from al Baguoz and “the sounds of artillery did not calm down during most of the daylight hours”. Sound and Picture added that dozens of ISIS fighters were killed in clashes with SDF militia.

The reports of artillery shelling seemed to contradict the report from Fajr al Boukamal, who detailed that al-Humeidah was killed by sniper fire “while he was in a field shepherding his sheep”. Fajr al Boukamal is however alone in saying this.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Haj Hussein Al Humaidah Al Khalaf Al Hassan Al Nasser Adult male Local shepherd killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1–0 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Haj Hussein Al Humaidah Al Khalaf Al Hassan Al Nasser, reportedly killed in al Bagouz either by artillery shelling or by a sniper (via Euphrates Post)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 19th, the US-led Coalition reported the following:
“On September 19 in Syria, Coalition military forces conducted 18 strikes consisting of 26 engagements against ISIS targets.
Near Albu Kamal, 18 strikes engaged 11 ISIS tactical units, and destroyed three ISIS fighting positions, two ISIS command and control center, one ISIS vehicle, one ISIS vehicle-borne IED, one ISIS rocket launcher, one ISIS Structure, two ISIS staging areas, one ISIS machine gun, six ISIS supply routes and one ISIS tunnel and damaged two ISIS sites and suppressed one ISIS staging area.”

Netherlands
  • English
    /
    Original

[After August saw few weapons fired, the NL MoD reported airstrikes for the fourth consecutive week. For September 19th-25th, aircraft deployed weapons in three missions, targeting ISIS fighters, a weapon cache and a logistical storage unit near Abu Kamal.]

Nieuwsbericht | 26-09-2018 | 12:00 In de strijd tegen terreurorganisatie ISIS ondersteunden Nederlandse F-16’s grondtroepen tijdens 8 missies. Die zijn gevlogen boven de Syrische provincie Deir al Zour, in de omgeving van Abu Kamal. Er zijn 3 keer wapens ingezet. ISIS-strijders, een wapenopstelling en een logistieke opslagplaats waren het doelwit. Een overzicht van Defensieoperaties in de week van 19 tot 25 september 2018.’

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1–0 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1162

Incident date

July 5, 2017

Location

دلحة وكسرة محمد الآغا, Dahla and Kasrat Muhammed al Agha, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.85412, 39.17217 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Sharqiya Voice reported that a “number” of civilians were injured following ‘SDF artillery fire’ – which would most likely have been a Coalition action – on the villages of Dahla and Kasrat Muhammed al Agha in Raqqa.

Other sources – Newsjorf and Baladi – reported that the victims had been wounded as a result of SDF machine gun fire.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Dahla, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 5th-6th: “Near Raqqah, 21 strikes engaged 15 ISIS tactical units and destroyed 13 fighting positons, two vehicles, two heavy machine guns, a front-end loader, a UAV site and a sniper position.”

It additionally reported that “On July 5, near Raqqah, Syria, five strikes engaged four ISIS tactical units and destroyed six fighting positions, a sniper position, and a heavy machine gun,”

And also that “On July 5, near Raqqah, Syria, two strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units; destroyed a fighting position, a front-end loader, and an UAS launch site; and suppressed 17 fighting positions and a sniper team.”

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

‘Wednesday 5 July – Typhoons hit seven Daesh strongpoints in Mosul, Tornados eliminated a sniper team in Raqqa…Typhoons continued to support the Iraqi troops in west Mosul on Wednesday 5 July. Exceptionally careful coordination was needed given the very short distances between the Iraqi forces and the Daesh positions, but the two Typhoons were able to destroy seven strongpoints, including two with medium machine-guns, each struck by a Paveway IV. Tornados kept watch over the latest SDF advances in Raqqa, and used a Paveway IV to deal with a sniper team.’

France
  • English
    /
    Original

In the past week, June 29th – July 4th, France reports 4 airstrikes in Mosul and 4 in Raqqa, all in support of the troops on the ground.

‘Point de situation des opérations ARMÉE FRANÇAISE – OPÉRATIONS MILITAIRES·WEDNESDAY, 5 JULY 2017 OPÉRATION CHAMMAL SITUATION En Syrie, A Raqqah, les combats pour le contrôle de la ville se poursuivent. Daech concentre sa défense sur les zones les plus urbanisées selon une stratégie qui a déjà été observée à Mossoul : piégeage, tunnels, fortifications sont en place et rendent la progression des Forces Démocratiques Syriennes difficile et dangereuse. Les FDS progressent néanmoins de l’Est vers l’Ouest de la ville, profitant de brèches dans le mur d’enceinte pour entrer dans la Médina. Elles poursuivent également leur manœuvre d’encerclement au Sud de la ville pour réduire les soutiens de Daech, notamment en provenance du Sud-Ouest. Les Forces pro-régime sont à une vingtaine de km au Sud de Tabqa. En Irak, A Mossoul, Daech perd du terrain chaque jour dans la Médina et s’acharne à défendre le dernier kilomètre carré encore tenu. Sa liberté de circulation dans la région environnante est également compromise. L’organisation terroriste essaie de se recentrer vers Tal Afar à l’Ouest, et Hawijah plus au sud de Mossoul, deux secteurs fortement défendus et encore sous son contrôle. Daech a néanmoins la capacité de réactiver des cellules dormantes qu’elle concentre au moment opportun contre les forces de sécurité. Ceci démontre que la prudence reste de mise quant à la reprise de Mossoul même si l’optimisme des forces locales domine. MOSSOUL Cette bataille s’inscrit bien dans une stratégie coordonnée entre la Coalition et le pays hôte. Cette stratégie comportait une première phase de préparation de la bataille afin d’accompagner la montée des forces de sécurité vers Mossoul et d’encercler la ville pour couper tout renfort ou soutien extérieurs au profit des terroristes retranchés. 300 frappes aériennes françaises ont accompagné pendant plusieurs mois cette première étape de préparation et de renseignement (Shapping). Dans la deuxième phase, avec l’engagement des canons CAESAR et du Groupe aéronaval, 300 autres frappes aériennes, auxquelles s’ajoutent près de 1200 missions d’artillerie, ont permis d’appuyer les forces de sécurité engagées pour la libération de la ville. Les 600 frappes aériennes délivrées dans la région représentent donc une partie conséquente de l’effort français réalisé depuis trois ans, lequel s’élève début juillet à plus de 1 300 frappes. Avant de débuter une éventuelle troisième phase pour Mossoul et ses habitants, de longues opérations de déminage et de sécurisation devront néanmoins être menées pour neutraliser les pièges dont Daech a saturé la ville et éliminer les cellules dormantes. ACTIVITÉS DE LA FORCE Cette semaine, les aéronefs ont réalisé 35 sorties aériennes dont 31 de reconnaissance armée et d’appui au sol (CAS), ainsi que 04 missions de recueil de renseignement. 04 frappes ont été réalisées à Mossoul et 04 autres à Raqqah, toutes en appui des troupes au sol. La Task Force (TF) Wagram a mené de son côté 14 missions de tir dont 13 de harcèlement et 01 d’éclairement. Le bilan global depuis le 19 septembre 2014 s’élève 1307 frappes, 2072 objectifs et 6754 sorties. OPÉRATIONNELS ENSEMBLE : LE SOUTIEN INTERARMÉES EN OPÉRATIONS Pour réussir ces opérations, il faut réaliser les « 12 travaux de la logistique » et être « opérationnels ensemble ». 1 200 militaires sont déployés dans le cadre de CHAMMAL sur cinq pays. 16% seulement de cet effectif contribue à soutenir le personnel comme les matériels dengagés. La logistique en opérations recouvre douze domaines spécialisés : 07 sont principalement dédiés au profit du personnel, 05 le sont au profit des matériels. Dans le domaine de l’acheminement, en trois ans, 24 000 passagers ont transité par voie aérienne vers le théâtre. 15 000 tonnes de matériels ont été projetées de France, la moitié par voie aérienne et l’autre par voie maritime, avec une recherche permanente d’équilibre entre la nécessaire réactivité et les coûts induits. Dans le domaine du soutien carburant, 12 000 pleins (avitaillement) ont été réalisés au sol, 14 000 en vol (ravitaillements) au profit de l’ensemble des aéronefs français engagés. Ces forces sont parfaitement interopérables grâce aux réseaux classifiés établis entre 700 ordinateurs reliés sur le théâtre et avec la métropole, par le biais de 50 stations satellitaires.’

Media
from belligerent (1) [ collapse]

  • For July 5th-11th, France reports 4 strikes – 2 in Iraq and 2 in Syria (Raqqa) and 15 artillery strikes in Mosul. (via EtatMajorFR)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1739a TS282a

Incident date

March 18, 2018

Location

تل حميس, Tal Hamees, South of al Qamishli, Al Hassaka, Syria

Geolocation

36.754529, 41.398836 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Multiple sources reported that Turkey carried out airstrikes on SDF positions in Tal Hamees, South of al Qamishli. However, other outlets also stated that this was not the case and that the US-led Coalition conducted strikes on homes which reportedly held family members of ISIS. However, no casualty estimates were given.

The Shaam News Network, citing activists, said that Turkish aircraft targeted the positions of the Syrian Democratic Forces in the area of Tal Hamis and at the Umm al-Russ station southeast of the city of Qamishli.

Syria al hadath added: Turkish planes targeted locations of the Kurdish units at the Umm al-Rouss station in the west of Tal Hamis, in the north-eastern countryside of Al-Hasakah.

Al Hasaka Youth Union Facebook page posted: Turkish aircraft target the positions of the militia PYD in the area Tel_hamis southeast of  Qamishli but later corrected themselves, stating that it was, in fact, a Coalition airstrike. The source also ambivalently reported that the strike targeted homes of Iraqi refugees with the claims that IS elements were present there.

Shaam Network also reported it as a Turkish airstrike while Baladi News blamed the Coalition. The source added that homes were targeted because there were claims that there were ISIS militants present.

Baladi said: Local sources from the region said that an aerial landing of the International Coalition, carried out by a helicopter accompanied by two other aircraft, on the area of agricultural projects, pointing out that it targeted two homes inhabited by two Iraqi families, who fled earlier to the region.

According to the sources, the operation was carried out at 2 am, followed by loudspeaker calls, saying that they were soldiers from the International Coalition, followed by intermittent firing.

Some sources said that a Turkish air strike targeted the area near the town of Tal Hamis – but these reports could not be verified.

According to Jisr TV, in the north-east of Hasaka, Coalition forces arrested a number of Iraqi refugees in the countryside of Tel Hamis, after the implementation of an aerial landing in the region.

Asia News provided some more detail, adding that three US helicopters carried out an aerial landing targeting a house between the villages of Kalou and al-Jaysi, 2 km south of Tal Hamis district in the south-eastern suburb of Qamishli.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

There were no reported strikes conducted in Syria or Iraq on March 18, 2018.

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

Sunday 18 March – a Reaper killed two terrorists on a motorcycle in eastern Syria…On Sunday 18 March, a Reaper tracked a pair of terrorists on a motorcycle south-east of As Shadadi in eastern Syria. It became clear that they were operating as a mobile checkpoint in an attempt to exert control over the local area. The Reaper’s crew waited until the motorcycle was in open country, and despite its high speed, achieved a direct hit with a Hellfire which killed both of the Daesh extremists.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI304

Incident date

October 22, 2016

Location

بخديدا (Bakhdida), Qaraqosh, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.27093, 43.37758 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

The Coalition announced in December 2016 it was conducting an assessment of a possible civilian casualty event: Currently, three reports received in October are still being assessed… Oct. 22, 2016, near Qaraqosh and Hasana, Iraq.

On January 2nd 2017 a new Coalition report noted: No Coalition strikes were conducted on structures in the geographic area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties. A senior Coalition official later told Airwars that the allegation had been “Based on Russian social media and Russian MinDef accusations.

However local reporting at the time said that Coalition airstrikes were conducted at Qaraqosh in support of ISF ground operations.

Given reported British actions in the area that day, Airwars flagged the incident to the UK’s MoD which said we can confirm that there was no UK involvement in the event. However given that RAF strikes were reported in Qaraqosh, Airwars has requested further clarification.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Qaraqosh and Hasana, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jan 2, 2017
  • No Coalition strikes were conducted on structures in the geographic area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 22nd 2016, the Coalition reported at the time that “Near Kisik, one strike damaged an ISIL tunnel. Near Mosul, four strikes engaged five ISIL tactical units, 12 staging areas, six mortar systems, a rocket position and a heavy machine gun; destroyed 21 fighting positions, 10 mortar systems, eight vehicles, eight command and control nodes, seven ISIL-held buildings, five bunkers, four anti-aircraft guns, four artillery systems, three tunnels, three VBIEDs, two supply caches, two heavy machine guns, a VBIED facility and a front end loader; and damaged three VBIEDs, two tunnels, a fighting position, a repeater tower and a vehicle.”

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI555

Incident date

March 18, 2017

Location

الجوسق, Mosul, Jawasaq, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.3280482, 43.1503701 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

In an event previously unknown to Airwars, the Coalition said that no civilians were harmed on March 18th at Mosul, Jawasaq.

The Coalition’s November 2017 casualty reported said: “After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Nov 30, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For March 17th-18th the Coalition reported: “Near Mosul, four strikes engaged three ISIS tactical units; destroyed 56 ISIS vehicles, 25 fighting positions, five rocket-propelled grenade systems, two medium machine guns, two mortar systems, and an ISIS VBIED; and suppressed 20 ISIS mortar teams and four ISIS tactical units.”
For March 18th-19th it noted: “Near Mosul, five strikes engaged four ISIS tactical units; destroyed 14 fighting positions, four vehicles, two rocket-propelled grenade systems, a medium machine gun, and an artillery system; damaged 14 supply routes; and suppressed five mortar teams and three ISIS tactical units.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition