US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CI809

Incident date

July 12, 2017

Location

القليعات, Al Qaliat, Mosul, Old City, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.346667, 43.133611 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that despite the recapturing of Mosul by the US-backed Iraqi army, Coalition airstrikes continued to target ISIL positions in Al Qaliat on the outskirts of the city.

Ninawa Media Center reported that there were ‘many’ wounded civilians, including women and children, in the area. However, it was not clear airstrikes caused this.

Only one source alleged that the Coalition was responsible for the strikes.

No further details are presently known.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Qaliat (القليعات) in Old Mosul, for which the coordinates are: 36.346667, 43.133611.

  • Old City of Mosul (موصل القديمة)

    Imagery:
    © 2019 Google

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    38SLF325240
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 11th-12th, the Coalition reported: “Near Mosul, three strikes engaged three ISIS tactical units; destroyed 18 fighting positions, seven medium machine guns, and two rocket-propelled grenade systems; and damaged 12 fighting positions” It additionally reported that “On July 11, near Mosul, Iraq, one strike engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed four medium machine guns and a rocket-propelled grenade system.”

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI438

Incident date

January 25, 2017

Location

Wadi Hajjar, Nineveh, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reportedly injured by ISF (or possibly Coalition) mortars according to eyewitness interviews by Amnesty International.

A previously unpublished assessment which Amnesty shared with Airwars reads as follows: “On 25 January an ISF mortar [Airwars note: presumed – but possibly US, see below] landed on their house in Wadi Hajjar and caused it to collapse. XX believes it was an ISF mortar as he saw a drone in the skies above the house five minutes before the explosion. The house was completely destroyed. The target was likely to have been the neighbouring house, which had been taken over by ISIS. ISIS had also taken over their house 20 days previously. They had had no choice in the matter and had mainly hidden in the basement since then.

XX’s mother – “I have a five year old son whose legs were broken (when the house collapsed due to the mortar strike).” It also opened a wound on her 17 year old daughter’s head. XX’s 17 year old wife suffered a shrapnel wound to her back.”

US forces used heavy mortars in support of ISF during the battle for West Mosul. However it is unclear on which date these began. A senior Coalition official told Airwars that “Mortar fire is not recorded as a strike so we do not have data to provide on specifically where and when they have been used. I spoke to the unit on the ground though, and due the positioning of Coalition forces to support the liberation of East Mosul and the limited range of the mortars, it is very doubtful they were fired prior to the initiation of the liberation of West Mosul.”

While it appears most likely this reported event was a result of ISF actions, it remains possible that it was a Coalition event.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For January 24th-25th 2017, the Coalition reported: “Near Mosul, five strikes engaged four ISIL tactical units; destroyed four mortar systems, two vehicles, two weapons caches, an ISIL headquarters, an anti-air artillery system, a fighting position, a supply cache, a tunnel entrance, a VBIED, a VBIED facility, an ISIL guard post, an ISIL-held building, and an IED factory; damaged a supply route; and suppressed an ISIL mortar team.”

Iraq government forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iraq government forces
  • Iraq government forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1162

Incident date

July 5, 2017

Location

دلحة وكسرة محمد الآغا, Dahla and Kasrat Muhammed al Agha, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.85412, 39.17217 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Sharqiya Voice reported that a “number” of civilians were injured following ‘SDF artillery fire’ – which would most likely have been a Coalition action – on the villages of Dahla and Kasrat Muhammed al Agha in Raqqa.

Other sources – Newsjorf and Baladi – reported that the victims had been wounded as a result of SDF machine gun fire.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Dahla, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 5th-6th: “Near Raqqah, 21 strikes engaged 15 ISIS tactical units and destroyed 13 fighting positons, two vehicles, two heavy machine guns, a front-end loader, a UAV site and a sniper position.”

It additionally reported that “On July 5, near Raqqah, Syria, five strikes engaged four ISIS tactical units and destroyed six fighting positions, a sniper position, and a heavy machine gun,”

And also that “On July 5, near Raqqah, Syria, two strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units; destroyed a fighting position, a front-end loader, and an UAS launch site; and suppressed 17 fighting positions and a sniper team.”

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

‘Wednesday 5 July – Typhoons hit seven Daesh strongpoints in Mosul, Tornados eliminated a sniper team in Raqqa…Typhoons continued to support the Iraqi troops in west Mosul on Wednesday 5 July. Exceptionally careful coordination was needed given the very short distances between the Iraqi forces and the Daesh positions, but the two Typhoons were able to destroy seven strongpoints, including two with medium machine-guns, each struck by a Paveway IV. Tornados kept watch over the latest SDF advances in Raqqa, and used a Paveway IV to deal with a sniper team.’

France
  • English
    /
    Original

In the past week, June 29th – July 4th, France reports 4 airstrikes in Mosul and 4 in Raqqa, all in support of the troops on the ground.

‘Point de situation des opérations ARMÉE FRANÇAISE – OPÉRATIONS MILITAIRES·WEDNESDAY, 5 JULY 2017 OPÉRATION CHAMMAL SITUATION En Syrie, A Raqqah, les combats pour le contrôle de la ville se poursuivent. Daech concentre sa défense sur les zones les plus urbanisées selon une stratégie qui a déjà été observée à Mossoul : piégeage, tunnels, fortifications sont en place et rendent la progression des Forces Démocratiques Syriennes difficile et dangereuse. Les FDS progressent néanmoins de l’Est vers l’Ouest de la ville, profitant de brèches dans le mur d’enceinte pour entrer dans la Médina. Elles poursuivent également leur manœuvre d’encerclement au Sud de la ville pour réduire les soutiens de Daech, notamment en provenance du Sud-Ouest. Les Forces pro-régime sont à une vingtaine de km au Sud de Tabqa. En Irak, A Mossoul, Daech perd du terrain chaque jour dans la Médina et s’acharne à défendre le dernier kilomètre carré encore tenu. Sa liberté de circulation dans la région environnante est également compromise. L’organisation terroriste essaie de se recentrer vers Tal Afar à l’Ouest, et Hawijah plus au sud de Mossoul, deux secteurs fortement défendus et encore sous son contrôle. Daech a néanmoins la capacité de réactiver des cellules dormantes qu’elle concentre au moment opportun contre les forces de sécurité. Ceci démontre que la prudence reste de mise quant à la reprise de Mossoul même si l’optimisme des forces locales domine. MOSSOUL Cette bataille s’inscrit bien dans une stratégie coordonnée entre la Coalition et le pays hôte. Cette stratégie comportait une première phase de préparation de la bataille afin d’accompagner la montée des forces de sécurité vers Mossoul et d’encercler la ville pour couper tout renfort ou soutien extérieurs au profit des terroristes retranchés. 300 frappes aériennes françaises ont accompagné pendant plusieurs mois cette première étape de préparation et de renseignement (Shapping). Dans la deuxième phase, avec l’engagement des canons CAESAR et du Groupe aéronaval, 300 autres frappes aériennes, auxquelles s’ajoutent près de 1200 missions d’artillerie, ont permis d’appuyer les forces de sécurité engagées pour la libération de la ville. Les 600 frappes aériennes délivrées dans la région représentent donc une partie conséquente de l’effort français réalisé depuis trois ans, lequel s’élève début juillet à plus de 1 300 frappes. Avant de débuter une éventuelle troisième phase pour Mossoul et ses habitants, de longues opérations de déminage et de sécurisation devront néanmoins être menées pour neutraliser les pièges dont Daech a saturé la ville et éliminer les cellules dormantes. ACTIVITÉS DE LA FORCE Cette semaine, les aéronefs ont réalisé 35 sorties aériennes dont 31 de reconnaissance armée et d’appui au sol (CAS), ainsi que 04 missions de recueil de renseignement. 04 frappes ont été réalisées à Mossoul et 04 autres à Raqqah, toutes en appui des troupes au sol. La Task Force (TF) Wagram a mené de son côté 14 missions de tir dont 13 de harcèlement et 01 d’éclairement. Le bilan global depuis le 19 septembre 2014 s’élève 1307 frappes, 2072 objectifs et 6754 sorties. OPÉRATIONNELS ENSEMBLE : LE SOUTIEN INTERARMÉES EN OPÉRATIONS Pour réussir ces opérations, il faut réaliser les « 12 travaux de la logistique » et être « opérationnels ensemble ». 1 200 militaires sont déployés dans le cadre de CHAMMAL sur cinq pays. 16% seulement de cet effectif contribue à soutenir le personnel comme les matériels dengagés. La logistique en opérations recouvre douze domaines spécialisés : 07 sont principalement dédiés au profit du personnel, 05 le sont au profit des matériels. Dans le domaine de l’acheminement, en trois ans, 24 000 passagers ont transité par voie aérienne vers le théâtre. 15 000 tonnes de matériels ont été projetées de France, la moitié par voie aérienne et l’autre par voie maritime, avec une recherche permanente d’équilibre entre la nécessaire réactivité et les coûts induits. Dans le domaine du soutien carburant, 12 000 pleins (avitaillement) ont été réalisés au sol, 14 000 en vol (ravitaillements) au profit de l’ensemble des aéronefs français engagés. Ces forces sont parfaitement interopérables grâce aux réseaux classifiés établis entre 700 ordinateurs reliés sur le théâtre et avec la métropole, par le biais de 50 stations satellitaires.’

Media
from belligerent (1) [ collapse]

  • For July 5th-11th, France reports 4 strikes – 2 in Iraq and 2 in Syria (Raqqa) and 15 artillery strikes in Mosul. (via EtatMajorFR)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1193 CS302

Incident date

August 26, 2016

Location

الادخار, Raqqa: Al Idkhar, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between five and nine civilians including one child died and up to 20 more were wounded in airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood of Raqqa, according to sources on the ground – though reports were conflicted as to whether Russia, the Assad regime of the US-led Coalition was responsible. Several reports said that strikes occurred near the Yahya Sports Club.

The Smart News Agency, Ara and Syria Mirror blamed the Coalition. Syria Mirror reported that “international coalition warplanes launched three raids on neighbourhoods in the city of Raqqa, on the al Thakana and al Idkhar areas and the area around Al Nawawi mosque. Nine civilians died and others were wounded. Three members of ISIS were reportedly also wounded; two of them were transferred to the city of Mosul for treatment, and the third remains in the National Hospital in Raqqa.”

However, other sources, including Shaam News Network and Step News Agency, attributed the strikes to Russia. Step said that there were two strikes at midnight.
Al Jisr cited the IS media agency Al A’amaq, which claimed that the raids were carried out by Russia and “targeted the homes of civilians”. Activists said that the raids “hit the targeted savings area, resulting in the death of seven civilians and wounding of 20 more, including women and children.”

Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently – who put the death count at six and also blamed Russia – identified the following victims: Abdul Karim Awad Al Shalash and his daughter Elisar Abdul Karim Awad Al Shalash.

One source, the Syrian Network for Human Rights, who put the death count at five, said that the Assad regime was responsible.

A number of other sources did not identify the warplanes responsible.

The incident occured around midnight.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 9
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Abdul Karim Awad Al Shalash was killed alongside his daughter Elisar in alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Raqqa, August 26, 2016 (via RBSS).
  • Damaged vehicle after alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood in Raqqa on August 26th, 2016 (via RBSS).
  • Damage after alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood in Raqqa on August 26th, 2016 (via RBSS).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood in Raqqa on August 26th, 2016 (via RBSS).
  • Damage after alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood in Raqqa on August 26th, 2016 (via RBSS).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood in Raqqa on August 26th, 2016 (via RBSS).
  • Damage to civilian property after alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood in Raqqa on August 26th, 2016 (via RBSS).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood in Raqqa on August 26th, 2016 (via RBSS).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood in Raqqa on August 26th, 2016 (via RBSS).
  • Damaged buildings after alleged Russian, Syrian regime or Coalition airstrikes on Al Idkhar neighbourhood in Raqqa on August 26th, 2016 (via RBSS).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 9
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1946

Incident date

May 17, 2020

Location

الزر, Al Zir, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.12527, 40.42864 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

A civilian was killed by a sniper on the rooftop of his house in Al Zer as he was watching Coalition forces entering the village of Al Shouhaibl, Deir Ezzor governorate, on May 17th 2020, according to local sources.

Euphrates Eye wrote that “Muhammad Khleif Al Hamra was killed when he was watching the Coalition forces from the roof of his house as they stormed the house of Muhammad Al Hussein Al Madad in Al Shouhaibl town and arrested several people from Al Madad’s house.” The source added that Al Hamra was killed by a sniper and was “a civilian who does not belong to any faction who is the owner of a food store in the town of Al Zir.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “the raiding forces killed a civilian who was shot while he was on the roof of his house located at the outskirts of the village of Al Zir near Al Shouhaibl, where the young man was watching the operation [in Shouhaibl]. His brother was arrested after that.”

According to the SOHR, the incident occurred during a United States forces operation in coordination with the Syrian Democratic Forces in the village of Al Shouhaib to find two people from the same family, reportedly working in trade. The special task forces of the SDF surrounded two houses and secured the area before the houses were raided and searched. The two wanted individuals were not found, but two of their sons were arrested.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Muhammad Khleif Al Hamra was killed by alleged US-led Coalition snipers when he watched Coalition forces enter his village Al Shouhaibl from the roof of his house on May 17th 2020 (via Euphrates Post).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Muhammad Khleif Al Hamra was killed by alleged US-led Coalition snipers when he watched Coalition forces enter his village Al Shouhaibl from the roof of his house on May 17th 2020 (via Euphrates Post).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a civilian being struck by gunfire on a rooftop in the village of Al Zir (الزر), while on looking into the adjacent village of Al Shahel (الشحيبل). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Al Zir are: 35.12527, 40.42864.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1678

Incident date

November 20, 2017

Location

باغوز فوقاني, Al Baghouz, Deir ez-Zor, Iraq

Geolocation

34.4641667, 40.9452778 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two civilians – reportedly women – were wounded in Al Baghouz, according to local media. The attack may have resulted from Iraqi or Coalition artillery.

Sharqiya Voice reporetd that “two women were injured as a result of the fall of Iraqi artillery shells on the village of # Albaguz amid the movement of the displacement of residents towards the village of Sousse and Shafa.”

Radio Amal cited the Syrian Observatory for Human Rightsm reporting that “the Observatory pointed to the sound of explosions in the area caused by the fall of shells in the village of Al-Baghouz and the town of Al-Shafa, causing the injury of several people.”. The source didn’t say who was responsible for the shelling, meaning that a Coalition action cannot be ruled out as Coalition artillery may also have been active in the area.

 

The incident was first reported on November 20, 2017 at 12:00 pm by .

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • (2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Baghouz al Foqani (باغوز فوقاني), for which the coordinates are: 34.4641667, 40.9452778

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Oct 26, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 19th-20th the Coalition publicly reported no strikes in Syria.

Iraq government forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iraq government forces
  • Iraq government forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • (2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Iraq government forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI555

Incident date

March 18, 2017

Location

الجوسق, Mosul, Jawasaq, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.3280482, 43.1503701 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

In an event previously unknown to Airwars, the Coalition said that no civilians were harmed on March 18th at Mosul, Jawasaq.

The Coalition’s November 2017 casualty reported said: “After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Nov 30, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For March 17th-18th the Coalition reported: “Near Mosul, four strikes engaged three ISIS tactical units; destroyed 56 ISIS vehicles, 25 fighting positions, five rocket-propelled grenade systems, two medium machine guns, two mortar systems, and an ISIS VBIED; and suppressed 20 ISIS mortar teams and four ISIS tactical units.”
For March 18th-19th it noted: “Near Mosul, five strikes engaged four ISIS tactical units; destroyed 14 fighting positions, four vehicles, two rocket-propelled grenade systems, a medium machine gun, and an artillery system; damaged 14 supply routes; and suppressed five mortar teams and three ISIS tactical units.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Incident Code

CS1945

Incident date

May 16, 2020

Location

بالقرب من مسجد أبو بكر الصديق ,البصيره, Vicinity of Abu Bakr Al Siddiq mosuqe, Al Basira , Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.152540, 40.423494 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

The homes of civilians were reportedly raided and bombed by alleged Coalition forces in a possible joint action with the Syrian Democratic Forces in the city of Al Basira, Deir Ezzor governorate, on May 16th, 2020, leading to the death of five possible civilians. Sources additionally reported that two to three men likely linked to ISIS were killed.

Euphrates Eye reported that Coalition forces had targeted three houses of Internally Displaced People (IDP) in Al Basira. The source indicates that five possible civilians were killed in one of the raids: “In Ibrahim Al Baraka’s house, inhabited by displaced people from Albukamal, there were clashes because the displaced people refused to surrender.” Five of the displaced people present were reportedly killed in the house, after which Coalition forces bombed the building. It is not specified whether the victims were civilians or militants.

According to Euphrate Eye, men and women were arrested and interrogated after raids on the house of Hassan (“pharmacist of Albufahd”) and the house of Hammoud Abu Hani, which were both in use by internally displaced people from Albukamal. According to the source, all those arrested were later released.

@DeirEzzor24 wrote that “three persons believed to be linked to ISIS were killed, and a number of others were arrested, by the international Coalition forces, in an airdrop operation in a neighbourhood of the city of Al Basira, east of Deir Ezzor, on Saturday, May 16, 2020. Special forces from SDF participated in the operation.” The source added that the operation lasted for an hour, while the Coalition requested civilians through loudspeakers to remain in their homes.

Other sources also report the victims were “likely” ISIS members. According to Eye On Hasaka, the operation took place in the evening, whereas Step Agency reported the incident occured around dawn.

According to Euphrates Post “the Coalition aircraft targeted with heavy machineguns around the Abu Bakr Al Siddiq mosque in Al Basira after a military convoy of SDF forces arrived in the city from the side of the Al Safa mosque.”

Whereas all sources reported the operation to be a joint action, Step Agency wrote that “it is worth noting that this raid operation did not witness the participation of the “Qasd militia”, unlike the previous times that the American forces raided the areas of Deir Ezzor.” Hence, Airwars graded the strike status of this incident as contested.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery, Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Suspected target
    ISIS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–7
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the vicinity of Abu Bakr Al Siddiq mosque (مسجد أبو بكر الصديق), in the village of Al Basira (البصيره). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Abu Bakr Al Siddiq mosque are: 35.152540, 40.423494

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery, Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Suspected target
    ISIS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–7
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (8) [ collapse]