Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

R4138

Incident date

January 29, 2020

Location

اريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

In a massive incident, up to 12 civilians including up to four children, six women and a health worker were reported killed and between 35 and 71 also including children, women and health personnel injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha in Idlib, Syria in the night between January 29th and 30th, 2020, according to local sources. The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that six of those killed are from the same family, and Macro Media Center reported that Ariha Hospital was targeted with vacuum missiles.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “at least six civilians, a child and five women, from the same family were killed as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on a residential building in the vicinity of al Shami Hospital in north of Ariha city in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on January 29th, 2020.”

Step Agency reported that “10 civilians, including children, were killed in an initial toll as a result of the targeting of Russian warplanes with three airstrikes of Al-Shami Surgical Hospital, an oven, and civilian homes in the city of Ariha at midnight, as the hospital went out of service due to the devastation.”

The media sources said that three raids targeted many civilian facilities including Al Shami Surgical Hospital in Ariha killing and wounding a number of health personnel and putting the hospital out of service, in addition to a bakery and residential areas. The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that ” Fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on al Shami Hospital, known as Ariha Surgical Hospital located in north of Ariha city in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, severely destroying its building and damaging its equipment. As a result, the hospital went out of service, on January 29th.”

Geiroon said that the attack on the hospital led also to injury of six health personnel, and to outbreak of fire in the hospital that provides services to 350,000 people.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “A new massacre carried out by Russian warplanes, in which ten civilians were killed in Ariha city on Wednesday evening, one of the raids targeted the vicinity of the oven in the city, seven civilians were killed, including five women and a child, who are displaced from Joseph village in Jabal Zawiya, while the rest were killed in raids on al-Shami surgical hospital.”

Shaam Network said that “Civil defense teams managed to retrieve ten martyrs, most of them children and women, from the rubble of destroyed buildings around the Al-Shami Hospital in Ariha, after Russian air strikes hit the hospital late at night.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that the director of the hospital died because of injuries he sustained as a result of the airstrikes. “Zakwan Tamma’a, born in 1977, from Ariha city, an anesthesia technician and the administrative manager of al Shami Hospital, died on February 1st, due to wounds sustained on January 29th, as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on al Shami Hospital in north of Ariha city.” The airstrikes also led to injury of two Syrian Civil Defense volunteers who were on duty responding to the situation.

In addition to the hospital, the raids targeted a bakery in the area. Edlib Media Center reported that “Russian occupation targeted the “automatic oven” with vacuum missiles in the city of Ariha in Idlib countryside, which led to its destruction and its departure from service.”

Shaam Network raised the death toll to 12 and Halab Today said the number of injuries reached 71. Most sources blamed Russia alone for the incident, while Halab Today pointed both the Syrian regime and Russia together for that.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 12
  • (1–4 children2–6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    35–71
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (44) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (35) [ collapse]

  • "Two women were martyred and other civilians were wounded, including a doctor, as a result of the Russian raids that destroyed and removed the Al-Sham Surgical Hospital from service in the city of Ariha, south of Idlib." (via @ShahbaPress)
  • SCD responding to alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Shami Surgical Hospital in Ariha, Idlib, January 29th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • SCD responding to alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Shami Surgical Hospital in Ariha, Idlib, January 29th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Shami Surgical Hospital in Ariha, Idlib on January 29th, 2020 put the hospital out of service (via MMC)
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Shami Surgical Hospital in Ariha, Idlib on January 29th, 2020 put the hospital out of service (via MMC)
  • Civilians were reported killed and injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Shami Surgical Hospital in Ariha, Idlib on January 29th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Civilians were reported killed and injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Shami Surgical Hospital in Ariha, Idlib on January 29th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Shami Surgical Hospital in Ariha, Idlib on January 29th, 2020 (via SN4HR)
  • Civilians were reported killed and injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on residential areas and civilian infrastructure on January 29th, 2020 (via Shaam)
  • Civilians were reported killed and injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on residential areas and civilian infrastructure on January 29th, 2020 (via Shaam)
  • Civilians were reported killed and injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on residential areas and civilian infrastructure on January 29th, 2020 (via Shaam)
  • Civilians were reported killed and injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on residential areas and civilian infrastructure on January 29th, 2020 (via Shaam)
  • Civilians were reported killed and injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on residential areas and civilian infrastructure on January 29th, 2020 (via Shaam)
  • "Civil defense teams managed to retrieve ten martyrs, most of them children and women, from the rubble of destroyed buildings around the Al-Shami Hospital in Ariha, after Russian airstrikes hit the hospital late at night. (via Shaam)
  • "Civil defense teams managed to retrieve ten martyrs, most of them children and women, from the rubble of destroyed buildings around the Al-Shami Hospital in Ariha, after Russian air strikes hit the hospital late at night.2 (via Shaam)
  • "Civil defense teams managed to retrieve ten martyrs, most of them children and women, from the rubble of destroyed buildings around the Al-Shami Hospital in Ariha, after Russian airstrikes hit the hospital late at night. (via Shaam)
  • "Civil defense teams managed to retrieve ten martyrs, most of them children and women, from the rubble of destroyed buildings around the Al-Shami Hospital in Ariha, after Russian airstrikes hit the hospital late at night. (via Shaam)
  • Damage to Al Shami hospital in Ariha caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha city, Idlib, Syria on January 29th." (via SN4HR)
  • Al Shami Hospital in the aftermath of the aistrikes. (via SN4HR)
  • SCD rescuing civilians in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ariha, Idlib on Jan 29th, 2020 (via Halab Today)
  • "Civil Defense: The effects of the destruction caused by the Russian warplanes as a result of the raids that targeted the Shami Hospital in the city of Ariha." (via Halab Today)
  • "Civil Defense: The effects of the destruction caused by the Russian warplanes as a result of the raids that targeted the Shami Hospital in the city of Ariha." (via Halab Today)
  • "Civil Defense: The effects of the destruction caused by the Russian warplanes as a result of the raids that targeted the Shami Hospital in the city of Ariha." (via Halab Today)
  • "Civil Defense: The effects of the destruction caused by the Russian warplanes as a result of the raids that targeted the Shami Hospital in the city of Ariha." (via Halab Today)
  • "Civil Defense: The effects of the destruction caused by the Russian warplanes as a result of the raids that targeted the Shami Hospital in the city of Ariha." (via Halab Today)
  • "Al-Shami hospital went out of service as a result of targeting the hospital and residential buildings with three Russian airstrikes in the city of Ariha, west of Idlib.". (via MMC)
  • "Al-Shami hospital went out of service as a result of targeting the hospital and residential buildings with three Russian airstrikes in the city of Ariha, west of Idlib.". (via MMC)
  • "Al-Shami hospital went out of service as a result of targeting the hospital and residential buildings with three Russian airstrikes in the city of Ariha, west of Idlib.". (via MMC)
  • "Al-Shami hospital went out of service as a result of targeting the hospital and residential buildings with three Russian airstrikes in the city of Ariha, west of Idlib.". (via MMC)
  • "Al-Shami hospital went out of service as a result of targeting the hospital and residential buildings with three Russian airstrikes in the city of Ariha, west of Idlib.". (via MMC)
  • "Al-Shami hospital went out of service as a result of targeting the hospital and residential buildings with three Russian airstrikes in the city of Ariha, west of Idlib.". (via MMC)
  • "Al-Shami hospital went out of service as a result of targeting the hospital and residential buildings with three Russian airstrikes in the city of Ariha, west of Idlib.". (via MMC)
  • "Al-Shami Hospital in Ariha, Idlib countryside, after it was targeted by three airstrikes yesterday, the initial outcome of 10 martyrs." (via @SyrianCoalition)
  • Dr. Zakwan Tamma’a, an anesthesia technician and the administrative manager of al Shami Hospital died on February 1st due to wounds sustained on January 29th as result of alleged Russian airstrikes on Ariha, Jan 29th, 2020 (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 12
  • (1–4 children2–6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    35–71
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (44) [ collapse]