Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

R4484 IRS014

Incident date

November 6, 2022

Location

مخيم مرام, Maram Refugee Camp, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between six and 11 civilians, including up to four children, an elderly woman and a pregnant woman, were killed and up to 77 others, including a woman and five children, were injured by alleged Russian, Syrian regime, or Iranian militia missile attacks with cluster bombs against Maram refugee camp and other refugee camps closeby on November 6, 2022.

A tweet from @MaramFoundation reported that missile bombardments, including cluster bombs, led to the death of six civilians and the injury of 40 more in Maram refugee camp, which houses 900 families. The @MaramFoundation also tweeted that more than 100 tents were partially destroyed and more than 3000 people were displaced from the camp.

@SyriaCivilDefe put the number of deaths at nine, including three children and a woman, and the number of injuries at 75 and added that the attack carried out by the regime and Russia included internationally prohibited cluster bombs, followed by Russian airstrikes that hit farms and forests in the area.

Nine days after the attack, on November 15th, Shaam News reported that a woman who was injured from the bombing died of her wounds, joining her unborn fetus and her child who were also killed. The woman that died was from the town of Khal al-Sabil and with her death, the death toll rose above 10 civilians killed.

The Civil Defense also reported that the child “Azzam” of one of their volunteers named “Hassan Bakir” was killed in the bombing. Saoud Sayah posted on Facebook the full name of the child as Azzam Hussein Jamil Bakir, adding that another child named Amina Anas Muhammad Ali Al-Saraqi also died and that both were from Khan al-Subul.

A tweet from @Hamoudi_Free_Sy identified Amer Al-Ali from the town of Heish as one of the people killed, adding that he had ben deported by the Turkish government two months ago. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights added that Amer had been forced to sign papers proving his “voluntary return”, which is something that Turkish immigration services have forced Syrian refugees holding “temporary protection” to sign before they return to Syria.

Amir Bakri posted on Facebook the names of injured civilians: Khaled Al-ShamaliKhaled Al-Shamali’s wifeKhaledia Al-Shamali 6 years old, Muhammad Al-Shamali 9 years old, (And the martyr Shahd Khaled Al-Shamali). The post added that a baby girl was also in critical condition without providing other details.

A Facebook post from Rdwan Al Shhawan gave the names of 16 civilians that were injured and killed: Shahd Al Shamali – 13 years old – dead, Mohammed Al Hussein – 45 years old – injured, Roukaya Al Ibrahim – 13 years old – injured, Khaledia Al Shamali – 10 years old – injured, Ibrahim Al Kurdia – 25 years old – injured, Abo Noh (Salet Al Zohour) – 24 years old – injured, Samer Al Shughri – 25 years old – injured, Azzam Bakir – 8 months old – dead, Ali Al Ahmad – 55 years old – injured, Zahraa Bakir – 30 years old – injured, Asmaa Bakir – 40 years old – injured, Haja Al Thaher – 60 years old – injured, Ahmed Inad Al Ibrahim – injured, Unknown – 50 years old – dead, Farah Al Shamali – 4 years old – injured, Kawthar Bakir – 5 years old – injured.

@It5rMYaOg5UnyFi tweeted that one of the people killed was a father of 10 children.

@alkhabour21 reported that seven civilians, including children, were killed and 70 others were injured by shelling carried out by the regime and Russian forces. Euphrates Post reported similar casualty numbers, specifying that among the seven civilians killed were two children and a woman while Middle East Eye reported that at least 10 civilians were killed and more than 77 were wounded, and among the wound were 12 very serious cases.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights specified where the casualties occurred, reporting that “in Maram IDP Camp the bombardment killed five civilians, including four children, while one civilian was killed in the bombing on Wadi Khaled Kamp, and one elderly lady, aged 60, was killed in Mahtat Meyah Kafr Ruhin Camp”. The totals seven civilians, including four children and an elderly woman, were killed.

A tweet from @SAMS_Arabic provided details that Idlib Central Hospital received 16 injuries from the bombing, among them two children and a man died of their injuries and three of the injured were in the intensive care unit. Step Agency reported that the hospitals in the city of Idlib issued distress calls for people to donate blood due to the shortage and the large number of wounded.

The Syrian Civil Defense specified that the bombing was carried out on camps for forcibly displaced persons near the villages of Kafr Jales and Morin and the Wadi Hajj Khaled area, and that surface-to-surface missiles (220mm 9M27-K Uragan) loaded with internationally prohibited cluster bombs. (9N210 and 9N235) were part of the attack. The Civil Defense also accused the Russians of planning the attack in advance due to a statement from the deputy head of the Russian Center for Reconciliation in Syria Oleg Egorov who accused the White Helmets of preparing an attack at the camp that was bombed.

The correspondent for SY-24 focused on “the camps of the displaced in the area, including “Maram” camp and “Wadi Khaled” camp near the town of “Kafr Jales” and that about 30 missiles had hit the area since the early morning. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights listed Maram, Watan, Wadi Haj Khaled, Kafr Rouhain water station camp, Maureen village camp and Ba’iba’ah camp as all being affected by the attach, which they identified as involving sockets loaded with hundreds of cluster bombs.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes, with @edlebhealth blaming the Syrian regime while Middle East Eye reported that the incident was a joint attack between Russian and regime forces. Anadolu Agency attributed the incident to the Syrian regime forces and their allied Iranian militias. Al Araby’s corresponded specified that the missiles likely originated from the Neirab military airport, near the city of Aleppo.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

  • Khaled Al-Shamali male injured
  • Khaled Al-Shamali's wife female injured
  • Khaledia Al-Shamali 6 years old injured
  • Muhammad Al-Shamali 9 years old injured
  • Shahd Khaled Al-Shamali 13 years old killed
  • Farah Al Shamali 4 years old injured

Family members (2)

  • Roukaya Al Ibrahim 13 years old injured
  • Ahmed Inad Al Ibrahim injured

Family members (4)

  • Azzam Hussein Jamil Bakir Child 8 months killed
  • Zahraa Bakir 30 years old injured
  • Asmaa Bakir 40 years old injured
  • Kawthar Bakir 5 years old injured
  • Amer Al-Ali Adult male killed
  • Amina Anas Muhammad Ali Al-Saraqi Child killed
  • Mohammed Al Hussein 45 years old injured
  • Ibrahim Al Kurdia 25 years old injured
  • Abo Noh (Salet Al Zohour) 24 years old injured
  • Samer Al Shughri 25 years old injured
  • Ali Al Ahmad 55 years old injured
  • Haja Al Thaher 60 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (2–4 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–77
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Iranian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (69) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (89) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alkhabour21)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alkhabour21)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alkhabour21)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alkhabour21)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Euphrates Post via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Euphrates Post via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Euphrates Post via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Euphrates Post via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Blood from the victims caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The first moments of our teams’ response to the terrorist attack by the regime forces and Russia with missiles loaded with internationally prohibited cluster bombs targeting camps in the vicinity of Kafr Jales, west of #Idlib today, November 6, which led to the killing of 6 civilians and wounding of 75 others.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Moments from the farewell of the Syrian Civil Defense volunteer "Hassan Bakir" to his child "Azzam", one of the victims of the terrorist attack by the regime forces and Russia on Maram camp, west of Idlib, this Sunday morning, November 6th
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A scene repeated, terrorist attacks by the regime forces and Russia are chasing the Syrians in their last resort.
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • "He prayed the dawn and prepared a cup of mate, but he did not drink it, and here is the deserted Syria, not Ukraine.." Martyrs and wounded by missile shelling of Mil.Yesha, the Iranian and Russian occupation, targeted a camp for the displaced north of Idlib
  • The first moments of the missile shelling on Maram camp in Kafr Jalis, north of Idlib
  • Victims and extensive damage as a result of the missile shelling that targeted Maram camp, west of Idlib
  • Images of the missile impact at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @Sharqya_reporte)
  • Images of the missile impact at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @Sharqya_reporte)
  • “Hey, I came from Maram, I found him, and I lost him.” A young man carries the remnants of one of the missiles fired by the #Assad and #Russian militias on #Maram_camp in the countryside of #Idlib
  • #idlib The death toll has risen to 6, including a woman and two children, and more than 35 injuries, most of them children and women, were hit by a missile attack on Maram camp for the displaced. God is greater than you, Bashar al-Assad
  • Damage caused by missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Victims of the missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Victims of the missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Damage caused by missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Victims of the missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Damage caused by missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Images of the missile at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alaaakill)
  • Images of the missile impact at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alaaakill)
  • 6 people, including two children and a woman, were killed in shelling by the regime forces on a camp for the displaced in Idlib
  • The child "Azzam Hussein Bakir" killed by missile strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alaaakill)
  • More than 35 injuries and 6 martyrs, including a woman and two girls, as a result of the targeting by the Russian occupier and the Assad gangs of a camp for the displaced, west of Idlib, with cluster missile launchers.
  • Images of the missile at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @darwiesh78)
  • A picture of the remains of one of the Russian missiles that hit Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @It5rMYaOg5UnyFi)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @edlebhealth)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @edlebhealth)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of two children killed in strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @edlebhealth)
  • Remains of one of the missiles that hit Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @edlebhealth)
  • Strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @khaleedalkhteb)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a child killed in strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @Omar_Madaniah)
  • The child "Azzam Hussein Bakir" killed by missile strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @abdalwhab761)
  • Smoke and fire caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @k7ybnd99)
  • Smoke and fire caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @k7ybnd99)
  • Damage to a home and their possessions caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alatareb)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @hafeztaraman)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @hafeztaraman)
  • Graphic image of a child killed in strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ALKhulbni)
  • Amina Anas Muhammad Ali Al-Saraqi, a child killed in strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Al Shami via Facebook)
  • Smoke and fire caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Al Taman’a history via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • One of the people injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A man injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • One of the people injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • A man injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • One of the people injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Civil Defense volunteers inspect the site of the bombing for missile remnants. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civil Defense volunteers inspect the site of the bombing for missile remnants. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civil Defense volunteers inspect the site of the bombing for missile remnants. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civil Defense volunteers inspect the site of the bombing for missile remnants. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (2–4 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–77
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Iranian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (69) [ collapse]