US Forces in Somalia

Library image of an armed Reaper drone, December 2019 (US Air Force/ Senior Sergeant Haley Stevens)

Civilian Deaths by US President in Somalia

President George W. Bush began a long running and controversial campaign against Islamist terrorists in Somalia, which his successors then continued. Drone strikes and other actions were conducted both by the US military and by the CIA. By the end of President Trump’s term in office in 2021, local communities had alleged some 330 non combatants killed by US actions in Somalia since 2007. This graphic breaks down those alleged deaths according to Airwars’ own assessment methodology, and includes civilian deaths officially conceded by the US military.

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Strikes by US President in Somalia

President George W. Bush began a long running and controversial campaign against Islamist terrorists in Somalia, which several of his successors then continued. Drone strikes and other actions were conducted both by the US military and by the CIA. By the end of President Trump’s term in office in 2021, more than 340 declared and alleged US actions had taken place in Somalia since 2007, leading to the reported deaths of up to 2,500 alleged militants and the claimed deaths of more than 300 civilians.

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Declared and alleged US actions in Somalia

Most US actions in Somalia are carried out by US Africa Command (AFRICOM) and are publicly declared by press release. However US military ground operations are not routinely reported – and CIA strikes are officially neither confirmed nor denied. In addition, there are some actions in Somalia where the belligerent is presently contested (eg possibly by the US or AMISOM), or unknown.

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Militant deaths per year in Somalia

Since 2007, the United States has targeted alleged fighters from three main terror networks operating in Somalia: Al Qaeda, Al Shabaab and ISIS. While declared US actions are often accompanied by an official estimate of militants killed, local reporting may indicate differing claims, resulting in a fatality range.

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