At Airwars we've been modelling Coalition airstrike data since the start of operations in August 2014, enabling us to comprehensively model over time the war against Daesh. All of our graphs and tables are based on official data releases from the Coalition, and from individual member nations.

Coalition strikes per month, in Iraq and Syria

The term airstrike is imprecise. According to AFCENT, an average of 3.65 weapons were released by allied airstrike to December 2017, with allies admitting that multiple targets, aircraft actions and even locations might be labelled under any one ‘strike’ report.

Source: Combined Joint Task Force - Operation Inherent Resolve

Coalition airstrikes in Iraq and Syria: Alleged civilian deaths and levels of reporting

The chart shows all claimed civilian deaths from alleged Coalition airstrikes across both Iraq and Syria since August 2014, by category. Each event is individually reported in Civilian Casualties.

Coalition v Russia: Alleged civilian casualty events

Airwars has tracked more than 4,000 reported events in which Russian or Coalition aircraft have allegedly killed civilians. While these raw claims should be treated with caution, they may be help us to understand trends over time. In March to May 2016 for example, alleged Russian incidents fell by 75% - most likely a result of the Syria ceasefire then in place.

Coalition air-only weapon releases in Iraq/Syria

The US, France, Canada and UK preferred to report the number of strikes their aircraft carry out. In contrast the Netherlands, Denmark and Australia all reported the number of weapons released. Overall weapons data is issued by AFCENT monthly.

Proportion of declared strikes by US and Allies

CJTF-OIR intermittently issued overall figures for US and for allied strikes, for both Iraq and Syria for much of the war. Unfortunately this practice was suspended in June 2017.

Accurate to

Number of airstrikes by allyin Iraq

The chart on the left shows the proportion of US to allied Coalition strikes in Iraq to June 2017, while the right-hand chart gives a breakdown of declared allied-only strikes across the duration of the war. All data is drawn from official military reports of CJTF-OIR, France, UK, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Australia and Canada. Where countries only issue data on weapons released, we estimate the number of strikes based on the overall average of weapons released per strike.

Numbers accurate to

Numbers accurate to

Cumulative US and allied airstrikes in Syria

By tracking occasional updates from CJTF-OIR we are able until June 2017 to build a picture of ongoing US and allied air operations in Syria.

Cumulative US and allied airstrikes in Iraq

By tracking occasional updates from CJTF-OIR we are able until June 2017 to build a picture of ongoing Coalition air operations in Iraq.

Airstrikes in Iraq from 2006 to 2016

Based on historical CENTCOM data and current reporting by CJTF-OIR, we can show airstrikes in Iraq dating back to 2006. The present air war represents the most intense aerial bombing of Iraq since the invasion of 2003.

Numbers accurate to

ISR missions in Iraq/Syria and Afghanistan

Coalition airstrikes in both Iraq and Syria are highly dependent on aerial intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) to provide targeting and post-strike assessment given the absence of ground troops. As our ongoing tracking of ISR operations shows, the coalition remains significantly under-resourced in comparison to Afghanistan.

Strike locations

Here we have plotted every reported strike by given location for the Coalition in both Iraq and Syria, from the beginning of the war in August 2014. Some caution should be exercised as to precise locations however, with CJTF-OIR admitting many reported strike locations are approximations only (see also our Methodology).