Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

YS086

Incident date

February 4, 2020

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.510833, 36.861944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were killed and twelve others, among which five children, were reportedly injured in alleged YPG artillery strikes on two schools in Afrin city on February 4th, 2020, according to local sources.

Shabha Press reported that “wounded and material damages were caused by the PYD militia targeting Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, north of Aleppo, with rocket launchers.” Shaam News Network reported that two civilians were killed. While most sources reported that eight civilians were injured, the Syrian Civil Defence in Aleppo published the names of one killed victim and thirteen injured victims, among which at least five children.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported that Abd Al-Sami’ Khallas had died in the airstrikes. Whereas SCD initially reported that 19-year-old Yassin Al Hamrawi had been injured, Sami Al Boush and Osama Al Masri later wrote on Facebook that the young man had died from his injuries.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed the SDF for shelling “Al Ittehad al Arabi School – while an educational course took place inside the school – in the middle of Afrin city in the northern suburbs of Aleppo governorate, injuring eight students, partially destroying its building and damaging its furniture, on February 4.”

Mf-Sy’s News correspondent stated that “the SDF militia targeted the city of Afrin with a number of rocket-propelled grenades”, leading to one killed civilian and 12 wounded.

It should be noted that sources posted photos of a classroom stating it was Al Shari’ah school, whereas SN4HR posted a photo of the same classroom, stating that it was Al Ittehad school. It is possible that Al Shari’ah and Al Ittehad are referring to the same school, or that both schools were targeted, as several sources, such as @aa_arabic, reported that two schools and a mosque had been targeted.

However, a third school name was mentioned by @AdelPerwin, who tweeted that “several shells landed on Amir Al Ghbari School for Girls”, adding the same photo. This seems unlikely, as a video posted by @ZahedaRashkilo2 showed more of the evacuation of the site. Mainly young men can be seen leaving the classroom.

The Turkish Ministry of Defence (@tcsavunma) tweeted that “the bloody PKK / YPG terrorist organization targeting innocent civilians in the northern part of Syria, especially with bomb vehicle attacks, now fired four Grad missiles in two schools and one mosque in the centre of Afrin. One student died and seven students were injured in the terrorist organization’s low attack.

Sy-24 reported that “military sources confirmed that the shells were fired from the areas where the SDF militias are deployed at the Meng military airport and the vicinity of the city of Tal Rifaat.”

While sources blamed YPG-related militias, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “the Turkish forces stationed in the northern countryside of Aleppo fired several rockets targeting Al Ittihad School, Al Sharia School and some residential neighbourhoods in the Turkish-controlled city of Afrin, north-west of Aleppo”.

@NewrozJamo21 blamed Syrian regime forces stationed in the city of Nubl, adding that the strike was reportedly a response to an earlier Turkish bombing near a Russian base near the village of Keshtar. Hence, Airwars has rated this incident as contested.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG, Turkish Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • Damage after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Presumably students in the aftermath of alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020. However, other sources posted the same photo, claiming it was taken in Al Ittehad school (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Damaged classroom after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Damaged classroom after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Injured boy in an ambulance after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Injured boy and man in an ambulance after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Injured man in an ambulance after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Injured boy in an ambulance after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential neighborhoods in the Turkish-controlled city of Afrin, north west of Aleppo on February 4th 2020 (via SCD).
  • Reportedly the bombed school after artillery strikes. Whereas all sources blamed the YPG, the source who posted this photo stated that the Syrian regime was the belligerent (via @NewrozJamo21 ).
  • Wounded young man after alleged YPG artillery strikes on a school in Afrin on February 4th, 2020 (via @NewrozJamo21).
  • Aftermath of alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin, February 4th, 2020 (via @afrinactivists).
  • Presumably blood in a car after alleged YPG artillery strikes on the city of Afrin on February 4th, 2020 (via @AdelPerwin).
  • Presumably a hole in the roof of Amir Al Ghbari School for Girls after alleged YPG artillery strikes on the city of Afrin on February 4th, 2020. Other sources claimed that the attack targeted Al Ittihad School and/or Al Sharia School (via @AdelPerwin).
  • Aftermath of alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin, February 4th, 2020 (via Anadolu Agency).
  • Tweet by the Turkish Ministry of Defence, blaming the YPG for artillery strikes on the city of Afrin on February 4th, 2020 (via tcsvavunma).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Yassin Al Hamrawi, reportedly a student of one of the targeted schools, was killed in alleged YPG airstrikes on February 4th, 2020 (via Sami Al Boush on Facebook).
  • Students being evacuated after alleged YPG artillery strikes in the city of Afrin, February 4th 2020 (via ZahedaRashkilo2).

Geolocation notes

“Reports of the incident mention the Al-Ittihad School (الإتحاد سكول), within the city of Afrin (عفرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.510833, 36.861944. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.”

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG, Turkish Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1148

Incident date

August 14, 2016

Location

إدلب, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.93062, 36.63393 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between three and nine civilians including up to three children died and as many as 20 more were wounded in airstrikes in Idlib city, said sources on the ground. The majority of reports attributed the event to Russia, though one said that regime helicopters also participated in the assault. Some others sources didn’t identify the culprit.

Syrian Press Centre – who blamed unidentified “warplanes” – reported that more than four strikes occurred, which hit “a medical point near the perimeter of agriculture and industry area and the perimeter of Alknsroh”. This resulted in the outbreak of fires.

The Shaam News Network blamed Russia for the death of one child. All4Syria put the death toll at five with “dozens” more wounded, adding that “Hai al-Sinaa and several neighbourhoods in the city were targeted by Russian raids”.

Smart, also pointing towards Moscow, put the death toll at six including two children with 18 more civilians wounded.

The highest death toll was given by Alsoura, at nine civilians with 20 more injured “”across the province”. The source blamed both “Russian warplanes and regime helicopters”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammed Samir Zaarour Age unknown male named by VDC killed
  • Mohammad Jihad Recep Age unknown male named by VDC killed
  • Renad Jamal Age unknown named by VDC

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 9
  • (1–3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Idlib (إدلب), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.93062, 36.63393. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

On August 14th 2016, the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation reported that, "Tu-22M3 long-range bombers took off from the territory of the Russian Federation and carried out concentrated strike with high-explosive fragmentation munitions on objects of the ISIS terrorist grouping in the regions located to the south-west, east, and north-east from Deir ez-Zor. Two command and control centers, six large storages with ammunition and armament, two tanks, four infantry fighting vehicles, seven off-roaders with large-caliber weaponry, and a lot of insurgents have been eliminated by the aviation strike." They also added that "Terrorists have suffered significant material damage. A lot of insurgents have been eliminated." According to the report the bombers took off from Hmeymim airbase.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 9
  • (1–3 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1145

Incident date

August 13, 2016

Location

تفتناز, Taftanaz, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.9976603, 36.7856598 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to seven civilians including women and a child died and as many as 12 more were wounded in an airstrike on Taftanaz, according to local media – though reports were conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the regime.

RFS Media Office reported: “Russian aviation has committed a second massacre claiming the lives of four martyrs injuring 12 more in the town of Taftanaz In the countryside Idlib. Forces carried out shelling with missiles and cluster bombs”.

LCCSY said that three women and a girl died in the attack, while Al Jazeera put the death toll as high as seven, also blaming Russia. The lowest death count was given by @EdlibEmc: two killed and 10 more wounded.

One source, the Syrian Network for Human Rights, attributed the event to the regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 7
  • (1 child3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Al Jazeera reporting on the alleged Russian an Syrian raid in Taftanez. (via, Al Jazeera Arabic)
  • Aftermath of the incident. (via SyrianPC)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Taftanaz (تفتناز), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.9976603, 36.7856598. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between August 12th – 13th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 7
  • (1 child3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1134

Incident date

August 12, 2016

Location

تلعادة, Tal Adeh, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

36.252778, 36.803283 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between five and nine civilians were killed, including children, and between 10 and 15 more were injured from two air raids that targeted the town of Tal Adeh in the Idlib countryside.

Baladi News published a video depicting volunteers searching the rubble for survivors of the airstrikes.

Local sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the airstrikes. Russian warplanes were identified as responsible by Syria Newsdesk and Syrian Human Rights Committee. However, SPC and @EdlibEMC blamed regime jets.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 9
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Civilians and White Helmets searching through the rubble for casualties. (via, Baladi-news)
  • Aftermath of the incident. (via, SHRC)
  • Aftermath of the incident. (via, SHRC)
  • Aftermath of the incident. (via, SHRC)
  • Civilians and White Helmets searching through the rubble for casualties. (via, JisirTV)
  • Civilians and White Helmets searching through the rubble for casualties. (via, Baladi Network)
  • Civilians and White Helmets searching through the rubble for casualties. (via, Baladi-news)
  • Civilians and White Helmets searching through the rubble for casualties. (via, Baladi-news)
  • Civilians and White Helmets searching through the rubble for casualties. (via, Baladi-news)

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the village of Tal Adeh (تلعادة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 36.252778, 36.803283.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Exact Location","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[36.803283,36.252778],"type":"Point"}}]}
  • Left: satellite imagery taken before the incident (April 2016). Right: satellite imagery taken after the incident (September 2017).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth Pro

  • Date taken:
    August 12, 2016

    Imagery:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7HL4s3imbAQ

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between August 12th – 13th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 9
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1121

Incident date

August 11, 2016

Location

الدانا, Al Dana, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

36.218763, 36.768638 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Seven civilians were killed and as many as dozens more were wounded in an airstrike on Al Dana, local media reported. Sources were conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the Assad regime. LCCSY put the death toll at 11.

Many sources attributed the airstrikes to regime planes, including Baladi, the Syrian Network for Human Rights and Nabdsyria. However, some other reports, such as @Daretezzmedia and LCCSY said that Russia was responsible.

Ara News, also blaming Russia, reported that “five airstrikes led to a massacre of more than 12 people dead, with dozens wounded, mostly women and children. This was the initial death count, and the civil defence were still pulling bodies out of the rubble”.

Images posted by various media outlets showed extensive material damage. Zamanalwasl noted that the airstrikes struck densely populated residential area, which was why the casualties were high.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Mustafa Abdel Wahab Adult male identified by LCCSY killed
  • Abdel Qader Mustafa Abdel Wahab Adult female identified by LCCSY killed
  • Child of Mustafa Abdel Wahab Child identified by All4Syria killed

Family members (2)

  • Hanadi Al-Jaro Age unknown identified by LCCSY killed
  • Islam Al-Jaro Age unknown identified by LCCSY killed
  • Mustafa Sina Hazina Age unknown identified by LCCSY killed
  • Ahmad Abo Habla Age unknown identified by LCCSY killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 12
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Destruction caused by an airstrike on Al Dana town, Idlib, Aug 11th (via Baladi)
  • Ahmad Abo Habla, one of the alleged victims of the raids on Al Dana. (via, LCCSY)
  • The aftermath of the alleged raid and the damage it caused to civilian homes. (via, Baladi News)
  • Damage to the infrastructure following an alleged raid on Al Dama. (via, JisiriTV)
  • Damage to civilian homes in the aftermath of the incident. (via, All4syria)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid on Al Dana, 10th August 2016. (via, HalabTodayTV)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid on Al Dana, 10th August 2016. (via, HalabTodayTV)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid on Al Dana, 10th August 2016. (via, HalabTodayTV)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Al Dana (الدانا), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.218763,36.768638. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

On August 11th 2016, the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation reported that, "six Tu-22M3 long-range bombers took off from the territory of the Russian Federation and carried out concentrated strikes with high-explosive fragmentation munitions on objects of the ISIS terrorist grouping located to the south-east, north, and north-west regions from the Raqqah city. A large weaponry, ammunition and POL storage located near the Raqqah city, a plant producing chemical munitions located in the north-western suburbs of the city, and a large ISIS terrorists’ training camp have been destroyed by the aviation strike." Further to this they added that "Terrorists have suffered significant material damage. A lot of insurgents have been eliminated." According to the report the bombers took off from Hmeymim airbase.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 12
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1119

Incident date

August 10, 2016

Location

سراقب, Saraqib, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.859101, 36.797731 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one male civilian was killed and between 3 and 10 were wounded by airstrikes on the town of Saraqib, according to local media. There are however multiple reports of the death of a female child too – she was not named.

Multiple sources, including The Shaam News Network (SNN), identified both regime and Russian warplanes as responsible for the attacks.

However, others sources were split: @EdlaibEMC blamed the regime and Syrian Press Centre pointed to Russia, reporting that there were eight strikes, wounding three civilians.

Zaitonmag and the White Helmets reported that after the initial bombing of the residential neighbourhood, as the civil defence team was rescuing the wounded, they were struck with bombs, resulting in the injury of three crew members.

Radio AlKul reported that in addition to one death “dozens” more non-combatants were wounded.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Yasser Jawad Al-Brhawi Age unknown identified by the Shaam News Network killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The White Helmets tend to civilians moments after the alleged raids. (via, The White Helmets)
  • Yasser Jawad Al-Brhawi, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid on Saraquib. (via, SNN)
  • The exact moments the alleged raid hit Saraquib. (via Opopop Opopop)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Wounded casualties get tended to in the aftermath of the incident on Saraquib. (via, Qasioun)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Saraqib (سراقب), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.859101,36.797731 . Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between August 1st – 10th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1118

Incident date

August 10, 2016

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.81374, 36.60964 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least three airstrikes on Ariha killed between up to six civilians and wounded up to 20 more including five women, according to local media.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights and Smart News Agency attributed the shelling to regime warplanes.

The Smart News agency reported that “regime warplanes launched three raids on the city of Ariha in the southern countryside, killing five civilians and wounding 14 others, including five women”.

However, @811syria, @ShahbaPress and the Shaam News Network (SNN) were among other sources that blamed Russia. SNN put the death toll at six.

A video posted by The White Helmets showed the clouds of dust caused by the destruction of buildings, and the bodies of injured civilians being carried on stretchers. Reports said that the strikes hit the main market of the city.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 6
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    White Helmets attempt to rescue civilians just moments after the alleged raid on Ariha. (via, The White Helmets)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A deceased civilian is pulled from the rubble following an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, AmerBakri89)
  • The aftermath of a local market being the target of an alleged raid. (via, SN4HR)
  • Destruction of civilian housing in the aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raids. (via ShahbaPress)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ariha (أريحا), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.81374, 36.60964. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between August 1st – 10th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 6
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1116

Incident date

August 10, 2016

Location

إدلب, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.933625, 36.633748 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Reports estimated that between 11 and 23 civilians were killed and between 30 and 70 more were injured airstrikes on Idlib City – though it was unclear whether Russia or the Assad regime were to blame.

Responsibility for the strikes was attributed to both regime and Russian warplanes by the Syrian Network for Human Rights and the Shaam News Network. Halab Today blamed solely Russia, and published a video showing an injured man looking for his son, who he’d lost during the airstrikes.

Videos posted by Syrian Press Center show the physical destruction and fires caused by the airstrikes, which reportedly occurred close to a church and a market, destroying buildings, shops and private property.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 23
  • (3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–70
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Images showing the extent of damage to the infrastructure. (via, Step News)
  • The exact moments the alleged raid hit. (via, SyrianPC)
  • Burning buildings can be seen in the immediate aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, SyrianPC)
  • Burning buildings can be seen in the immediate aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid. (via, SyrianPC)
  • Fires in the street in the aftermath of the incident. (via, Enab Baladi)
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    Civilian casualties are rescued from the rubble in the aftermath of the incident in Idlib. (via, SyrianPC)
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    An injured child receives medical treatment following an alleged raid on 10th August 2016. (via, Shahbapress)
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    An injured child receives medical treatment following an alleged raid on 10th August 2016. (via, RevolutionSyria)
  • An injured child is rushed from the scene following an alleged Russian and Syrian Regime raid on 10th August 2016. (via, SN4HR)
  • The aftermath of the incident in Idlib. (via, Step News)
  • The aftermath of the incident in Idlib. (via, Step News)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Idlib vegetable market (ادلب، سوق الخضار), within the city of Idlib (إدلب). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Idlib are: 35.933625,36.633748.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

Russia has not reported any strikes between August 1st – 10th 2016.

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 23
  • (3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–70
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]