Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

TS565

Incident date

November 20, 2022

Location

ميشنور, Meştenûr, Hassakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to three civilians, including two journalists, were injured when Turkish forces bombed the outskirts of Meştenûr on November 20, 2022.

Hawar News reported that a correspondent for Sterk TV named Muhammad Jarada was injured when Turkish forces bombed the outskirts of Meştenûr. Turkish warplanes bombed Al-Jadida neighborhood, Kanya Kurdan neighborhood, and the village of Qramogh, in addition to Meştenûr hill.

Kobani News reported that a journalist for Ronahi TV was injured by a Turkish drone and that his health condition was almost stable (it is unclear if this is referring to the same journalist named Muhammad).

Farhad Shami, official of the Media Center of the Syrian Democratic Force, announced that three civilians were wounded in Kobani while @RojavaIC specified that two journalists were injured.

@RojavaIC identified a medical building, which was used as a coronavirus center during the peak of the pandemic, as being completely destroyed in the bombing near Kobani. The civilians were injured in a double tap strike on the site of the medical building, with the second strike occurring when journalists arrived to report on the bombing.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkish forces.

The incident occured in the morning.

  • Muhammad Jarada Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • One of the civilians injured by alleged Turkish strikes near Kobane on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • One of the civilians injured by alleged Turkish strikes near Kobane on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Kobani News via Facebook)
  • One of the civilians injured by alleged Turkish strikes near Kobane on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Kobani News via Facebook)
  • One of the civilians injured by alleged Turkish strikes near Kobane on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Dijla via Facebook)
  • alleged Turkish strikes near Kobane on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Rojava Information Center)
  • alleged Turkish strikes near Kobane on November 20, 2022. (Image posted by Rojava Information Center)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4317 IRS009 YS106

Incident date

June 12, 2021

Location

مشفى الشفاء, Al Shifaa Hospital, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.509587, 36.858479 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least 13 civilians, including four hospital staff and a pregnant woman, two to five other women, and one to three children, were killed and up to 50 others, including 11 hospital staff, were injured in alleged airstrikes and/or artillery shelling of Al-Shifaa Hospital in Afrin on June 12, 2021. Responsibility for the strikes is contested, which sources reporting that the Syrian Democratic Forces, Russian forces, and/or Iranian forces carried out the attack(s).

The Syrian American Medical Society issues a statement that “SAMS-supported Al-Shifaa Hospital in Afrin, Syria was directly targeted by two missiles. Initial reports from the ground indicate that thirteen people have been killed. Tragically, of this number, two were hospital staff and two were ambulance drivers. Eleven staff were injured, including one midwife in critical condition”. Additional details are that “the first missile hit the emergency room, and the second missile hit the labor and delivery room. Both units have been completely destroyed, in addition to the outpatient department that was partially destroyed. The hospital has been taken out of service, evacuating patients to nearby facilities.”

@hsasmar also identified Mahmoud Al-Dabbas Abu Khaled as someone who was “trying to provide aid to the wounded who fell as a result of the bombing on the city of #Afrin.”

@BilloMohemed gave the context that Zalloukh Hanan Muhammad, 85 years old was killed “when a missile fell on her house in the vicinity of Marati roundabout in the center of Afrin city”.

The victims “Zeinab Sheikh Daoud“, 21 years old, and her two-year-old son, “Yusuf Qilij”, from the village of Ma’arat were both killed as well, according to @SheroAlo1. Afrin Rights Watch reported that the husband and father of the deceased was being held in Marati Prison / Marata, under the control of the Turkish, and was denied a request to be released to attend their funeral.

According to @Zoher__kh, a friend of one of the victims, Majed Kbeish was a member of the Shafak Organization. @rame0alsayed also identified Anwar Al-Daher as an employee of the Shafak Organization and pointed out that he was helping one of the wounded when he was killed.

Syrian Archive spoke with the daughter go Anwar Al-Daher, who told them “Baba’s name is no longer on the door, Baba was killed, there’s no longer a door.” Al-Daher had been forcibly displaced from Kafr Aweed in the southern countryside of Idlib and was visiting Afrin with his Majid Kubaish for their work with Shafak and were treating patients at the hospital when they both were killed.

Maaret alnuman posted on Facebook that Rana Fawzi Al-Manfoukh, the wife of Mahmoud Khashan, was also killed in the bombing of Al Shifaa Hospital.

A Facebook post by Mustafa Sheikho identified the death of Malak Othman Khalil from the village of Konde Khalil and the injury of her daughter, Mazkin Hassan Muhammad, from Alkana.

An image posted by @Marea_Elshame shows a child in a wheelchair who was paralyzed prior to the incident and was killed in the strikes.

@SyrianCoalition published a full list of the names of those killed: Zaloukh Hanan Muhammad Afrin, 85 years old (F); Zainab Sheikh Daoud Afrin, 21 years old  (F); Yusuf Kilij Khushan Afrin, 2 years old  (M); Muhammad Osama Mamdouh Homs, 33 years old  (M); Dana Al-Manfoukh  (F); Ghaith Abbas, 23 years old  (M); Samira Al-Sufi, Damascus, 41 years old  (F); Mahmoud Dias Homs, 35 years old  (M); Fadel Haj Ibrahim  (M); Laith Al-Hamwi  (M); Lian Mustafa Al-Amiri  (F); Lana Mustafa Al-Amiri  (F); Anwar Ahmed Daher  (M); Majed Kbeish  (M)

Syrian Civil Defense published the names Ismail Al-Naasan, Zaher Hamsho, and Ahmed Ibrahim, three volunteers of the White Helmets were injured while performing their humanitarian duty.

Syrian Archive reported that “a picture shows Ahmed Al Ibrahim, 35 years old, injured in a Civil Defense car. Ahmed, who has only worked as a volunteer in the Civil Defense for four months told the Syrian Archive team, “I was sad because I could not complete my mission after I was hit in the bombing, corpses and body parts were all over the place, there were many injured people everywhere.” Pictures and a video posted by the Syrian Civil Defense show Ahmed’s face covered in dust and blood, following the bombing of a residential community and later Al Shifa Hospital in Afrin with a total of 14 rocket shells”.

Afrin Post included additional names of civilians injured from Afrin: Fatima Sager Ahmed, 56 years old (F); Mazkin Muhammad Hassan, 39 years old (F)  //daughter of Malak Othamn Khalil; Ali Ali Mahmoud, 21 years old (M); Awfa Al-Nasir Muhammad, 50 years old (?); Nidal Hajj Ibrahim, 55 years old (M); Laith Al-Amiri Mustafa, 4 years old (M); Layan Al-Amiri Mustafa, a year and a half old (M); Nisreen Al-Aroor Abdul Karim 2 years old (F); Aisha Kılıch Colin, 56 years old (M)

Afrin Post also named civilians injured from outside of Afrin: Mohieddin Al-Zein, age 55 (M); Ismail Nassan 39 (M); Muhammad Saleh. 23 (M); Zahid Hamsho 36 (?); Douaa Kamel Saad Eddin 60 (F); Abdullah Al-Abed 33 (M); Iman, Ghadab Zakaria (5 years) (F); Jalal Al-Qassab Omar (30 years old) (M); Iman al-Akhras Muhammad (22 years old) (F); Muhammad Qadriya (27 .) (M); Muhammad Hamidi Attia (36 years old) (M); Qusay Muhammad Khalil (31 years old). (M); Muhammad Zaher Al-Sakka (41 years old) (M); Bilal Ramadan (29 years old). (M); Hossam Noureddine Farouk (37 years old) (M); Tariq Najm Muhammad Faisal (31 years old) (M)

Syrian Archive identified three of those killed as being soldiers: Mahmoud Khalid Debbas, Ghaith Bassam Al Abbas, and Mamdouh Osama Al Abish.

Nurse Samir Aghwani, one of the staff members at Al Shifa, told Syrian Archive “While working, I heard several consecutive rockets and explosions at 18:05 on Saturday, June 12. I immediately went to the emergency room after a call came about injuries in the Al Filat and Al Siyasiya streets. Ambulances began transporting those injured to Al Shifa Hospital, which was closest to the attack. While we applied first aid and a number of doctors entered the operating room to conduct surgeries, and about an hour after the first bombing, the hospital was targeted by two missiles. One of them fell in the emergency room where I was. The second fell in the middle of the hospital. I froze as horrific scenes passed in front of me before I regained my senses and opened my phone. I documented what had happened and then went to treat the injured. The place was filling with blood and corpses, and my colleagues, the Civil Defense teams, and I treated the wounded.”

The director of the hospital, Hossam Al Hamdan, told Syrian Archive that the shelling completely destroyed the emergency and gynecology departments as well as the operating rooms and clinics.

Naim Al Qasim, director of the Civil Defense Center in Afrin, said in an interview with the Syrian Archive team that, “At 18:05 Afrin was hit by rockets. The shelling concentrated around the vicinity of the Ibn Sina Hospital and Al Shifa Hospital, hitting civilian homes. The Civil Defense went to the location hit. The results of the shelling was one killed and four wounded. Other than a patient who was sent to Afrin Hospital, we transported the wounded to Al-Shifa Hospital. When the vehicles returned at around 19:00, the city was hit by a second attack. Among the locations hit in this attack was Al-Shifa Hospital. The Civil Defense paramedics present at the hospital were injured as well as some of the hospital staff in addition to civilians. They were treated and taken from the hospital. The initial outcome was around 15 dead and 43 injured, in addition to severe damage to the hospital and residential buildings as well to equipment belonging to the Civil Defense.”

Mohammed Al Youssef, an ambulance driver, told the Syrian Archive team, “We received an emergency response call at 18:05 of civilian casualties on Al Siyasiya street, near Al Filat, from rocket fire. We immediately went there and were the first teams to arrive. The moment we arrived there was a high number of those injured. So, we transported two cases to the hospital and came back to evacuate more of the injured. Here was when the paramedics and Civil Defense teams arrived. After we transported another injured individual, we headed towards Al Shifa Hospital, as it was close to the area shelled, to provide first aid to the injured and to try and rescue them. We stayed in the hospital, ready for any emergency that may happen. There was huge crowd in the hospital, including civilians, injured people, and their families. We stayed in the ambulance because there were patients with critical injuries that required transportation to Turkish territories. An hour after the first bombing, a second attack happened and here the horrific massacre occurred. The missiles directly hit the hospital, the number of people was very large. The nurse that was with my ambulance was inside the emergency room in the hospital and I was outside the hospital. The rising smoke, shrapnel, and the sounds I began to hear sounded as if it was Youm Al Qiyamah. Most of the people present were killed or injured. We managed the situation and tried to rescue the injured and pull them out of the rubble. What I saw was very difficult. I saw a child in a wheelchair who died in the bombing, women, children, and young people, and ambulance teams and nurses and doctors. While working as an ambulance driver for two years now, these were the toughest moments I ever experienced.”

Ahmed Al Ibrahim, a volunteer in the Civil Defense who was wounded by the shelling, told the Syrian Archive team that the first attack was around six o’clock in the evening. He accompanied two of his colleagues, Ismail Naasan, division commander, and Zaher Hamsho, driver, in transferring the injured to Al Shifa Hospital and then Afrin Central Hospital. When they returned to Al Shifa Hospital, rockets hit the facility and he and his colleagues were injured.

In a recording sent to Syrian Archive, Abu Taym Al Halabi, a media activist who lives in Afrin and about 50 meters away from the hospital, said that seven to eight rockets hit the town in the first attack. He told Syrian Archive he inspected the impact site, determining that rockets fell between civilian homes and on farm land on Al Filat street. He said he photographed those injured at the site. About an hour later, when he was arriving back home, he heard shooting and loud explosions. When he went to the location of the explosions, he saw many injured people leaving the hospital. He helped them and saw significant destruction to the hospital. He said he saw at least six bodies in the area and that because the police were present he was afraid to document what he saw. Abu Taym told Syrian Archive that he took a picture from afar of a man next to his pregnant wife, who was killed in the attack, before the Civil Defense removed her from the hospital. He asked the captain present whether he was permitted to document what was happening. The captain allowed Abu Taym to take pictures. According to Abu Taym, the scene was tragic, “I saw body parts and corpses, severed hands and feet, dismembered bodies.” He added, “after a few minutes, a person who spoke Turkish stopped us and other journalists from filming.”

Qasioun News reported that “the authorities of the Turkish state of Hatay announced killing 13 civilians and injury 27 others as a result of the attack carried out by SDF.”

A tweet from @ahmadal_shame put the number of civilians killed in the strikes “at more than 18” and @SyrianCoalition tweeted that the number of people killed had risen to 19. A higher count was given by Step News, putting that the strikes “killed 23 people and injured more than 40 civilians and medical staff” and Al Modon reported that more than 50 civilians were injured. However, other sources gave lower estimates, with @SEMA_Org tweeting that “at least 6 civilian casualties were killed, and 15 were injured,” but this seems to be an early estimate.

Syrian Archive reported that Al Shifa Hospital is located on a block that includes military and government institutions, including the headquarters of the city police, the political security branch, and the court in Afrin.

Orient News provided information on the victims: “killing of at least seven people in the initial toll, including three women from the medical staff (a midwife and two nurses), a civil defense volunteer and two civilians, in addition to the injury of dozens, including three civil defense volunteers and a number of medical staff and civilians, especially women”. Enab Baladi gave information that of the seven killed, that included “four medical personnel and three members of the “Syrian Civil Defense” team” and Syrian Network for Human Rights identified one child and five women among those killed.

In addition, Orient identified Iran as responsible for the bombardment on the hospital and added that the bombing “originated from the Iranian “sectarian” militia points in the areas of Aleppo countryside”.

A tweet from @NagiNajjar blamed the strikes on the regime and Iran.

Various sources, including @itsnotsuhad and Syrian Civil Defense, attributed the strikes to the Syrian Democratic Forces and/or the PKK. Syrian Arab News Agency, the regime controlled news agency, reported that the civilian casualties resulted from “mutual shelling between the Turkish occupation forces and their terrorist mercenaries on the one hand, and the US occupation backed-QSD militants on  the other hand”.

However, Farhad Shami, Director of the Media Center of the Syrian Democratic Forces released a statement that “some media published incorrect news about the targeting of the city center of Afrin this evening and attributed it to our forces. We in the Syrian Democratic Forces confirm that we do not have any presence in those areas, and we call on all media outlets to adhere to credibility in publishing news related to our force”. The head of the SDF also denied that they were responsible, blaming Russia for the strikes.

Afrin Post reported that “Turkish soldiers in six military vehicles (with Turkish flags on them) had evacuated their military headquarters located in the building (formerly Ronahi Press) adjacent to Afrin Hospital (al-Shifaa now) just 4 minutes before the start of the missile shelling on the city, which indicates that they were on Aware of the missile targeting and its timing” and that Turkish forces prevented activists and media from entering the hospital following the strikes. In addition, “the missile shelling was launched from the outskirts of the towns of Nubl and al-Zahra, which are under the control of the Syrian regime army.”

A tweet from @maamo_walid provided an image of the “Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance”. Using the same image, @AKMcKeever referred to it as ” a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins) taken ~175m from the site of the Afrin hospital”.

The US State Department issued a statement condemning the attack and pointed out that “this hospital’s coordinates have been shared with the UN deconfliction mechanism for Syria” but did not identify who was responsible. The World Health Organization also issued a condemnation of the attack and did not attribute responsibility.

The incident occured between 6:10 pm and 7:15 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Malak Othman Khalil Adult female from the village of Konde Khalil killed
  • Mazkin Hassan Muhammad 39 years old female injured

Family members (2)

  • Zainab Sheikh Daoud 21 years old female From Afrin killed
  • Yusuf Kilij Khushan 2 years old male From Afrin killed

Family members (4)

  • Laith Al-Amiri Mustafa 4 years old male injured
  • Lian Mustafa Al-Amiri Age unknown female killed
  • Lana Mustafa Al-Amiri 2 years old female killed
  • Layan Al-Amiri Mustafa 1.5 years old male injured
  • Zaloukh Hanan Muhammad 85 years old female From Afrin killed
  • Muhammad Osama Mamdouh 33 years old male From Afrin killed
  • Dana Al-Manfoukh Age unknown female killed
  • Ghaith Abbas 23 years old male killed
  • Samira Al-Sufi 41 years old female From Damascus killed
  • Mahmoud Dias 35 years old male killed
  • Fadel Haj Ibrahim Age unknown male killed
  • Anwar Ahmed Daher Age unknown male killed
  • Majed Kbeish Age unknown male killed
  • Rana Fawzi Al-Manfoukh Age unknown female wife of Mahmoud Khashan killed
  • Ismail Al-Naasan Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Zaher Hamsho Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Ahmed Ibrahim Age unknown male Member of Syrian Civil Defense injured
  • Laith Al-Hamwi Age unknown male killed
  • Fatima Sager Ahmed 56 years old female injured
  • Ali Ali Mahmoud 21 years old male injured
  • Awfa Al-Nasir Muhammad 50 years old injured
  • Nidal Hajj Ibrahim 55 years old male injured
  • Nisreen Al-Aroor Abdul Karim 2 years old female injured
  • Aisha Kılıch Colin 56 years old male injured
  • Mohieddin Al-Zein 55 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Saleh 23 years old male injured
  • Douaa Kamel Saad Eddin 60 years old female injured
  • Abdullah Al-Abed 33 years old male injured
  • Iman, Ghadab Zakaria 5 years old female injured
  • Jalal Al-Qassab Omar 30 years old male injured
  • Iman al-Akhras Muhammad 22 years old female injured
  • Muhammad Qadriya 27 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Hamidi Attia 36 years old male injured
  • Qusay Muhammad Khalil 31 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Zaher Al-Sakka 41 years old male injured
  • Bilal Ramadan 29 years old male injured
  • Hossam Noureddine Farouk 37 years old male injured
  • Tariq Najm Muhammad Faisal 31 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 23
  • (1–3 children3–6 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–50
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Turkish Military, Syrian Democratic Forces, Iranian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (91) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (72) [ collapse]

  • Image of the destroyed al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. According to the Syrian American Medical Society, "thirteen people have been killed. Tragically, of this number, two were hospital staff and two were ambulance drivers. Eleven staff were injured, including one midwife in critical condition."
  • Image of al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin, which was destroyed by missile and artillery strikes on June 12, 2021. "The authorities of the Turkish state of Hatay announced killing 13 civilians and injury 27 others as a result of the attack carried out by SDF." (Image posted by Qasioun)
  • According to @Marea_Elshame, the image shows a child who was paralyzed in a wheelchair and was killed in the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital.
  • Amin Qusho, an anesthesiologist who was killed in the bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @rahhalahmad06)
  • An ambulance destroyed by the bombardment of Al-Shifaa hospital on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @SyrianCoalition)
  • Image of Amin Qushou. an anesthesiologist who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of an unidentified victim who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of Anwar Al-Zahir who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Image of an Majed Kbeish, a published writer who was killed when Al-Shifaa hospital was bombed on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @mahmoud_fsg)
  • Unidentified victims of the June 12th bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Unidentified victims of the June 12th bombing of Al-Shifaa hospital in Afrin. (Image posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Following the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital, medical facilities were in need of blood donations to help those injured in the strikes. (Images posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • Following the strikes on Al-Shifaa hospital, medical facilities were in need of blood donations to help those injured in the strikes. (Images posted by @WM_FREESYR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of an unidentified civilian who was injured in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @Tb7FgaFJwxqQlKu)
  • Image of a car belonging to Anwar Al-Daher, an employee of the Shafak Organization that was trying to help the wounded when he was hit with another missile. (Image posted by @rame0alsayed)
  • Image of the destruction to the hospital and blood from the victims of the bombing on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense searching through the rubble for survivors following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A injured member of the Syrian Civil Defense being taken to a medical facility in an ambulance following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense helping an injured victim following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A member of the Syrian Civil Defense searching through the rubble for survivors following the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: Shahba Press reporter said that 19 people were killed, including 5 women, children and workers in humanitarian and medical organizations, and others were wounded - some of them in critical condition - as a result of the missile shelling by YPG militia on residential neighborhoods in the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Shahba Press)
  • Caption translation: Shahba Press reporter said that 19 people were killed, including 5 women, children and workers in humanitarian and medical organizations, and others were wounded - some of them in critical condition - as a result of the missile shelling by YPG militia on residential neighborhoods in the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Shahba Press)
  • An image posted by the Turkish Defense Ministry shows the damage caused by the airstrikes on Afrin of June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @tcsavunma)
  • Image of Mahmoud Dabbas Abu Khaled, who was killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021.
  • Image of Anwar Al-Zahir and Majid Kubaish, members of Shafak Organization who died while performing their humanitarian duty to provide aid to the wounded following the bombing of the city of Afrin. (Image posted by Bonyan organization via Facebook)
  • Image of Ghaith Abbas, killed in airstrikes on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Ahmad Khaled via Facebook)
  • An image of the damage caused by the airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of damage to Al-Shifaa hospital following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a White Helmet searching through the rubble of the hospital following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a cleaning up following airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • An image of a wheelchair in the destroyed Al-Shifaa hospital, which suffered damage from airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Mazkin Hassan Muhammad, from Alkana was injured, along with her mother who was killed, in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Mustafa Sheikho via Facebook)
  • Malak Othman Khalil from the village of Konde Khalil was killed, along with her daughter who was injured, in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Mustafa Sheikho via Facebook)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners praying over the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners burying some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of mourners carrying the coffins of some of the victims killed in the bombing of Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Images posted by Euphrates Post)
  • Image of a White Helmet and a civilian carrying the body of one of the victims of the bombing on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Al Araby)
  • Image of Zainab Sheikh Daoud, 21, and her two-year-old son, Yusef Khoshnav Kilij, who were killed in airstrikes on Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by Afrin Rights Watch)
  • Referred to by @maamo_walid as "he Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance" while @AKMcKeever referred to it as "a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins)"
  • Image of the location struck by the bombing in Afrin on June 12, 2021. (Image posted by @AKMcKeever)
  • Referred to by @maamo_walid as "he Krasnopol missiles that the Syrian regime bombed the city of Afrin are Russian laser-guided missiles that are precision-guided by reconnaissance" while @AKMcKeever referred to it as "a 122mm BM-21 rocket (spring-loaded fins)"

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Shifa hospital (مشفى الشفاء) in Afrin (عفرين). According to research conducted by @AKMcKeever, the exact location of this strike is: 36.509587, 36.858479. Cross referencing evidence from audio-visual material from sources, we can confirm this location.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces
  • Syrian Democratic Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 23
  • (1–3 children3–6 women9 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–50
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Turkish Military, Syrian Democratic Forces, Iranian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (91) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4303

Incident date

March 21, 2021

Location

مشفى المغارة, Al Maghara Hospital, Al Atareb, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.154972, 36.842553 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between three and eight civilians, including two children and a woman, were killed and between 11 and 22 others were injured in alleged regime or Russian strikes at Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb, Aleppo in the morning on March 21, 2021.

Syrian Civil Defense and other sources, including @HalabTodayTV, identified artillery shelling as the cause of the injuries and damage and France 24 reported that six shells struck the city while Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported about six rocket-propelled grenades and Syrian Network for Human Rights reported three mortar shells striking the hospital. According to DW News, dozens of rockets and heavy artillery shells struck Al Maghara Hospital. Syrian Archive reported the time of the incident from 8:41-8:45AM.

In a preliminary outcome reported by Syrian Civil Defense, “3 civilians, including a child and a woman…and 15 other medical personnel working at Al-Atareb City Hospital and the visitors were injured this morning.” Syrian Civil Defense later posted that the death toll ” increased to 5 civilians, including a child and a woman… and wounding 9 medical personnel (5 doctors and 3 Nurses and technicians) and in a later video, increased the count to seven people killed and more than 15 others injured, including nine hospital staff. France 24 news reported that six people were killed including a child and a hospital worker and 11 others were wounded. Baladi News reported 22 people injured to varying degrees. Reuters reported that “Syrian army artillery killed seven civilians and injured 14 medics” and that the Turkish Defence Ministry had earlier said that ” five people were killed and 10 injured” in the artillery attack. Syrian Network for Human Rights published a report a week later that identified “eight civilians [were killed], including one child and one woman, and injuring about 17 others, including five of the hospital’s medical staff. Other sources also identified between three to seven civilians killed.

A tweet by @anasanas84 and Facebook post by Zakariya Mohammed Zilo named those killed as Muhammad Abdel Hamid Haji Ahmed (male from Al Atareb), Hikmat Hussein Al Khalaf (male from Al Khalaf), Mustafa Ayoub (male from Al Atareb), Mustafa Ahmad Hallaq (male), Sami Ali Kaddour (from Abyanas), and Ahmed Khattab (from Kafr Nouran) as well as an unidentified male child and an unidentified woman. Syrian Archive also named Ahmed Abdel Qadir Ayoub, a child, as being killed. The director of the Free Aleppo Health Authority, Nawar Kurdiya, was injured in the eye as a result of artillery shelling. Mahmoud Khalifa, a maintenance technician at Al Atarib Surgical Hospital, was also injured in the attack.

Syrian Archive reported that Mohammed Abdul Hamid Haji Ahmed, who was only 18 years old and recently married, was killed while taking his mother, who was injured in the bombing, to the hospital for treatment. His daughter was born five days after he was killed in the hospital attack.

The Directorate of Education in Aleppo posted on Facebook that two of its teachers and one of its students were killed in the attack on Al Atarib. The student named by the directorate is Ahmed Abdullah Ayoub (known as Ahmed Rajab Hallaq) and the teachers named are Mustafa Ahmed Ayoub and Ahmed Khattab Khattab.

Images and videos posted by @IndyArabia and other sources show severe damage to the hospital and injured patients being removed on stretchers. France 24 reported that according the the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the courtyard and the entrance to the hospital were struck by shells. DW News reported that an AFR reporter witnessed damage to the hospital entrance, shells penetrating the roof, windows of the information room shattered, and blood stains spread around. According to The New Arab, in a statement by Fadi Hakim,a spokesman for the Syrian American Medical Society, which supports the hospital, said the structural damage includes destruction of the orthopedic clinic and the emergency room and One News added that the electric generators on the roof of the hospital were knocked out. Syrian archive reported that “the first artillery shell hit near the hospital’s emergency room entrance and the other two shells followed hitting the orthopedic clinic and the waiting area in the hospital yard as well as the hospital roof near the obstetrician room and hospital staff accommodations.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that the hospital is located far from residential areas and there is no military equipment. Al Jazeera and various other sources also pointed out that this occurred in a rebel-held part of Northwest Syria.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, the attack resulted in physical damage to the hospital so severe that the hospital could no longer serve patients. An Al Jazeera correspondent Adham Abu Al-Hussam pointed out that the hospital served more than 100,000 civilians in the city of Atarib and the surrounding areas but no longer can from the damage. Syrian Archive reported that the hospital conducts general as well orthopedic, urologic, and ENT operations and the average number of hospital beneficiaries ranges from 5,000 – 6,000 patients a month.

Following the attack, civil defense teams took the injured to the nearest hospital and transported those killed to their families. Baladi News reported that six of those injured were transferred to Turkish hospitals and the rest went to hospitals across the northern countryside of Idlib. Images posted by @MMCSYR also show the victims being buried.

France 24 and most other sources identified regime forces as responsible for the artillery shelling, including a post by Al Atareb City on Facebook that specifically identified the 46th regiment of the regime and DW News identifying the regime forces stationed in the town of Urem Al-Soghra as responsible. However, a tweet from @ZaitunAgency attributed the attack to both the regime and Russia. According to Syrian Archive, the 46th regiment is about 5km away from the hospital and could be the potential launch point.

Russian media posted a video following the attack showing Russian surveillance guided the artillery strike. Analysis by @Charles_Lister also shows that Russian “Kasnopol” laser-guided artillery shells were used in the attack. The missiles require external laser markers and the target must be illuminated with a laser for an accurate strike. By analyzing the remnants from the attack, they were able to point out that they closely match the laser-guided “Krasnopol” used in Ukraine. A tweet from @rien4djri also identified the times that Russian and regime planes get over Al Atarib, showing Russian involvement.

Anadolu Agency News attributed the attack to the regime and Iranian-backed foreign terrorist militias.

Anadolu Agency News and France 24 both pointed out that the shelling occurred in a UN de-escalation zone that was agreed upon by Turkey, Russia and Iran but the regime has recaptured three of the four areas covered by the deescalation. Al Jazeera also pointed out that the hospital is located underground, which is a tactic often used by the opposition to avoid targeting. Also, as Syrian Archive pointed out, “Al Atarib Surgical Hospital is remotely located, meaning it is situated distinctly separate from main centres of population and is not near to or surrounded by many other, unrelated (non-medical) structures.”

Rehana Zawar, the IRC’s country director for northwest Syria, said in a statement “Although SAMS shared the hospital’s coordinates through the UN’s notification system, it came under attack and has now been damaged so severely that it can no longer be used. Health facilities are protected under international law and should be safe havens in times of crisis, but after 10 years of war this is not the case in Syria.”

Aljazeera reported that the White Helmets released a statement that the attack is a “continuation of the regime and Russia’s systematic policy of targeting medical facilities and hospitals.”

The Turkish Defense Ministry released a written statement that “the Assad regime once again has carried out a brutal attack on innocent civilians” according to Daily Sabah.

The US Department of State also released a statement, “Reported artillery shelling on the Al-Atareb Surgical Hospital in western Aleppo killed several patients, including a child, and injured more than a dozen medical staff.  This hospital’s coordinates had been shared with the UN-led deconfliction mechanism.”

The incident occured between 8:41 am and 8:45 am local time.

  • Muhammad Abdel Hamid. Haji Ahmed 18 years old male killed
  • Hikmat Hussein Al Khalaf Age unknown male killed
  • Mustafa Ayoub Age unknown male Teacher killed
  • Mustafa Ahmad Hallaq Child male Ahmed Abdullah Ayoub (or as he is known in his village Ahmed Rajab Hallaq) killed
  • Nawar Kurdiya Age unknown Director of the Free Aleppo Health Authority, injured in the eye injured
  • Sami Ali Kaddour Age unknown (or as he is known in his village Ibin Sami Ali Al Kheir, where he was the goal keeper for the Al Fajr Sports Club) killed
  • Ahmed Khattab Age unknown Teacher killed
  • Ahmed Abdel Qadir Ayoub Child male killed
  • Mahmoud Khalifa Age unknown male maintenance technician at Al Atarib Surgical Hospital injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 8
  • (1 child1 woman4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–22
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (62) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (81) [ collapse]

  • Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense show the damage and injuries caused by alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense show the damage and injuries caused by alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense show the damage and injuries caused by alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense show the damage and injuries caused by alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense show the damage and injuries caused by alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Images posted by Syrian Civil Defense show the damage and injuries caused by alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Image posted by Anadolu Agency News shows the damagecaused by alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Images posted by Zakariya Mohammed Zilo show the victims of the alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Images posted by Zakariya Mohammed Zilo show the victims of the alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Images posted by Abean Saman martyrs identifies Sami Al Qaddour as a victim of the alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Images posted by Ahmad Fou'ad on Facebook identifies Mustafa Ahmed Ayoub as a victim of the alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Images posted by Mohammed Mahmoud Haji Ahmed on Facebook identifies Ahmed Khattab as a victim of the alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Image posted by Mohammed About Omar on Facebook identifies Muhammad Abdul Hamid Haji Ahmed as a victim of the alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Images posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights show the damage to the hospital caused by alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Images posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights show the damage to the hospital caused by alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Image posted by Al Atareb city shows Director of Health in Free Aleppo, doctor "Nawar Kurdiya" who lost an eye from the alleged regime shelling on Al Maghara Hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • A man walks past a damaged room at the entrance of a field hospital in the the village of Atareb in the northern Syrian province of Aleppo on March 21, 2021, after it was reportedly targeted by regime shelling. (Photo by AAREF WATAD / AFP)
  • A man stands amid the debris at the entrance of a field hospital in the the village of Atareb in the northern Syrian province of Aleppo on March 21, 2021, after it was reportedly targeted by regime shelling. (Photo by AAREF WATAD / AFP)
  • Syrian mourners pray during a funeral in the the village of Atareb in the northern Syrian province of Aleppo on March 21, 2021, for civilians killed in regime artillery fire on a hospital. - Regime artillery fire killed five civilians including a child when it hit a hospital entrance in Syria's last major rebel bastion of Idlib, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. (Photo by AAREF WATAD / AFP)
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images posted by @Charles_Lister of the artillery parts used to attack the hospital in Al Atareb on March 21, 2021 and linking the attack to Russia as well as the regime.
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Images from the Syrian Archive report detailing the alleged Russian/regime airstrike against Al Atarib Hospital on March 21, 2021
  • Image translation: One of the Syrian pain stories One of the victims of artillery bombardment of Al-Atarab Hospital is the young orphan ′′ Mohamed Abdel Hamid Haji Ahmad ′′ (18 years old) who married nearly (10 months ago) and his wife is eighth month pregnant with his father and sister are martyrs of victims Assad's regime bombardment and brought his mother to the hospital for a doctor, but Assad bombardment killed a young man ′′ Muhammad ′′ and his sick mother was shrapneled after which was transferred to Bab Al-Hawa Hospital to receive aid. (Image posted by Mahmood Talha via Facebook)
  • Image caption translation: After the funeral of his father.. the wife of the martyr ′′ Mohamed Abdel Hamid Haji Ahmad ′′ who was killed by Russia in Al-Atarab Hospital.. makes an orphaned child. (Image posted by Thiqa Agency via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • A tweet from @MarkCutts shows the damage caused by the airstrike on the Al Atarib hospital on March 21, 2021
  • A tweet from @rien4djri shows a schedule of Syrian regime and Russian planes flying over Al Atareb on March 21, 2021.
  • Caption translation: Medics stand next to the body of a victim following an artillery attack on at Al-Atareb City Hospital. 7 civilians including a child and a woman were killed and 15 medical personnel working at Al-Atareb City Hospital, Aleppo together with visitors were wounded as the Assad regime forces targeted the hospital with several artillery shells, making the hospital out of service. Syrian Civil Defense teams are treating the wounded at the nearest hospital and transported the bodies of the dead to their families.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Caption translation: Medics stand next to the body of a victim following an artillery attack on at Al-Atareb City Hospital. 7 civilians including a child and a woman were killed and 15 medical personnel working at Al-Atareb City Hospital, Aleppo together with visitors were wounded as the Assad regime forces targeted the hospital with several artillery shells, making the hospital out of service. Syrian Civil Defense teams are treating the wounded at the nearest hospital and transported the bodies of the dead to their families.
  • Caption translation: Medics stand next to the body of a victim following an artillery attack on at Al-Atareb City Hospital. 7 civilians including a child and a woman were killed and 15 medical personnel working at Al-Atareb City Hospital, Aleppo together with visitors were wounded as the Assad regime forces targeted the hospital with several artillery shells, making the hospital out of service. Syrian Civil Defense teams are treating the wounded at the nearest hospital and transported the bodies of the dead to their families.
  • Caption translation: Medics stand next to the body of a victim following an artillery attack on at Al-Atareb City Hospital. 7 civilians including a child and a woman were killed and 15 medical personnel working at Al-Atareb City Hospital, Aleppo together with visitors were wounded as the Assad regime forces targeted the hospital with several artillery shells, making the hospital out of service. Syrian Civil Defense teams are treating the wounded at the nearest hospital and transported the bodies of the dead to their families.
  • Caption translation: Medics stand next to the body of a victim following an artillery attack on at Al-Atareb City Hospital. 7 civilians including a child and a woman were killed and 15 medical personnel working at Al-Atareb City Hospital, Aleppo together with visitors were wounded as the Assad regime forces targeted the hospital with several artillery shells, making the hospital out of service. Syrian Civil Defense teams are treating the wounded at the nearest hospital and transported the bodies of the dead to their families.
  • Caption translation: Medics stand next to the body of a victim following an artillery attack on at Al-Atareb City Hospital. 7 civilians including a child and a woman were killed and 15 medical personnel working at Al-Atareb City Hospital, Aleppo together with visitors were wounded as the Assad regime forces targeted the hospital with several artillery shells, making the hospital out of service. Syrian Civil Defense teams are treating the wounded at the nearest hospital and transported the bodies of the dead to their families.
  • Caption translation: Medics stand next to the body of a victim following an artillery attack on at Al-Atareb City Hospital. 7 civilians including a child and a woman were killed and 15 medical personnel working at Al-Atareb City Hospital, Aleppo together with visitors were wounded as the Assad regime forces targeted the hospital with several artillery shells, making the hospital out of service. Syrian Civil Defense teams are treating the wounded at the nearest hospital and transported the bodies of the dead to their families.
  • Caption translation: Medics stand next to the body of a victim following an artillery attack on at Al-Atareb City Hospital. 7 civilians including a child and a woman were killed and 15 medical personnel working at Al-Atareb City Hospital, Aleppo together with visitors were wounded as the Assad regime forces targeted the hospital with several artillery shells, making the hospital out of service. Syrian Civil Defense teams are treating the wounded at the nearest hospital and transported the bodies of the dead to their families.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Al Maghara Hospital (مشفى المغارة), within Al Atarib (أتارب‎), for which the exact coordinates, as reported by The Syrian Archive, are: 36.154972, 36.842553.

  • Imagery:
    Google Earth

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 8
  • (1 child1 woman4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–22
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (62) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4500

Incident date

March 2, 2020

Location

بنش, Binnish, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that one man was killed and up to two others injured as a result of alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Binnish in the Idlib province, on March 2nd 2020.

Alleged Russian warplanes carried out two raids on the city of Binnish. The strikes resulted in the death of one civilian Rami Haj Hamden, and injured two more. Initial sources claimed one man was killed and one man injured but Step news reported 3 civilians were impacted by the strike.

Multiple photographic sources show extensive property damage, including that of a local hospital.

SNHR reported: “fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles near the hospital of Islamic Medical Complex in Binnesh city in the northern suburbs of Idlib suburbs, killing Rami Haj Hamdan and partially damaging its building and equipment.”

SNHR later reported that a Syrian Civil Defense vehicle was damaged “while they were heading to a site of a previous bombing by Syrian- Russian alliance forces on the outskirts of the city, severely damaging an ambulance of Civil Defense”. This indicates that there was a second “double strike” that only resulted in material damage, corresponding with the Civil Defense’s own reporting on the incident and the resulting damage.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Major damage was reported after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Binnish, Idlib governorate, on March 2nd, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • A damaged vehicle following an alleged Russian airstrike on Binnish, March 2nd (via White Helmets)
  • A damaged vehicle following an alleged Russian airstrike on Binnish, March 2nd (via White Helmets)
  • A damaged vehicle following an alleged Russian airstrike on Binnish, March 2nd (via White Helmets)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Binnish on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Binnish on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Binnish on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Binnish on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @anasanas84)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4482

Incident date

February 25, 2020

Location

مشفى إدلب المركزي, Idlib Central Hospital, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least four civilians, healthcare workers, were injured in alleged Russian or regime airstrikes on Idlib Central Hospital on February 25, 2020.

According to Shaam News, regime warplanes struck Idlib Central Hospital with missiles, causing damage to the facilities and injuries among its staff.

A tweet from @azrak_moahmad added that the bombing of the hospital caused great damage to the hospital and the equipment, and he attributed the strikes to both Russia and the regime.

Shaam News reported that “the Syrian American Medical Association (SAMS) said in a statement today that the city of Idlib is under a campaign of air strikes by the Syrian regime and its allies, as its cadres are mobilized in medical facilities to receive injuries and help as much as possible. The organization pointed out that during the response of its cadres in Idlib Central Hospital, the hospital was subjected to an air strike at the gate of the specialized clinics. The hospital was damages, especially the clinics department, the oncology department, the interior ward department, and the staff accommodation ward.” The hospital was forced to stop operations and the work of specialized clinics, even though they had received 24 injured, including children, and 4 martyrs.

Images show a young girl and a man being treated in the hospital but it is unclear if they are being treated for wounds they sustained when the hospital was bombed or from prior injuries.

Human Rights Watch detailed the events that occurred: “On February 25, 2020 at 1:55 p.m., a munition struck the Central Hospital (also known as Governor Hospital) in Idlib city, wounding at least four civilians and causing damage to the building. A strike hit the eastern gate of Idlib Central Hospital on the afternoon of February 25, 2020.Ma’awya Agha, the data entry officer at the hospital, said he reported intensive shelling from the southeast. At the time, the Syrian army was holding a position about 15 kilometers to the city’s southeast. The hospital had 172 staff members and was treating about 15,000 patients per month. It had 61 beds, including 42 for surgery, 10 for intensive care, and 9 for cancer patients.

Agha, who was present during the attack, said a munition hit the hospital’s eastern gate at 1:55 p.m. “Because of the heavy shelling, all the staff were at the hospital, treating many wounded people coming in. The strike, which I am sure was an airstrike because of the amount of damage it caused, injured four healthcare workers inside. I don’t know how many people outside the building were injured in the attack. I was too afraid to go outside.” Agha said the strike blew out the windows and doors of the hospital and caused cracks to the eastern outer wall, but the hospital was not closed after the attack.

Human Rights Watch reviewed two videos and 21 photographs posted on Facebook and YouTube on February 25, 2020.[168] Together, they show one dead body on the ground, three young children in an ambulance, damage to vehicles, and damage to the hospital wall and a nearby building. In a video uploaded to Facebook, a large crater in the street, approximately 35 meters from the hospital, is visible along with damage to an outer hospital wall. The camera pans from this crater to show the same body on the ground and damage to two vehicles. In another video posted on Facebook by the SCD, an ambulance parks one block, about 125 meters, from the hospital, and rescue workers carry an injured person to the vehicle. The rescue workers search in the rubble of a destroyed building 125 meters away from the hospital. Two photographs posted online on February 25 appear to show damage to the interior of the hospital, including damage to windows and doorframes.

Agha said he knew of no military objectives in the vicinity before or at the time of the attack, nor were there signs of military weapons, equipment, or personnel in the imagery that Human Rights Watch reviewed.

The incident occured at 13:55:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Idlib Central Hospital on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @azrak_moahmad)
  • A child who was injured by airstrikes on Idlib Central Hospital on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @azrak_moahmad)
  • Damage caused by airstrikes on Idlib Central Hospital on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @azrak_moahmad)
  • Victims of airstrikes on Idlib Central Hospital on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @azrak_moahmad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child being treated for wounds in Idlib Central Hospital, which was hit by airstrikes on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Smart News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child being treated for wounds in Idlib Central Hospital, which was hit by airstrikes on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Smart News)
  • Victims being treated for wounds in Idlib Central Hospital, which was hit by airstrikes on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Smart News)
  • A rescue worker on the ground after airstrikes on Idlib Central Hospital, which was hit by airstrikes on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Smart News)
  • A child being treated for wounds in Idlib Central Hospital, which was hit by airstrikes on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Smart News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child being treated for wounds in Idlib Central Hospital, which was hit by airstrikes on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Smart News)
  • A child being treated for wounds in Idlib Central Hospital, which was hit by airstrikes on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Smart News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child being treated for wounds in Idlib Central Hospital, which was hit by airstrikes on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Smart News)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4479

Incident date

February 25, 2020

Location

معرة مصرين, Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to 12 civilians, including between three and six children, were killed and up to 62 civilians were wounded in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’arat Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020, according to local sources.

Whereas Shabha Press initially put the death toll at four killed civilians, they later updated this with “nine martyrs, including four children, and 30 civilians were wounded in a new toll as a result of airstrikes on the city of Ma’arat Misrin in the northern Idlib countryside”. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights stated that ten people were killed, including six children. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported three children among those killed.

The Syrian Civil Defence in Idlib reported that 11 people were killed after airstrikes targeted a school housing displaced people, adding that search and rescue operations were ongoing. According to Shabha Press, a camp of displaced people was targeted. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “a center sheltering Internally Displaced People located inside a complex of two schools (Mounib Qamisheh school and Zuhair Radwan School)” was targeted.

Justice Organization reported the death of the girl Amal Al Aboud, whose family was displaced from the village of Afs, eastern Idlib countryside.

Images posted by @shaamnews show two or three children (one being a teenager) and two men receiving treatment for their injuries, along with the body of one of the children killed.

Shabha Press stated that there were several airstrikes. Macro Media Centre reported the use of vacuum missiles, while EMC reported the use of rockets.

Most sources blamed the Syrian regime for the attack, but Shaam News Network and Justice Organization pointed to both the Syrian regime and Russia as the belligerents for the attack.

In October 2020, Human Right Watch reported on the incident, writing that the airstrikes had damaged the Maarat Misreen Surgical Hospital (also known as Al-Hilal Hospital) across the street of Mounib Qamisheh primary school had been damaged by the strike. According to HRW, 12 civilians died and 62 more were wounded.

The report states: On February 25, an Idlib city resident accompanied his friend and his friend’s son to the hospital’s paediatrics department because the son needed a checkup. Dr. Khatib [director of the hospital] and the Idlib city resident said that they were inside the hospital at about 3 p.m. when they heard a loud bang, and the hospital’s windows and doors were blown out. They ran outside and said they saw that the yard in front of the school next door had been hit by a munition.”

HRW further reports that, according to flight spotters, a Russian-made SU-24 warplane was sighted in the area during the time of the attack: “Syria Sentry messages from flight spotters indicated that Russian-made Su-24 attack aircraft were in the area during the time of the attack, spotted in nearby Binnish (less than 7 kilometres to the southeast) at 3:35 p.m. and 3:52 p.m. and again sighted circling Maarat Misreen at 3:56 p.m. and 4 p.m. Numerous other sightings of aircraft identified as Russian “warplanes” and Su-24s were recorded by spotters in the area around Maarat Misreen during the previous hour. The Russian and Syrian air forces both fly the Su-24 in Syria.”

According to satellite imagery analysis by HRW, a potential impact location in the northern yard of the school could be seen two days after the attack. HRW concludes: “All of the witnesses interviewed said they knew of no military objectives in the vicinity before or at the time of the attack, nor were there signs of military weapons, equipment, or personnel in the imagery reviewed.”

The incident occured at approximately 3:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (3–6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–62
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (38) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (52) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Civilians on the site of the strikes after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Civilians on the site of the strikes after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Amal Al Aboud from the village of Afs was killed in alleged Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via Justice Organization).
  • Damage after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damaged vehicle after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • The site after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Child in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Man walking through the rubble in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Presumably blood on the streets after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damaged vehicle after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Civilians walking on the streets in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Site of the strike after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • A man and child in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Children in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Civilians walking on the streets after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Site of the strike after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • A huge crater caused by alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @salqin)
  • A huge crater caused by alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • One of the victims of alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the men injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the victims of alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the men injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the civilians injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the victims killed in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @abdalazezketaz)
  • One of the victims killed in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @abdalazezketaz)
  • One of the civilians injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @abdalazezketaz)
  • One of the civilians injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @abdalazezketaz)
  • Monitoring the first moments of the massacre committed by Russian planes in the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib Photography: Nour Al Shami (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Monitoring the first moments of the massacre committed by Russian planes in the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib Photography: Nour Al Shami (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Monitoring the first moments of the massacre committed by Russian planes in the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib Photography: Nour Al Shami (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Monitoring the first moments of the massacre committed by Russian planes in the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib Photography: Nour Al Shami (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (3–6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–62
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (38) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4459

Incident date

February 17, 2020

Location

مستشفيا الكنانة والفردوس - دار عزة, Al Firdous and Al Kinana hospitals - Daret Izza, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian and a number of medical personnel were injured when Russian forces or Syrian regime forces allegedly targeted Al Kinana and Al Fardous hospitals in Dar Ezza in Aleppo with airstrikes on February 17th, 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that “fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired on al Kenanah Hospital- supported by Relief International Organization- in south of Darat Ezza city in western suburbs of Aleppo governorate, partially destroying its building and damaging its furniture and equipment, on February 17, 2020.

Bawaba Aleppo said that a guard who worked in the Fardous hospital was injured and moved to a nearby hospital. @nabilsaidsweden added that a number of hospital employees and civilians in the vicinity of the two hospitals were wounded.

Syrian Civil Defence Aleppo said the hospitals were targeted with eight airstrikes in the morning of Monday, November 17th, 2020.

SMART News Agency also reported that the airstrikes stopped the two hospitals from providing services. The airstrikes caused partial destruction to al Kinanah hospital building and damage to the equipment and furniture, according to the Syrian Network for Human Rights. Radio Al Kul identified Al-Firdous, a maternity hospital, as having its operations room destroyed.

@syriapostnew1 pointed out that due to the destruction of both hospitals, “the western countryside of Aleppo became complete devoid of any hospital or medical point” and Syria Relief and Development reported that the hospitals were serving nearly 200,000 people in need of medical care.

SMART Agency accused both the Syrian regime and Russia of targeting the two hospitals, where the other sources blamed Russia, like Bawabat Aleppo, ShahbaPress, Syrian Civil Defence, Macro Media Center and the Syrian Network for Human Rights. @anasanas84 identified vacuum missiles as being used in the attacks.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

  • "The first moments of the Russian airstrikes on al-Kinana and al-Firdaws Hospital, with eight airstrikes, today, Monday, February 17th, 2020".
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes targeted the hospitals of Al Fardous and Al KInana in Dar Ezza in Aleppo on Monday, February 17th, 2020. (via SCD)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes targeted the hospitals of Al Fardous and Al KInana in Dar Ezza in Aleppo on Monday, February 17th, 2020. (via SCD)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes targeted the hospitals of Al Fardous and Al KInana in Dar Ezza in Aleppo on Monday, February 17th, 2020. (via SCD)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes targeted the hospitals of Al Fardous and Al KInana in Dar Ezza in Aleppo on Monday, February 17th, 2020. (via SCD)
  • Al-Fardous and Al-Kinana Hospital is out of service in Darat Azza in the western countryside of Aleppo after alleged Russian airstrikes that led to several civilian casualties on February 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Al-Fardous and Al-Kinana Hospital is out of service in Darat Azza in the western countryside of Aleppo after alleged Russian airstrikes that led to several civilian casualties on February 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Al-Fardous and Al-Kinana Hospital is out of service in Darat Azza in the western countryside of Aleppo after alleged Russian airstrikes that led to several civilian casualties on February 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Al-Fardous and Al-Kinana Hospital is out of service in Darat Azza in the western countryside of Aleppo after alleged Russian airstrikes that led to several civilian casualties on February 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Al-Fardous and Al-Kinana Hospital is out of service in Darat Azza in the western countryside of Aleppo after alleged Russian airstrikes that led to several civilian casualties on February 17th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on al Kenanah Hospital in Darat Ezza city in western suburbs of Aleppo governorate, on February 17th, 2020 (Via SNHR)
  • Alleged Russian raids led to the destruction of Al-Kinana and Al-Firdaws Hospital on February 17, 2020. (Image posted by @syriapostnew1)
  • Alleged Russian raids led to the destruction of Al-Kinana and Al-Firdaws Hospital on February 17, 2020. (Image posted by @syr24ia)
  • Alleged Russian raids led to the destruction of Al-Kinana and Al-Firdaws Hospital on February 17, 2020. (Image posted by @syr24ia)
  • Alleged Russian raids led to the destruction of Al-Kinana and Al-Firdaws Hospital on February 17, 2020. (Image posted by @syr24ia)
  • Alleged Russian raids led to the destruction of Al-Kinana and Al-Firdaws Hospital on February 17, 2020. (Image posted by @syr24ia)
  • Alleged Russian raids led to the destruction of Al-Kinana and Al-Firdaws Hospital on February 17, 2020. (Image posted by Masar Press Net )

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4435

Incident date

February 11, 2020

Location

دارة عزة, Darat Izza, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and five other civilians, including a child and two women, were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Darat Izza, Aleppo countryside, on February 11th, 2020, according to local sources.

@ShahbaPress reported that “five civilians from one family were wounded, including a child and two women, as the result of raids by Russian occupation planes on the city of Darat Izza in the western countryside of Aleppo”. The Syrian Civil Defence added that civilian homes were targeted with two airstrikes in the morning.

SCD also posted a video of “an elderly man being recovered from the rubble of his house” by SCD volunteers. However, a source from the Civil Defense spoke to “Al-Araby Al-Jadeed” about the killing of an elderly civilian and the wounding of five others, in an aerial bombardment on the city of Darat Izza, in the western countryside of Aleppo. Al Araby was the only source to identify a death resulting from the strikes.

Thiqa News Agency tweeted that Daret Izza was struck by missiles and one local source stated that warplanes launched airstrikes on the hospital in the center of the town.

The vast majority of local sources and national news agencies reported that the strike was conducted by Russian warplanes, some also identifying vacuum bombs as being used.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Damaged house after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Darat Izza, Aleppo governorate, on February 11th, 2020 (via @ShabhaPress).
  • Damaged house after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Darat Izza, Aleppo governorate, on February 11th, 2020 (via @ShabhaPress).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Darat Izza, Aleppo governorate, on February 11th, 2020 (via @ShabhaPress).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers carrying away a wounded man after alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Darat Izza, Aleppo governorate, on February 11th, 2020 (via @ShabhaPress).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Darat Izza, Aleppo governorate, on February 11th, 2020 (via @anasanas84).
  • The effects of the destruction left by the bombing of the alleged Russian warplanes on civilian homes in the city of Darat Izza in the western countryside of Aleppo. (Image posted by @Anas_Alhaje)
  • The effects of the destruction left by the bombing of the alleged Russian warplanes on civilian homes in the city of Darat Izza in the western countryside of Aleppo. (Image posted by @Anas_Alhaje)
  • The effects of the destruction left by the bombing of the alleged Russian warplanes on civilian homes in the city of Darat Izza in the western countryside of Aleppo. (Image posted by @Anas_Alhaje)
  • The effects of the destruction left by the bombing of the alleged Russian warplanes on civilian homes in the city of Darat Izza in the western countryside of Aleppo. (Image posted by @Anas_Alhaje)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on the city of Darat Izza, Aleppo governorate, on February 11th, 2020 (via @EyadHoms20).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Strike target
    Hospital
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]