Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

R4445

Incident date

April 4, 2022

Location

معارة النعسان, Maaret Al Nassan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four children were killed on their way home from school and others, including women, were wounded by alleged Russian or regime shelling of the town of Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022.

Syrian Human Rights Committee reported that four children were killed by a bombing carried out by the regime forces “backed by the Russian and Iranian occupation”. The four children were killed by heavy artillery shelling at noon while they were returning from school.

The names of the children are: Yamen Juma Yassin, Hamza Mansour Aswad. Malek Anas Daoudi, Nasr Hajj Ahmed. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights specified that the students were under the age of 18.

Al Jazeera reported that in addition to the four children killed, “others” were wounded, but didn’t specify how many. Resala Post added that “among the wounded were women, some of them seriously”.

Syrian Network for Human Rights identified the location of the strikes as occurring in the al Shamali neighborhood of the village, adding that the regime forces used “shoulder-fired missiles”.

A video posted by Shaam News shows the father of one of the children killed in the attack crying over the body of his son. Syrian Civil Defense also pointed out that the children that were killed were carrying UNICEF notebooks distributed to them and images they posted show the notebooks covered in blood.

One of the Syrian Civil Defense volunteers named Laith Al-Abdullah who was involved in the rescue operation described “seeing a father kissing his son’s two legs while a man wrapped his son’s body and hugged her while he was talking to her and he was feeling and smelling her, and at the same moment a mother said goodbye to her son and called him kindly. Goodbye Yamo, greetings to all your loved ones who came here and preceded you, there were many harsh moments and many that burn the heart.”

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the bombing, with the majority of sources referring to both the regime and Russian forces as responsible, while @Almohrar1 blamed only Russia and @AsharqNewsSYR blamed only the regime.

The incident occured at 12:00:00 local time.

  • Yamen Juma Yassin Child killed
  • Hamza Mansour Aswad Child killed
  • Malek Anas Daoudi Child killed
  • Nasr Hajj Ahmed Child killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (49) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (48) [ collapse]

  • A man cries his child who was killed by Assad's shells with his companions while returning from school in the town of #Maarat_Al-Naasan in #Idlib countryside
  • The bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • Civil Defense forces respond following alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • "Muhammad and Mustafa" are friends at school for the four martyred children "Hamza, Nasr, Malik and Yamen" who were killed today, Monday, April 4, by bombing of the regime forces and Russia on #Maarat_Al-Na'san. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • The first moments of our teams' response to the bombing of the town of #Maarat_Al-Na'san in the #Idlib countryside today, Monday, April 4th, which led to the death of four children while they were returning from school to their homes.
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • The victims of alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022 bring buried. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • The victims of alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022 bring buried. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Painful scenes of the father of one of the four children "Hamza, Nasr, Malik and Yamen" who were killed by the bombing of the regime forces and Russia on Maarat al-Naasan, west of Idlib this morning.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of children killed in Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @DeirEzzore)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of children killed in Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @DeirEzzore)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of children killed in Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @DeirEzzore)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of children killed in Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @DeirEzzore)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @syria_Asmaaa)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ahsaeedhd)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ahsaeedhd)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Painful scenes of parents mourning their martyred children east of Idlib, the third day of Ramadan 4 children were killed by a missile from the militia of Russia and Iran while they were on their way to their school in the village of Maarat al-Naasan, east of Idlib.
  • The village turned black instead of being decorated with decorations for the holy month.. 4 children were killed on their way to school as a result of artillery shelling by the Assad regime forces targeting the town of Maarat al-Naasan in Idlib countryside
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The collapse of the father of the child "Hamza Aswad", one of the four children who died today in the bombing of the #Assad militia on #Maarat_Al-Naasan in the northern countryside of #Idlib
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Four student children died as martyrs today, on the third day of #Ramadan_Mubarak, in the sleepy town of #Maarat_Al-Nassan, with the criminal hatred of sectarian shells supported by the occupiers #Russia and #Iran
  • 4 children were killed on their way to school as a result of the bombing by Assad's gangs on the city of Maarat al-Na'san in Idlib countryside.
  • Four children were killed by a Assad militia on their way to school in the town of Maarat al-Naasan, northeast of Idlib
  • Four children were killed in the town of Maarat al-Naasan in Idlib countryside, after artillery shelling by Bashar al-Assad's militias targeted the town.
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child victims of regime bombing on #Maarat_Al-Naasan in #Idlib countryside

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (49) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4405

Incident date

October 20, 2021

Location

اريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

In what was widely referred to as a “massacre”, at least 13 civilians were killed and over 30 wounded in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on a marketplace in Ariha on October 20th 2021. Most sources said that as many as four children were killed in the strike that took place in the morning as children were on their way to school.

Muntaha.alramahi on Facebook was alone in posting that 14 children had been killed and 63 other civilians wounded. Esmanur.peker.1 said in a Facebook post that there may well be over 50 civilians injured as a result of the strike; most sources put the injury toll at 30 and the death toll at 13.

A medical source told Zaman al-Wasl that “the number of victims is expected to rise due to the loss of some people, and the suffering of some wounded due to their critical conditions,” stressing that “among the victims are displaced people and school students.”

The incident overwhelmed the local hospital, with health workers issuing a distress call that they needed to urgently transport a number of those wounded to alternate locations due to the severity of their injures, according to local media network Al Arabiya Syria.

The strikes were reported by Syria Network for Human Rights as having hit al Hal Market and the area near two educational facilities – Banat Ariha School and Abdul Hamid Ghnaimi School.

ِAriha Today posted a list of 10 the names of the civilians killed: Qamar Bilal HafezZakaria Ahmed BazziYoussef Muhammad Jamal Al-HassanRimas – daughter of Youssef Al-Hassan – a child, Islam Khaled Al Saraqi – a child, Hassoun Ihsan Al-Khadija Maarrat Al-NumanIbrahim Abdul-Wahhab Al-Amin – a child, Omar Abdel-Aal Al-Aboud – a child, Mahmoud Yasser SarehGhassan Sheikh Ibrahim.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported on October 22nd that Islam al Saraqebi, a child injured on his way to school, died of his wounds.

Several of those killed were relatives of the Syrian Civil Defense ‘White Helmet’ first responders; teacher Qamar Bilal Hafez was the sister of volunteer Basil Hafez, while Ibrahim Al-Amin was the brother of first responder Muhammad Al-Amin. Syrian Civil Defense posted that their volunteers “always fear” that their relatives will be amongst those they are tasked with saving.

Amongst the victims was Youssef Al Hassan, reported killed alongside his young daughter, Rimas Al Hassan. Syrian Civil Defense published comments from a volunteer, ‘Mona’ who attempted to save Rimas, and carried her body to the hospital: “It is very difficult and painful to carry the body of a child whose fault is that she is going to her school. The whole world must feel our pain”.

Ariha Today reported that twin brothers Omar and Ali were traveling to school when the bombing occurred. Omar was killed in the strikes while Ali was wounded and was still being treated for his wounds as of October 22nd. Another victim, Zahra, a five year old girl, “was injured while she was with her father and cousin in the city market”. An image of her posted by Ariha Today shows her crying and covered in blood and wounds from the attack.

Videos circulated of the incident show a whole street of shops almost completely destroyed, while several sources posted graphic images of children lying dead and wounded in the marketplace. Syria Post circulated a video from a security camera in a shop that captured the moment the strike hit the street, likely severely wounding or killing the people inside.

Twitter user @sebusher quoted a civilian who was near the market when it was hit: “When we arrived at the school and the students were there, the shelling and airstrikes started. The students were horrified, they started screaming, we didn’t know what to do.”

ArabiPost reported: “In the hospital where the victims were taken, a person was screaming and crying next to the corpse of a 10-year-old girl,” according to Agence France-Presse. Bilal Tracy, the father of two children who live near the targeted area, told the French agency, “At eight in the morning we woke up to bombardment that was raining down on us. The children were terrified and started screaming. We didn’t know what to do, where to go, and we didn’t see anything because of the dust around us.” Tracy added, “They bombed us in the neighborhood and in the market, there are children who died and people who lost limbs. We don’t know why, what is the fault we have done?””

Facebook user, Al.amen2011, described the atmosphere in the city after the strike: “Night falls on her today, and her moan is almost heard by every human being on the surface of this planet. Joy died today in Ariha, and hundreds of details and stories died today in it.”

The Syria Network for Human Rights appealed to the international community for action following this event: “Through this action, Syrian regime forces have, without doubt, committed another violation of Security Council resolutions 2139 and 2254 which prohibit any further indiscriminate attacks, as well as violating the rules of international humanitarian law which stress the distinction between civilians and combatants. Attacks of this nature spread terror and panic among civilians, leading them to flee their lands and homes in an attempt to reach safety, and forcibly displacing them, with the number of internally displaced persons within Syria currently standing at approximately 6.5 million Syrian citizens in total. The international community should put pressure on the Syrian regime and its allies to force them to compensate the displaced victims, rehabilitate homes and vital centers, support the process of political transition, and press all parties to pursue implementation of political transition according to a strict timetable which must not exceed six months, thus enabling millions of refugees and IDPs to return homes.”

UNICEF also referenced in the incident, reiterating the toll that the conflict is having on children throughout Syria: “Today’s violence is yet another reminder that the war in Syria has not come to an end. Civilians, among them many children, keep bearing the brunt of a brutal decade-long conflict. Attacks on civilians may be a violation of international humanitarian law. Attacks must not be directed against children. Children should be able to reach their schools safely. We repeat our calls to those fighting that children are not a target. They should be protected at all times especially in times of conflict.”

Most sources blamed Russian and/or Syrian regime forces for the strike, while a few sources also pointed to Iranian-backed militias.

The incident occured at 08:00:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Rimas Youssef Al-Hassan Child female Daughter of Youssef Al Hassan killed
  • Youssef Muhammad Jamal Al-Hassan Adult male Father of Rimas Al Hassan killed

Family members (2)

  • Omar Abdel-Aal Child male Twin brothers killed
  • Ali Child male Twin brothers injured
  • Muhammad Yasser Al-Sareh Adult male killed
  • Ibrahim Abdel-Wahhab Al-Amin Child male killed
  • Qamar Bilal Hafez 27-28 years old female killed
  • Zakaria Ahmed Bazzi Adult male killed
  • Salam Ala`ahi Adult killed
  • Hassoun Ihsan Al-Khadija Adult killed
  • Ghassan Sheikh Ibrahim Adult male killed
  • Ibrahim Abdo Al-Sorayai-Shanan. Adult male killed
  • Zahra 5 years old female injured
  • Islam al Saraqebi 13 years old male Died of his wounds Oct 22nd killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–14 children1 woman5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–63
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military, Iranian Military

Sources (112) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (70) [ collapse]

  • A child stands in the rubble of Ariha. Image posted by @sebusher on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children lie dead in the street in Ariha after Syrian regime or Russian forces struck a marketplace. Image posted on Twitter by @k7ybnd99.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the ten children killed in an attack on a market place in Ariha, Idlib by alleged Russian or Syrian forces. Image posted by @k7ybnd99 on Twitter.
  • Five-year old Zahra, a young girl injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime attack on a marketplace in Ariha, Idlib on October 20th 2021. She was said to have been in the market with her father and cousin. Image posted on Twitter by freeehsem.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image likely of Rimas Hassan, one of the children killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian strike on a market place on October 20th 2021. Rima was reported killed alongside her father, Youssef Hassan. Image posted by freeehsem on Twitter.
  • "10 martyrs so far as a result of the artillery shells that targeted the city of Ariha in Idlib countryside"
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "This morning's massacre in Ariha ... More than 10 martyrs for a moment, and dozens of injuries.."
  • The market place reduced to rubble by either Syrian or Russian forces reported to have killed at least ten children and injured 30 other civilians in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted by @Ahmadmuaffaq on Twitter.
  • First responders in front of destroyed shop faces, reduced to rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Ariha October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @Ahmadmuaffaq.
  • Victims of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on a populated market place, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad.
  • The body of one of the ten children killed in alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child, thought to be Rimas Hassan, killed by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Rima was killed alongside her father Youssef Hassan. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of what is likely to be Rimas Hassan, one of the many children killed in a market place on 20th October 2021, reported to have been carried out by Russian or Syrian forces. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad. Rimas was reported killed alongside her father Youssef Hassan.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image widely circulated of two children killed in Syrian or Russian forces strikes on an Ariha marketplace on October 20th 2021. Image posted by @0MdDp on Twitter. The boys were named by Twitter user @fatina_sam98 as Omar and Ali.
  • "A new massacre launched by Assad's gangs in the city of Jericho, south of Idlib, dozens of civilians were martyred and wounded as a result of artillery shelling targeting the city's market"
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Painful scenes... Injured children among dozens of victims of the Assad regime's bombing of a market in the city of Ariha in Idlib Governorate, northern Syria"
  • Smoke rises above the city of Ariha, the heavily populated area hit by Russian or Syrian regime strikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted by @ajplusarabi on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies lie in the street of a residential market area after strikes by Russia or Syrian regime forces killed at least ten civilians, and injured over 30. Image posted on Twitter by @ajplusarabi.
  • Signs of destroyed shops after Syrian or Russian strikes hit a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ajplusarabi.
  • Bodies are carried away from a marketplace reduced to rubble by either Syrian regime or Russian forces in Ariha on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ajplusarabi.
  • "Scenes from the site of the massacre perpetrated by the Russian forces and Assad militia this morning in the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, which killed more than 13 civilians and injured more than 40 civilians, as a result of targeting residential neighborhoods and the popular market with Russian laser missiles"
  • A shop front on fire after Russian or Syrian regime reportedly hit a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @alurdunyya.
  • Evidence of a marketplace almost completely destroyed; sources indicate image taken in Ariha October 20th 2021. Image posted by ShehabAgency.
  • White Helmets volunteer holds Rimas Hassan, one of the many children wounded or killed in Syrian regime or Russian forces' strike on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted by ShehabAgency on Twitter.
  • Children walk through the rubble of what had been a heavily populated market area in Ariha, razed to the ground by Syrian or Russian forces reported to have hit the market with strikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ShehabAgency.
  • One of the many children harmed by Syrian or Russian forces strikes on Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ShehabAgency.
  • Children cry in the aftermath of alleged Syrian or Russian strikes on a market place in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @6adOzCLDJDSOr60.
  • Civilians killed in a marketplace attack in Ariha, conducted by either Syrian or Russian forces on October 20th 2021. Image posted by @ajVPi on Twitter.
  • "The child Omar Abdel-Aal will be buried with his boot and books after being targeted directly by Russia while he was going to his school" - Image and caption by @TalalFayez4 on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child is tended to by White Helmets first responders after a market place strike causing mass casualties, conducted by Syrian or Russian forces according to local sources. Image posted on Twitter by @RaedAlSaleh3.
  • Smoke rises above Ariha city after a marketplace attack conducted by Syrian or Russian forces according to local sources. Image posted on Twitter by @RaedAlSaleh3.
  • White Helmets responding to the wounded after a marketplace attack in Ariha resulting from alleged Syrian or Russian airstrikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @adlbhamam1985.
  • A woman wounded in a marketplace attack in Ariha; airstrikes were said to have been carried out by either Russian or Syrian regime forces. Image posted on Twitter by @adlbhamam1985.
  • White Helmets tend to a victim of a marketplace attack in Ariha October 20th 2021, allegedly carried out by Russian or Syrian forces. Image posted on Twitter by @adlbhamam1985.
  • "Medical sources confirm the killing of 13 civilians, including children, and the wounding of more than 30 in shelling by the Syrian regime forces in the city of Ariha in Idlib countryside | Fadl's birthday | Island | Idlib countryside #news"
  • "#Syria #Idlib A surveillance camera monitors the moment the Syrian regime forces bombed the city of #Ariha yesterday morning, which led to the death of 13 civilians, including 4 students and a teacher."
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image likely to be Youssef Hassan, one of the dozens of victims of what was widely called the 'Ariha massacre' after Russian or Syrian forces were reported to have hit a marketplace on October 20th 2021. Mr Hassan was reported killed alongside his young daughter, Rimas Hassan. Image posted on Twitter via @WM_FREESYR.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An elderly victim of a strike on a marketplace killing at least ten and injuring dozens, conducted by either Russian or Syrian forces according to local sources. Image posted on Twitter by @WM_FREESYR.
  • Posted by Syriatelevision after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike hit a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021: ""need a long journey from pressure and disgust." The last thing she posted before she fell victim in #Idlib #rolling | A picture of "WhatsApp status" of Miss Qamar Bilal Hafez, born in 1993, who fell victim to the bombing of the Assad forces on the city of #Ariha "
  • One of the children killed in Russian or Syrian regime strikes on an Ariha marketplace on October 20th 2021, at a time when children were on their way to school. Image posted by Palestsy. Syrian Civil Defense said that this was likely the body of Rimas Hassan - the volunteer carrying her, 'Mona' commented: "It is very difficult and painful to carry the body of a child whose fault is that she is going to her school"
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted by Idlebcriminaloffice.
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    The body of Ghassan Sheikh Ibrahim Abu Islam; reportedly killed in the Ariha 'massacre' on October 20th 2021 when alleged Russian or Syrian forces hit a marketplace. Image posted on Facebook by Badi`a Mustafa.
  • Syrian Civil Defense first responders carry a body to an ambulance amidst the rubble of a marketplace, hit by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces in strikes on Ariha October 20th 2021. Image posted by the Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • Arial view of Ariha, the city where a marketplace was hit by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted by Ariha Today.
  • A street in Ariha abandoned after alleged Russian or Syrian strikes hit a marketplace leading what was widely termed a 'massacre', killing children on their way to school. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Smoke and dust over Ariha, after alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces hit a marketplace on October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • One of the bodies wrapped after alleged Russian or Syrian strikes hit a marketplace in Ariha on 20th October 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the many civilians harmed by alleged Russian or Syrian airstrikes on Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • Children stand in front of ground covered in the blood of the several civilians harmed in an attack on a marketplace in Ariha carried out by Russian or Syrian forces on October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction in a marketplace caused by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • A child amongst the rubble of a marketplace hit by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • A shop destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian forces in a marketplace strike in Ariha, October 20th 2021 - Image posted via MMC on Facebook.
  • The market and residential area destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • The market and residential area destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • The market and residential area destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • "The relatives of the volunteers are often among the victims of massacres and shelling by the regime forces and Russia, and this is what they always fear during the response to the attacks. Volunteer Basil Hafez bid farewell to his sister “Qamar”, an Arabic language teacher, and volunteer Muhammad Al-Amin, his brother Ibrahim, after they were killed by the regime and Russia’s shells. In the city of Ariha, south of Idlib." - Image and caption via Syrian Civil Defense on Faecbook.
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteer carry bodies from the marketplace hit by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes in Ariha on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Facebook by Syrian Civil Defense.
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • Rubble caused by alleged Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • A residential home hit by a Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • A man sorts through the rubble in the aftermath of an alleged Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Omar and Ali, twin brothers who were on their way to school when the strikes on Ariha occurred on October 20th. Omar was killed while Ali was wounded. (Image posted by Ariha Today via Facebook)
  • Syrian Network for Human Rights reported on October 22nd that Islam al Saraqebi, a child injured on his way to school, died of his wounds. 

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–14 children1 woman5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–63
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military, Iranian Military

Sources (112) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4380

Incident date

August 26, 2021

Location

طفس, Tafas, Daraa, Syria

Airwars assessment

A major bombardment of the town of Tafas in Daraa caused up to three civilian deaths and up to six more injuries, according to extensive local reporting. Both the Assad regime and to a lesser extend Russia were blamed for the attacks.

Horan Free Media, citing its local correspondent, initially described the death of one young civilian male and six injuries “including critical cases” in the attack. The Syrian Observatory also described the deaths of a man and woman.

All sources were agreed on one fatal victim, 26 year old Hafeza Mar’i al-Rabadawi, a woman. Horan for example noted that “a medical source from Tafas Hospital told the Ahrar Horan Gathering that the woman, Hafeza Mar’i al-Rabadawi, died directly as a result of the bombing, while all 6 injured people were treated in the city hospital.”

Adding some confusion to reporting, a second woman’s death – that of Sabah al-Bardan – was also initially claimed by the outlet, though this was later denied on its own Telegram channel, which reported that Ms al-Bardan was in fact alive. The Syrian Network instead reported the death of Ms al-Bardan, as did several other local sources.

A third fatal victim was named by several sources including Qasioun as Samir Reshan Al-Zoubi, a young man.

The White Helmets, which posted a video showing at least six strikes on the town, declared that “Civilians were killed and wounded in a major military escalation by the regime and Russia forces on the city of Tafas in Daraa governorate.” Halab Today said that more than 30 missiles had targeted the town, while Thiqa News claimed that 50 missiles had struck. It was one of several local sources to report three civilian deaths.

In a separate video, Shaam News showed what it described as “the state of panic and fear among the students, after missile shelling by the Fourth Division militias on the vicinity of a school during work hours in Tafas city.”

The Syrian Network condemned what it said was “the bombing of civilian-populated areas by the Syrian regime which fails to distinguish between populated civilian areas and military targets, resulting in the destruction of homes that threatens and forcibly displaces the residents of those areas.”

Baladi News was alone in suggesting the attack may have been in response to local rebel actions, noting that “The area is witnessing a security alert by regime forces, after a military vehicle was targeted with an explosive device on the Nawa – Sheikh Maskin road, west of Daraa, and the regime’s ranks were killed and wounded.”

The incident occured in the morning.

  • Hafeza Mar’i al-Rabadawi 26 years old female killed
  • Sabah al-Bardan Adult female Reported as either killed or injured injured
  • Samir Reshan Al-Zoubi Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • Reported victim of Regime and/ or Russian strikes on Tafas on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Medics attend to a victim of a Russian or Regime strike on Tafas, August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free News)
  • 'The moment the Fourth Division militias bombed Tafas, 26th August 2021' (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • 'Less than two days after the signing of a settlement agreement in #Daraa, direct scenes from the bombing of the Assad militia on the town of #Tafas'
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    '#Daraa: More than thirty treacherous missiles fell on the city of Tafas within minutes. There are a lot of injured'
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Unidentified injured male reportedly harmed in Regime and/ or Russian strikes on Tafas, August 26th 2021 (via @syria7ra)
  • '#Urgent #Daraa The death of a woman and the injury of 6 civilians as Assad's militias targeted residential neighborhoods in the city of Tafas, west of Daraa, with rocket launchers.'
  • '3 martyrs so far and 7 wounded in Tafas city 1- The martyr Samir Tarshan Al-Zoubi (M) 2- The martyr Hafiza Al-Salkhadi (F) 3- The martyr Sabah Halima (F) #Battle of dignity '

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4337

Incident date

July 3, 2021

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least five civilians, including between two and four children and two women, were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on the city of Ariha on July 3, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, “5 civilians, including two children and two women, were injured, among the wounded, in critical cases, in artillery shelling by the regime and Russia forces targeting residential neighborhoods in the city of Ariha”.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “five people, including four children” were injured and that some of the injuries were serious.

Ariha Today provided the names of four of those injured: Abeer Hindawi, 13 years old  (F); Saba Hindawi 14 years old  (F); Lamar Hindawi 7 years old  (F); Bisan Hindawi 8 years old  (F)

An image posted by @khaleedalkhteb shows an injured child being carried to an ambulance and a video posted by @anasanas84 includes White Helmets rescuing women and children following the strikes.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that shelling on Ariha landed “on Tishreen School in al Gharbi neighborhood in the city, partly damaging the school’s structure and furniture. SNHR can confirm that the school is in a residential area free of any military equipment or presence.”

@Nabel_othman023 identified 12 shells as striking the city of Ariha at the time of reporting while Syrian Observatory for Human Rights counted “nearly 15 rockets”. A tweet from @HadiAlabdallah reported that both artillery and missiles were part of the bombing.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the regime. However, Macro Media Center blamed Russia for the “the heavy bombardment of the city of Ariha”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Smoke surrounding the city of Ariha following bombing on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Smoke surrounding the city of Ariha following bombing on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Smoke surrounding the city of Ariha following bombing on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Smoke surrounding the city of Ariha following bombing on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Image of an injured boy being carried to an ambulance following strikes on Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @khaleedalkhteb)
  • White Helmets sorting through the rubble following strikes on Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @abdalwhab761)
  • White Helmets load injured victims into an ambulance following strikes on the town of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets and civilians carry injured victims into an ambulance following strikes on the town of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Civilians carry injured victims into an ambulance following strikes on the town of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets load injured victims into an ambulance following strikes on the town of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • The first moments of the response of the Syrian Civil Defense teams to the bombing of the city of Jericho, which left 5 injuries, including critical cases.
  • Image of Tishreen School in al Gharbi neighborhood, which was struck during shelling of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4530

Incident date

November 4, 2020

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to four civilians, including one child, and up toaround 12 others, including one child and four women were injured as a result of alleged artillery shelling by Syrian Regime and/or Russian forces on the city of Ariha, south of Idlib on the morning of November 4th 2020 according to local sources and news agencies.

Step news agency, Edlib media center and other few sources mentioned that three civilians were killed by the artillery shelling on Ariha that morning. The Director of the Media Office in the Southern Directorate of Civil Defense, Muhammad Hammadi, told Enab Baladi, that “three civilians were killed, including a girl, as a result of targeting civilian homes and main roads in the city of Ariha with 35 heavy artillery shells in the morning.” However the majority of the sources including Syrian Civil Defense, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and Syrian Network for Human rights documented the death of four civilians including one child in the attack.

Local sources mentioned the names of four civilians who were killed: the child Rimas Hindawi from the city of Ariha who was going to her school when the attack happened, Samer Madi from the city of Ariha, young Ibrahim Al-Younes born in 1990 in Urum Al Joz who is is a psychological support worker at Ihsan Relief and Development Organization, and young Ragheed Zakariya Al-Jesri from Ariha who worked as a driver in the same organization. Al Souria platform reported that Ibrahim used to drive a motorcycle from his village of Urum Al Joz to the city of Ariha, where he would meet his colleague Ragheed and drive together with a car to their office in the center of Idlib; and according to Syrian Network for Human rights, one of the shells fired that morning fell on a car carrying the two employees in the city’s Al-Midan neighborhood and led to their death. The same source claimed also that one of the shells fell on “the schoolyard of the city’s Martyr Zakariya Saedou school, partially destroying the yard and damaging furniture in the school”, and a number of the shells fell as well on the “city’s industrial zone, partially destroying several shops” and confirmed that the “industrial zone and the school which is located within a residential area are free of any military presence or equipment.”

As for the injured, a post by “Nors For Studies” claimed that five people were injured by the attack, however Syrian civil defense reported that eight people including one child and four women were wounded. Two other sources (the journalist Hadi Alabdallah and the activist Suheil Hammoud claimed that “dozens “ were injured in this attack, and a post by AlSouria News platform mentioned that more than 10 were injured that morning. The city of Ariha that was attacked is one of the most overcrowded areas inhabited by indigenous and displaced people according to Thiqa News agency.

The majority of the sources reporting on the incident blamed the Syrian Regime for the attack including the Syrian civil Defense that claimed that the regime forces bombed the city of Ariha with “more than 35 artillery shells” that morning and the Syrian Observatory of Human Rights that mentioned that there was “an intensive rocket attack” and “the regime forces fired over 45 rockets” on the city of Ariha claiming that the attack happened while a “Turkish military column was passing by.” On the other hand, only one post by (Eye on Al-Hasakah) ( post) mentioned that the bombing was by Assad forces and Russia, and another tweet by the researcher Qusaai Jukhadar (@Qussai_jukhadar) blamed Russia for the attack. Worth noting that the Syrian Network for Human Rights mentioned as well that this bombardment was a “breach of the ceasefire agreement reached following consultations between the Turkish and Russian presidents, which came into effect on March 6, 2020.”

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (
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Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The child Rimas Hindawi was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the city of Ariha, November 4th, 2020 (via Eye On Al Hassakah).
  • Injured civilians being brought to an ambulance after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Ariha on November 4th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Two employees of Ihsan Relief and Development Organization, named as Ibrahim al Younes (pictured right) and Raghid Zakariya al Jesri (left) were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on Ariha on November 4th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Ariha on November 4th, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • The child Rimas Hindawi was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the city of Ariha, November 4th, 2020 (via Eye On Al Hassakah).
  • Rimas Hindawi was reportedly killed on her way to school on November 4th 2022 by a Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on November 4th 2020 (Image via Al Souria)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Four people were allegedly killed when a Russian or Syrian regime artillery hit south of Idlib on November 4th 2020, including one young girl (Image via @Sharif199629 /Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Four people were allegedly killed when a Russian or Syrian regime artillery hit south of Idlib on November 4th 2020, including one young girl (Image via @Sharif199629 /Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Four people were allegedly killed when a Russian or Syrian regime artillery hit south of Idlib on November 4th 2020, including one young girl (Image via @Sharif199629 /Twitter)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4501

Incident date

March 2, 2020

Location

عدوان, Adwan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that up to two civilians were killed and two others, including a woman, were wounded in alleged Russian airstrikes on a secondary school in a camp for displaced people in Adwan in the Idlib province on March 2nd 2020.

Multiple sources claimed that two civilians were killed as a result of the alleged Russian airstrike. Step News was the only source to report that one civilian was killed in the attack.

Smart news added that the strike also led to the injury of one woman and one man.

SNHR Post later added detail that “fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on Odwan Secondary School in Odwan village in Sahl al Rouj area in the western suburbs of Idlib governorate, partially destroying its building and severely destroying its furniture, on March 2”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed airstrikes on Adwan to Russian planes while Shaam News was the only source to mention that both regime and Russian planes carried out airstrikes in various villages across Idlib.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • White Helmets respond after airstrikes were carried out on the town of Adwan on March 2, 2020. (Image posted by @HosamAlhaji)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4478

Incident date

February 25, 2020

Location

مدرسة البراعم، مدينة ادلب, Al Bara’em School, Idlib city, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to seven civilians, including children, were reported killed, and 26 others, including six children, were injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime forces airstrikes and/or artillery shelling on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020, according to local sources. Air and artillery strikes targeted Al Qusoor neighbourhood, several schools and the industrial area of Idlib.

A tweet from @abuhuzafia was the first to identify two civilian victims killed in the bombing.  A student named Doaa Al-Rahman and a teacher identified Hani Al-Muhaimid were the first two victims to be named. Witness Mahmod Hamway tweeted that the death toll had risen to four as well as thirteen wounded. He noted the use of “sixteen artillery shells and missiles, including four cluster missiles”. Enab Baladi News reported that the Khaled al-Shaar and Taha Gharib schools were struck along with the Al-Manahil kindergarten. Al Araby News provided additional information, noting that three people were confirmed dead and twelve civilians were wounded as warplanes targeted six different schools and kindergartens in the area. Syrian activist Haysam al-Idlibi corroborated these numbers, while the Syrian Civil Defense force stated that eight schools were targeted. A tweet from Justice Organization listed a dead male civilian as Muhammad Mahmoud Ismail.

Smart News was later told by Idlib’s aid coordinator, a man nicknamed “Abu Al-Waid”, that a twenty-year-old and a retired teacher were both killed in the aerial bombardment. Abd al-Razzaq-Ghafir, the head of the Department of the Documentation and Information Department of the Specialized Surgical Hospital for Idlib, told Smart News a body of a teacher and twelve wounded others, including six children were either being treated at the hospital or in the operating room. Later, the Idlib Education Directorate announced that “dozens of teachers and students” were wounded by the bombings, including two dead civilians and two dead teachers. Al-Araby News was later told that the death toll was officially four members of “the educational staff” and one student, with twelve more wounded.

A tweet from @Ahmadmuaffaq also identified “Mrs. Suad Talja” as being killed in the airstrikes on the city of Idlib. Orient News put the number of injured in the incident at 26.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “Mahmoud Faisal al Sbeih, a teacher, died on March 4th, 2020, due to wounds sustained on February 25th, 2020, in a shelling by Syrian regime forces’ missile launcher using missiles loaded with cluster munitions on al Baraem School in Idlib suburbs. Accordingly, the teachers victims rose to three in the that day.”

Both Syria 24 and Human Rights Watch reported that schools and residential buildings were targeted in the assault on February 25th. A Syrian Civil Defense volunteer told Human Rights Watch that there were “no military objectives in the vicinity”.

Edlib Media Center, Macro Media Center, Justice Organization and Syrian Civil Defence blamed the regime, while Step Agency and Shahba Press blamed both the regime and Russia for the air and/or artillery strikes.

In Human Rights Watch report, it was mentioned that three teachers were killed and six others injured. “On February 25, 2020, at 8:30 a.m., a cluster munition struck the yard of Bra`am secondary school and several of its submunitions detonated, killing three teachers and wounding six others. Fifteen minutes earlier, soon after classes had started, Muhammad Ammoun, the head of the school (formerly known as Taha Gharib school), which has 1,200 male students and 40 teachers, decided to send all of the students home due to heavy shelling in the area. After the students had left, Ammoun said he was standing in the schoolyard at the main gate with about 10 teachers when the munition hit. In addition to the dead and wounded, the attack caused minor damage to the school building and classes were cancelled for several days.”

“At the same time as the attack on the Bra`am school, there was another cluster munition attack on Khalid Sha`ar, a primary school located 400 meters away. The school, which had an enrollment of 218 students, was closed because of heavy shelling the previous day and empty at the time of the attack. The attack caused minor damage to the school yard and the school reopened a few days later.”

The incident occured at approximately 8:30 am local time.

  • Muhammad Mahmoud Ismael Adult male killed
  • Hani al-Muhaimid 34 years old male Teacher at Al Baraem School killed
  • Mahmoud Faisal al Sbeih Adult male Teacher at Al Baraem School killed
  • Doaa Al-Rahman Child Student killed
  • Mrs. Suad Talja Age unknown female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 7
  • (1–2 children1–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–26
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (52) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (44) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Muhammad Mahmoud Ismail, from (Saraqeb) town in the eastern Idlib countryside, killed as a result of the shelling of Assad's warplanes and Russian warplanes on Idlib city on Feb 25th, 2020. (via Justice Organization).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Car damaged in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • SCD volunteers on duty after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Children injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Civilians running for their life after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • A school that was allegedly targeted by a Russian or a Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • SCD volunteers rescuing civilians after an alleged Russian or a Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • SCD volunteers rescuing civilians after an alleged Russian or a Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian or a Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • Damage to a car caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020. (via EMC)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian or a Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • SCD volunteers on duty after alleged Russian or a Syrian regime airstrike on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • Blood on the streets after alleged Russian or Syrian regime air and/or artillery strikes on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Remnants of a cluster incubator after alleged Russian or Syrian regime air and artillery strikes on Idlib City on February 25th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Teacher Hani Mahamid (right) was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime air and/or artillery strikes on Idlib City on February 25th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Damage at Al Baraem School, which was targeted in alleged Russian or Syrian regime air and/or artillery strikes on Idlib city on February 25th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • The SCD’s ordnance disposal team found the remnants of 220mm 9M27K-series Uragan cluster munition rockets and several unexploded fragmentation submunitions in the yard of Khalid Sha`ar primary school in Idlib City after an attack on February 25, 2020. © 2020 Syrian Civil Defense. (Via HRW report)
  • Massive destruction in residential buildings as a result of air and artillery bombardment by the regime and Russia on the city of Idlib (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Massive destruction in residential buildings as a result of air and artillery bombardment by the regime and Russia on the city of Idlib (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Massive destruction in residential buildings as a result of air and artillery bombardment by the regime and Russia on the city of Idlib (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Massive destruction in residential buildings as a result of air and artillery bombardment by the regime and Russia on the city of Idlib (Image posted by @Sy24ria)
  • Airstrikes on the city of Idlib on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @SyrianCoalition)
  • White Helmets respond after airstrikes on the city of Idlib on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • Damage caused by Airstrikes on the city of Idlib on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • White Helmets respond after airstrikes on the city of Idlib on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • Damage caused by Airstrikes on the city of Idlib on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • Damage caused by Airstrikes on the city of Idlib on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @aa_arabic)
  • Damage caused by Airstrikes on the city of Idlib on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @aa_arabic)
  • Damage caused by Airstrikes on the city of Idlib on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @aa_arabic)
  • Damage caused by Airstrikes on the city of Idlib on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @aa_arabic)
  • Martyrs and wounded as a result of cluster missile bombardment on the city of Idlib, sourced from the militias of the Iranian and Russian occupation
  • Remnants of a cluster incubator after alleged Russian or Syrian regime air and artillery strikes on Idlib City on February 25th, 2020 (via Zaiton Mag).
  • Remnants of a cluster incubator after alleged Russian or Syrian regime air and artillery strikes on Idlib City on February 25th, 2020 (via Zaiton Mag).
  • Remnants of a cluster incubator after alleged Russian or Syrian regime air and artillery strikes on Idlib City on February 25th, 2020 (via Zaiton Mag).
  • Remnants of a cluster incubator after alleged Russian or Syrian regime air and artillery strikes on Idlib City on February 25th, 2020 (via Zaiton Mag).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 7
  • (1–2 children1–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–26
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (52) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4479

Incident date

February 25, 2020

Location

معرة مصرين, Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to 12 civilians, including between three and six children, were killed and up to 62 civilians were wounded in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’arat Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020, according to local sources.

Whereas Shabha Press initially put the death toll at four killed civilians, they later updated this with “nine martyrs, including four children, and 30 civilians were wounded in a new toll as a result of airstrikes on the city of Ma’arat Misrin in the northern Idlib countryside”. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights stated that ten people were killed, including six children. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported three children among those killed.

The Syrian Civil Defence in Idlib reported that 11 people were killed after airstrikes targeted a school housing displaced people, adding that search and rescue operations were ongoing. According to Shabha Press, a camp of displaced people was targeted. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “a center sheltering Internally Displaced People located inside a complex of two schools (Mounib Qamisheh school and Zuhair Radwan School)” was targeted.

Justice Organization reported the death of the girl Amal Al Aboud, whose family was displaced from the village of Afs, eastern Idlib countryside.

Images posted by @shaamnews show two or three children (one being a teenager) and two men receiving treatment for their injuries, along with the body of one of the children killed.

Shabha Press stated that there were several airstrikes. Macro Media Centre reported the use of vacuum missiles, while EMC reported the use of rockets.

Most sources blamed the Syrian regime for the attack, but Shaam News Network and Justice Organization pointed to both the Syrian regime and Russia as the belligerents for the attack.

In October 2020, Human Right Watch reported on the incident, writing that the airstrikes had damaged the Maarat Misreen Surgical Hospital (also known as Al-Hilal Hospital) across the street of Mounib Qamisheh primary school had been damaged by the strike. According to HRW, 12 civilians died and 62 more were wounded.

The report states: On February 25, an Idlib city resident accompanied his friend and his friend’s son to the hospital’s paediatrics department because the son needed a checkup. Dr. Khatib [director of the hospital] and the Idlib city resident said that they were inside the hospital at about 3 p.m. when they heard a loud bang, and the hospital’s windows and doors were blown out. They ran outside and said they saw that the yard in front of the school next door had been hit by a munition.”

HRW further reports that, according to flight spotters, a Russian-made SU-24 warplane was sighted in the area during the time of the attack: “Syria Sentry messages from flight spotters indicated that Russian-made Su-24 attack aircraft were in the area during the time of the attack, spotted in nearby Binnish (less than 7 kilometres to the southeast) at 3:35 p.m. and 3:52 p.m. and again sighted circling Maarat Misreen at 3:56 p.m. and 4 p.m. Numerous other sightings of aircraft identified as Russian “warplanes” and Su-24s were recorded by spotters in the area around Maarat Misreen during the previous hour. The Russian and Syrian air forces both fly the Su-24 in Syria.”

According to satellite imagery analysis by HRW, a potential impact location in the northern yard of the school could be seen two days after the attack. HRW concludes: “All of the witnesses interviewed said they knew of no military objectives in the vicinity before or at the time of the attack, nor were there signs of military weapons, equipment, or personnel in the imagery reviewed.”

The incident occured at approximately 3:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (3–6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–62
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (38) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (52) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Civilians on the site of the strikes after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Civilians on the site of the strikes after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Amal Al Aboud from the village of Afs was killed in alleged Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via Justice Organization).
  • Damage after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damaged vehicle after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • The site after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Child in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Man walking through the rubble in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Presumably blood on the streets after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damaged vehicle after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Damaged building after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Civilians walking on the streets in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Site of the strike after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • A man and child in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Children in the aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Civilians walking on the streets after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Site of the strike after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma’aret Misrin, Idlib governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • A huge crater caused by alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @salqin)
  • A huge crater caused by alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • One of the victims of alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the men injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the victims of alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the men injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the civilians injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by Shaam News Network)
  • One of the victims killed in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @abdalazezketaz)
  • One of the victims killed in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @abdalazezketaz)
  • One of the civilians injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @abdalazezketaz)
  • One of the civilians injured in alleged Russian strikes on Ma’aret Misrin on February 25, 2020. (Image posted by @abdalazezketaz)
  • Monitoring the first moments of the massacre committed by Russian planes in the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib Photography: Nour Al Shami (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Monitoring the first moments of the massacre committed by Russian planes in the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib Photography: Nour Al Shami (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Monitoring the first moments of the massacre committed by Russian planes in the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib Photography: Nour Al Shami (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)
  • Monitoring the first moments of the massacre committed by Russian planes in the city of Maarat Misrin, north of Idlib Photography: Nour Al Shami (Image posted by Zaitun Agency)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 12
  • (3–6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–62
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (38) [ collapse]