Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

TS550

Incident date

August 19, 2022

Location

شيموك, Shamouka, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.583348, 40.568733 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Five girls were killed and at least 11 others, mostly children, were injured when an alleged Turkish drone struck an educational facility in Shimoke village on August 19, 2022.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported that four girls under the age of 18 were killed and 11 others were injured in Turkish drone strikes that hit a center called the “Girls Center” that is 45 kilometers from the Syria-Turkey border. SOHR noted that the center is for girls who had been recruited by “Al-Shabiba Al-Thawriyah” (the Revolutionary Youth) and were being rehabilitated and returned back to their families by the SDF. A female commander of the Women’s Protection Units (YPJ) was visiting the center at the time of the strike.

Hawar News Agency provided the names of the four girls killed: Rania Atta, Zozan Zeidan, Dylan Ezz El Din, and Diana Alo. Jerusalem Post reported that the girls were born between 2002 and 2004 and quoted North Press who noted that “eyewitnesses reported at the time that ambulances transported many of the injured to hospitals in al-Hasakah.”

On September 5th, Hawar News reported that the child Slava Ramadan died from the wounds she sustained during the attack on the educational center.

The Mirror spoke with two of the girls that were at the school when the drone struck. “Renda Bakr, 17, and Novin Ezzat, 18 heard the buzz of the unmanned craft but, after that, it was all a blur of screams and blood…The first sound of trouble was the whirring of a reconnaissance drone, prowling the sky and poised to rain hell on innocent civilians. “There was so much fear, witnessing our friends being covered in blood, being burned, calling for their mums and suffering in pain. It was awful,” said Ms Bakr. “I don’t even have time to think or process what was going on, I was too scared to even comprehend what was going on.” Ms Bakr and Ms Ezzat loved school and loved their friends, but now living there is tarnished by the memories of the attack. Their injuries were much less worse than others, so they bundled people into makeshift ambulances and went to the hospital….”We heard a drone and suddenly it attacked us. There was blood all over the place and we kept hearing explosives and piercing screams”, says Ms Ezzat, who now has shrapnel stuck in her leg.”

@PopularFront_ tweeted that the girls that were killed were reportedly playing volleyball in the center’s courtyard when the drone struck. A tweet from @Awayen1 put the number of people injured at 17.

The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria released a statement condemning the attack that resulted in the death of four children and the injury of 11 girls, in addition to pointing our that the “girls learning center” is sponsored by the United Nations.

The Mirror reported that “the United Nations Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator for Syria, Mr Imran Riza, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for Syria, Mr Muhannad Hadi and the UNICEF Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa, Ms Adele Khodr expressed their “deep concern” on Saturday about the continuing escalation of hostilities in northern Syria.”

Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve Commander Maj. Gen. John Brennan released a statement that “On the evening of Aug. 18, an armed unmanned aerial system struck a group of teenaged girls playing volleyball who were active in a United Nations educational outreach program in Hasakah. Initial reports indicate that the strike killed four and wounded several others. On behalf of CJTF-OIR, I condemn this attack and any others that kill and injure civilians.” The statement also went on to call for “immediate de-escalation from all parties and an end to activities that put at risk the significant battlefield gains the Coalition has made against ISIS.” A security source told North Press that a patrol of the Coalition was conducted in the spot of the attack earlier.

The incident occured during the night.

  • Rania Atta Child female killed
  • Zozan Zeidan Child female killed
  • Dylan Ezz El Din Child female killed
  • Diana Alo Child female killed
  • Renda Bakr 17 years old female injured
  • Novin Ezzat 18 years old female injured
  • Slava Ramadan Child female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (5 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–17
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • Image of the four girls killed in alleged Turkish strikes on an education center in Hassakah on August 19, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News Agency)
  • Image of the four girls killed in alleged Turkish strikes on an education center in Hassakah on August 19, 2022. (Image posted by Rudaw)
  • Residents of Manbij attend the funeral of the girls killed by a drone (Image posted by The Mirror)
  • Zozan Zedan laid to rest in her hometown Manbij (Image posted by The Mirror)
  • Ranya Eta, Dilan Ezedin, Zozan Zedan and Diyana Elo died and the clinic is still caring for 11 injured students (Image posted by The Mirror)
  • Funeral for the four girls who were killed by a drone strike in Hassakah (Image posted by @PopularFront_)
  • Funeral for the four girls who were killed by a drone strike in Hassakah (Image posted by @PopularFront_)
  • Funeral for the four girls who were killed by a drone strike in Hassakah (Image posted by @PopularFront_)
  • Funeral for the four girls who were killed by a drone strike in Hassakah (Image posted by @PopularFront_)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Shamouka (شيموك), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.583348, 40.568733. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (5 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–17
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS149

Incident date

August 19, 2022

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Syria

Geolocation

36.370731, 37.520964 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between nine to seventeen civilians were killed, including five to six children, and 26 to 42 others were injured, including eleven children, as a result of missile fire which hit a “crowded” marketplace and residential homes and a school in Al Bab city, Aleppo, Syria, on August 19th 2022. The missile fire was an alleged Syrian regime or SDF (PYD/PKK) action.  Local sources were reporting the event as the “Al Bab massacre” due to the high death toll.

One of the missiles hit the four way intersection known as Khamis Local Market in Al-Bab’s Al Sharqi neighbourhood, according to Syrian Network for Human Rights.

MMC reported that the death toll rose to 14 with up to 38 wounded including five civilians who remained unidentified.

One woman who was killed was allegedly displaced from Deir ez-Zor governorate. Another civilian reportedly killed, Tayseer Ramadan, was reportedly displaced from Maarat al-Numan. The Syrian Civil Defense reported that the area, Al Bab, has become “the last refuge for thousands of families that have been displaced by the regime forces and Russia and are living in an acute humanitarian crisis.”

MMC reported that the Director of the Media Center of the Syrian Democratic Forces, Farhad Shami said, “our forces have nothing to do with the bombing of the city of Al-Bab”, denying the responsibility of the PYD/PKK.  Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that six missiles hit the town of Al Bab and they have so far been unable to identify the source of the missiles. They believe that it is a result of either Syrian regime forces or by the Syrian Democratic Forces due to the location of the strike, coming from areas jointly controlled by both actors.

One volunteer from the Syrian Civil Defense reported, “everything is stained with blood, the smell of death is everywhere, the scene is very harsh, people, body parts and children, they are all people descending looking for their livelihood…it is clear that the criminal who bombed the city aimed to kill the largest number of civilians and children, because a missile targeted a school, and thank God, today is a holiday, otherwise the tragedy would have been greater.”

The incident occured during the day.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Mohamed Jihad Ramadan male killed
  • Tayseer Ramadan Age unknown male brother of Mohamed killed
  • Iyad Al-Mustafa Age unknown male killed
  • Juma Al Hamdan Age unknown male killed
  • Zahraa Al Hamdan Age unknown female killed
  • Mahmoud Al Suwid Child male killed
  • Ahmed Al Abdullah Age unknown male killed
  • Yasser Zeidan Child male killed
  • Mohammad Al Zaiter Child male killed
  • Ahmed Elhayani Age unknown male killed
  • Firas Al-Sloo Age unknown female killed
  • Abdul Hamid Al Shelash Age unknown male killed
  • Ahmed Taha Abu Yasser Age unknown male killed
  • Lhaled Havani Age unknown male injured
  • Majed Maatramawy Age unknown male injured
  • Mustafa Haj Hamdan Age unknown male injured
  • Ibrahim Sheikh Age unknown male injured
  • Ismail Al Nashif Age unknown male injured
  • Izdihar Al Taha Age unknown injured
  • Abdel Hamid Shalash Age unknown male injured
  • Abdul Hakim Hussein Age unknown male injured
  • Abdul Basit Al-Ezzo Age unknown male injured
  • Abdul Karim Al Samou Age unknown male injured
  • Laith Al Mahmoud Age unknown male injured
  • Ali Mu'atal Age unknown male injured
  • Muhammad Al Suwaid Age unknown male injured
  • Bilal Al-Abdullah Age unknown male injured
  • Hassan Shalash Age unknown male injured
  • Abboud Al-Faki Age unknown male injured
  • Amira Al-Faki Age unknown female injured
  • Issa Al-Faki Age unknown injured
  • Walaa Al-Faki Age unknown injured
  • Elaf Al Faki Age unknown female injured
  • Elaf Al Faki Age unknown injured
  • Mays Maarawi Age unknown injured
  • Mahmoud Birawi Age unknown injured
  • Salma Huma Age unknown injured
  • Abdul Hadi Al Hammadi Age unknown male injured
  • Muhammad Al Tadfi Age unknown male injured
  • Abdul Hadi Al Kadi Age unknown male injured
  • Mustafa Hamdan Age unknown male injured
  • Ahmed Hazoum Age unknown male injured
  • Ghabath Atabi Age unknown male injured
  • Ali Mu'atal Age unknown
  • Marwan Al-Khamis Child male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    IDP or refugee camp, Marketplace, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 17
  • (5–6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    26–42
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG

Sources (81) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (94) [ collapse]

  • Up to fourteen people were killed when missiles hit Al Bab centre including a busy marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via EuphratsPostNews / Facebook)
  • Up to fourteen people were killed when missiles hit Al Bab centre including a busy marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via EuphratsPostNews / Facebook)
  • Up to fourteen people were killed when missiles hit Al Bab centre including a busy marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via EuphratsPostNews / Facebook)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported from the damaged marketplace after reportedly rescuing fourteen bodies, and more than 30 wounded civilians (Image via Facebook)
  • Local source Alkhabour2011 reported on the destruction after up to fourteen civilians were reportedly killed when missiles hit the Al Bab marketplace (Image via Facebook)
  • Local source Alkhabour2011 reported on the destruction after up to fourteen civilians were reportedly killed when missiles hit the Al Bab marketplace (Image via Facebook)
  • Local source Alkhabour2011 reported on the destruction after up to fourteen civilians were reportedly killed when missiles hit the Al Bab marketplace (Image via Facebook)
  • Local source Alkhabour2011 reported on the destruction after up to fourteen civilians were reportedly killed when missiles hit the Al Bab marketplace (Image via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • MMC reported "The first moments of the location of the missile shelling that targeted residential neighborhoods and popular markets in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo" (Images via Facebook)
  • HalabTodayTV reported "The number of victims of the bombing on the market of the city of #Al-Bab, east of #Aleppo, has risen to 14, and more than 30 wounded" (Image via Facebook)
  • Up to fourteen civilians were reported killed after contested missiles hit Al Bab marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via Sham)
  • Up to fourteen civilians were reported killed after contested missiles hit Al Bab marketplace on August 19th 2022 (Image via EMC / Facebook)
  • Tayseer Ramadan was reportedly killed by a missile strike on Al Bab on August 19th 2022 (Image via MMC / Facebook)
  • @SyrianCoalition reported that civilians were crowding around blood donation centers after the "Al Bab Massacre" (Image via Twitter)
  • @SyrianCoalition reported that civilians were crowding around blood donation centers after the "Al Bab Massacre" (Image via Twitter)
  • @SyrianCoalition reported that civilians were crowding around blood donation centers after the "Al Bab Massacre" (Image via Twitter)
  • Up to 42 people were reported wounded including many children after the Al-Bab Massacre on August 19th 2022 (Image via @abuhuzaifa_ / Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    @DeirEzzorNow reported Civilian casualties were caused by missile shelling from areas controlled by the "regime and SDF" that targeted a popular market in the city of #Al-Bab in the eastern countryside of Aleppo (Image via Twitter)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported that their teams treated the injured and retrieved the bodies after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Facebook)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported that their teams treated the injured and retrieved the bodies after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Facebook)
  • Syrian Civil Defense reported that their teams treated the injured and retrieved the bodies after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Facebook)
  • Sham News reported from the scene as the death toll rose after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Pictures from the #Al-Bab_massacre that took place this morning, with the bombing of the regime forces and the SDF on the popular market." (Images via @shamnews / Twitter)
  • "Pictures from the #Al-Bab_massacre that took place this morning, with the bombing of the regime forces and the SDF on the popular market." (Images via @shamnews / Twitter)
  • "Pictures from the #Al-Bab_massacre that took place this morning, with the bombing of the regime forces and the SDF on the popular market." (Images via @shamnews / Twitter)
  • "Pictures from the #Al-Bab_massacre that took place this morning, with the bombing of the regime forces and the SDF on the popular market." (Images via @shamnews / Twitter)
  • "Exclusive photo from SNHR showing the damage caused by the missile strike on the main road in the area known as al Khamis Local Market in al Bab city." (Image via SNHR)
  • "Exclusive photo from SNHR showing the damage caused by the missile strike on the main road in the area known as al Khamis Local Market in al Bab city." (Image via SNHR)
  • "Exclusive photo from SNHR showing the damage caused by the missile strike on the main road in the area known as al Khamis Local Market in al Bab city." (Image via SNHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • "SOHR activists have confirmed that the number fatalities in today’s artillery attack on an outdoors market and residential neighbourhoods in Al-Bab city, which is controlled by Turkish forces and their proxy faction, has jumped to seven civilians, including children, as well as the injury of 23 others" (Images via SOHR)
  • Destruction after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 where up to fourteen people were killed (Image via @Syriacivildefe / Twitter)
  • “Everything is stained with blood, the smell of death is everywhere, the scene is very harsh, people, body parts and children, they are all people descending looking for their livelihood, at this moment, I already knew what the meaning of a bite dipped in blood." One Syrian Civil Defense volunteer (Image via Syrian Civil Defense / Twitter)
  • “Everything is stained with blood, the smell of death is everywhere, the scene is very harsh, people, body parts and children, they are all people descending looking for their livelihood, at this moment, I already knew what the meaning of a bite dipped in blood." One Syrian Civil Defense volunteer (Image via Syrian Civil Defense / Twitter)
  • “Everything is stained with blood, the smell of death is everywhere, the scene is very harsh, people, body parts and children, they are all people descending looking for their livelihood, at this moment, I already knew what the meaning of a bite dipped in blood." One Syrian Civil Defense volunteer (Image via Syrian Civil Defense / Twitter)
  • “Where did my son go, did he die or live??….there are many questions I encountered today while responding to the bombing that targeted the popular market in the city of Al-Bab," one mother told a Syrian Civil Defense Volunteer (Image via Syrian Civil Defense / Twitter)
  • The death toll according to the Syrian Civil Defense (Image via Twitter)
  • First responders after the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via @samerdaboul6 / Twitter)
  • "Initial images of the missile attack on the city of Al-Bab" (Image via @Jabalybaraa / Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Initial images of the missile attack on the city of Al-Bab" (Image via @Jabalybaraa / Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A photo of a child killed by a missile strike which has become known as the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via @jabalybaraa / Twitter)
  • Two young children reportedly killed in the "Al Bab Massacre"(Image via @Omar_Madaniah / Twitter)
  • Baladi News showed the destruction after the "Al Bab Massacre"
  • Baladi News showed the destruction after the "Al Bab Massacre"
  • "Pictures of wounded children, except for 15 martyrs, most of whom are children, and wounded, whose number exceeded 33, including 8 cases of amputation by missiles of the internationally authorized crime" (Image via @bkdadaksa / Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of man carrying body part of one of the civilians killed during the "Al Bab Massacre" (Image via @almo3tasem91 / Twitter)
  • A child reportedly killed during the "Al Bab Massacre" on August 19th 2022 (Image via Abo Hareth / Facebook)
  • "The martyr of the Al-Bab massacre today, for those who know him, the news of his family is in Al-Bab Hospital" (Image via Saker Al Jazrawi / Facebook)
  • "Moved to God's mercy #Ahmed_Taha_Abu_Yasser, succumbed to his injuries as a result of the bombing that targeted the city of Al-Bab in the name of Al-Arouj. We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return" (Image via Al Oruuj clan / Facebook)
  • "Moved to God's mercy #Ahmed_Taha_Abu_Yasser, succumbed to his injuries as a result of the bombing that targeted the city of Al-Bab in the name of Al-Arouj.
  • "Moved to God's mercy, the child Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Suwayd as a result of the bombing" (Image via Shareef / Facebook)
  • "The martyr, God willing, Marwan bin Muhammad Ali Khamis Al-Abrash, the funeral prayer at the Osama bin Zaid Mosque at three o’clock" (Image via Al Bab countryside / Facebook)
  • "The martyr, God willing, Ahmed Hayani" (Image via Al Bab countryside / Facebook)
  • "The martyr, God willing, Ahmed Hayani" (Image via Al Bab countryside / Facebook)
  • "The death of the child Yasser Zeidan as a result of the bombing" (Image via Al Bab countryside / Facebook)
  • "Praying for the funeral in Zamzam mosque after the afternoon prayer. Burial in the northern cemetery" (Image via Al Bab death / Facebook)
  • "The martyrdom of the child Muhammad Khalil Zuaiter" (Image via Al Bab Death / Facebook)
  • "The head and members of the local council of al-Bab city, the mayor of al-Bab, and the city’s attorney general, with the participation of the representative of the Syrian National Coalition, perform the duty of condolences to the families of the martyrs of the al-Bab city massacre, and check on the wounded in the city’s hospital." (Al Bab puls / Facebook)
  • "He passed away to the mercy of God Almighty, the martyr, God willing, Firas Mustafa Sabri Al-Sallo, succumbed to his wounds as a result of a missile attack this morning." (Image via AL Bab pul / Facebook)
  • "The child Marwan Al-Khamis from the city of Tadef, one of the martyrs of today" (Image via Al Bab puls)
  • "The names of the martyrs who were martyred this morning as a result of a missile attack on the city" (Image via Al Bab puls / Facebook)
  • "The names of the martyrs who were martyred this morning as a result of a missile attack on the city" (Image via Al Bab puls / Facebook)
  • "The martyrdom of the two young men, “Tayseer Ramadan” and his brother, “Mohamed Ramadan,” from the displaced people of the city of Maarat al-Numan, as a result of the missile shelling that targeted the city of al-Bab a while ago." (Image via Yusuf / Facebook)
  • "The martyrdom of the young man (("Mohamed Ramadan))" of the displaced from the city of #Maarat_al-Numan as a result of the missile shelling that targeted the city of #Al-Bab a while ago" Image via Malek Abo Yazan / Facebook)
  • "To God, the matter before and after belongs to God and to Him we shall return. The martyr, God willing, Iyad Ibrahim Al-Mustafa, may God have mercy on you and give patience to your family" (Image via Iyad Madmoud / Facebook)
{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Exact Location","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[37.520964,36.370731],"type":"Point"}}]}

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    IDP or refugee camp, Marketplace, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    9 – 17
  • (5–6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    26–42
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG

Sources (81) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4445

Incident date

April 4, 2022

Location

معارة النعسان, Maaret Al Nassan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four children were killed on their way home from school and others, including women, were wounded by alleged Russian or regime shelling of the town of Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022.

Syrian Human Rights Committee reported that four children were killed by a bombing carried out by the regime forces “backed by the Russian and Iranian occupation”. The four children were killed by heavy artillery shelling at noon while they were returning from school.

The names of the children are: Yamen Juma Yassin, Hamza Mansour Aswad. Malek Anas Daoudi, Nasr Hajj Ahmed. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights specified that the students were under the age of 18.

Al Jazeera reported that in addition to the four children killed, “others” were wounded, but didn’t specify how many. Resala Post added that “among the wounded were women, some of them seriously”.

Syrian Network for Human Rights identified the location of the strikes as occurring in the al Shamali neighborhood of the village, adding that the regime forces used “shoulder-fired missiles”.

A video posted by Shaam News shows the father of one of the children killed in the attack crying over the body of his son. Syrian Civil Defense also pointed out that the children that were killed were carrying UNICEF notebooks distributed to them and images they posted show the notebooks covered in blood.

One of the Syrian Civil Defense volunteers named Laith Al-Abdullah who was involved in the rescue operation described “seeing a father kissing his son’s two legs while a man wrapped his son’s body and hugged her while he was talking to her and he was feeling and smelling her, and at the same moment a mother said goodbye to her son and called him kindly. Goodbye Yamo, greetings to all your loved ones who came here and preceded you, there were many harsh moments and many that burn the heart.”

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the bombing, with the majority of sources referring to both the regime and Russian forces as responsible, while @Almohrar1 blamed only Russia and @AsharqNewsSYR blamed only the regime.

The incident occured at 12:00:00 local time.

  • Yamen Juma Yassin Child killed
  • Hamza Mansour Aswad Child killed
  • Malek Anas Daoudi Child killed
  • Nasr Hajj Ahmed Child killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (49) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (48) [ collapse]

  • A man cries his child who was killed by Assad's shells with his companions while returning from school in the town of #Maarat_Al-Naasan in #Idlib countryside
  • The bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • Civil Defense forces respond following alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • "Muhammad and Mustafa" are friends at school for the four martyred children "Hamza, Nasr, Malik and Yamen" who were killed today, Monday, April 4, by bombing of the regime forces and Russia on #Maarat_Al-Na'san. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • The first moments of our teams' response to the bombing of the town of #Maarat_Al-Na'san in the #Idlib countryside today, Monday, April 4th, which led to the death of four children while they were returning from school to their homes.
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • The victims of alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022 bring buried. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • The victims of alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022 bring buried. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Items from the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Painful scenes of the father of one of the four children "Hamza, Nasr, Malik and Yamen" who were killed by the bombing of the regime forces and Russia on Maarat al-Naasan, west of Idlib this morning.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of children killed in Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @DeirEzzore)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of children killed in Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @DeirEzzore)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of children killed in Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @DeirEzzore)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of children killed in Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @DeirEzzore)
  • People morn over the bodies of children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @syria_Asmaaa)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ahsaeedhd)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ahsaeedhd)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Painful scenes of parents mourning their martyred children east of Idlib, the third day of Ramadan 4 children were killed by a missile from the militia of Russia and Iran while they were on their way to their school in the village of Maarat al-Naasan, east of Idlib.
  • The village turned black instead of being decorated with decorations for the holy month.. 4 children were killed on their way to school as a result of artillery shelling by the Assad regime forces targeting the town of Maarat al-Naasan in Idlib countryside
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The collapse of the father of the child "Hamza Aswad", one of the four children who died today in the bombing of the #Assad militia on #Maarat_Al-Naasan in the northern countryside of #Idlib
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Four student children died as martyrs today, on the third day of #Ramadan_Mubarak, in the sleepy town of #Maarat_Al-Nassan, with the criminal hatred of sectarian shells supported by the occupiers #Russia and #Iran
  • 4 children were killed on their way to school as a result of the bombing by Assad's gangs on the city of Maarat al-Na'san in Idlib countryside.
  • Four children were killed by a Assad militia on their way to school in the town of Maarat al-Naasan, northeast of Idlib
  • Four children were killed in the town of Maarat al-Naasan in Idlib countryside, after artillery shelling by Bashar al-Assad's militias targeted the town.
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • Funeral for the children killed in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Maaret Al Nassan on April 4, 2022. (Image posted by @ShehabAgency)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child victims of regime bombing on #Maarat_Al-Naasan in #Idlib countryside

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (49) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS122

Incident date

January 20, 2022

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511944, 36.864681 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Six to seven civilians, including up to five children and one to two women were reportedly killed in Syrian regime or Syrian Democratic Forces rocket attacks in on Rajo Street, in the city centre of Afrin, Aleppo, on January 20th 2022  during the daytime.

From 16 to 35 people were reportedly wounded. Among them were between five and ten children and three and seven women. Rajo Street was described by Syrian Network for Human Rights as “a bustling, vibrant and crowded thoroughfare”  and that the street was “severely damaged.”

Those that were reportedly killed were identified as Johnny Adnan Mansour, aged 16, Muhammad Ibrahim, aged 14, and Muhammad Nashaat Ibrahim from Afrin. Three young children from Maarat al-Numan and the same family were also killed: Samira Ibrahim Alwan, Fatima Muhammad Alwan, aged nine, Muhammad Ibrahim Alwan.

According to @Almohrar1, among those that were injured were: Mustafa Sweidan, Heaven Sido, a baby girl, Salam Alwan, a girl, Ahmed Al-Nimr, Dolovan Nebo, aged 13,  Amina Yousef Khadija, aged 45, Abdullah Ahmad Kurdiyah, aged 41, Ahmed Al-Ahmad, aged 38, Ahmed Abdullah Kurdiyeh, aged 28, Ibrahim Hussein al-Sharif, aged 53, Ferdous Fakhri Sheikh, aged 50, Nour Qassas, aged 23, Qamar Hourani, aged 30, Reda Najjar, aged 42, Qubtan al-Jabal, Mukhtar Al-Omar, aged 15, Farid Waheed Hajji, aged 50, Muhammad Khalil Daiyoush, Ahmed Zwain, Muhammad Yasser, Mahmoud Al-Mohammed.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that they had “so far been unable to confirm the attackers’ identity, though we believe that it was carried out either by Syrian regime forces or Syrian Democratic Forces, as the bombardment originated from an area under the joint control of both parties.”

The Turkish Ministry of Defence blamed the attack on the PKK/YPG: the “PKK/YPG has once again shown its true face and targeted innocent civilians by carrying out a missile attack on Afrin city centre on the anniversary of Operation Olive Branch, which ensured peace and stability in northern Syria.”

Initially, the death toll was said to be three or four people by local sources such as Step News, although this was expected to rise due to those that were injured.

According to SCD, the bombing hit a school in the city and destroyed part of its wall, but there were no students inside at the time of the attack. SCD were among other local news outlets describing this incident as a “massacre.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Samira Ibrahim Alwan Child female siblings from Maarat al-Numan killed
  • Fatima Muhammad Alwan 9 years old female killed
  • Muhammad Ibrahim Alwan killed
  • Johnny Adnan Mansour 16 years old male killed
  • Muhammad Ibrahim 14 years old male killed
  • Muhammad Nashaat Ibrahim Age unknown male from Afrin killed
  • Mustafa Sweidan Age unknown male injured
  • Heaven Sido Child female injured
  • Salam Alwan Child female injured
  • Ahmed Al-Nimr Age unknown male injured
  • Dolovan Nebo 13 years old female injured
  • Amina Yousef Khadija 45 years old female injured
  • Abdullah Ahmad Kurdiyah 41 years old male injured
  • Ahmed Al-Ahmad 38 years old male injured
  • Ahmed Abdullah Kurdieh 28 years old male injured
  • Ibrahim Hussein Al-Sharif 53 years old male injured
  • Ferdous Fakhri Sheikh 50 years old female injured
  • Nour Qassas 23 years old female injured
  • Qamar Hourani 30 years old male injured
  • Reda Najjar 42 years old female injured
  • Qubtan al-Jabal Age unknown male injured
  • Mukhtar Al-Omar 15 years old male injured
  • Farid Waheed Hajji 50 years old male injured
  • Muhammad Khalil Daiyoush Age unknown male injured
  • Ahmed Zwain Age unknown male injured
  • Muhammad Yasser Age unknown male injured
  • Mahmoud Al-Mohammed Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 7
  • (5 children1–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    16–35
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (65) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (51) [ collapse]

  • Volunteers attend the scene after an alleged attack on Afrin city at Rajo market where up to seven civilians were killed with up to 35 injuries (Image via SNHR)
  • 2 of 4: Euphrates Eye reported after the attack that "Dead and wounded in missile strikes by "SDF" on the center of the city of Afrin, north of Aleppo, and there is no clear toll of the size of the losses yet" (Image via EuphratesEye / Facebook)
  • 3 of 4: Euphrates Eye reported after the attack that "Dead and wounded in missile strikes by "SDF" on the center of the city of Afrin, north of Aleppo, and there is no clear toll of the size of the losses yet" (Image via EuphratesEye / Facebook)
  • 1 of 4: Euphrates Eye reported after the attack that "Dead and wounded in missile strikes by "SDF" on the center of the city of Afrin, north of Aleppo, and there is no clear toll of the size of the losses yet" (Image via EuphratesEye / Facebook)
  • 4 of 4: Euphrates Eye reported after the attack that "Dead and wounded in missile strikes by "SDF" on the center of the city of Afrin, north of Aleppo, and there is no clear toll of the size of the losses yet" (Image via EuphratesEye / Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    1 of 3: Injured children after a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin City (Image via DeirEzzorNow)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    2 of 3: Injured children after a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin City (Image via DeirEzzorNow)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    3 of 3: Injured children after a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin City (Image via DeirEzzorNow)
  • Aftermath of attack in Rajo city which allegedly killed up to seven civilians in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (@DeirEzzorNow / Twitter)
  • 1 of 4: Pictures show the damage on a school in Afrin city after an alleged SDF or Syrian regime attack killing up to seven civilians (Image via Syrian Civil Defence / Facebook)
  • 2 of 4: Pictures show the damage on a school in Afrin city after an alleged SDF or Syrian regime attack killing up to seven civilians (Image via Syrian Civil Defence / Facebook)
  • 3 of 4: Pictures show the damage on a school in Afrin city after an alleged SDF or Syrian regime attack killing up to seven civilians (Image via Syrian Civil Defence / Facebook)
  • 4 of 4: Pictures show the damage on a school in Afrin city after an alleged SDF or Syrian regime attack killing up to seven civilians (Image via Syrian Civil Defence / Facebook)
  • 1 of 4: Syrian Civil Defence volunteers attend the scene in Afrin city after an alleged SDF or Syrian regime attack killing up to seven civilians
  • 2 of 4: Syrian Civil Defence volunteers attend the scene in Afrin city after an alleged SDF or Syrian regime attack killing up to seven civilians
  • 3 of 4: Syrian Civil Defence volunteers attend the scene in Afrin city after an alleged SDF or Syrian regime attack killing up to seven civilians
  • 4 of 4: Syrian Civil Defence volunteers attend the scene in Afrin city after an alleged SDF or Syrian regime attack killing up to seven civilians
  • 1 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 2 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 3 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 4 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 5 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 13 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 6 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 7 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 8 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 9 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 10 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 11 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • 12 of 13: The destruction and damage caused by an alleged Syrian regime or SDF attack on Rajo market in Afrin city killing up to seven civilians and injuring up to 35 more (Image via MMC / Ammar Al-Dulaimi)
  • Rocket shellings targeted Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via MMC)
  • 1 of 3: The Turkish Ministry of Defense blamed the attack in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 on PKK/YPG (Image via @tcsavunma)
  • 3 of 3: The Turkish Ministry of Defense blamed the attack in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 on PKK/YPG (Image via @tcsavunma)
  • Samira Ibrahim Alwan was allegedly killed alongside her two siblings when a rocket hit Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via @anasanas84 / Twitter)
  • 1 of 4: "Hunger, cold, frost, displacement, lack of provisions and systematic bombing, what do we want? Oh God, make what is thrown at our people of shells and fire coolness and peace" @abo_alnoor_1977 posted on Twitter after Rajo city was attacked on January 20th 2022 (Twitter)
  • 2 of 4: "Hunger, cold, frost, displacement, lack of provisions and systematic bombing, what do we want? Oh God, make what is thrown at our people of shells and fire coolness and peace" @abo_alnoor_1977 posted on Twitter after Rajo city was attacked on January 20th 2022 (Twitter)
  • 3 of 4: "Hunger, cold, frost, displacement, lack of provisions and systematic bombing, what do we want? Oh God, make what is thrown at our people of shells and fire coolness and peace" @abo_alnoor_1977 posted on Twitter after Rajo city was attacked on January 20th 2022 (Twitter)
  • 4 of 4: "Hunger, cold, frost, displacement, lack of provisions and systematic bombing, what do we want? Oh God, make what is thrown at our people of shells and fire coolness and peace" @abo_alnoor_1977 posted on Twitter after Rajo city was attacked on January 20th 2022 (Twitter)
  • Up to 35 civilians were injured and up to seven civilians were killed when a rocket hit Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via @Kalmuqdad / Twitter)
  • Up to 35 civilians were injured and up to seven civilians were killed when a rocket hit Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via @mzmgr941 / Twitter)
  • Afrin Phoenix listed the number of civilians allegedly killed and injured after a rocket hit Rajo city in Afrin on January 20th 2022 (Image via Facebook)
  • Johnny Mansour, killed allegedly by a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via The deaths of Afrin Area / Facebook)
  • Johnny Mansour, killed allegedly by a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via Brave Samer / Facebook)
  • Mohamed Ibrahim, killed allegedly by a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via Brave Samer / Facebook)
  • Mohamed Ibrahim, killed allegedly by a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via Afrin)
  • Johnny Mansour, killed allegedly by a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via Afrin News)
  • Johnny Mansour, killed allegedly by a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via Afrin News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of the dead and injured, who were injured and killed allegedly by a SDF or Syrian regime attack on Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via Afrin News)
  • Fatima Muhammad Alwan, killed with her two siblings, allegedly after a SDF or Syrian regime rocket hit Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via Rami Al Maree / Facebook)
  • Mohammed Ibrahim Alwan, killed with his two siblings, allegedly after a SDF or Syrian regime rocket hit Rajo market in Afrin city on January 20th 2022 (Image via Maaret al Nou’man lovers / Facebook)
  • Three siblings were allegedly killed when a SDF or Syrian regime rocket hit Rajo market in Afrin on January 20th 2022 (Image via Suliman Haj Suliman / Facebook)

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Rajo street (شارع راجو) in Afrin (عفرين). Analysing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 36.511944, 36.864681.

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  • Panoramic stitch from audio-visual material with tags.

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources. Imagery: Syria Civil Defense.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 7
  • (5 children1–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    16–35
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (65) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4405

Incident date

October 20, 2021

Location

اريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

In what was widely referred to as a “massacre”, at least 13 civilians were killed and over 30 wounded in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on a marketplace in Ariha on October 20th 2021. Most sources said that as many as four children were killed in the strike that took place in the morning as children were on their way to school.

Muntaha.alramahi on Facebook was alone in posting that 14 children had been killed and 63 other civilians wounded. Esmanur.peker.1 said in a Facebook post that there may well be over 50 civilians injured as a result of the strike; most sources put the injury toll at 30 and the death toll at 13.

A medical source told Zaman al-Wasl that “the number of victims is expected to rise due to the loss of some people, and the suffering of some wounded due to their critical conditions,” stressing that “among the victims are displaced people and school students.”

The incident overwhelmed the local hospital, with health workers issuing a distress call that they needed to urgently transport a number of those wounded to alternate locations due to the severity of their injures, according to local media network Al Arabiya Syria.

The strikes were reported by Syria Network for Human Rights as having hit al Hal Market and the area near two educational facilities – Banat Ariha School and Abdul Hamid Ghnaimi School.

ِAriha Today posted a list of 10 the names of the civilians killed: Qamar Bilal HafezZakaria Ahmed BazziYoussef Muhammad Jamal Al-HassanRimas – daughter of Youssef Al-Hassan – a child, Islam Khaled Al Saraqi – a child, Hassoun Ihsan Al-Khadija Maarrat Al-NumanIbrahim Abdul-Wahhab Al-Amin – a child, Omar Abdel-Aal Al-Aboud – a child, Mahmoud Yasser SarehGhassan Sheikh Ibrahim.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported on October 22nd that Islam al Saraqebi, a child injured on his way to school, died of his wounds.

Several of those killed were relatives of the Syrian Civil Defense ‘White Helmet’ first responders; teacher Qamar Bilal Hafez was the sister of volunteer Basil Hafez, while Ibrahim Al-Amin was the brother of first responder Muhammad Al-Amin. Syrian Civil Defense posted that their volunteers “always fear” that their relatives will be amongst those they are tasked with saving.

Amongst the victims was Youssef Al Hassan, reported killed alongside his young daughter, Rimas Al Hassan. Syrian Civil Defense published comments from a volunteer, ‘Mona’ who attempted to save Rimas, and carried her body to the hospital: “It is very difficult and painful to carry the body of a child whose fault is that she is going to her school. The whole world must feel our pain”.

Ariha Today reported that twin brothers Omar and Ali were traveling to school when the bombing occurred. Omar was killed in the strikes while Ali was wounded and was still being treated for his wounds as of October 22nd. Another victim, Zahra, a five year old girl, “was injured while she was with her father and cousin in the city market”. An image of her posted by Ariha Today shows her crying and covered in blood and wounds from the attack.

Videos circulated of the incident show a whole street of shops almost completely destroyed, while several sources posted graphic images of children lying dead and wounded in the marketplace. Syria Post circulated a video from a security camera in a shop that captured the moment the strike hit the street, likely severely wounding or killing the people inside.

Twitter user @sebusher quoted a civilian who was near the market when it was hit: “When we arrived at the school and the students were there, the shelling and airstrikes started. The students were horrified, they started screaming, we didn’t know what to do.”

ArabiPost reported: “In the hospital where the victims were taken, a person was screaming and crying next to the corpse of a 10-year-old girl,” according to Agence France-Presse. Bilal Tracy, the father of two children who live near the targeted area, told the French agency, “At eight in the morning we woke up to bombardment that was raining down on us. The children were terrified and started screaming. We didn’t know what to do, where to go, and we didn’t see anything because of the dust around us.” Tracy added, “They bombed us in the neighborhood and in the market, there are children who died and people who lost limbs. We don’t know why, what is the fault we have done?””

Facebook user, Al.amen2011, described the atmosphere in the city after the strike: “Night falls on her today, and her moan is almost heard by every human being on the surface of this planet. Joy died today in Ariha, and hundreds of details and stories died today in it.”

The Syria Network for Human Rights appealed to the international community for action following this event: “Through this action, Syrian regime forces have, without doubt, committed another violation of Security Council resolutions 2139 and 2254 which prohibit any further indiscriminate attacks, as well as violating the rules of international humanitarian law which stress the distinction between civilians and combatants. Attacks of this nature spread terror and panic among civilians, leading them to flee their lands and homes in an attempt to reach safety, and forcibly displacing them, with the number of internally displaced persons within Syria currently standing at approximately 6.5 million Syrian citizens in total. The international community should put pressure on the Syrian regime and its allies to force them to compensate the displaced victims, rehabilitate homes and vital centers, support the process of political transition, and press all parties to pursue implementation of political transition according to a strict timetable which must not exceed six months, thus enabling millions of refugees and IDPs to return homes.”

UNICEF also referenced in the incident, reiterating the toll that the conflict is having on children throughout Syria: “Today’s violence is yet another reminder that the war in Syria has not come to an end. Civilians, among them many children, keep bearing the brunt of a brutal decade-long conflict. Attacks on civilians may be a violation of international humanitarian law. Attacks must not be directed against children. Children should be able to reach their schools safely. We repeat our calls to those fighting that children are not a target. They should be protected at all times especially in times of conflict.”

Most sources blamed Russian and/or Syrian regime forces for the strike, while a few sources also pointed to Iranian-backed militias.

The incident occured at 08:00:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Rimas Youssef Al-Hassan Child female Daughter of Youssef Al Hassan killed
  • Youssef Muhammad Jamal Al-Hassan Adult male Father of Rimas Al Hassan killed

Family members (2)

  • Omar Abdel-Aal Child male Twin brothers killed
  • Ali Child male Twin brothers injured
  • Muhammad Yasser Al-Sareh Adult male killed
  • Ibrahim Abdel-Wahhab Al-Amin Child male killed
  • Qamar Bilal Hafez 27-28 years old female killed
  • Zakaria Ahmed Bazzi Adult male killed
  • Salam Ala`ahi Adult killed
  • Hassoun Ihsan Al-Khadija Adult killed
  • Ghassan Sheikh Ibrahim Adult male killed
  • Ibrahim Abdo Al-Sorayai-Shanan. Adult male killed
  • Zahra 5 years old female injured
  • Islam al Saraqebi 13 years old male Died of his wounds Oct 22nd killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–14 children1 woman5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–63
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military, Iranian Military

Sources (112) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (70) [ collapse]

  • A child stands in the rubble of Ariha. Image posted by @sebusher on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children lie dead in the street in Ariha after Syrian regime or Russian forces struck a marketplace. Image posted on Twitter by @k7ybnd99.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the ten children killed in an attack on a market place in Ariha, Idlib by alleged Russian or Syrian forces. Image posted by @k7ybnd99 on Twitter.
  • Five-year old Zahra, a young girl injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime attack on a marketplace in Ariha, Idlib on October 20th 2021. She was said to have been in the market with her father and cousin. Image posted on Twitter by freeehsem.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image likely of Rimas Hassan, one of the children killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian strike on a market place on October 20th 2021. Rima was reported killed alongside her father, Youssef Hassan. Image posted by freeehsem on Twitter.
  • "10 martyrs so far as a result of the artillery shells that targeted the city of Ariha in Idlib countryside"
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "This morning's massacre in Ariha ... More than 10 martyrs for a moment, and dozens of injuries.."
  • The market place reduced to rubble by either Syrian or Russian forces reported to have killed at least ten children and injured 30 other civilians in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted by @Ahmadmuaffaq on Twitter.
  • First responders in front of destroyed shop faces, reduced to rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Ariha October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @Ahmadmuaffaq.
  • Victims of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on a populated market place, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad.
  • The body of one of the ten children killed in alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child, thought to be Rimas Hassan, killed by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Rima was killed alongside her father Youssef Hassan. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of what is likely to be Rimas Hassan, one of the many children killed in a market place on 20th October 2021, reported to have been carried out by Russian or Syrian forces. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad. Rimas was reported killed alongside her father Youssef Hassan.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image widely circulated of two children killed in Syrian or Russian forces strikes on an Ariha marketplace on October 20th 2021. Image posted by @0MdDp on Twitter. The boys were named by Twitter user @fatina_sam98 as Omar and Ali.
  • "A new massacre launched by Assad's gangs in the city of Jericho, south of Idlib, dozens of civilians were martyred and wounded as a result of artillery shelling targeting the city's market"
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Painful scenes... Injured children among dozens of victims of the Assad regime's bombing of a market in the city of Ariha in Idlib Governorate, northern Syria"
  • Smoke rises above the city of Ariha, the heavily populated area hit by Russian or Syrian regime strikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted by @ajplusarabi on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies lie in the street of a residential market area after strikes by Russia or Syrian regime forces killed at least ten civilians, and injured over 30. Image posted on Twitter by @ajplusarabi.
  • Signs of destroyed shops after Syrian or Russian strikes hit a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ajplusarabi.
  • Bodies are carried away from a marketplace reduced to rubble by either Syrian regime or Russian forces in Ariha on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ajplusarabi.
  • "Scenes from the site of the massacre perpetrated by the Russian forces and Assad militia this morning in the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, which killed more than 13 civilians and injured more than 40 civilians, as a result of targeting residential neighborhoods and the popular market with Russian laser missiles"
  • A shop front on fire after Russian or Syrian regime reportedly hit a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @alurdunyya.
  • Evidence of a marketplace almost completely destroyed; sources indicate image taken in Ariha October 20th 2021. Image posted by ShehabAgency.
  • White Helmets volunteer holds Rimas Hassan, one of the many children wounded or killed in Syrian regime or Russian forces' strike on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted by ShehabAgency on Twitter.
  • Children walk through the rubble of what had been a heavily populated market area in Ariha, razed to the ground by Syrian or Russian forces reported to have hit the market with strikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ShehabAgency.
  • One of the many children harmed by Syrian or Russian forces strikes on Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ShehabAgency.
  • Children cry in the aftermath of alleged Syrian or Russian strikes on a market place in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @6adOzCLDJDSOr60.
  • Civilians killed in a marketplace attack in Ariha, conducted by either Syrian or Russian forces on October 20th 2021. Image posted by @ajVPi on Twitter.
  • "The child Omar Abdel-Aal will be buried with his boot and books after being targeted directly by Russia while he was going to his school" - Image and caption by @TalalFayez4 on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child is tended to by White Helmets first responders after a market place strike causing mass casualties, conducted by Syrian or Russian forces according to local sources. Image posted on Twitter by @RaedAlSaleh3.
  • Smoke rises above Ariha city after a marketplace attack conducted by Syrian or Russian forces according to local sources. Image posted on Twitter by @RaedAlSaleh3.
  • White Helmets responding to the wounded after a marketplace attack in Ariha resulting from alleged Syrian or Russian airstrikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @adlbhamam1985.
  • A woman wounded in a marketplace attack in Ariha; airstrikes were said to have been carried out by either Russian or Syrian regime forces. Image posted on Twitter by @adlbhamam1985.
  • White Helmets tend to a victim of a marketplace attack in Ariha October 20th 2021, allegedly carried out by Russian or Syrian forces. Image posted on Twitter by @adlbhamam1985.
  • "Medical sources confirm the killing of 13 civilians, including children, and the wounding of more than 30 in shelling by the Syrian regime forces in the city of Ariha in Idlib countryside | Fadl's birthday | Island | Idlib countryside #news"
  • "#Syria #Idlib A surveillance camera monitors the moment the Syrian regime forces bombed the city of #Ariha yesterday morning, which led to the death of 13 civilians, including 4 students and a teacher."
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image likely to be Youssef Hassan, one of the dozens of victims of what was widely called the 'Ariha massacre' after Russian or Syrian forces were reported to have hit a marketplace on October 20th 2021. Mr Hassan was reported killed alongside his young daughter, Rimas Hassan. Image posted on Twitter via @WM_FREESYR.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An elderly victim of a strike on a marketplace killing at least ten and injuring dozens, conducted by either Russian or Syrian forces according to local sources. Image posted on Twitter by @WM_FREESYR.
  • Posted by Syriatelevision after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike hit a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021: ""need a long journey from pressure and disgust." The last thing she posted before she fell victim in #Idlib #rolling | A picture of "WhatsApp status" of Miss Qamar Bilal Hafez, born in 1993, who fell victim to the bombing of the Assad forces on the city of #Ariha "
  • One of the children killed in Russian or Syrian regime strikes on an Ariha marketplace on October 20th 2021, at a time when children were on their way to school. Image posted by Palestsy. Syrian Civil Defense said that this was likely the body of Rimas Hassan - the volunteer carrying her, 'Mona' commented: "It is very difficult and painful to carry the body of a child whose fault is that she is going to her school"
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted by Idlebcriminaloffice.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of Ghassan Sheikh Ibrahim Abu Islam; reportedly killed in the Ariha 'massacre' on October 20th 2021 when alleged Russian or Syrian forces hit a marketplace. Image posted on Facebook by Badi`a Mustafa.
  • Syrian Civil Defense first responders carry a body to an ambulance amidst the rubble of a marketplace, hit by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces in strikes on Ariha October 20th 2021. Image posted by the Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • Arial view of Ariha, the city where a marketplace was hit by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted by Ariha Today.
  • A street in Ariha abandoned after alleged Russian or Syrian strikes hit a marketplace leading what was widely termed a 'massacre', killing children on their way to school. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Smoke and dust over Ariha, after alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces hit a marketplace on October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • One of the bodies wrapped after alleged Russian or Syrian strikes hit a marketplace in Ariha on 20th October 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the many civilians harmed by alleged Russian or Syrian airstrikes on Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • Children stand in front of ground covered in the blood of the several civilians harmed in an attack on a marketplace in Ariha carried out by Russian or Syrian forces on October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction in a marketplace caused by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • A child amongst the rubble of a marketplace hit by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • A shop destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian forces in a marketplace strike in Ariha, October 20th 2021 - Image posted via MMC on Facebook.
  • The market and residential area destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • The market and residential area destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • The market and residential area destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • "The relatives of the volunteers are often among the victims of massacres and shelling by the regime forces and Russia, and this is what they always fear during the response to the attacks. Volunteer Basil Hafez bid farewell to his sister “Qamar”, an Arabic language teacher, and volunteer Muhammad Al-Amin, his brother Ibrahim, after they were killed by the regime and Russia’s shells. In the city of Ariha, south of Idlib." - Image and caption via Syrian Civil Defense on Faecbook.
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteer carry bodies from the marketplace hit by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes in Ariha on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Facebook by Syrian Civil Defense.
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • Rubble caused by alleged Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • A residential home hit by a Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • A man sorts through the rubble in the aftermath of an alleged Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Omar and Ali, twin brothers who were on their way to school when the strikes on Ariha occurred on October 20th. Omar was killed while Ali was wounded. (Image posted by Ariha Today via Facebook)
  • Syrian Network for Human Rights reported on October 22nd that Islam al Saraqebi, a child injured on his way to school, died of his wounds. 

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–14 children1 woman5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–63
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military, Iranian Military

Sources (112) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS115

Incident date

August 30, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between five and eight civilians, including four to five children, were injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021.

Syrian Civil Defense reported that seven civilians, including four children, were injured in missile shelling carried out by the alleged Syrian Democratic Forces. The “Zaman Al-Wasl” correspondent also put the toll at seven injuries, including four children, and added that eight rockets fell on Afrin.

However, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights provided information that five civilians, including children, were injured in the strikes and a tweet from @jamlyyyyy_ identified six injuries “of varying degrees”.

Anadolu Agency reported that the Turkish province of Hatay announced that 8 civilians, including five children, were wounded, as a result of a six shell bombardments carried out by the YPG/PKK on Afrin at 17:50 local time.

A tweet from @rdwanalshhwan published the names of the civilians injured in the strikes: 1- Doaa Al-Ali, father Ahmed, mother, Joza, born in the southern countryside of Aleppo, Khanasser, age 11 years (F); 2 Abdel Moneim Mohamed Abdel Rahman, 8 years old, from Homs, living on Villa Street, a minor head injury (M); 3- Abd al-Rahman Ali, father Sobhi, mother Khadija, age 64, from Afrin, light in the head (M); 4- Asma al-Musa, father Musa, mother Nadia, 10 years old, from the southern countryside of Aleppo, lived in Afrin, lightly injured (F); 5- Othman Al-Mousa Al-Mousa, the mother, Nadia, 8 years old, from the southern countryside of Aleppo, the current residence is Afrin, a light injury (M); 6- Mahmoud Al-Mohammed, born in 1988, Homs, with a light injury (M).

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights specified that the location of the strikes was “al-Mazut road and Jendires junction in the city”. The correspondent for Zaman Al-Wasl added that “the bombing hit a school, and also caused significant material damage to some residential houses, amid a state of anxiety and fear among the city’s residents.” @YusufAd76532779 added that the shells struck “next to the headquarters of the National Army’s al-Sharqiya Army”.

The correspondent for Qasioun reported that “the civil defense teams rushed to the places where the missiles fell and worked to transport the wounded to medical points to receive the necessary treatment.”

Sources were in agreement that the Syrian Democratic Forces were responsible for the strikes, with Zaman Al-Wasl pinpointing the source of the strikes to the “Tal Rifaat pocket”, adjacent to the “Afrin” area in the southeastern side. Baladi News identified the bombing as being carried out with “rocket-propelled grenades”.

The incident occured at 17:50:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Asma al-Musa 10 years old female mother Nadia, 10 years old, from the southern countryside of Aleppo, lived in Afrin, lightly injured injured
  • Othman Al-Mousa Al-Mousa 8 years old male the mother, Nadia, 8 years old, from the southern countryside of Aleppo, the current residence is Afrin, a light injury injured
  • Doaa Al-Ali 11 years old female father Ahmed, mother, Joza, born in the southern countryside of Aleppo, Khanasser injured
  • Abdel Moneim Mohamed Abdel Rahman 8 years old male 8 years old, from Homs, living on Villa Street, a minor head injury injured
  • Abd al-Rahman Ali 64 years old male father Sobhi, mother Khadija, age 64, from Afrin, light in the head injured
  • Mahmoud Al-Mohammed 33 years old male born in 1988, Homs, with a light injury injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • #Euphrates post #Aleppo northern countryside#urgent: Several wounded, including children, as a result of missile strikes on the city of Afrin.
  • Children injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • One of the injured civilians following strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search through debris for injured civilians following strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search through debris for injured civilians following strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search through debris for injured civilians following strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Rocket shelling of Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @mohmad_rasheed)
  • Rocket shelling of Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @mohmad_rasheed)
  • Smoke from rocket shelling of Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Smoke from rocket shelling of Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Shells from strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)
  • Shells from strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Afrin (عفرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.511389, 36.864167. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Syrian Democratic Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces
  • Syrian Democratic Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4380

Incident date

August 26, 2021

Location

طفس, Tafas, Daraa, Syria

Airwars assessment

A major bombardment of the town of Tafas in Daraa caused up to three civilian deaths and up to six more injuries, according to extensive local reporting. Both the Assad regime and to a lesser extend Russia were blamed for the attacks.

Horan Free Media, citing its local correspondent, initially described the death of one young civilian male and six injuries “including critical cases” in the attack. The Syrian Observatory also described the deaths of a man and woman.

All sources were agreed on one fatal victim, 26 year old Hafeza Mar’i al-Rabadawi, a woman. Horan for example noted that “a medical source from Tafas Hospital told the Ahrar Horan Gathering that the woman, Hafeza Mar’i al-Rabadawi, died directly as a result of the bombing, while all 6 injured people were treated in the city hospital.”

Adding some confusion to reporting, a second woman’s death – that of Sabah al-Bardan – was also initially claimed by the outlet, though this was later denied on its own Telegram channel, which reported that Ms al-Bardan was in fact alive. The Syrian Network instead reported the death of Ms al-Bardan, as did several other local sources.

A third fatal victim was named by several sources including Qasioun as Samir Reshan Al-Zoubi, a young man.

The White Helmets, which posted a video showing at least six strikes on the town, declared that “Civilians were killed and wounded in a major military escalation by the regime and Russia forces on the city of Tafas in Daraa governorate.” Halab Today said that more than 30 missiles had targeted the town, while Thiqa News claimed that 50 missiles had struck. It was one of several local sources to report three civilian deaths.

In a separate video, Shaam News showed what it described as “the state of panic and fear among the students, after missile shelling by the Fourth Division militias on the vicinity of a school during work hours in Tafas city.”

The Syrian Network condemned what it said was “the bombing of civilian-populated areas by the Syrian regime which fails to distinguish between populated civilian areas and military targets, resulting in the destruction of homes that threatens and forcibly displaces the residents of those areas.”

Baladi News was alone in suggesting the attack may have been in response to local rebel actions, noting that “The area is witnessing a security alert by regime forces, after a military vehicle was targeted with an explosive device on the Nawa – Sheikh Maskin road, west of Daraa, and the regime’s ranks were killed and wounded.”

The incident occured in the morning.

  • Hafeza Mar’i al-Rabadawi 26 years old female killed
  • Sabah al-Bardan Adult female Reported as either killed or injured injured
  • Samir Reshan Al-Zoubi Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • Reported victim of Regime and/ or Russian strikes on Tafas on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Medics attend to a victim of a Russian or Regime strike on Tafas, August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free News)
  • 'The moment the Fourth Division militias bombed Tafas, 26th August 2021' (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • Damage caused to Tafas by Regime and/ or Russian shelling on August 26th 2021 (via Horan Free Media)
  • 'Less than two days after the signing of a settlement agreement in #Daraa, direct scenes from the bombing of the Assad militia on the town of #Tafas'
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    '#Daraa: More than thirty treacherous missiles fell on the city of Tafas within minutes. There are a lot of injured'
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Unidentified injured male reportedly harmed in Regime and/ or Russian strikes on Tafas, August 26th 2021 (via @syria7ra)
  • '#Urgent #Daraa The death of a woman and the injury of 6 civilians as Assad's militias targeted residential neighborhoods in the city of Tafas, west of Daraa, with rocket launchers.'
  • '3 martyrs so far and 7 wounded in Tafas city 1- The martyr Samir Tarshan Al-Zoubi (M) 2- The martyr Hafiza Al-Salkhadi (F) 3- The martyr Sabah Halima (F) #Battle of dignity '

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (30) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4337

Incident date

July 3, 2021

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least five civilians, including between two and four children and two women, were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on the city of Ariha on July 3, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, “5 civilians, including two children and two women, were injured, among the wounded, in critical cases, in artillery shelling by the regime and Russia forces targeting residential neighborhoods in the city of Ariha”.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “five people, including four children” were injured and that some of the injuries were serious.

Ariha Today provided the names of four of those injured: Abeer Hindawi, 13 years old  (F); Saba Hindawi 14 years old  (F); Lamar Hindawi 7 years old  (F); Bisan Hindawi 8 years old  (F)

An image posted by @khaleedalkhteb shows an injured child being carried to an ambulance and a video posted by @anasanas84 includes White Helmets rescuing women and children following the strikes.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that shelling on Ariha landed “on Tishreen School in al Gharbi neighborhood in the city, partly damaging the school’s structure and furniture. SNHR can confirm that the school is in a residential area free of any military equipment or presence.”

@Nabel_othman023 identified 12 shells as striking the city of Ariha at the time of reporting while Syrian Observatory for Human Rights counted “nearly 15 rockets”. A tweet from @HadiAlabdallah reported that both artillery and missiles were part of the bombing.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the regime. However, Macro Media Center blamed Russia for the “the heavy bombardment of the city of Ariha”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Smoke surrounding the city of Ariha following bombing on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Smoke surrounding the city of Ariha following bombing on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Smoke surrounding the city of Ariha following bombing on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Smoke surrounding the city of Ariha following bombing on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Image of an injured boy being carried to an ambulance following strikes on Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @khaleedalkhteb)
  • White Helmets sorting through the rubble following strikes on Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by @abdalwhab761)
  • White Helmets load injured victims into an ambulance following strikes on the town of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets and civilians carry injured victims into an ambulance following strikes on the town of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Civilians carry injured victims into an ambulance following strikes on the town of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets load injured victims into an ambulance following strikes on the town of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • The first moments of the response of the Syrian Civil Defense teams to the bombing of the city of Jericho, which left 5 injuries, including critical cases.
  • Image of Tishreen School in al Gharbi neighborhood, which was struck during shelling of Ariha on July 3, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Strike target
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (17) [ collapse]