Airwars six monthly assessment: January-June 2018

Reported civilian deaths from Russian actions were up by a third in Syria during the first six months of 2018. While claims against the Coalition were sharply down, several hundred civilians were still likely killed by the US-led alliance.

Amnesty says US-led Coalition likely violated international law at Raqqa

Investigators traveled to Raqqa and spoke with more than 100 witnesses and victims, with their report highlighting the deaths of dozens of members of just four families.

More than 1,800 civilians killed overall in defeat of ISIS at Raqqa, say monitors

The former ISIS ‘capital’ has been captured from the terror group after months of hard fighting. But the cost to civilians – and for the city itself – has been high.

Civilian deaths mount in Raqqa amid Coalition denials

The Coalition’s top commander has repeatedly questioned whether large numbers of civilians are dying, even as international investigations are released.

Children pay high price in fight to take Raqqa from ISIS

Coalition commander plays down high civilian toll in Syria, despite findings of monitors and investigators

1,000 days of war: the civilians missing in action

Among the dead in Iraq and Syria are more than 1,4000 named civilian victims of likely Coalition airstrikes. Airwars looks at the stories of some of those individuals

Russian airstrikes and civilian deaths in Syria are rising fast

At least 120 Russian casualty events have already been alleged for April – a steep rise with grim implications for Syria’s civilians

America’s shadow war in Syria

What began as a unilateral war against Al Qaeda may see the United States embroiled in Syria’s affairs long after ISIL’s defeat