Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

LC261

Incident date

December 26, 2019

Location

صيدلية أوكسجين, Oxygen Pharmacy O2, Zawiya, Libya

Geolocation

32.765536, 12.754072 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

At least two civilians were killed and eight injured after LNA and/or UAE aircraft hit a pharmacy, a car and other civilian targets in Zawiya.

The target of the LNA strikes was initially assumed to be the headquarters of the GNA’s Al Farouq battalion. However reports soon made clear that multiple nearby civilian objects had in fact been struck.

Al Wasat News for example reported that along with the nearby military base, “warplanes of the LNA targeted a pharmacy and shops, noting that initial reports indicate casualties and injuries, including women and children.” It later added that “Eyewitnesses said that the shelling was about 200 meters from the headquarters of the Farouq Company, which is located in the farm of the former Arab Mahdi Brigade, next to the Oil and Gas College and Al Zawiya Hospital.” Al Wasat also published several images of destruction at the scene, including a burning car.

The Libya Observer reported the following: “Al-Zawiya Educational Hospital said Thursday that it had received two bodies of civilians killed in airstrikes by Khalifa Haftar’s warplanes on Al-Zawiya, adding that eight injured persons had also arrived at the hospital and that five of them were admitted to the intensive care unit. Three airstrikes by Haftar’s warplanes targeted shops and a pharmacy as well as a bakery and the port of Al-Zawiya Oil Refinery, the media office of Volcano of Rage Operation said.”

Libya Al Ahrar cited the local mayor fort its casualty figures, noting three killed and also: “Mayor of Al-Zawiyah Municipality Jamal Bahr told Al-Ahrar: 10 civilian injuries, ranging from medium to critical, as a result of the bombardment of Haftar’s aircraft in locations in the city”

According to the Souq Al Khamis site, one of the injured victims was a pregnant woman: “Khadija appeared in the video while trying to rescue her husband, Anis Shaqlabo, may God have mercy on him, after targeting by the war supporter, the criminal, Haftar, of their car in the city of Zawiya. Khadija at that moment was afflicted with shrapnel that penetrated her guts, but she was trying to save her husband for the sake of their children. Khadija underwent surgery on her stomach and now she is in intensive care, we pray to God to expedite her recovery and keep her children safe.”

Libya Al Ahrar TV also reported that among those injured are Egyptians.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Khadija Adult female pregnant Wife of Anis injured
  • Anis Shaqlabo Adult male Husband of Khadija killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (22) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 which left at least 3 civilians dead (via Al Wasat News)
  • Aftermath of likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 which left at least 3 civilians dead (via Al Wasat News)
  • Aftermath of likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 which left at least 3 civilians dead (via Al Wasat News)
  • Aftermath of likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 which left at least 3 civilians dead (via Al Wasat News)
  • Destruction at Al Zawiya following a lethal alleged LNA strike on December 26th 2019 (via al Wasat)
  • Destruction at Al Zawiya following a lethal alleged LNA strike on December 26th 2019 (via al Wasat)
  • A burnt out vehicle after a reported LNA airstrike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • A burning vehicle after a reported LNA airstrike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • A pharmacy damaged in a likely LNA airstrike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Aftermath of a lethal likely LNA strike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via al Ahrar News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian is stretchered from the scene following a likely LNA strike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Burkan al Ghadab)
  • Medics attend to the injured following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya al Ahrar)
  • Medics attend to the injured following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya al Ahrar)
  • Medics attend to the injured following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Video of the aftermath

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Oxygen Pharmacy O2 (صيدلية أوكسجين) being struck in Zawiya (الزاوية‎). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to these exact coordinates: 32.765536, 12.754072.

  • Reports of the incident mention the Oxygen Pharmacy O2 (صيدلية أوكسجين) being struck in Zawiya (الزاوية‎).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC253

Incident date

December 13, 2019

Location

مشروع الهضبة, Hadaba project, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed by LNA artillery shelling on the Hadaba project area of Tripoli.

Tarhuna 24 said: “Artillery shelling targets Al-Wefaq [GNA] concentrations in Hadaba project.”

Tripoli 219 wrote: “Also today’s evening, in the [Hadaba] project, a random shell landed on a citizen who had been hospitalized. Unfortunately, he died in the hospital.”

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Hadaba Project (مشروع الهضبة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.838333, 13.175278. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC232

Incident date

October 31, 2019

Location

طرابلس: وزارة الداخلية, Tripoli: Ministry of Interior, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.840074, 13.148217 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Up to ten civilians were allegedly injured by an LNA airstrike near the Ministry of Interior in Tripoli.

Al Wasat said: “A mother and her husband and four of their children were injured as a result of an aerial bombardment that hit their house on the airport road in the capital Tripoli.”

The Libya Observer reported: “The spokesman for the Ambulance Apparatus Osama Ali said ten civilians including women and children were injured in the airstrike that hit the Interior Ministry’s headquarters, adding that they were sent to Abu Salim Accidents Hospital for medical treatment.”

According to Libya Alahrar TV, ten civilians, including four children and one woman were injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Bashir Khairy Khaled Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on October 31st, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Ministry of Interior (وزارة الداخلية) near the Airport road (طريق المطار) in Tripoli (طرابلس). The coordinates for the Ministry of Interior are: 32.840074 13.148217

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC165

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

السواني, Al-Swani, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.712224, 13.07224 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Up to three medics were reportedly killed in an LNA airstrike on a field hospital in Al-Swani.

Burkanly only said the hospital had been targeted without mentioning civilian harm.

OCHA Libya said three medical staff had been injured and equipment damaged.

Hona Sog Al-Khmies Emsihel reported that three combatants had been killed while several doctors and nurses were injured. The Libya Observer published a similar account.

According to the Libya Herald, “the Health Ministry claimed the Swani hospital was hit by an air strike which injured three ambulance drivers and a paramedic, and caused destruction to the hospital and its medical supplies and equipment.”

The Turkish state news outlet Anadolu Agency wrote: “Three medics were killed on Tuesday in an airstrike carried out by Eastern Libyan forces led by military commander Khalifa Haftar, according to forces aligned with the Tripoli-based government.”

The Libya Observer said that three government fighter were killed and ten others wounded including three medics.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the alleged aftermath (via Burkanly)
  • Another picture of the aftermath (via Libyan Express)
  • More pictures from the incident

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention that the incident took place in Al-Swani (السواني), for which the generic coordinates are 32.712224 13.07224. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3

Sources (15) [ collapse]