All Belligerents in Libya

An injured boy stands in ruins following fighting. (via Saraya Media Center, linked to the militant Shura Council Benghazi)

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC183

Incident date

August 16, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مطار معيتيقة, Tripoli: Mitiga International Airport, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.895041, 13.2785 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly injured by LNA shelling on Mitiga Airport in Tripoli.

The Facebook page of the Burkan Al Ghadab operation by the rival GNA said: “During the last few hours, the militia of the war criminal Hifter targeted the employees of the Libyan Company for Handling and Ground Services at Mitiga International Airport with Grad rockets, wounding two of them with shrapnel and damaging the buses of passengers.”

Other sources only reported artillery shelling but no civilian casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Video of the shelling
  • Another video of the shelling
  • Pictures of the aftermath

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC182

Incident date

August 15, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مطار معيتيقة, Tripoli: Mitiga International Airport, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.895041, 13.2785 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed in an LNA artillery strike on Mitiga Airport in Tripoli.

Akhbar Libya wrote that “one person is reported to have been killed by shells at Mitiga airport.”

Libya Alahrar TV reported: “Security source to Al Ahrar: one person killed and another injured by the targeting of Mitiga International Airport with Grad rockets.”

The Libya Observer said: “Khalifa Haftar’s militia groups shell Mitiga Airport with Grad rockets killing one worker and wounding two others.”

Tk yahrouq kl shy wrote that Ahmed Al Ferjani was killed and three more injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ahmed Al Ferjani Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Photos of the aftermath
  • Another picture of the aftermath
  • More pictures of the aftermath
  • Video from the fire at the airport
  • Picture of the victim

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC181

Incident date

August 14, 2019

Location

العزيزية‎, Aziziya, Jafara, Libya

Geolocation

32.531577, 13.020688 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Six civilians were allegedly injured in an LNA airstrike on Aziziya.

According to the Washington Post, “at least four medical staff” were injured.

The Libya Observer wrote: “Haftar’s forces also hit, using a UAE drone, a field hospital in Aziziya in southern Tripoli, leaving behind injuries among both medical staffers and civilians.

According to the spokesman for the Health Ministry, six people had been injured – four civilians and two military personnel – in the strikes against Aziziya field hospital, which also suffered massive damage.”

Libya Alahrar TV reported “a number of wounded” as well as damage to the hospital.

The LNA confirmed conducting the airstrike but did not admit to civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of the aftermath

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC180

Incident date

August 11, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: سوق الجمعة , Tripoli: Souq Al Jumaa, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.881854, 13.256303 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Three people were reportedly injured by LNA artillery shelling on the Souq Al Jumaa neighbourhood of Tripoli.

Libya Alhrar wrote: “3 civilians were injured due to shells falling on a residential neighbourhood in Souq Al Jumaa area in Tripoli”

February TV also said three civilians were injured and blamed the LNA for the shelling.

The GNA also accused the LNA and said they were breaking the Eid al-Adha truce agreed between the two parties during the festivities.

The Libya Observer later tweeted that four civilians were injured on August 11 by a Grad rocket that hit a residential building in Souq Al Jumaa.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of the aftermath
  • Video of the incident

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC179

Incident date

August 10, 2019

Location

السدادة, As Saddadah, Misurata, Libya

Geolocation

31.467240, 14.626541 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian was killed and five more allegedly injured in an LNA airstrike on As Saddadah.

Libya Alahrar TV reported: “One person is killed and 5 others were injured near the great man-made river south of As Saddadah due to the bombing of Hafter Air Force on the administrative headquarters of the company.”

In another article the same outlet said: “According to the source, the shelling targeted an administrative headquarters belonging to the man-made river near the Qardabiya system feeding the cities of the central region with water.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC178a

Incident date

August 8, 2019

Location

مرزق, Murzuq, Libya

Geolocation

25.919023, 13.923895 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were allegedly killed and four children injured by a mortar shell in Murzuq.

OCHA reported: “On 8 August, a mortar landed on a house hosting IDPs in the Bendalwah neighborhood resulting in injuries among four children between 2 and 7 years-old and the death of two siblings.”

Other sources picked up on the report and quoted OCHA on the incident.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC178

Incident date

August 5, 2019

Location

طريق ودان أبو هادي, Waddan-Abu Hadi road, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

30.830404, 16.541043 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Street

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were allegedly killed in a Turkish airstrike near Sirte.

Lana News wrote: “Two people were killed and a child was wounded by a Turkish warplane that supported the Al-Wifaq militia, which targeted a Sirte truck and another civilian vehicle near the city of Sirte.

Medical sources at Ibn Sina hospital in Sirte said on Monday that a truck driver and his companion were killed while their trucks were being targeted.”

It added: “The victim was travelling from Sabha to Benghazi and was shot and then shelled at the intersection known as the “burned bus junction” on the road of Waddan – Abu Hadi.”

Afrigate reported: “Two people were killed and a child was wounded by a Turkish warplane that supported the Al-Wefaq militia [GNA], which targeted a truck from Sirte and another civilian vehicle near the city of Sirte.

Medical sources at Ibn Sina hospital in Sirte said on Monday that a truck driver and his companion were killed while their trucks were being targeted.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Sami Suleiman Meftah Bouferneh Adult male Father killed
  • Mahab 11 years old male Son injured
  • Mohammed Salem Al Qarqai Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Picture of one of the alleged victims (via Akhbar Libya 24)
  • Picture of the injured child (via Akhbar Libya 24)
  • The alleged aftermath of the incident (via Akhbar Libya 24)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC177

Incident date

August 4–5, 2019

Location

مرزق, Murzuq, Libya

Geolocation

25.919023, 13.923895 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

At least 42 civilians were reportedly killed in an LNA or Emirati airstrike on Murzuq in one of the biggest civilian harm events in Libya since 2011.

Al Jazeera said: “At least 42 people have been killed and dozens wounded in an air raid in southern Libya, an official said, as the United-Nations recognised government blamed forces loyal to renegade general Khalifa Haftar for the attack.”

It added, quoting the same official: “‘No armed or wanted people were among them … Haftar bombed unarmed civilians,’ he said, calling for humanitarian aid since the local hospital could not cope with the high number of casualties.”

Reuters reported: “‘The air strike resulted in 43 killed and 51 wounded. This is only an initial toll of casualties,’ Murzuq municipal council member Mohamed Omar told Reuters in a phone interview.

He said the done strike had targeted a town hall meeting where residents were holding discussions after days of clashes between rival tribesmen.”

The Guardian later said at least 45 people had been killed.

According to various outlets, pro-LNA sources said the strike had targeted Chadian opposition fighters.

While the majority of sources accused the LNA of conducting the strike, it does not itself operate drones. Emad Badi blamed the UAE for flying the drone.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    42 – 45
  • Civilians reported injured
    51–60
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Video allegedly showing the aftermath and victims of the airstrike

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    42 – 45
  • Civilians reported injured
    51–60
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]