All Belligerents in Libya, 2012–present

An injured boy stands in ruins following fighting. (via Saraya Media Center, linked to the militant Shura Council Benghazi)

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC420

Incident date

June 10, 2020

Location

وادي جارف, Wadi Jarif, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

31.131944, 16.271944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

A woman was killed after a mortar fell on her house in Jarif in Sirte on June 10th, 2020. She was identified by local sources as Dr. Malak Saleh Al Wafi.

“Dr. Malak Saleh Al-Wafi dies after a shell landed in their house in Jarif,” said Libyan woman doctors.

No further information is currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the area of the Wadi Jarif (وادي جارف), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.131944, 16.271944. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC419

Incident date

June 10, 2020

Location

الساعدية, Al Sa'adeh, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.889481, 13.180569 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Libya Al Ahrar reported that “the remains of a citizen were found in a civilian car, likely hit by a missile attack in the Al Sa’adeh area by the Haftar militia at the beginning of its aggression on the capital.”

Also Burkan Al Ghadab Operation page posted the news saying that “Al-Jafara Security Directorate members find the remains of a civilian in a civilian car that has traces of missile shelling in Al Sa’adeh area, according to eyewitness accounts from the people of the region that the car was bombed by Haftar’s aircraft at the beginning of its militia’s aggression on the capital Tripoli.”

The date of the incident and other details are not available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • The vehicle were human remains of a civilian were found in Al Sa’idiya in Tripoli on June 10th, 2020 (via Libya Al Ahrar).
  • The vehicle were human remains of a civilian were found in Al Sa’idiya in Tripoli on June 10th, 2020 (via Libya Al Ahrar).
  • The vehicle were human remains of a civilian were found in Al Sa’idiya in Tripoli on June 10th, 2020 (via Libya Al Ahrar).
  • The vehicle were human remains of a civilian were found in Al Sa’idiya in Tripoli on June 10th, 2020 (via Libya Al Ahrar).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Sa’adeh (الساعدية), possibly in vicinity of the Al Sa’adeh Mosque (مسجد الساعدية). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for the mosque are: 32.889481, 13.180569.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC418

Incident date

June 9, 2020

Location

وادي جارف, Wadi Jarif, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

31.131944, 16.271944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Renewed shelling on Wadi Jarif west of Sirte on June 9th, 2020 led to deaths, injuries and displacement among civilians.

Tk Yahrouq Kl shy posted “Intensive and random shelling on Wadi Jarif in Serte amid reports of deaths, injuries, destruction, and mass displacement of families.”

Another post encouraged people to head to Ibn Sina hospital to donate blood to civilians wounded in the attack.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the area of the Wadi Jarif (وادي جارف), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.131944, 16.271944. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC417

Incident date

June 8, 2020

Location

غرب سرت, Western Sirte, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

31.190547, 16.571441 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Five people, including paramedics, were killed in alleged LNA airstrikes with a Russian warplane on western Sirte on June 8th, 2020. Reportedly, GNA vehicles were targeted, including an ambulance.

Libya Observer reported that, according to a source within the GNA that “a MiG 29 warplane, which Russia gave to Haftar recently, had raided Libyan Army positions in western Sirte, targeting several vehicles, including one ambulance, and killed five people – paramedics included.” According to Libya Observer, all victims were GNA fighters. Airwars counts medical personnel as civilian casualties.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Western Sirte (غرب سرت), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.190547, 16.571441. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    GNA
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC416

Incident date

June 8, 2020

Location

مسجد وادي جارف , Jarif Valley Mosque, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

31.081103, 16.308853 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

A civilian was killed and two other civilians were wounded in airstrikes on a mosque in the Jarif area on June 8th, 2020, according to Libyan Crimes Watch.

Libyan Crimes Watch wrote that “a civilian was killed and two others were wounded as a result of a bombing by the air that we could not locate. The mosque of the Jarif area, southwest of Sirte, was targeted on Monday, June 8”, adding that “the organisation condemns the continued targeting of civilians in Sirte and calls on the United Nations Mission to open an investigation into crimes against the population.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A mosque in the Al Jarif area after being targeted by airstrikes on June 8th, 2020 (via @LibyanCW).

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a mosque being struck in the Wadi Jarif (وادي جارف) area, for which the exact coordinates are: 31.081103, 16.308853.

  • Reports of the incident mention a mosque being struck in the Wadi Jarif (وادي جارف) area.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC415

Incident date

June 8, 2020

Location

جارف: قرارة القزاح, Jarif: Qarara Al Qazzah, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

31.131944, 16.271944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Seven civilians of the same family, including three children and two women, were killed in alleged LNA airstrikes on their home in Qarara Al Qazah in Al Thalatheen/Jarif area in Jarif on June 8th, 2020, according to local sources.

@LibyaCW reported that “the organisation recorded the fall of shells on three houses in Al Thalateen area west of Sirte today, Monday, June 8, killing seven (7) civilians and wounding ten (10) others.”

Libya Observer reported that, according to a GNA source, the family’s house was targeted by a MiG 29 warplane, which Russia provided recently to Haftar militias. The source reported that a day earlier, on Sunday, June 7th 2020, GNA forces had entered the town.

Libya Al Ahrar reported that the Chamber of Insurance and Protection Operations of Sirte and Al Jafra condemned “the terrorist act carried out by the Haftar militia after bombing civilian homes in the Jarif area, by means of a MiG-29 warplane, which killed 7 civilians.” The source reported the names of the seven victims, among which the children Ahmed Salim Al Nabsha Al FerjaniSaleh Salem Al Nabsha Al Ferjani and Salsabil Salem Al Nabsha Al Ferjani, who died alongside their mother.

Libyaakhbar said that The Ministry of Foreign Affairs paid condolences to Salim Al Ferjani, an employee at the Foreign Office in Sirte, after the death of his wife, his three children, and his brother as a result of the brutal bombing of his house in Sirte.

Al Marsad News blamed Turkey for this incident saying “Turkey’s Third Massacre of Civilians in Less than a Week. Eyewitnesses in Sirte confirmed the death of Salih, Ahmed, and Salsabeel Salem Al-Fitouri, all children, and their mother Najat Saleh, and father, Saleh Al-Fitouri. The Turkish intense bombing also claimed the lives of Ali Faraj Ashtaiwi and Ali Faraj Ashtaiwi.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (7)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (3 children2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Translation: "The organization recorded the fall of shells on three houses in Al Thalateen area west of Sirte today, Monday, June 8, killing seven (7) civilians and wounding ten (10) others. Both parties to the armed conflict should spare civilians military operations and immediately stop targeting residential neighborhoods" (via @LibyanCW).
  • Damage after alleged LNA airstrikes on Al Thalateen area on June 8th, 2020 (via @LibyaCW).
  • The names of the victims in a statement by the Chamber of Insurance and Protection Operations of Sirte and Al Jafra (via Libya Al Ahrar).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the area of Qarara Al Qazzah (قرارة القزاح), allegedly in the vicinity of Jarif (جارف) city. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Wadi Azkir are: 31.131944, 16.271944.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (3 children2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC414

Incident date

June 6, 2020

Location

جنوب سرت, South of Sirte, Sirte, Libya

Geolocation

30.798872, 16.534044 Note: The accuracy of this location is to District level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

District

Airwars assessment

Ten civilians, including two children, were allegedly killed by GNA or Turkish drone strike 50km south of Sirte.

Libyan Crimes Watch reported: “Today, Saturday, June 6, at 2am GNA forces bombed civilian cars 50 km south of Sirte, which were receiving displaced families from Tarhuna, and the shelling killed ten (10) civilians, including two children, and wounded one person.”

According to Al Marsad, a Turkish drone bombed “Mesbah Faraj Al Suwaidi Al Qaddafi, the owner of the Bohadi restaurant, and a family, including women and children, who may be among the displaced from Tarhouna but they could not be identified.”

The rival LNA posted on Facebook: “Flying Turkish aircraft kills families, children, women and the elderly near Sirte.”

Libya Review tweeted: “Two families have been killed in a Turkish UAV drone airstrike on two cars, 50kms south of Sirte. “

The incident occured at 2:00 am local time.

  • Mesbah Faraj Al Suwaidi Al Qaddafi Adult male owner of restaurant Bohadi killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10
  • (2 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Picture of scorched cars near Sirte after GNA/Turkish drone strike on June 6th, 2020 (via Libyan Crimes Watch)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a vehicle being struck 60km south of Sirte (سرت), for which the generic coordinates are: 30.431401, 16.544536. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10
  • (2 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC413

Incident date

June 3, 2020

Location

طريق المنارة, Al Manara Road, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.664739, 13.208983 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (other)

Airwars assessment

Between 12 and 20 civilians were allegedly killed by a GNA or Turkish airstrike on Qasr Bin Gashir.

Al Marsad said: “A Turkish aircraft committed a massacre late yesterday, Wednesday, against the family of Al-Lafi, including women and children, in the Qasr Bin Gashir area, south of Tripoli, specifically in the Al-Manara area.

Muhammad al-Lafi, one of the survivors of the Turkish bombing, revealed in a video clip that a Turkish plane directly targeted gathering the family with 4 raids, indicating that the bombing killed 12 people of the family in a horrific manner.”

In the video, the victim further accuses the GNA and says that his “brother’s head was cut. We are in Tarhouna hospital now. The number of airstrikes is four.”

Other sources also quoted the video clip cited in the article.

LibyanCom said 20 people were killed in the attack.

Libya Review said it was a Turkish drone strike.

The incident occured between 9:50 pm and 10:10 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (12)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 20
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Interview with a relative of the victims
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victm of alleged GNA/Turkish strike on Qasr BIn Gashir on June 3rd, 2020 (via LibyanCom)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victm of alleged GNA/Turkish strike on Qasr BIn Gashir on June 3rd, 2020 (via Libyan Review)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victm of alleged GNA/Turkish strike on Qasr BIn Gashir on June 3rd, 2020 (via Libyan Review)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victm of alleged GNA/Turkish strike on Qasr BIn Gashir on June 3rd, 2020 (via Libyan Review)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victm of alleged GNA/Turkish strike on Qasr BIn Gashir on June 3rd, 2020 (via Libyan Review)

Geolocation notes (5) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the vicinity of Al Manara Road (طريق المنارة), within the town of Qaser Bin Ghashir (قصر بن غشير). One source, Tk Yahrouq Kl shy, posted visual material indicating the exact location of this strike. Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we are able to confirm this location.The exact coordinates for this strike are: 32.664739, 13.208983.

  • Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the vicinity of Al Manara Road (طريق المنارة), within the town of Qaser Bin Ghashir (قصر بن غشير). One source, Tk Yahrouq Kl shy, posted visual material indicating the exact location of this strike. Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we are able to confirm this location.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Satellite image comparison against source material which confirms the location

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged panoramic stitch of footage from the incident.

    Imagery:
    Tk Yahrouq Kl shy

  • Satellite imagery showing the distribution of buildings tagged in the visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged screenshot of footage from the incident.

    Imagery:
    Tk Yahrouq Kl shy

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 20
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (10) [ collapse]