Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R4039

Incident date

December 24, 2019

Location

كفروما, Kafrouma, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian died in an alleged Russian or regime airstrike on Kafrouma in Idlib, according to local media.

Sources reported that Russian strikes targeted  members of the Ahrar al-Sham movement.

According to the Step News Agency, “Russian aircraft targeted four-wheel drive cars, carrying the movement’s leader, Jaber Ali Pasha, and the two ‘Legitimists’ of the movement known by the names of Sheikh Abu al-Ghareeb and Sheikh Abu Iqbal. Jaber Ali Pasha survived the Russian raid, while the raid resulted in the death of the Sharia, Abu Iqbal, and a number of accompanying elements, and the Shari’a, Abu al-Gharib, was wounded, with varying injuries”.

However, the White Helmets said that civilian deaths occurred in Kafrouma, while the Shaam News Network noted “one martyr”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–3
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4042

Incident date

December 28, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Maarat Numan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A child and a volunteer with the Syrian Civil Defence (White Helmets) were reported killed and others injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime forces airstrike with barrel bombs on Ma’arat Al Nu’man in Idlib on December 30th, 2019.

Muhanad Muhamad Al Sha’ar was reported killed while on duty of rescuing civilians injured and killed by the attacks on Ma’art Al Nu’man, and the child Muhamad Fateh Arafat was also killed when his family tried to take their belongings and flee to a safer area in North Syria, according to local sources.

A White Helmets post read: “Today [Dec 30th] we bid farewell to another of our White Helmet brothers, Muhannad al-Shaar, a hero killed in a direct hit via regime helicopters, along with a child from the family our team was evacuating in #MaaratalNuman City in #Idlib. The remaining family was rescued.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • Muhannad al-Shaar,, SCD volunteer was killed in Ma'art A NU'man on Dec 30th, 2019 (via SCD Idlib)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The child Muhamad Arafat was killed in Ma'arat Al Nu'man in Idlib on Dec 3th, 2019 (via MMC)
  • Damage caused by the airstrikes on Ma'arat Al Nu'man (via MMC)
  • The child Muhammad Fateh Arafat was killed while a number of his family were injured in an airstrike on Ma'arat Al Nu'man on December 30, 2019. (via SN4HR).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4040c

Incident date

December 28, 2019

Location

بلدات متعددة, Several towns, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Civilian casualties were reported in different towns in Idlib as a result of alleged Russian forces airstrikes on Idlib on December 28th, 2019 according to the Shaam News Network.

The report by the Shaam News Network said: “Russian warplanes launched violent airstrikes targeting the vicinity of the city of Saraqib and the towns of Masran and Dayr al-Sharqi, accompanied by artillery and missile shelling on the city of Maarat al-Numan, and the towns of Mahambel, Kafr Awwad, Sarja, Sufouh, Tlemans, Khan al-Sabil, Marshmarin, and M’amarshah. This  led to civilian casualties, and the destruction of an oven in Bakran.”

No further details are currently available.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4040B

Incident date

December 28, 2019

Location

محمبل, Mhambel, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that civilians were wounded as a result of Russian forces or Syrian regime forces artillery and missile attack on Mhambel in Idlib, Syria on December 28th, 2019.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that a cluster missile fell near Al Kabir mosque in Mhambel town in the western suburbs of Idlib governorate causing damage to its building.

According to the Shaam News Network, “Russian warplanes launched violent airstrikes targeting the vicinity of the city of Saraqib and the towns of Masran and Dayr al-Sharqi, accompanied by artillery and missile shelling on the city of Maarat al-Numan, and the towns of Mahambel, Kafr Awwad, Sarja, Sufouh, Tlemans, Khan al-Sabil, Marshmarin, and M’amarshah. This led to civilian casualties”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Remnants of a cluster bomb allegedly fired by Syrian regime on Mhambel in Idlib on December 28th 2019 (via SN4HR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4040a

Incident date

December 28, 2019

Location

سرجة, Sarja, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One woman was reportedly injured after alleged Russian or Syrian forces fired a missile on the village of Sarja, Idlib governorate, in the evening of December 28th, 2019, according to local sources.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported on Twitter that “a woman was injured by shelling with a guided missile carrying cluster bombs this evening, Saturday [Dec 28th], by regime forces, targeting the outskirts of Sarja village.”

Our Syria reported that “a Russian Tochka missile landed on Sarja village”. It is unclear if this means if the missile itself was Russian-made or if Russian forces fired it.

Shaam News Network wrote that Russian forces launched violent airstrikes, accompanied by artillery and missile shelling on several cities and town in Idlib governorate on December 28th, including Sarja village.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • An alleged Russian Tochka missile landed in the village of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via Our Syria).
  • Missile allegedly fired by Russian or Syrian forces on the town of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via @SyriaCivilDef).
  • Missile allegedly fired by Russian or Syrian forces on the town of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via @SyriaCivilDef).
  • Missile allegedly fired by Russian or Syrian forces on the town of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via @SyriaCivilDef).
  • Missile allegedly fired by Russian or Syrian forces on the town of Sarja, Idlib governorate, on December 28th, 2019 (via @SyriaCivilDef).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4038

Incident date

December 24, 2019

Location

جوباس, Joubas, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between eight and 12 civilians including five children and two women were reported killed and seven others injured in Joubas, Idlib in Syria on December 24th, 2019 when Russian warplanes attacked a school building that is used as a shelter for displaced people in the village.

A Syrian Civil Defence statement said that “Russian warplanes launched raids on a camp for displaced persons near the village of Jobas village, east of Idlib, killing five children, two women and a man, and wounding seven others, including two children and two women.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that the death toll is expected to increase as many of the wounded are in a serious condition.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (5–6 children2–3 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Two of the children reported killed in the Russian airstrike on Jobas in Idlib (via EuphratesPost)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (5–6 children2–3 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4040

Incident date

December 24, 2019

Location

سراقب, Saraqeb, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

An elderly woman was reported injured along with at least one other civilian after an alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrike on Saraqeb in Idlib, Syria on December 24th 2019, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported: “”An elderly woman was wounded in a bombing by the  Syrian regime on Saraqeb city in Idlib…warplanes carried out a strike using heavy machine guns on Saraqeb city in the eastern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on December 24.”

According to Edlib Media Centre, “Civilians were wounded when the warplanes targeted the city of Saraqib, east of Idlib, with rockets.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4034

Incident date

December 22, 2019

Location

خان السبيل, Khan Al Sabil, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was injured after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on vehicles of displaced civilians on the international highway near the town of Khan al Sabil, Idlib governorate, on December 22nd, 2019, as reported by local sources.

Step News Agency reported that besides wounding a civilian, the Syrian and Russian airstrikes of cars caused the burning of a car, motorcycle and agricultural machinery.

Shaam News Network wrote that the airstrikes occurred “amid calls to stop the bombing and secure the exit of thousands of civilians in the area”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilians harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]