Russian Military in Syria

A Russian combat aircraft at Khmeimim airbase in Syria being prepared for action. (Russian Ministry of Defence)

Belligerent
Russian military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3826

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

الدير الشرقي, Deir Al Sharqi, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was reported killed during Russian bombing of Deir al Sharqi in Idlib.

According to Baladi News, “A civilian was killed at dawn on Monday when Russian warplanes bombed town of Deir Al Sharqi in the southern countryside of Idlib. The correspondent of Baladi News said that the cities, towns and villages of the southern countryside of Idlib were exposed at dawn on Monday to heavy shelling of Russian warplanes and helicopters of the regime.”

Shaam News reported that “a civilian was also martyred by night shelling on the village of Deir Al-Sharqi.” It indicated that either Russian or regime assets may have been responsible.

The incident occured between 12:00 am and 6:00 am local time.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3830

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafar Nabil, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to two civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Kafar Nabil, Idlib, on August 19th.

Local Coordination Committee for Syria documented “a martyr and a number of wounded [..] due to the shelling of Russian warplanes on the city of Kafar Nabil in the southern countryside of Idlib.”

Macro Media Center also reported, “a martyr and a number of wounded as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes with vacuum missiles.”

Meanwhile, Step News cited the “death of two in Kafar Nabil.”

Sources predominantly attributed the attack to Russian forces, however, two sources named both Russian forces and the Syrian regime in reports of the incident.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3829

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

حيش, Heesh , Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Two to three civilians, including a child, were reported killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Heesh, Idlib, on August 19th.

Smart News cited “two civilians killed by Russian warplanes in Heesh town, south of Idlib”, while The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights documented “the death of 3 citizens in the Russian airstrikes on Heesh.”

Syrian Network for Human Rights stated that “at least three civilians, including a child, were killed as warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on Heesh village, on August 19th”.

Syria.liveuamap also reported “several wounded”.

Sources predominately attributed the attack to Russian forces, yet two sources named both the Syrian regime and Russian forces in reports of this incident, among others.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Image caption: " at least three civilians, including a child, were killed as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on Heesh village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on August 19th" (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3828

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to two civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib, on August 19th.

Smart News documented “two civilians killed by regime warplanes on the outskirts of Ma’aret al-Nu’man city, south of Idlib”, while @abuhuzaifa_ tweeted, “civilians wounded due to warplanes shelling residential neighborhoods of Ma’aret al-Nu’man city with vacuum missiles.”

Meanwhile @IdlibPlus and other sources cited “a civilian martyr and a number of injuries” as a result of Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of Ma’rat Al-Nu`man.

Sources variously attributed the attack to Russian forces and/or the Syrian regime.

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3822

Incident date

August 18, 2019

Location

حاس, Hass, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One child was reported killed in airstrikes on Hass, Idlib, on August 18th.

Syrian Network for Human Rights stated that “the child Adib Mustafa Qal’a Ji was killed as warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on Hass village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on August 18th.”

Halab Today also reported that “a child was killed and several civilians were injured in a Russian airstrike on Hass town, in the southern countryside of Idlib.”

All sources attributed the attack to Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Image Caption: "The child Adib Mustafa Qal’a Ji was killed as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on Hass village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on August 18th." (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Russian warplanes target the town of Hass in the southern countryside of Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Russian warplanes target the town of Hass in the southern countryside of Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Russian warplanes target the town of Hass in the southern countryside of Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Russian warplanes target the town of Hass in the southern countryside of Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Russian warplanes target the town of Hass in the southern countryside of Idlib" (via Macro Media Center)

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3821

Incident date

August 18, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed and two members of Syrian Civil Defense injured in the second of two consecutive alleged Russian airstrikes on Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib, on August 18th.

Shaam News reported that, following a previous airstrike, “when civil defense teams arrived at the site to evacuate the wounded, Russian warplanes repeated its raids on the site, directly targeting the team, which led to the wounding of two defense and a civilian martyr.”

Edlib Media Center, and other sources, also stated that “two volunteers from the Civil Defense were injured as a result of a double raid by Russian occupation aircraft in Al-Hamdieh town south of Idlib.”

All sources attributed the attack to Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Image caption: "Mohammad al Hariri and Mahmoud al Thekra, members of Civil Defesne- Ma’aret al Nu`man center, were injured as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on al Hamediya area in south of Ma’aret al Numan city in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, while they were aiding the injured of previous bombing by the same forces on the area, on August 18, 2019." (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3820

Incident date

August 18, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to two civilians were reported killed, and others injured, in airstrikes on Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib, on August 18th.

Shaam News documented “two martyrs killed in Maarat al-Nu’man”, while other sources cited one civilian killed in the incident.

@IdlibPlus tweeted “a civilian martyr and a number of injuries were reported as a result of Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of Ma’rat Al-Nu`man city in the southern countryside of Idlib with airstrikes.”

Smart News also reported “many wounded”.

All sources attributed the attack to Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Image Caotion Translation: "Civilians wounded due to warplanes shelling with vacuum missiles residential neighborhoods of Ma'rat Al-Nu`man city in Southern Idlib countryside" (via Macro Media Center)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3824

Incident date

August 18, 2019

Location

معرة حرمة, Ma`arat Horma, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One unnamed civilian was reported killed at Ma`arat Horma on August 18th during the ongoing assault on rebel held areas by Russia in support of the regime.

Shaam News reported the death of one civilian at the hands of suspected Russian aircraft at Ma’arat Horma – giving the date as August 18th. Two named civilians had also been killed in the town the previous day.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]