US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CS1540

Incident date

September 28, 2017

Location

Al Taybeh, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.0052619, 40.4581082 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Up to seven women allegedly died in an airstrike on al Taybeh, according to a local media outlet. However the deaths had previously been reported on July 28th.

Three women died in an airstrike on al Taybeh, according to Deir Ezzor 24. Though its source didn’t say who was responsible, they listed three victims.

However, Majles Ahrar Mayadeen had reported the same deaths on July 28th, noting that “Coalition aircraft bombard the house of Majer al-Atish, Bandar al-Atish and Saleh al-Dakhil during Friday prayers, resulting in the deaths of the wife of Majer Al-Atish, two of the daughters of Majer, four women from the Bandar al-Atish family.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • The wife of Megharam Mohammed Al-Atish Adult female killed
  • The daughter of Majer Mohammed Al-Atish Age unknown female killed
  • The daughter of Bandar Mohammed al-Atish Age unknown female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3–7
  • (3–7 women)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Taybeh (الطیبة) in the outskirts of the city of Mayadin (المیادین). The coordinates for this neighbourhood are: 40.4581082, 35.0052619.

  • Neighbourhood of Al Taybeh (الطیبة) in the outskirts of the city of Al Mayadin (المیادین)

    Imagery:
    © 2019 Google

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near al Taybeh, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 27th – 28th the Coalition reported “Near Dayr Az Zawr, two strikes destroyed four ISIS supply routes and an ISIS headquarters.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3–7
  • (3–7 women)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1537

Incident date

September 28, 2017

Location

Al Badou area, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.961778, 39.006083 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Local media reported that an unspecififed number of civilians were wounded in a strike near the water company or water foundation in Raqqah’s al Badou neighbourhood.

The Step News Agency blamed the Coalition, while other sources also reported a raid on the area but did not apportion blame.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention that the alleged Coalition airstrike targeted the water company (مؤسسة المیاه) in the Al Badou neighbourhood (البدو) and the National Hospital in the city of Raqqa. The coordinates for the water company are: 35.957479, 39.011271; and the coordinates for the National Hospital are: 35.949994, 39.003815.

  • The water company (مؤسسة المیاه) in the Al Badou neighbourhood (البدو) and the National Hospital in the city of Raqqa

    Imagery:
    © 2019 Google

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near al Badou, Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 27th-28th, the Coalition reported: “Near Raqqah, 33 strikes engaged 10 ISIS tactical units and destroyed 23 fighting positions, a vehicle, and an ISIS headquarters; and suppressed three ISIS tactical units.” It additionally reported that “Near Raqqah, Syria, three strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed two fighting positions.” And that “On Sept. 27, near Raqqah, Syria, four strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units and destroyed a vehicle, a logistics node and a headquarters.”

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1538

Incident date

September 28, 2017

Location

Al Mayadin, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.016667, 40.444167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

At least seven civilians were reported killed and dozens more wounded in air and/or rocket/artillery strikes on Al Mayadin – though the death toll looked likely to rise with multiple reports saying that up to 21 other civilians were still trapped under the rubble.

It is currently unclear who was responsible for this incident, with sources pointing to both the US-led Coalition and to Russia. Moreover, a reference to “rocket fire” by one source means that SDF actions could not be ruled out.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “warplanes that likely belong to the International Coalition carried out several strikes this morning on areas in the town of Al-Mayadin in the eastern suburb of Deir ez Zour, targeting the agricultural area of the city. So far there is no information about civilian casualties.”

The Step News Agency said that the Coalition carried out five strikes, killing a family of four.

According to Deir Free, a family of seven died in a Coalition strike – adding that the death toll was increasing.

Further sources, however, suggested a more significant casualty incident. Euphrates Post reported that “some 21 civilians, most of them women and children, have been trapped in the rubble since 2:30 pm as a result of air strikes targeting the city of Al-Mayadin near the agricultural bank and the general pharmacy in the public street towards the club (Mohammed Al-Shuaibi’s house) of the halal market.”

The source went on to list some of the names of civilians trapped under the rubble as: “Kanaan Shuaibi and his daughters, Luai Shuaibi and his wife, the daughter of Humaid Al Shuaibi, the daughter of Sufian Al Shuaibi, the family of Kanaan Al Shuaibi, the wife of Ammar Yasser Al Shuaibi.” It added that the equipment required to remove these people was unavailable, but that “the family of al Hassan al Shuaibi were all pulled out of the rubble, along with the children of Yasser and Othman Mohammed Al Shuaibi and their grandmother. They are all well and in good health.” DPN also reported that the al Shuaibi family were rescued from under their home after it was destroyed by “rocket fire”.

The Shaam News Network produced a similar report, saying that 21 civilians remained under the rubble after an attack by unidentified “warplanes”.

But Qasioun blamed Russia, saying that “activists reported that more than 30 air strikes carried out by Russian planes on the city and Al-Mayadeen which resulted in dozens of civilians killed and wounded.”

Deir Ezzor 24 said that other locations struck included “the bank and area behind the Shdoukhi building”.

Deir Free Radio later named Amer Mohammed Eid al-Darwish as a victim.

Dania Abdel Razzaq al-Ta’is (displaced from Deir al-Zour) was documented as a victim in a later report by Euphrates Post. The Post also reported the child Dalia Ammar Yasser Shuaib was still missing 48 hours after the search began, saying that her mother and her maternal grandfather in addition to ten others were still searching for her with limited equipment.

In subsequent reports, Euphrates Post confirmed the death of Fatima Abdel Moneim Al Hammadi and her pregnant daughter Dalia; and Mrs. Ola Sufian al-Shuaibi, wife of Hassan Yarub al-Shuaib; along with Jamal Abdul Wahab Ibrahim Hamad Al-Abdullah (Abu Khaled), who reportedly died later from wounds sustained in this incident.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Fatima Abdel Moneim Al Hammadi Adult female Mother killed
  • Dalia Adult female pregnant Daughter killed
  • Amer Mohammed Eid al-Darwish Adult male killed
  • Dania Abdel Razzaq al-Ta’is Age unknown female killed
  • Ola Sufian al-Shuaibi Age unknown female Wife of Hassan Yarub al-Shuaib killed
  • Jamal Abdul Wahab Ibrahim Hamad Al-Abdullah Age unknown male Abu Khaled killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (2 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • The child Dalia Ammar Yasser Shuaibi
  • Amer Mohammed Eid al-Darwish
  • Iman Kanaan Shuaibi, reportedly trapped under the rubble
  • Photo showing the aftermath of the strike

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention multiple strikes on the city of Al Mayadin (المیادین), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.016667, 40.444167. One specific location mentioned is the Al Shamla (الشاملة) pharmacy and residential buildings near the Agricultural Bank in the city of Al Mayadin (المیادین). Airwars was unable to locate the pharmacy, however, the coordinates for the Agricultural Bank are: 35.017705, 40.456274.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near al Mayadin, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 27th-28th, the Coalition reported: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, two strikes destroyed four ISIS supply routes and an ISIS headquarters”

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (2 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1611

Incident date

September 27–29, 2017

Location

Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.961504, 39.009922 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

In Raqqa, at least 28 and as many as 42 civilians from seven families displaced from Palmyra, Deir Ezzor and Raqqa were killed as an alleged Coalition air strike destroyed the building they were sheltering in, multiple local and international media reported. Among the killed were at least ten women and five children.

This strike only came a week after a similar strike near the Maari School, which killed at least 32 civilians, Amnesty International reported. That incident is described in CS1527.

This strike, that hit another building south of the Maari School, was initially reported in four separate incidents dated between October 8th and 9th. However, field research by Amnesty International, who spoke to a relative of the victims named Maha reported that they were all killed in the same event, that happened between September 27th and 29th.

While Amnesty’s field research reported 28 victims, the total death toll reached 42, as per other, local sources’ reports. However, most of the identified victims were reported by both Amnesty and local sources.

Initially reported in CS1611, local sources said how seven to nine civilians, displaced persons from Palymra, died in Raqqah city from alleged Coalition airstrikes, as they were sheltering in a building. These deaths were reported on October 11th, though the incident was said to have taken place “several days ago.” A girl named as Ghazal Ahmed Obaid Taha had reportedly “survived a previous massacre one month ago which injured her and killed her entire family, and she is now martyred in this massacre”.

It should be noted that in the Amnesty and Airwars joint report “War in Raqqa: Rhetoric Versus Reality” it was reported that both Najah Abderrazzaq Hammada and Abderrazzaq Ali Taha died on 25th September on the other airstrike near Al Ma’ari school that happened earlier. Their names were initially linked to this strike between the 27th and 29th of September, but they have therefore been removed from the incident. See CS1527 for details on their deaths.

In a single-source case, initially coded CS1608, Palmyra Revolutionary Committee reported the deaths of three family members following “bombing” on Raqqah on October 8th. The source named the following: “The wife of the martyr Abdul Aziz Al-Saeed and the martyrdom of her children: Ahmed Abdul Aziz Al-Saeed and Ghani Abdul Aziz Al-Saeed in the bombing that targeted an entire neighbourhood housing a large number of displaced people from the city of Palmyra in Raqqa and killed dozens of martyrs”. Their deaths were also echoed in the field work by Amnesty in early 2019. However, Amnesty added that Ghani Abdul Aziz’ three-month-old son also was killed.

On October 9th, initially reported in CS1616, Palmyra Revolutionary Committee reported the death of “the wife of Reham Awad Al-Abdullah and the child Fatima Bahaa Al Din”. The source blamed the Coalition. According to Amnesty’s field research, a 20-year old woman from the “Bahieddine family” and her five-month-old daughter died in the strike. They are most likely the same two victims as reported by Palmyra Revolutionary Committee, their names are reported separately below.

Moreover, on October 8th, initially reported in CS1607, various sources reported that ten displaced persons from Palmyra died in alleged US-led Coalition airstrikes on Raqqah city, whilst sitting inside their house in the city. All sources blamed the US-led Coalition. Among the ten reported victims, these sources mentioned a so-called “Mohammad Qassem Abu Ahmed” and his wife Sabah. These names correspond with Amnesty’s field research, which, however, added that besides from Mohammed and his wife, another 12 family members were killed, including Mohammed’s parents, his five sons and one daughter and wives and children of two of the sons.

All sources in the total of four cases above, are now merged into one, as the Amnesty fieldwork pointed out that the civilian deaths reported in these 4 cases were all the result of one strike, allegedly carried out by the Coalition.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Family members (2)

Family members (14)

  • Mohammed Qassem Abu Ahmed/Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult male Husband killed
  • Sabah Abdullah Abu Ahmed Adult female Wife killed
  • Mother of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult female killed
  • Father of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult male killed
  • Son of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult male killed
  • Son of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult male killed
  • Wife of son Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult female killed
  • Son of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult male killed
  • Son of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult male killed
  • Wife of son of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult female killed
  • Son of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult male killed
  • Daughter of Son of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Child female killed
  • Nephew of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult male killed
  • Nephew of Mohammed Ahmad Abu Ahmad Adult male killed

Family members (2)

  • Woman from Bahieddine family 20 years old female killed
  • Child of Woman from Bahieddine family five months years old female killed

Family members (8)

  • Louay Mohammed Abu Ahmed Adult male husband killed
  • Maha Humaidan Adult female wife killed
  • Raghad Louay Mohammed Qassem Abu Ahmed Age unknown female daughter killed
  • Mohamed Louay Mohamed Qassem Abu Ahmed Age unknown male son of Louay and Maha killed
  • Wael Louay Mohamed Qassem Abu Ahmed Age unknown male son of Louay and Maha killed
  • Maal Al-Sham Luai Mohammed Qassem Abu Ahmed Age unknown female daughter of Louay and Maha killed
  • Fadi Louay Mohammed Qassem Abu Ahmed Age unknown male son of Louay and Maha
  • Fadi Mohammed Abu Ahmed Age unknown male killed

Family members (6)

  • Mahmoud Hassan Taha 50 years old male Abed's uncle (brother of father) killed
  • Abed Mohammed Hassan Taha 40 years old male killed
  • Faiza Ahmad Taha 40 years old female Abed's wife killed
  • Ahmad Hassan Taha 21 years old male Abed's son killed
  • Mahmud Hassan Taha 15 years old male Abed's son killed
  • Riham Hassan Taha 20 years old female Abed's daughter

Family members (2)

  • Jihad Hassan al-Mrawah 45 years old male killed
  • Hassan Mohammed al-Mrawah 65 years old father of Jihad Hassan al-Mrawah
  • Aziza Abd Taha Age unknown female killed
  • Ala ‘Ali Taha Age unknown female killed
  • Abdul Razzaq Ali Taha Age unknown male killed
  • Ghazal Ahmed Obaid Taha Age unknown female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    28–42
  • (5–11 children9–10 women6–13 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The building near Maari School where at least 28 people were killed, seen in January 2019 (via Amnesty International)

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

  • The destroyed building seen on satellite imagery before the strike (September 20, 2017)

    Imagery:
    Amnesty International

  • The destroyed building seen on satellite imagery after the strike (September 29, 2017)

    Imagery:
    Amnesty International

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 8th – 9th the Coalition reported “Near Raqqah, 24 strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units, destroyed 15 fighting positions, 11 vehicles, one VBIED, one machine gun, and four command and control networks.” It additionally reported that “Near Raqqah, 2 strikes damaged an ISIS fighting position; and disrupted a line of communication.”

For October 9th – 10th the Coalition reported No strikes in Raqqah.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    28–42
  • (5–11 children9–10 women6–13 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1536

Incident date

September 27, 2017

Location

Imam al Nawawi mosque, al Nahda neighbourhood, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.957219, 38.99924 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

According to family members and local reports, four civilians including, Fawaz Yousef Sulaiman Al-Zureiqat aka Abu Yusuf, died in a Coalition strike on the al Nahda neighbourhood, near the al Imam al Nawawi mosque.

Mr al Zureiqat’s death was also reported by his nephew, who noted that “We note the death of my uncle Fawaz Yousef Sulaiman Al-Zureiqat (Abu Yusuf) today in Raqqah. I am with God and I am returning to Him. We will accept the duty of consolation on Thursday and Friday in my home.”

According to the Amnesty and Airwars’s joint April 2019 report “War in Raqqa: Rhetoric versus Reality”, “An air strike killed four men who were burying their neighbour, Mohammed al-Wadi (47), who had been killed by Islamic State fighters the previous day, in another neighbour’s garden. During the war the dead were buried in parks and gardens, as it was impossible to reach the cemetery, which was outside Raqqa.” The garden belonged to Abdul Rahman al-Qantar.

The father of Abdallah al-Wadi gave a testimony to Amnesty International stating that, “My son was shot dead by Daesh (IS) fighters and the following morning four neighbours were burying him in the garden of a nearby house when an air strike killed all four of them.”

Amnesty International field notes claim that a “small impact radius missile” was fired on the vicinity.

Ismail Akkush was named in Airwars incident CS1535, with two other victims. However due to the extensive Amnesty research discovering he was killed with three other named men, we have removed him from that incident and assessed his death occurred at this location.

In February 2019, the Coalition assessed this event to be non-credible. Their report noted: “After review of all available strike records it was determined that more likely than not civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition strike.”

The incident occured at 6:00 am local time.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Fawaz Yousef Sulaiman Al-Zureiqat aka Abu Yusuf, killed in alleged Coalition airstrikes on Raqqa, 27th September 2017. (via RBBS)
  • Ismail Akkoush, killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Raqqah, Sept 27th (via RBSS)
  • Mohammed Ramadhan Sheikh Mohammed, killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike on 27th Septmber 2017. The pictire shows him alongside his children, who were found with his body, but it is unclear when or where they died.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ismail Ibrahim Akkush, killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike, 27th September 2017. (via Amnesty and Airwars’s joint April 2019 report War in Raqqa: Rhetoric versus Reality)

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Imam Al Nawawi Mosque (الإمام النووي) in the Al Nahda neighbourhood (النهضة) in the city of Raqqa. The coordinates for the Imam Al Nawawi mosque (الإمام النووي) are: 35.956328, 38.999282. Amnesty research reported the precise location of the building: 35.957219, 38.99924.

  • The Imam Al Nawawi mosque (الإمام النووي) in the Al Nahda neighbourhood (النهضة) in the city of Raqqa

    Imagery:
    © 2019 Google

  • Before strike. (via Amnesty)

  • After strike. (via Amnesty)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Other
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SDV999792
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Feb 28, 2019
  • Sept.27, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria via Airwars report. After review of all available strike records it was determined that more likely than not civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition strike.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 26th-27th, the Coalition reported: “Near Raqqah, 35 strikes engaged 15 ISIS tactical units and destroyed 26 fighting positions, four vehicles, four ISIS supply routes, a heavy machine gun and suppressed five ISIS tactical units.” It additionally reported that “On Sept. 26, near Raqqah, Syria, seven strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed 16 VBIEDs, three vehicles, two ISIS supply routes, a fighting position and suppressed two fighting positions.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI856

Incident date

September 27, 2017

Location

Mutaybayjah, Saladin, Iraq

Geolocation

34.233333, 44.123333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

Local media outlet Yagein claimed that hundreds were killed and wounded following alleged US-Coalition strikes on Metebija, in the east of Salahadin province. The Iraq Spring Media Center also alleged the Coalition conducted raids in the area, though it did not refer to civilian casualties.

A source who spoke to Yagein claimed: the Coalition aircraft bombed several areas in al-Mutaybayjah east of Salah al-Din targeted vehicles carrying an explosive device. It added that the bombing caused deaths and injuries but numbers had not been confirmed. Houses were also destroyed. The heavy bombardment of Coalition aircraft came to block any attempt by the organization [IS] to carry out any surprise attacks from Al-Mutaybayjah to break the siege imposed on it.

There are no further details available at present.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–100
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–100
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the subdistrict of Mtebija (مطبیجة), on the border between the provinces of Diyala and Salahuddin. The coordinates of the subdistrict of Mtebija (مطبیجة) are: 34.233333, 44.123333. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near al Mutaybjah, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 26th-27th the Coalition reported no strikes near Salahadin.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–100
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–100
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1534

Incident date

September 27, 2017

Location

White Garden area, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.960556, 38.9975 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Between 29 and 35 civilians died in an alleged Coalition airstrike on the al Hadika al Baidaa area of Raqqah, according to local media.

@24Raqqa put the death toll at 29, “including women and children”.

But according to Raqqa Now and Almanar, more than 35 died. All sources blamed the US-led Coalition.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    29–35
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the area around the White Garden/Al Hadika Al Bayda (الحدیقة البیضا) in the city of Raqqa. The coordinates for this area are: 35.960556, 38.9975.

  • Al Hadika Al Bayda (الحدیقة البیضا) area in the city of Raqqa

    Imagery:
    © 2019 Google

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 26th-27th, the Coalition reported: “Near Raqqah, 35 strikes engaged 15 ISIS tactical units and destroyed 26 fighting positions, four vehicles, four ISIS supply routes, a heavy machine gun and suppressed five ISIS tactical units.” It additionally reported that “On Sept. 26, near Raqqah, Syria, seven strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed 16 VBIEDs, three vehicles, two ISIS supply routes, a fighting position and suppressed two fighting positions.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    29–35
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1535

Incident date

September 27, 2017

Location

الرقة, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9505639, 39.0094148 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Two civilian males died in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Raqqah, according to local sources.

Few additional details are presently known, though Mr Habal was said to have died in his home.

Ismail Akkush was, according to extensive Amnesty field research, killed alongside three other men, as reported in Airwars incident CS1536. We have therefore removed him from this incident despite sources reporting he died in this raid.

According to the Amnesty and Airwars’s joint April 2019 report “War in Raqqa: Rhetoric versus Reality” (https://raqqa.amnesty.org/), “An air strike killed four men who were burying their neighbour, Mohammed al-Wadi (47), who had been killed by Islamic State fighters the previous day, in another neighbour’s garden. During the war the dead were buried in parks and gardens, as it was impossible to reach the cemetery, which was outside Raqqa.” The garden belonged to Abdul Rahman al-Qantar. Ismail Akkush was one of those four men, according to a victims relative.

The relative (father) of Abdallah al-Wadi gave a testimony to Amnesty International stating that, “My son was shot dead by Daesh (IS) fighters and the following morning four neighbours were burying him in the garden of a nearby house when an air strike killed all four of them.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Osama Mar'i Juha Adult male Known as Hamwi killed
  • Mohammed Walid Habal Adult male Also known as Abu Alaa killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Osama Merai Juha (right), killed in a strike on Raqqah, Sept 27th (via Waleed Matar)
  • Mohammed Walid Habal
  • Osama Mar'i Juha

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incidents mention the city of Raqqa (الرقة), for which the coordinates are: 35.9505639, 39.0094148. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2018
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 26th-27th, the Coalition reported: “Near Raqqah, 35 strikes engaged 15 ISIS tactical units and destroyed 26 fighting positions, four vehicles, four ISIS supply routes, a heavy machine gun and suppressed five ISIS tactical units.” It additionally reported that “On Sept. 26, near Raqqah, Syria, seven strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed 16 VBIEDs, three vehicles, two ISIS supply routes, a fighting position and suppressed two fighting positions.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (13) [ collapse]