US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CS1293

Incident date

July 28, 2017

Location

جامع الشهداء, Al-Shuhada Mosque, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.964033, 39.005355 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One unnamed civilian reportedly died in artillery shelling in the area of Al-Shuhada mosque, according to local media.

Airwars understand that only the Coalition has access to artillery in Raqqa, therefore they would be responsible if this munition was in fact used.

No additional details are presently known.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 28th-29th: “Near Raqqah, 12 strikes engaged 10 ISIS tactical units; destroyed eight fighting positions, an artillery system, and a vehicle; and suppressed a fighting position.” It additionally reported that “On July 28, near Raqqah, Syria, 16 strikes engaged 12 ISIS tactical units, destroyed an anti-air artillery system, and damaged seven fighting positions.”

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

‘Friday 28 July – a Tornado and Typhoon pair struck a Daesh position in Raqqa…Another mixed Tornado and Typhoon pair assisted the SDF in Raqqa on Friday 28 July, and a Paveway IV was used to destroy a terrorist position.’

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1291

Incident date

July 28, 2017

Location

ميادين, Mayadin, Al Masaken, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.016624, 40.4645133 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian died and several others were wounded in airstrikes on Al Mayadin, according to local media – though it is unclear whether the US-led Coalition or Russia were to blame.

According to Euphrates Post, “The International Alliance launched several air raids around 7am targeting the Al Masaken area near the mosque of Othman bin Affan and the kindergarten Al Ryaheen and the area of Jerdak in the center of the city of Mayadeen. The civilian Bashar Hamoud al-Hurib was killed and a number of others wounded”. The victim was also named by other sources. However, these did not identify the planes responsible for his death.

However, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that there were four raids on Al Mayadin, but that it was unknown whether the warplanes were Russian or belonged to the Coalition. It said “The first and second raids targeted Rawdat Al-Rihan and houses near Othman Ibn Affan Mosque, causing the death of a young man and injuring others”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Bashar Hamoud al-Hurib Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near al Mayadin, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 28th-29th: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, three strikes destroyed an ISIS headquarters, an oil storage vehicle, and a well-head.” It additionally reported that “On July 28, near Dayr Az Zawr, Syria, one strike destroyed four ISIS oil stills.”

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1290

Incident date

July 28, 2017

Location

غرانيج, Graneej, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.776667, 40.73 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Three civilians died and several more were injured in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Granejj town, according to local media.

While some sources said that there was not yet any news on the death toll, Jisrtv, Syrianpc and Step News Agency were among those who attributed the event to the Coalition, reporting that three non-combatants had died, with an unspecified number more wounded.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (13) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Graneej, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 28th-29th: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, three strikes destroyed an ISIS headquarters, an oil storage vehicle, and a well-head.” It additionally reported that “On July 28, near Dayr Az Zawr, Syria, one strike destroyed four ISIS oil stills.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1289

Incident date

July 28, 2017

Location

ميادين, Al Mayadin, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.016667, 40.444167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One named civilian died in an alleged Coalition airstrike on a home which had reportedly been seized by ISIS and was being used as a prison, local sources reported.

Sources said that the home of Farouq Al-Mashouh was being used as an ISIS prison. Euphrates Post and SHRC named Laith Allawi al-Jabr, one of the detainees, as killed in the strike. Other sources said civilians were also wounded.

According to Deir Ezzor 24, “the warplanes raided the town of Mayadin in the eastern suburb of Deir al-Azur. The first raid targeted the house of Farouk al-Mashouh, known as the former mufti’s house, which had been turned into a prison. This led to the martyrdom of a number of prisoners, including the martyr Laith Allawi al-Jabr”.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “two civilians were killed when International Coalition warplanes missiles fired on al Mayadeen city in Deir Ez-Zour governorate eastern suburbs on July 28, 2017.”

RFS Media Office said that “unknown planes” carried out the strike.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Laith Allawi al-Jabr Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 28th-29th: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, three strikes destroyed an ISIS headquarters, an oil storage vehicle, and a well-head.” It additionally reported that “On July 28, near Dayr Az Zawr, Syria, one strike destroyed four ISIS oil stills.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1288

Incident date

July 28, 2017

Location

بلدة الطيبة, Al Tayba, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.0052619, 40.4581082 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Up to nine civilians, many from the same family, died in airstrikes which reportedly hit civilian homes in Al Tayba, according to local media. While most sources pointed towards the Coalition, a number did not identify the warplanes responsible, while one report alleged that the Assad regime was to blame.

7al provided the most detail on the event, reporting: “Abu Ayman al-Ali, an activist from Deir al-Zour, told al-Haal website that ‘Coalition aircraft targeted the municipality of Taybeh, located at the eastern entrance of the town of Al-Mayadeen, with more than three raids, which focused on civilian homes in the center of the town during Friday prayers,killing five of them [ie civilians] and wounding more than 18 others, many of whom were left in a critical condition. Much property was also destroyed.’”

According to Russia Today – who blamed the Coalition – seven people from the Al-Atish family died, including five children.

Death counts varied. Alaraby put the number at four, Baladi and eight (also pointing towards the Coalition) and Qasioun at nine, with dozens more wounded.

Al Jazeera said that eight people died in “unidentified airstrikes” which destroyed “several civilian homes”, while Euphrates Post reported that the house of Mejar Mohammed Al – Atish was “completely destroyed”.

However, the Syrian Network for Human Rights was alone in blaming the Assad regime, reporting that “three children and a woman from the same family were killed when Syrian regime warplanes fired missiles on Al Tayba”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • The daughter of Bandar Mohammed Al-Atish Child female some sources named son killed
  • The wife of Mejar Mohammed Al – Atish Adult female killed
  • Daughter of of Mejar Mohammed Al-Atish 1 Child female killed
  • Daughter of of Mejar Mohammed Al-Atish 2 Child female killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5–9
  • (3–4 children1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–36
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Taybah, July 28th 2017. (via Euphrates Post)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Taybah, July 28th 2017. (via Euphrates Post)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Taybah, July 28th 2017. (via Euphrates Post)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 28th-29th: “Near Dayr Az Zawr, three strikes destroyed an ISIS headquarters, an oil storage vehicle, and a well-head.” It additionally reported that “On July 28, near Dayr Az Zawr, Syria, one strike destroyed four ISIS oil stills.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5–9
  • (3–4 children1–2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–36
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1287

Incident date

July 28, 2017

Location

حي الثكنة, Al Thakana, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9478905, 39.0067863 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian male died in Raqqa’s Al Thaakan neigbourhood – though it was unclear whether Coalition artillery or an SDF mortar were to blame.

Ahmad Al Rfaai posted in the on Documentary of victims of Ar Raqqa Facebook group, saying that Haj Ahmad Lyla Salim al-Ali was his grandfather and died in his home after it was struck by a mortar on July 28th.

Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently blamed shelling by the SDF in the Al Thkakana/Barracks area for the man’s death, while Al Hasaka Rasd reported that he died following an artillery bombardment by “Kurdish militias” on the Barracks neighbourhood.

While Airwars understands that only the Coalition has access to artillery in Raqqa, the SDF are reportedly using mortars, meaning that they could well be responsible for the victim’s death.

In February 2019, the Coalition assessed this event to be non-credible. Their report noted: “After review of all available strike records it was determined that more likely than not civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition strike.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Haj Ahmad Lyla Salim al-Ali Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Haj Ahmad Lyla Salim al-Ali, killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Raqqa, 28th July 2017. (via Ahmad Al Rfaai posted on Documentary of victims of Ar Raqqa group)
  • Haj Ahmad Lyla Salim al-Ali, killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Raqqa, 28th July 2017. (via Ahmad Al Rfaai posted on Documentary of victims of Ar Raqqa group)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Other
  • Stated location
    near al-Thakana neighborhood, Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SEV004780
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Feb 28, 2019
  • July 28, 2017, near al-Thakana neighborhood, Raqqah, Syria via Airwars report. After review of all available strike records it was determined that more likely than not civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition strike.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 28th-29th: “Near Raqqah, 12 strikes engaged 10 ISIS tactical units; destroyed eight fighting positions, an artillery system, and a vehicle; and suppressed a fighting position.” It additionally reported that “On July 28, near Raqqah, Syria, 16 strikes engaged 12 ISIS tactical units, destroyed an anti-air artillery system, and damaged seven fighting positions.”

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

‘Friday 28 July – a Tornado and Typhoon pair struck a Daesh position in Raqqa…Another mixed Tornado and Typhoon pair assisted the SDF in Raqqa on Friday 28 July, and a Paveway IV was used to destroy a terrorist position.’

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1286

Incident date

July 28, 2017

Location

ساحة شماس, Ar Raqqah: North of Shammas Square, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.9466137, 39.0155679 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

A family of 15, including eight children and three women, died in an alleged Coalition airstrike on their home in Raqqa, according to local sources.

Reports – all of which pointed towards the US-led Coalition – named the victims as the Al-Zana family. According to SHRC, they were displaced from the city of Tadef in the Aleppo countryside.

There was some confusion as to the exact location of the family’s home which was reportedly struck. Qasioun and Oman Daily said that it was in Al Mansour Street;

Gate ahram and @7UFCmSxd0IUBffH reported that it was in Al-Shimas, in the center of Raqqa; while according to Smart and Almodon, it was near the museum (Al Muthaf) .

Sources said that other civilians were wounded in the strike and were likely still trapped under the rubble.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (15)

  • Mohammed Rasul Al-Zana Adult male killed
  • Wife Asmaa Adult female killed
  • Child of Mohammed Rasul Al-Zana 1 Child killed
  • Child of Mohammed Rasul Al-Zana 2 Child killed
  • Child of Mohammed Rasul Al-Zana 3 Child killed
  • Child of Mohammed Rasul Al-Zana 4 Child killed
  • Child of Mohammed Rasul Al-Zana 5 Child killed
  • Khaled Rasul al-Zana Adult male killed
  • Wife of Khaled Rasul al-Zana Adult female killed
  • Mohammed Khaled Rasul al-Zana Age unknown male killed
  • Mahmood Muhammad al-Zana Adult male killed
  • Mrs. Remi Abdo al-Zana Adult female killed
  • Khalil Mahmoud al-Zana Adult male killed
  • Son of Khalil Mahmoud al-Zana Child male killed
  • Son of Khalil Mahmoud al-Zana Child male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (8 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Mohammed al-Zana, killed with his wife and five children in an alleged Coalition airstrike in Raqqa, July 27th (via sharqiya .voice)
  • Mr. Mahmud al-Zana and his wife, "Remi al-Zana", killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike in Raqqa, 28th July 2017. (via Euphrates)
  • The wife and 5 children of Mohammed al-Zana, killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike in Raqqa, July 27th (via sharqiya .voice)
  • Victims of an alleged Coalition airstrike on Raqqa, 28th July 2017. (via Al Raqqa Alkher)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 28th-29th: “Near Raqqah, 12 strikes engaged 10 ISIS tactical units; destroyed eight fighting positions, an artillery system, and a vehicle; and suppressed a fighting position.” It additionally reported that “On July 28, near Raqqah, Syria, 16 strikes engaged 12 ISIS tactical units, destroyed an anti-air artillery system, and damaged seven fighting positions.”

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

‘Friday 28 July – a Tornado and Typhoon pair struck a Daesh position in Raqqa…Another mixed Tornado and Typhoon pair assisted the SDF in Raqqa on Friday 28 July, and a Paveway IV was used to destroy a terrorist position.’

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (8 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI815

Incident date

July 27, 2017

Location

القائم, Al Qa'im, Anbar, Iraq

Geolocation

34.3957715, 40.9943684 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Residents and press sources said that 13 civilians were killed and others injured by alleged Coalition airstrikes which reportedly targeted houses in the Qaim district, west of Anbar.

Yaqein reported: Coalition aircraft bombed areas in the city of Qaim (350 km west of Ramadi), causing extensive damage, a press source said in a statement.

The shelling killed more than 13 civilians and injured several others, the source said.

Rawa named seven victims who were killed in the incident.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

  • Mohand Almadad Age unknown male Via Rauh Ala Mowaed al-Naser FB page killed
  • Malak Amjad Sufi Child female Via Rauh Ala Mowaed al-Naser FB page killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    13
  • (1 child2 women2–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention that the alleged Coalition airstrikes targeted residential buildings in the city of Al Qaim (القائم). Due to limited information and satellite imagery available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location of these buildings. The generic coordinates of the city of Al Qaim (القائم) are: 34.3957715, 40.9943684.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near al Qaiem, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 26th-27th, the Coalition reported: “Near Rawah, two strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed a malfunctioning piece of Coalition equipment and a vehicle.“

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    13
  • (1 child2 women2–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]