Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT0783

Incident date

October 31, 2023

Location

مخيم جباليا, Jabalia camp, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.532720, 34.498137 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 31, 2023 confirmed Israeli strikes on the densely populated Jabalia refugee camp killed at least 126 civilians, including 69 children. A further 280 civilians were reported injured by the director of the nearby Indonesian Hospital.

A second strike hit the same location the following day, though the full casualty assessment for that incident will be reviewed separately by Airwars. Israel has confirmed that it conducted both strikes, with the stated target being Hamas leader Ibrahim Biari, and “his base”, according to IDF spokesperson Daniel Hagari. Munitions experts speaking to The Guardian indicated that the IDF used so-called bunker buster munitions in the strike: 2,000lb bombs with an estimated crater size of 40ft which cause an “earthquake like” phenomenon on impact.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights raised concerns on Twitter/X that the strikes may have been “disproportionate attacks that could amount to war crimes”. Though no official civilian casualty estimate has yet been conceded by Israeli forces, IDF Spokesperson Richard Hech acknowledged that the IDF knew that civilians were present, and said that civilian harm was a “tragedy of war”.

Airwars has identified at least 116 names of civilians killed, including ten cases involving the fatality of more than one member of the same family. In three of these cases, families were reportedly killed in their entirety.

The Al Qassam brigade official page posted that seven civilian hostages taken from Israel by Hamas militants, including three holders of foreign passports, were also killed. These civilians have been included in Airwars’ upper fatality estimate only, as they have not yet been otherwise corroborated.

Numerous accounts on social media of relatives grieving over unnamed family members killed in the bombing have also been accounted for in Airwars’ civilian casualty range. When one source mentioned that a civilian and “his whole family” were reportedly killed, but the victims could not otherwise be identified, Airwars counted two civilians killed in its ranges as a minimum. In cases where sources indicated that “children” were killed without providing further information on the number of victims, Airwars counted two children killed as a minimum.

Sources also reported that “a large number” of victims were still under the rubble after the strikes, with Hamas officials, quoted by the National, reporting that 120 individuals were still missing by November 2nd. These individuals have not yet been included in the Airwars casualty toll. No reports were found to indicate that there had been prior warning of the strike.

“Apocalyptic scenes”

Footage and videos released following the strikes showed vast craters, alongside dozens of onlookers standing on the edges and people searching for survivors. Local sources have widely referred to the bombing as a “massacre”. Pictures published by local and international sources showed entire housing blocks leveled.

CNN said the survivors talked about “apocalyptic scenes in the aftermath of Tuesday’s strike”, with one eyewitness saying “it felt like the end of the world”. “Children were carrying other injured children and running, with grey dust filling the air. Bodies were hanging on the rubble, many of them unrecognizable. Some were bleeding and others were burnt,” Mohammad Al Aswad told CNN.

The Washington Post reported that “Palestinians carried away the injured and dead on blankets and mattresses”. The Guardian described “body bags piled up with horrific speed at the morgue of the nearby Indonesian hospital in Beit Lahia, and then outside the building” and added that “the wounded filled [the Indonesian Hospital] beds or were raced to Dar al-Shifa hospital in Gaza City, where medics from the Médicins Sans Frontiers aid group struggled to find space even for badly injured children”.

“Young children arrived at the hospital with deep wounds and severe burns. They came without their families,” said Mohammed Hawajreh, an MSF nurse who was quoted by the organisation in a statement condemning the attack. “Many were screaming and asking for their parents. I stayed with them until we could find a place, as the hospital was full with patients”.

Similarly, @AJA_Egypt described scenes with “rows of corpses and shrouds…Jabalia martyrs piled up in the courtyard of the Indonesian Hospital”.

One source on social media (@rdooan) said the bombing left “a hole filled with the corpses of Palestinian families”, while another source stated that “the bodies of families are crowded on top of each other”.

Rescue efforts to identify civilians in the rubble continued after the strikes, with The Guardian reporting that following the strike, “rescuers combed with their hands through surface layers of a tangled mass of concrete and steel which hours earlier had been homes in the Jabalia refugee camp in Gaza. They were searching for survivors, or the bodies of victims, which the immense force of an Israeli airstrike had left near the surface. Those trapped deeper may be entombed for months”.

Mahmoud Basal, a spokesperson for the Palestinian Civil Defense emergency services, told The Washington Post 20 buildings had been destroyed by the strikes, while Al-Arabiya wrote that the bombing “blew up an entire residential neighborhood”. One source specified that the location hit initially was the Al-Tarnis area of the camp. A number of sources qualified the bombing as a “massacre”. Journalist Anas Al Sharif described the destruction of dozens of homes in the “most populated area in the world”.

Victims identified

In many cases, victims were identified on social media by survivors, relatives or friends.

The Abu Al Qoumsan family

At least 21 members of the family of Al-Jazeera broadcast engineer Muhammad Abu Al Qoumsan were killed in Jabalia. Relative of the Abu Al Qoumsan family, Mahmoud Abu Al Qoumsan, announced on Twitter/X the deaths of his relatives, namely: the three brothers Abu Al Thib Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan’s father), Abu Anas Abu Al Qoumsan, Abu Firas Abu Al Qoumsan. He also announced the deaths of Abu Firas  Abu Al Qoumsan’s wife (name not provided), her two sons Wasel Abu Al Qoumsan and Mohannad Abu Al Qoumsan, and her two daughters Nabough Abu Al Qoumsan and Abrar Abu Al Qoumsan.

He also recorded the deaths of Umayya Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abu Al Qoumsan’s sister), and of his sister-in-law, described as the wife of his big brother Thib Abu Al Qoumsan. While her name was not provided, the names of her children were: two daughters Rahaf  Abu Al Qoumsan and Layan  Abu Al Qoumsan, and three sons Abdullah  Abu Al Qoumsan, Mohammed  Abu Al Qoumsan, and Aboud  Abu Al Qoumsan.

Imam Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan’s sister), and her three sons Yamen, Zain and Yazeed were also reportedly killed. Um Mohammed Abu Al Qoumsan, an Abu Al Qoumsan relative, said that her sister “Jamila Yusef Abu Al-Qumsan, mother of Rami Ahjazi” was also killed in the incident. It is unclear if she is one of the wives unnamed previously.

Ra’ed Abu Al Qoumsan announced the deaths of his father, of his uncle Abu Firas, of his uncle’s wife and children – (the uncle, his wife and children have already been included above), of his sisters and their children, of his brother’s wife and her children. No names or ages were provided by this source, and it was unclear whether all of those victims have also been listed above.

One additional woman from Al Qoumsan family unit, Marwa Basil Abu Al Qoumsan was identified killed by Al-Jazeera staff on social media. It was unclear whether Marwa was an additional victim, or whether her identity matched one of the women reportedly killed but whose name had not been provided.

To avoid double counting the deaths of members of Abu Al Qoumsan family, where names were not provided by other sources, Airwars has considered these individuals were already named in the sources above in minimum estimates, though have been considered as additional family members in our maximum estimate.

The Siraj family

A man identified as Abdul Salam Siraj was reportedly killed alongside all the members of his family. Ismail Mohammad Foda posted on Facebook: “My friend Abdul Salam Siraj, his entire family was exterminated in Jabalia… his mother, his wife, his two daughters, two sisters, three brothers, and his uncle’s entire family”. Airwars has been unable to separately identify the uncle’s family, and so has counted these as at least two individuals in our minimum range.

The Khudair Ali family

Muhammad Ali announced on Twitter/X the deaths of nine of his relatives that he described as “my beloved ones, my heart and my soul, my support in my country, my cousins and my sisters, in the treacherous massacre in Jabalia camp”.

He identified the victims as Fadi Khudair Ali and his wife (name not provided), Muhammad Khudair Ali, Malak Khudair Ali (described as his cousin), Khadra Jaber Ali (his aunt), and Khadra’s children: Ahmed, Zainab and Muhammad. He also named his cousin’s sons Haidar and Kanan Al-Daour. Another source said that “Umm Fadi” was grieving her sons and daughters, all killed in the Jabaliya bombing.

The Masoud family

A friend of Omar Masoud “Al-Abeka” announced Omar’s death, alongside the deaths of his wife Donia Bashir and their four children (a son and three daughters). The source described Omar as a former prisoner who was detained for twenty years for killing an Israeli, before he got released, getting married and having children. The names of Omar’s family members were not provided by the source. Sources did not explain if Omar Masoud was imprisoned for being a member of a militant group, and also did not state if Masoud was a member of a militant group at the time of his death.

The Abu Sultan family

Nine members were reportedly killed from the Abu Sultan family, which one source said was killed in its entirety.

Omar Mustafa Abu Sultan and his wife Sahar Abu Sultan (Al-Hoor), and their five children (four sons and one daughter) Mahmoud Omar Abu Sultan, Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan, Muhammad Omar Abu Sultan, Abdullah Omar Abu Sultan, and their daughter named Shahd Omar Abu Sultan. Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan’s wife, and his daughter were also reportedly killed (though names were not provided by the source). On the deaths of the Abu Sultan family, on Facebook, Suhil Yahya posted: There are no relatives or loved ones left, they are all gone”.

The Hamad Family

Medhat Khalil and two other sources reported the death of Kamal Hamad “Abu Diaa” and his son (unnamed) in the Jabalia bombing.

The Al-Tanani family

Two children from the Al-Tanani family were reported killed by one source, namely Ahmed Salah Dhiyab Al-Tanani and Mahmoud Muhammad Dhiyab Al-Tanani. Their age was not provided by the source.

The Okasha family

At least 26 members of the Okasha family were reported killed in the strikes. This includes husband and wife Rawand Okasha Umm Kinan and Belal Okasha, alongside their three children, as reported by their relatives Mohammad Okasha and Abood Okasha. The children’s uncle Ziad Okasha Abu Iyad and his wife Manal Okasha “Al-Najjar” were also reported killed alongside their son Youssef Ziad Okasha and sons of their late uncle Naeem Abu Raed.

Another cousin, Raed Okasha, his children, and his wife, their cousin Muhammad Okasha and his three children Rakan, Amid, and Masa were also listed among the fatalities, alongside their cousin Yasser Okasha, his children and his wife, their cousin Nael Okasha, his children and his wife Islam Muhammad Al-Kafarna Okasha. A video posted on Facebook by Mohammed Okasha showed Yasser Okasha in combat gear wearing weapons, suggesting he may have been a militant. 

A post from Mona Sahle added additional names and offered her condolences to her cousin Nasser Okasha Abu Muhammad for the loss of Nasser’s daughter, her husband, and their children. Muhammad Okasha and his three children are survived by their wife and mother Samah Abu Saltah who was born in the Balata camp, and moved between Gaza and Nablus. Mohammed Okasha added the names Thaer Naeem Okasha and his family, and Muhammad Fayez Al-Zwaidi.

The Alyan family

Jehad Al Sharawi posted a memorial to her uncle Muhammad, uncle Hussein, and the Alyan family for the loss of: Youssef Muhammad Alyan, Mahmoud Jabr Alyan, Karim Majid Alyan. Ziad Alyan also posted a memorial for his brother Mahmoud Jabr Alyan.

The Omrain family

Faraj Abo Mohammed announced five deaths from Abu Al-Omrain family : Ahmed Akram Abu Al-Omrain, Reem Muhammad Al-Firi (Abu Al-Amrain), Muhammad’s wife, and of three children: Rital Youssef Abu Al-Amrain, Abdul Karim Youssef Abu Al-Amrain and Zaher Ramadan Abu Al-Amrain.

The Rayyan family

Reuters published a video of a Jabaliya resident, identified as Abdel Kareem Rayyan, holding a paper listing the names of the 15 family members that he claimed were killed in the Israeli strikes. Abdel Kareem Rayyan declared to Reuters: “I lost my whole family, 15 of them. They were innocent, just staying in the camp. What wrong did they do? All of them were killed. My sister’s house with her children, my brother’s house with his children, all of my siblings, no one left except me and my younger brother. Fifteen people, these are their names – they are innocent an kind, it’s literally a massacre, complete destruction. All of the alley, 20 houses were demolished”.

Airwars was able to identify the following names from the list he showed to Reuters: Raed Ahmad Rayyan, Hanna Rayyan, Sa’ed Rayyan, Maher Rayyan, Anwar Rayyan, Jannah RayyanRaed Sa’ed Rayyan, Hanaa Sa’ed Rayyan, Mahmoud Sa’ed RayyanGhassan Mohammed Rayyan, Israa Mohammed Rayyan, Mujahid Mohammed Rayyan, Masa Mohammed RayyanIman Saed Abou Hamdan, Karam Abdulkarim Rayyan.

Another man identified as Hassan Ahmed Rayan told Reuters in the same video “The house had 15 people in it, until this moment we cannot reach any of them. Since yesterday, we’ve been trying to find anyone, but we couldn’t. There is no equipment, no civil defense teams, it’s all personal efforts to remove the rubble”.

On social media, Ahmad Abi Ibrahim announced the deaths of his relatives his cousin and brother in law Raed Rayan Abu Saed, his “beloved sister Hanna”, described as Saed’s mother, Saed’s sister identifed as Anwar, and her sons. Janna is referred to as a younger sister with who they “recently celebrated her success in high school”.

Maher is described as a ” decent young man, [who] spent his life in obedience to God, between the mosque and the university. He completed his education as a doctor and volunteered to treat the wounded in the Indonesian Hospital at the beginning of the outbreak of the current war on Gaza.” Nassma Jamal published on Facebook: “May God have mercy on the martyrs of the Rayyan family, relatives and cousins, who were martyred while they were steadfast and sitting in their homes in the Jabalia camp massacre. The martyr Abu Saed Raed Rayan, his wife, children and some of his grandchildren, his son Saed Rayan, his wife and children, and the wife of cousin Abu Ghassan Rayan and her children. Fifteen people, most of them children.” Airwars has estimated the minimum number of children killed in the Rayan family to be six, though the exact number is not yet clear.

In addition to the victims identified alongside other family members outlined above, Airwars also identified an individual named Juma Muhammad Al-Shaarawi, whose death was announced by Baraa Samir describing Al-Shaarawi as a “good and decent young neighbor”.

Unnamed victims

As in many incidents of civilian harm, not all victims were named by sources.

The Izz Al Din Al Qassam brigade official page posted that seven civilian hostages taken from Israel by Hamas militants, including three holders of foreign passports, were killed. The identity of the hostages was not provided.

Airwars also archived a number of videos where relatives or friends spoke about their losses surrounded by scenes of desolation.

In one video published by @Roaastudies and by Middle East Eye, an unnamed Palestinian man present at the scene of the incident was recorded explaining to the camera that he had three children and “not one has survived”. He is seen collapsing at the site of the bombing screaming: “My three children are all gone! My three children, Oh God! My three children! That other day, he told me to come, he told me “Come Dad””. A man holding him replies “Maybe we’ll find one, maybe we’ll find one alive”. The camera holder then says, “this is my friend, he just lost his family”.

@ramiaalibrahim published a video including another Palestinian man whose name was not identified, was filmed walking around the rubble screaming “my son is a martyr, oh God!”, while an additional video published by @Yasser_Gaza on Twitter/X showed a grieving mother who reportedly “lost all of her children“.

On social media, one video released by @Palestinealaa19 showed a father and his son at the scene of the bombing – the young adolescent was crying over bodies in plastic bags of members of his family lined up on the street. The father can be heard telling his son “you can’t collapse, you can’t cry, this is our destiny, we are not better than them, look they are all around us, we don’t forget them and the other 8,000 people – without counting those under the rubble, at least we got out, at least we knew who they are”.

In one video published by @AJArabicnet, a child critically injured in the bombing asked his relative to give him water, while another video released by @Ahmed_GR00 shows a young girl injured with blood on her clothes. The source alleged that she lost the sight of her eyes but at the time of the recording was not aware of her fate.

@shamel__news published a video of two young girls and one young boy rescued from the rubble from Jabalia. @visegrad24 mentioned on Twitter/X the case of a young boy rescued from the rubble by rescuers at the site but no further information was provided regarding the child’s identity. Documenting similar scenes, AP recorded “Young men [carrying] the limp forms of two children from the upper floors of the crumbling frame of one damaged apartment building, while helping down another child and woman. It was unclear whether the children were alive or dead. Gray dust, apparently left by pulverized concrete, seemed to coat nearly everything.”

One Twitter/X the user @Mohammed78990 published a video of a baby followed by this comment: “painful scene from the Jabaliya massacre”. The same source explained that the mother was killed in the bombing. In another video released by @AJA_Palestine, a young man and his young sister were filmed sitting on the rubble crying over the death of their father. 

Overall casualty estimates provided by sources

Initial reporting following the first Israeli bombing on October 31st recorded “a number of martyrs” and “dozens” injured, with Bellingcat setting the initial death toll at “at least 40 killed”, followed by the Guardian which initially reported that “47 bodies were “recovered from the rubble after an explosion in several houses in Jabalia camp”, analysing video footage published by Agence France-Presse.

The director of the Indonesian hospital, Mohamed el-Ron, told the BBC that the hospital recorded 400 casualties, “including 120 dead”, the majority being “women and children”. In a press conference held at that hospital on October 31st, doctors announced that “at 4pm the Indonesian hospital received a high number of killed and injured after an attack on residential block in Jabaliya camp”. The medical staff stated that “one staff member lost four members of his family during the strike.” The same source added that the number of civilian casualties was bigger than their capacity. A number of sources reported “hundreds of injured and killed” following the two declared rounds of strikes on Tuesday and Wednesday. – with @ajmubasher reporting “more than 400 martyrs and wounded”, without further details.

On October 31st, the Palestinian Ministry of Health initially counted “50 martyrs and around 150 wounded and dozens under the rubble in a heinous Israeli massacre that targeted a large area of homes in Jabalia camp”. Later in the day, the MoH said it feared at least 100 had been killed in the bombing, and hundreds others injured, according to @ariel_oseran.

Airwars’ civilian fatality range reflects the number of individuals identified by local sources (both named and unnamed). As per our methodology, where specific numbers of civilians were not explicitly mentioned (such as reference to ‘multiple’ children), we have counted these as at least two casualties. Very few sources were able to report on exact numbers of those injured in the first strike, so Airwars has taken the number originally shared by the Indonesian Hospital of 280 injured civilians.

Israel Defense Forces statements on civilian harm

IDF spokesperson Lt Col Richard Hech acknowledged the Israeli strike had “destroyed a big chunk” of the Jabaliya camp. Hech declared that Israeli forces were aware that the area they targeted was an area where many civilians lived but refused to comment on any civilian casualties resulting from their actions. He justified the strike saying that their focus was on “a senior Hamas commander” who “sadly…was hiding again as they do behind the [sic] within civilians. And that’s all I can say at this point. (…)”.

Similarly, The Guardian reported that according to the IDF “some cavities seen in images of destroyed camp buildings were created by the collapse of tunnels that had been dug by Hamas, which [IDF spokesperson Daniel Hagari] said chooses to put key military infrastructure below areas where many civilians gather.”

Military spokesman Jonathan Conricus quoted by AP News stated that the apartment buildings collapsed “only because the vast underground Hamas complex had been destroyed.” Similarly, AP News reported that “Brig. Gen. Daniel Hagari said an underground Hamas installation beneath a targeted building collapsed, toppling other nearby buildings. Conricus later said the main strike had hit between buildings. “We don’t intend for the ground to collapse,” he told reporters. “But the issue is that Hamas built their tunnels there and that they’re running their operations from there.”

Though the IDF did not confirm the exact numbers of civilian casualties, interviews conducted with IDF spokespeople indicate that Israeli forces have acknowledged civilian harm as a result of their strikes on Jabaliya camp. Airwars has therefore graded the civilian harm status of this incident as “confirmed”, and archived relevant excerpts from interviews in the ‘strike report’ section at the end of this assessment.

Combatant fatalities

The October 31st strike was reportedly intended to target Ibrahim Bari, described as a top commander of Hamas’s central Jabalia battalion, and a key commander during the deadly attack inside Israel on October 7th. Israeli forces believed that Biari had also been “leading fighting in northern Gaza from a network of tunnels under the camp,” according to The Guardian.

According to The Guardian, Daniel Hagari announced Biari’s death alongside “scores” of Hamas militants – without providing the total number of combatants killed. He added that the strike on the building Biari was in “led to the collapse of other things because there was a very extensive infrastructure there.”

@AvichayAdraee on Twitter/X released an IDF video in Arabic where Israeli forces claimed to have killed Hamas leader Ibrahim Al Bayari on October 31st in middle of Jabalia, alongside “many elite members” of Hamas. During a briefing (quoted by The Guardian), IDF spokesperson Hagari declared that “There are dozens of terrorists that have been killed with [Bayari], and the ‘metro’ underneath has collapsed, so it made this hole that you see in the area. We are dealing with terrorists that build the system of infrastructure of terror underneath the Jabalia refugee camp for a big reason. They want this picture of destruction.”

Hamas militants “strongly denied the presence of one of its leaders in the refugee camp” according to CNN, with AP adding that “Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem denied the military’s claim, saying it was trying to justify “its heinous crime” against civilians.”

With ambiguity around the exact number of militants killed, Airwars has applied a 12-24 combatant casualty range to account for comments such as ‘dozens’ of targets killed.

Munitions used

While a video of the moment of the bombing was released by IDF forces on social media, the IDF spokesperson reportedly refused to comment on the number of munitions used or their types or identify “which craters were caused by tunnel collapses” – indicating that Israel would provide information at a later stage, according to The Guardian.

The Guardian reported “at least five craters in the densely populated refugee camp, which weapons experts said were left by the use of multiple JDAMs – joint direct attack munitions – in the airstrike.” Former Pentagon munitions expert Marc Garlasco also told The Guardian that “the biggest crater at the site looked like a hit with a GBU-31.” “There are other bombs it could be. That one just fits best with all the evidence. The estimated crater is around 40 ft [12 metres]””.

A former United Nations weapons inspector Chris Cobb-Smith, told The Guardian, “The munition is almost certainly JDAM, either a GBU 31 (Warhead Mark 84) general purpose bomb or possibly a GBU 56 (Warhead BLU 109) bunker buster. Both about 2,000lb [900kg].”

According to The Guardian: “The GBU (guided bomb unit) is a precision-guided air-to-surface weapon system. It is part of the Israeli arsenal provided by the US and also manufactured by Israel under contract. These Boeing-manufactured GBUs use a tritotal, which is an explosive mix of TNT and aluminium powder, used commonly in air-dropped bombs. The Israeli air force recently posted images of dozens of GBU-31 being loaded on planes. “This fits our analysis. You can see the size of the bomb and guidance straps, which are the signature of the GBU-31,” added Garlasco.””

Garlasco also told The Guardian that “the type of munitions he believes were used would have met stated Israeli military goals of hitting underground tunnels, but also caused extensive damage above ground. If they are set to have a delayed detonation, which is one of three options on the bomb, they cause an earthquake-like phenomenon when they do explode. “JDAMs will burrow through the ground, and have a delayed detonation, causing the building to collapse on itself. This explains the extent of the damage,” he said. “Buildings also collapse due to the blast wave, not just tunnels”.

According to Bellingcat, on October 31, “Reports began to appear online about 2:30 pm local time (…) A Reuters live stream filming towards Jabalia and Gaza City appears to have captured a large explosion at approximately 2:24pm local time, consistent with the earliest reports of the strike on Jabalia.” This observation matched The Guardian’s findings, which noted that “The first online reports of Tuesday’s attack came at about 2.30pm local time. A Reuters live stream captured the moment of impact a few minutes earlier.” According to The Guardian, relying on Reuters video footage and other media content, the exact location of the strike was narrowed to buildings at the intersection of Al Mouhawel and Al Almey streets.

Note that at the time of publication of this assessment, the Ministry of Health had not yet released an update to the list of named fatalities originally published on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at 14:30:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (21)

Abu Al Thib Abo Al Qoumsan أبو الذيب أبو القمصان
Adult male Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan's father killed
Abu Anas Abo Al Qoumsan أبو أنس أبو القمصان
Adult male killed
Abo Firas Abo Al Qoumsan أبو فراس أبو القمصان
Adult male killed
Abo Firas Abo Al Qoumsan's wife زوجة أبو فراس أبو القمصان
Adult female killed
Wasel Abo Al-Quoumsan واصل أبو القمصان
Child male Abo Firas's son killed
Mohannad Abo Al Qoumsan مهند أبو القمصان
Child male Abo Firas's son killed
Nabough Abo Al Qoumsan نبوغ أبو القمصان
Child female Abo Firas's daughter killed
Abrar Abo Al Qoumsan أبرار أبو القمصان
Child female Abo Firas's daughter killed
Umayya Abo Al Qoumsan أمية أبو القمصان
Adult female “Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan”'s sister killed
Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's wife زوجة ذيب أبو القمصان
Adult female killed
Rahaf Abo Al Qoumsan رهف أبو القمصان
Child female Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's daughter killed
Layan Abo Al Qoumsan ليان أبو القمصان
Child female Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's daughter killed
Abdullah Abo Al Qoumsan عبدالله أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Mohammed Abo Al Qoumsan محمد أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Aboud Abo Al Qoumsan عبود أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Iman Abo Al-Qoumsan أيمان أبو القمصان
Adult female Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan's sister killed
Yamen Abo Al-Qoussan يامن أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Zain Abo Al-Qoussan زين أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Yazeed Abo Al-Qoussan يزيد أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Jamila Yusef Abu Al-Qumsan جميلة يوسف أبو القمصان
Adult female mother of Rami Ahjazi killed
Marwa Basil Abu Al-Qumsan مروة أبو القمصان
Adult female killed

Family members (12)

Abdul Salam Siraj عبد السلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's mother أم عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's wife زوجة عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's daughter ابنة عبدالسلام سراج
Child female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's daughter ابنة عبدالسلام سراج
Child female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's sister أخت عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's sister أخت عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's uncle عم عبدالسلام سراج
male
Another family member of Abdul Salam Siraj's uncle عم عبدالسلام سراج
(source mentions all of his uncle's family were killed - no number provided)

Family members (10)

Fadi Khudair Ali فادي خضير علي
Adult male killed
Fadi Khudair Ali's wife زوجة فادي خضير علي
Adult female killed
Muhammad Khudair Ali محمد خضير علي
Adult male killed
Malak Khudair Ali ملاك خضير علي
Adult male killed
Khadra Jaber Ali خضرة جابر علي
Adult female killed
Ahmed Jaber Ali أحمد جابر علي
Child male Khadra's son killed
Zainab Jaber Ali زينب جابر علي
Child female Khadra's daughter killed
Muhammad Jaber Ali محمد جابر علي
Child male Khadra's son killed
Haidar Al-Daour حيدر الداعور
Child male Muhammad Ali's cousin's son killed
Kanan Al-Daour كنان الداعور
Child male Muhammad Ali's cousin's son killed

Family members (6)

Omar Mas’oud عمر مسعود
Adult male former prisoner - civilian status unclear killed
Donia Bashir دنيا البشر
Adult female killed
Son of Omar and Dunya
Child male killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed

Family members (9)

Omar Mustafa Abu Sultan عمر مصطفى أبو سلطان
Adult male killed
Sahar Al-Hoor سحر الهور
Adult female Omar's wife killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan أحمد عمر أبو سلطان
Adult male Omar and Sahar's son killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan's wife زوجة أحمد عمر أبو سلطان
Adult female killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan's daughter ابنة عمر أبو سلطان
Child female killed
Muhammad Omar Abu Sultan محمد عمر أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher, killed
Abdullah Omar Abu Sultan عبدالله أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher killed
Mahmoud Omar Abu Sultan محمود أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher, killed
Shahd Abu Sultan شهد أبو سلطان
Child female Daughter of Omar and Saher killed

Family members (2)

Ahmed Salah Dhiyab Al-Tanani أحمد جمعة صالح ذياب الطناني
Child male killed
Mahmoud Muhammad Dhiyab Al-Tanani محمود محمد صالح الطناني
Child male Ahmed's brother killed

Family members (5)

Ahmed Akram Abu Al-Omrain أحمد أكرم أبو العمرين
Adult male killed
Reem Muhammad Al-Firi ريم محمد الفيري
Adult female Ahmed's wife killed
Rital Youssef Abu Al-Omrain ريتال يوسف أبوالعمرين
Child female Ahmed and Reem's child killed
Abdul Karim Youssef Abu Al-Omrain عبدالكريم يوسف أبوالعمرين
Child male Ahmed and Reem's child killed
Zaher Ramadan Abu Al-Omrain زاهر رمضان أبو العمرين
Child male Ahmed and Reem's child killed

Family members (15)

Raed Ahmad Rayyan رائد أحمد ريان
Adult male killed
Hanna Rayyan هناء ريان
Adult female wife of Raed Rayyan "Abu Saedd" killed
Sa’ed Rayyan سائد ريان
Child male Hanna and Raed's son killed
Maher Rayyan ماهر ريان
Adult male Doctor killed
Anwar Rayyan أنوار ريان
Child female Hanna and Raed's daughter killed
Jannah Rayyan جنة ريان
Child female killed
Raed Sa’ed Rayyan رائد سائد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Hanaa Sa’ed Rayyan هناء سائد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Mahmoud Sa’ed Rayyan محمود سائد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Ghassan Mohammed Rayyan غسان محمد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Israa Mohammed Rayyan سراء محمد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Mujahid Mohammed Rayyan مجاهد محمد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Masa Mohammed Rayyan ماسة محمد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Iman Saed Abou Hamdan يمان سائد ابو حمدان
Age unknown female killed
Karam Abdulkarim Rayyan كرم عبدالكريم ريان
Age unknown male killed

Family members (3)

Mahmoud Jabr Alyan محمود جبر عليان
Age unknown male killed
Youssef Muhammad Alyan يوسف محمد عليان
Age unknown male killed
Karim Majid Alyan كريم ماجد عليان
Age unknown male killed

Family members (26)

Rawnd Okasha روند عكاشة
Adult female killed
Bilal Okasha بلال عكاشة
Adult male Rawnd's husband killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Ziad Okasha زياد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Manal Al-Najjar منال النجار
Adult female Ziad's wife killed
Youssef Ziad Okasha يوسف زياد عكاشة
Child male Son of Ziad and Manal killed
Raed Okasha رائد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Raed Okasha's child
Child killed
Raed Okasha's child
Child killed
Raed Okasha's wife
Adult female Raed's wife killed
Nael Okasha نائل عكاشة
Adult male killed
Islam Mohammed al Kafarna اسلام محمد الكفارنة
Adult female Nael's wife killed
Nael Okasha's child
Child killed
Nael Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's wife
Adult female killed
Thaer Naeem Okasha ثائر نعيم عكاشة
Adult male killed
Thaer Naeem Okasha's relative
Age unknown killed
Muhammad Fayez Al-Zwaidi. محمد فايز الزويدي
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Okasha محمد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Masa Okasha ماسة عكاشة
Child female Daughter of Mohammed killed
Rakan Okasha راكان عكاشة
Child male Son of Mohammed killed
Ameed, Okasha عميد عكاشة
Child male Son of Mohammed killed

Family members (2)

Kamal Hamad "Abu Diaa" كمال حمد
Adult male killed
Kamal Hamad's son
Child male killed

The victims were named as:

Jumaa Mohammed Al Sharawi جمعة محمد الشعراوي
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    126 – 136
  • (69 children22 women28 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    280
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    12–24

Sources (106) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (152) [ collapse]

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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @TheUKAr
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    Source: @TheUKAr
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    Source: @alyredaa
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    Source: @WaheidiSaad
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @Jales_tinian2
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ali
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    Source: Mohammed Ali
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Um Mohammed Abo Al Qoumsan
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Suhil Yahya
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    Source: Suhil Yahya
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    Source: Suhil Yahya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Raed Abo Al Qoumsan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ra’ed Abo Al Qoumsan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehad Al Sharawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehad Al Sharawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ziad Alyan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baraa Samir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mais Al Reem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamouda Abo Malek
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    Source: Hamouda Abo Malek
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Abo Al Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah salama
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    Source: Salah salama
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    Source: Salah salama
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Journalist Adel Za’rab
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Statement
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Reuters
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @trbrtc
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    Source: @trbrtc
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: CNN News
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    Source: CNN News
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    Source: CNN News
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    Source: @UNHumanRights
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Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention strikes on the Jabalia camp (مخيم جباليا). Satellite imagery shared by Christiaan Triebert (@trbrtc) shows the strike location at the following exact coordinates: 31.533320, 34.499070.

  • Imagery:
    @trbrtc

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

CNN Wolf Blitzer Interview w/ IDF Spokesperson Richard Hecht

WB
Back now to our breaking news here in the Middle East. A massive explosion at the largest refugee camp in Gaza. Joining us now is Lieutenant Colonel Richard Hecht. He's the international spokesperson for the Israel Defense Forces. Thanks so much for joining us. I want to ask you first about this massive blast that we all just saw. We saw the video at the Jabalya refugee camp in Gaza. Is there anything more you can, first of all, tell us about how this explosion happened?

RH
Hi Wolf. Thanks for having me. So we'll be coming out in the next hopefully hour with more data. But I can update you now that there was a very senior Hamas commander in that area. Sadly, he was hiding again, as they do behind the [sic] within civilians. And that's all I can say at this point. We're looking into it and we'll be coming out with more data as we learn what happened there.

WB
So can you confirm it was an Israeli attack that destroyed a big chunk of that Jabalya refugee camp?

RH
Yes, I can. We when we were focused on the target, a senior commander, Wolf, I will be updating you with more data as the hour moves ahead.

WB
But even if that Hamas commander was there, amidst all those Palestinian refugees who are in there in that Jabalya refugee camp, Israel still went ahead and dropped a bomb there attempting to kill this Hamas uh this Hamas commander. Knowing that a lot of innocent civilians, men, women and children, presumably would be killed, is that what I'm hearing?

RH
That's not what you're hearing, Wolf. We again, we're focused on this commander, again, who you'll get more data who this man was, killed many, many Israelis. And we're doing everything we can. These are, it's a very complicated battle space. That could be infrastructure there. There could be tunnels there. And we're still looking into and we'll give you more data as the hour moves ahead.

WB
But you know that there are a lot of refugees, a lot of innocent civilians, men, women and children in that refugee camp as well. Right?

RH
This is the tragedy of war, Wolf. I mean, we as you know, we've been saying for days, move south. If civilians are not involved with Hamas, please move south.

WB
I’m just trying to get a little bit more information. You knew there were civilians there.
You knew there were refugees, all sorts of refugees. But you decided to still drop a bomb on that refugee camp attempting to kill this Hamas commander. By the way, was he killed?

RH
I can't confirm yet. There will be more updated. Yes, we know that he was killed and about the civilians there, we're doing everything we can to minimize. I'll tell you, I'll say again, sadly, they are hiding themselves within the civilian population. And again, we are doing this stage by stage, and we're going to go after every one of these terrorists who was involved in that heinous attack on the 7th of October Wolf.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    126 – 136
  • (69 children22 women28 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    280
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    12–24

Sources (106) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0197

Incident date

October 14, 2023

Location

تل الهوى, Tal Al Hawa, Gaza district, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.503602, 34.426948 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 14th 2023 at around 1 am, Israeli forces allegedly conducted an airstrike in Tal Al-Hawa, located in the south of Gaza City. The strike reportedly killed Palestinian surgeon Dr. Medhat Mahmoud Saidam and his extended family at his home. Among the dead were between 24 to 31 civilians, including at least 12 children*, seven women (including a pregnant woman), and seven men. Whilst all sources agreed that Dr Medhat Saidam was killed, alongside his family, different sources identified different family members allegedly killed in the attack.

Twitter user @dryouceff and the Palestinian Ministry of Health said Dr. Medhat Mahmoud Saidam had been working for seven consecutive days at the Indonesian Hospital before the strike occurred. Interviewed by Al Jazeera, doctor Ahmed Makhlalati confirmed that statement, saying that his colleague Dr Medhat Mahmoud Saidam was coming home to see his family and planned to go back to the hospital but was killed when a strike hit his house at around 1 am. @Gredto reported that Dr. Saidam was killed along with 30 members of his family.

On Facebook, Dr. Ahmad Mokhalalati described Dr Medhat Saidam as “one of the pioneers of plastic surgery and burns in Gaza”, “a big brother”, “a compassionate human being” who “devoted his life to serving patients, providing care for them, and educating the new younger generation”. He also added: “I cannot imagine what the atmosphere of the place would be like after him. I cannot imagine our morning meetings without him joining us with his enthusiasm and positive energy…May God have mercy on him and his entire family.” A tweet from Gredto added that “the doctor specializing in plastic surgery contributed to alleviating the suffering of those wounded in the Gaza wars 2009-2014”.

A Facebook post from Dr. Medhat Saidam’s cousin, Mohammed Saidam, named the following victims killed: Dr Medhat Mahmoud Saidam and Dr Medhat Saidam’s mother, Umm Medhat, married to the deceased Dr Mahmoud Saidam. Another source identified Umm Medhat as Majda Saidam (Al-Dajani)

The same source mentioned the death of Medhat Saidam’s two brothers, and their family, namely: Ahmed Mahmoud Saidam and his wife Shamah Ahmed and their children. Another Facebook source, Hussam Al-Dajni, documented the names of the children as: Abdul Rahman Ahmed Saidam, Magda Ahmed Saidam, Maryam Ahmed Saidam, Fatima Ahmed Saidam, Sameh Mahmoud Saidam, his pregnant wife Suhad Iyad Al-Dajani, their unborn baby Rana Sameh Saidam, and their children Sameh Saidam and Mira Sameh Saidam.

Mohammad Saidam also listed his female cousin‘s death, alongside her children, without providing their identity, age, or the number of children.

A Facebook post by Ahmad ALameen provided the names of additional victims killed, civilians also described by Hussam Al-Dajni as “Abu Jihad’s children and wife”:
Nahil Ayesh Al-Dajani, Umm Jihad, wife of Abu Jihad. One source said she was still alive while others referred to her as with the term “martyr”, implying she was also killed in the strike. The children were named as: Alaa Iyad Al-Dajani, (Abu Jihad’s son), (D) Youssef Al-Dajani, (Abu Jihad’s son), Abdul Rahman Al-Dajani, (Abu Jihad’s son), Suhad Al-Dajani (already mentioned above, married to Sameh Saidam), Abu Jihad’s daughter.

A Facebook post from the brother of Umm Medhat, named Hussam Al-Dajni, also documented the following civilian killed in the same attack: Balsam Farouk Al-Nono (Dr. Saidam’s sister in law). Multiple social media users described additional family members killed: Nawal Abdullah Ahmed Abu Nada (16 years old), Ahmed Abdullah Ahmed Abu Nada (15 years old), Anas Abdullah Ahmed Abundi (12 years old), Mohammed Abdullah Ahmed Abondi (6 years old), and Samah Abu Nada (Saidam). According to a Facebook post published by Anadolu Agency, those killed were all part of the same family unit. On this point, the outlet described them as the wife and four children of “Palestinian doctor Abdullah Abu Nada.” Footage of Abdullah Abu Nada grieving publicly was widely shared in the days following this incident. One Facebook user, posting on October 17, captioned this footage “Dr. Abdullah Abu Nada receives his family as martyrs 4 days after their house was targeted.” Other local sources added that the family was under the rubble during those 4 days.

@dryouceff reported that the strike occurred at Dr. Saidam’s home, which was located near Al-Hidaya Mosque in Tal Al-Hawa. Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

*Airwars has provisionally reconciled these names to those published by the Palestinian Ministry of Health on October 26, 2023. IDs from the MoH document are listed alongside names, and ages provided by the MoH. For cases where ‘children’ are referred to without additional biographical detail, Airwars assumes a range of at least 2.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 1:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (25)

Dr Medhat Mahmoud Saidam الطبيب مدحت محمود صيدم
47 years old male Al-Shifa hospital Dr killed Matched to MoH ID 901363275
Majda Al-Dajani Saidam (Umm Medhat) مجدة الذجاني صيدم
Adult female Medhat Mahmoud Saidam's mother killed
Ahmed Mahmoud Saidam احمد محمود صيدم
36 years old male Medhat's brother killed Matched to MoH ID 801823527
Shamah Ahmed شامة أحمد
32 years old female Ahmed Mahmoud Saidam's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 803297258
Abdul Rahman Ahmed Saidam عبدالرحمن اياد الدجاني
6 years old male Ahmed and Shamah's son killed Matched to MoH ID 438972358
Magda Ahmed Saidam مجدة الذجاني صيدم
11 years old female Ahmed and Shamah's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 432322493
Maryam Ahmed Saidam مريم احمد صيدم
1 years old female Ahmed and Shamah's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 444179576
Fatima Ahmed Saidam فاطمة احمد صيدم
9 years old female Ahmed and Shamah's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 433542990
Sameh Mahmoud Saidam سامح محمود صيدم
32 years old male Medhat's brother killed Matched to MoH ID 802862342
Suhad Iyad Al-Dajani سهاد اياد الدجاني
29 years old female pregnant Sameh's wife, also Abu Jihad's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 410102594
Sameh Saidam سامح صيدم
Child male Sameh and Suhad's son killed
Mira Sameh Saidam ميرة سامح صيدم
5 years old female Sameh and Suhad's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 440822229
Mohammad Saidam's female cousin
Adult female killed
Mohammad Saidam's female cousin's child
Child killed
Mohammad Saidam's female cousin's second child
Child killed
Nahil Ayesh Al-Dajani, Umm Jihad ناهل عياش الدجاني ام جهاد
Adult female wife of Abu Jihad killed
Alaa Iyad Al-Dajani علاء إياد الدجني
25 years old male Abu Jihad's son killed Matched to MoH ID 403741143
Youssef Al-Dajani يوسف اياد الدجاني
20 years old male Abu Jihad's son killed Matched to MoH ID 408447670
Abdul Rahman Al-Dajani عبدالرحمن اياد الدجاني
20 years old male Abu Jihad's son killed Matched to MoH ID 408447688
Balsam Farouk Al-Nono بلسم فاروق النانو
34 years old female Medhi's sister-in-law killed Matched to MoH ID 801183567
Ahmed Abdullah Abu Nada أحمد عبد الله ابو ندى
15 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 425925625
Anas Abdullah Abu Nada انس عبد الله ابو ندى
12 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 430087015
Muhammad Abdullah Abu Nada محمد عبد الله ابو ندى
7 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 436876460
Nawal Abdullah Abu Nada نوال عبد الله ابو ندى
16 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 424656262
Samah Abu Nada (Saidam) سماح محمود ابوندى صيدم
Adult female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    24 – 31
  • (12 children7 women7 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (45) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @PalinfoAr
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOH facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MOH facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gredto
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Gredto
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Saidam Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Khalaf Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Khalaf Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Shadi Subhi Awad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Shadi Subhi Awad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Shadi Subhi Awad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Shadi Subhi Awad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Ahmad Mokhalalati Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Ahmad Mokhalalati Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Ahmad Mokhalalati Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Ahmad Mokhalalati Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dr. Ahmad Mokhalalati Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saydam Family Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas Ahmad Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALameen facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALameen facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALameen facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALameen facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALameen facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALameen facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Anwar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Anwar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Anwar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Anwar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Anwar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Anwar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Anwar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hussam Al-Dajni Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Iman majdalawi Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Hidaya mosque (مسجد الهداية), within the neighborhood of Tal Al Hawa (تل الهوا), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.503611, 34.426944. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    24 – 31
  • (12 children7 women7 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0109

Incident date

October 12, 2023

Location

معن, Ma'an, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.330061, 34.316744 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In the early hours of October 12th 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike hit the Al Bashiti family house in the Ma’an area, east of Khan Younis city, in the southern Gaza strip, killing nine members of Al Bashiti family, including two women and six children.

Ahmad Albashti, assumed to be a relative of the family, posted on Facebook that “their home was targeted while they were sleeping”.

The Khan Younis Facebook page wrote that Al Bashiti family members “died at dawn”.  Anadolu Agency reported that eyewitnesses said strike left the house in complete ruins and inflicted damage to nearby buildings.

Initially Shehab News reported five casualties and “a number” of injured civilians. No other sources reported on injuries, therefore Airwars has quantified the injury toll as 2-2. Later Wafa News alongside Ahmad Al Bashiti and Facebook users Mohammed Ziyad and Anwar Abu Fadel reported about nine victims.

55-year old Professor As’ad (Asaad) Hamad Suleiman Al Bashiti (Abu Hammad) was killed together with his wife Aida Al Bashiti Umm Hammad and their four children: their three daughters, 16-year old Amal Asaad Al Bashiti, 13-year old  Zainab Asaad Al Bashiti, and 14-year old Lubna Al Bashiti Umm Khaled; as well as their 9-year old son Mohammed Asaad Al Bashiti.

Among the victims of the attack was also Asaad Al Bashiti’s sister, 54-year old Layla Hamad Suleiman Al Bashiti (Umm Khaled) with her children, a 12-year old daughter named Sondos (Zandus) Ziad Al Bashiti and a son named Hossam Ziad Al Bashiti.

The death of Al Bashiti family members was reported on by their friends, families, and neighbours online. Members of the Al Bashiti family, Mohammad Al Bashiti, Ahmad Al Bashiti, Anwar Abu Fadel, and Hani Al Bashiti posted news of their relatives’ deaths to their accounts. Additionally, the Mesmeh family, the Ma’an family, and the Khan Younis Facebook page offered condolences to the family in online testimonies..

Sondos Al Bashiti was remembered as a “polite student” by the principal of Umm Salamah Basic School and her administrative and teaching staff. Her mother Layla Al Bashiti was a member of the school’s Parents Council. The news of their death was met with “great sadness and sorrow.”

Mohammed Aliwaiti shared his story about Sondos Ziad Al Bashiti. He met the young girl Sondos during his visit to Palestine. Sondos visited him so that she could send a gift and letter for her brother, Ahmed, in Belgium. She wrote in her letter that “she longed to see him” and hug him. Unfortunately, she died before she was ever able to meet her brother.

Abu Sultan remembered Hossam Ziad Al-Bashiti as one of his students in Gaza Strip in a Facebook post, also posting his picture among other students. Adla Awad remembered her colleague Laila Al-Bashiti, Khaled’s mother, and her family in another Facebook testimony.

When sources identified a belligerent, all of them attributed the strike to Israeli forces. The attack happened without prior warning, according to the Anadolu Agency reporter.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

 As'ad (Asaad) Hamad Suleiman Al Bashiti (Abu Hammad)  اسعد البشيتي ابو حماد
55 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 979482353
Aida Al Bashiti Umm Hammad عائدة البشيتي ام حماد
Adult female Asaad's wife killed
Amal Asaad Al Bashiti امل اسعد البشيتي
16 years old female Asaad and Aida's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 424433928
Zainab Asaad Al Bashiti زينب اسعد البشيتي
13 years old female Asaad and Aida's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 429812720
Lubna Al Bashiti لبنا اسعد البشي
14 years old female Asaad and Aida's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 429108939
Mohammed Asaad Al Bashiti محمد اسعد البشيتي
9 years old male Asaad and Aida's son killed Matched to MoH ID 433628617
Layla Hamad Suleiman Al Bashiti (Umm Khaled) ليلى البشيتي ام خالد
54 years old female Asaad's sister killed Matched to MoH ID 979482361
Sondos (Zandus) Ziad Al Bashiti سندس زياد البشيتي
12 years old female Layla's daughter killed Matched to MoH ID 431457514
Hossam Ziad Al Bashiti حسام زياد البشيتي
Child male Layla's son killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • (6 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (33) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Albashti family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Dentist Hani Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maan families facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Albashti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mesmeh family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anwar Abu Fadel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anwar Abu Fadel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anwar Abu Fadel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ziyad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ziyad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ziyad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Um Salama facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Um Salama facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Aliwaiti facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Sultan facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adla Awad facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the area of Ma’an (معن), within the city of Khan Younis (خانيونس), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.330061, 34.316744. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • (6 children2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0125

Incident date

October 10–11, 2023

Location

البريج, Bureij, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.440597, 34.402669 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 10 at night or on October 11 at dawn, alleged Israeli strikes on civilian homes in Bureij refugee camp, near the Dabas Junction, in central Gaza, killed between 33 to 34 civilians, including at least 14 children*, eight women and 11 men.

Among the victims, local sources documented five entire family units allegedly killed in their homes. One female doctor was also among those reportedly killed in the attack. Some sources reported that her daughter was killed, while others reported that she was severely injured.

One social media account, which identified at least 30 civilians killed, indicated that “many martyrs” were still trapped under the rubble and that in the “massacre in Bureij Camp entire families have been erased from the civil registry*”. No estimations of the total number of injured civilians were provided by local sources.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. The Ministry of Health in Gaza stated that the strikes were conducted on October 10 at night, while other sources reported the attack at dawn on October 11.

Sources reported that several members of eight different family units were killed in the incident. At least five entire family units – including at least a father, mother, and their children – were reported killed. They are identified below:

1-“Mohamed Bassam El-Sherbiny“, owner of El-Sherbiny library “The dear moon” (“Al-Qamar Al-Ghali”), his wife, and his children “Hassan” and “Rama“. Sources did not provide the name of Mohamed’s wife, nor the age of the victims.
2-Ahmed Bassam El-Sherbiny, his wife and children. Sources did not provide the name of Ahmed’s wife or his children, nor the number of children, nor the age of the victims.
3-Youssef Bassam El-Sherbiny, his wife and children. Sources did not provide the name of Youssef’s wife or his children, nor the age of the victims.
4-Abu Alaa Hussein, his wife and children. Sources did not provide the name of Alaa’s wife or his children, nor the age of the victims.
5-
One local social media account documented the death of eight members of the same family unit, among which six children, all reportedly killed in the strikes that hit civilian houses in the refugee camp, including one man named Ashraf Muhammad Daabes “Abu Dia”, and his children. Ashraf’s cousin on Facebook identified Ashraf’s sons as Diaa Ashraf Daabes, Ahmed Ashraf Daabes, and Muhammad Ashraf Daabes but did not indicate their age. Other sources said that Ashraf’s wife was also killed in the blast, without providing her name. Ashraf’s cousin also added that the three children of his other cousin Ayman Daabes “Abu Ahmed” were also killed at dawn after his aunt “Um Talaat Daabes” house was allegedly targeted by Israeli bombing and the civilians were at home. He identified the children killed as Ahmed Ayman Daabes, Muhammad Ayman Daabes, and Bakr Ayman Daabes. No information on the age of these victims could be found.

Local reporting also added that a man called Bassam El-Sherbiny “Abu Mohamad”  and his wife, whose name was not provided, were also killed. One local source specified Bassam’s body was recovered from “the Bureij massacre”. It is possible that Bassam El-Sherbiny Abu Mohamad could be Mohamad Bassam Al-Sherbiny’s father, though sources did not explicitly specify that they were related.

The Gaza Ministry of Health (MoH) announced the death of their colleague Dr. Cyrine Mohammad Al-Attar. She was described by Jordan Hospital Facebook Page (Al-Urdun Hospital) as ” a graduate of the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics” there, “as part of the ongoing medical training and education program at the hospital.” Dr Osaid Alser, on Twitter, who described Cyrine as his “former OBGYN attending during med school”, said “the loss is huge”, adding that she was sleeping in her home when her house was bombed. One Facebook source commented her death saying “May God have mercy on you, Dr. Cyrine Al-Attar, and on all our martyrs in this brutal war on our people in Gaza.” MoH and Al-Urdun Hospital also announced that Cyrine’s daughter was killed in the same attackbut another source, Dr Sameer Abu Samra on Facebook, said that the daughter was “severely injured”. The same source added “I offer my condolences to my friend and colleague Dr. Wajdi Jarbou for the martyrdom of his wife and colleague Dr. Cyrine Al-Attar”. Cyrine’s daughter’s name or age was not provided by sources.

A man identified as Youssef Ramadan and his wife were also reportedly killed. The name of Youssef’s wife was not provided by sources.

The other civilians killed were identified as:
Ahmed Mayouf
Mohamed Ramadan
Ahmed Ramadan
Ramadan Ramadan
Local sources initially reported that six civilians were killed in the bombing of the “Ramadan”‘s home and its surrounding, while another one affirmed that ten bodies of “martyrs” were discovered in that area. It was unclear from the sources whether Yousser Ramadan, Mohamad Ramadan, Ahmed Ramadan and Ramadan Ramadan were related.

*Though Airwars was unable to find the exact age of the children mentioned, we have assumed that all references to the family’s children are of those under the age of 18 given related images of young children. When sources reported that “children” of one family unit were killed, without indicating how many children, Airwars estimated the number of children killed as “2”.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

Mohamed Bassam El-Sherbiny محمد بسام الشربيني
Adult male killed
Mohamed Bassam El-Sherbiny's wife
Adult female killed
Hassan حسن
Child male Mohamed's son killed
Rama راما
Child female Mohamed's daughter killed

Family members (4)

Ahmed Bassam El-Sherbiny احمد بسام الشربيني
Adult male killed
Ahmed Bassam El-Sherbiny's wife
Adult female killed
Ahmed Bassam El-Sherbiny's first child
Child killed
Ahmed Bassam El-Sherbiny's second child
Child killed

Family members (4)

Youssef Bassam El-Sherbiny يوسف بسام الشربيني
Adult male killed
Youssef Bassam El-Sherbiny's wife
Adult female killed
Youssef Bassam El-Sherbiny's first child
Child killed
Youssef Bassam El-Sherbiny's second child
Child killed

Family members (8)

Ashraf Muhammad Daabes “Abu Dia” أشرف محمد دعابس
Adult male killed
Ashraf Muhammad Daabes “Abu Dia”'s wife زوجة أشرف دعابس
Adult female killed
Diaa Ashraf Daabes ضياء أشرف دعابس
Child male Ashraf Muhammad Daabes “Abu Dia”'s first child killed
Muhammad Ashraf Daabes محمد اشرف دعابس
Child male Ashraf Muhammad Daabes “Abu Dia”'s second child killed
Ahmed Ashraf Daabes احمد اشرف دعابس
Child male Ashraf Muhammad Daabes “Abu Dia”'s third child killed
Ahmed Ayman Daabes احمد ايمن دعابس
Child male Ayman Daabes “Abu Ahmed's first son - Ayman Daabes “Abu Ahmed is a cousin of Ashraf Muhammad Daabes “Abu Dia killed
Muhammad Ayman Daabes محمد ايمن دعابس
Child male Ayman Daabes “Abu Ahmed's second son killed
Bakr Ayman Daabes بكر ايمن دعابس
Child male Ayman Daabes “Abu Ahmed's third son killed

Family members (4)

Abu Alaa Hussein ابو علاء حسين
Adult male killed
Abu Alaa Hussein's wife
Adult female killed
Abu Alaa Hussein's first child
Child killed
Abu Alaa Hussein's second child
Child killed

Family members (2)

Dr. Cyrine Al-Attar الطبيبة سيريت عطار
Adult female killed
Dr. Cyrine Al-Attar's daughter
Child female unclear if she was injured or killed killed

Family members (2)

Youssef Ramadan يوسف رمضان
Adult male killed
Youssef Ramadan's wife
Adult female killed

Family members (2)

Bassam El-Sherbiny, Abu Muhammad بسام الشربيني ابو محمد
Adult male killed
Bassam El-Sherbiny, Abu Muhammad 's wife
Adult female killed

The victims were named as:

Ahmed Mayouf احمد معيوف
Adult male killed
Mohamed Ramadan محمد رمضان
Adult male killed
Ahmed Ramadan احمد رمضان
Adult male killed
Ramadan Ramadan رمضان رمضان
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    33 – 34
  • (14–15 children8 women11 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bureij Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kawkabuna Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kawkabuna Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kawkabuna Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kawkabuna Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kawkabuna Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kawkabuna Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kawkabuna Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Reem Reem Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Reem Reem Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Reem Reem Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Eyad Barood Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Eyad Barood Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Daabes Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Daabes Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sbahe Shereen FacebookDr. Saad Draiba was not killed on the 11th
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sbahe Shereen Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-Urdun Hospital facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Buraij Facebook

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the town of Bureij (البريج). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.440597, 34.402669.

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  • Imagery:
    Guardian News

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    33 – 34
  • (14–15 children8 women11 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0056

Incident date

October 9, 2023

Location

منزل عائلة المدهون  في بيت لاهيا, al-Madhoun family house behind the Golden Hall in the Americana area west to the town of Beit Lahia, Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On the evening of October 9th, 2023, up to 15 members of the al-Madhoun family, including two women and eleven children, were killed as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on the al-Madhoun family home located behind the Golden Hall in the Americana area west to the town of Beit Lahyain the northern Gaza Strip. According to the Defense for Children Palestine (DCI Palestine) report, the attack on the two-story family house happened without a prior warning.

Initially the family members and “Al-Araby Al-Jadeed” correspondent reported about 14 people killed. “The entire family was removed from the civil registry and registered with the Immortals” wrote their relative Fayeq al-Madhoun on Facebook. A family member Ahmad al-Madhoun wrote on the social media platform “X” to confirm the death of the 14 members of the al-Madhoun family, posting the picture of the rubble which used to be the family house. He wrote: “14 members of my family were martyred in a massacre and direct bombing of the Al-Madhoun family home in the Sudaniya area, including children and women!”.

Later, local news agencies Shehab Agency, Wafa News, Daqiqa News reported that the Israeli military bombed the home of the two brothers Dr. Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun and Dr. Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun, subsequently leading to their death and the death of 13 other family members of the al-Madhoun family, including Muhammad’s wife and six children and Ahmed’s wife and five children. The brothers’ cousin Abu Habib shared testimony on Facebook posting the pictures of the two brothers who lost their lives in the attack.

The following day, on October 10th, a family member Abu Mohammed Madhoun confirmed on Facebook that the six children of Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun killed in the airstrike were: Fatima Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun (female, child, 7), Amani Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun (female, child, 4), Mahmoud Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child, 9), Akram Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child, 10), Karam Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child 3), Watan Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun (male, child, 1), alongside Amal Mahmoud Zayed al-Zaanin (al-Madhoun) (female, 39 years old) – likely to be Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun’s wife. The source added that specialised teams continued to search for the remaining members of the family under the rubble of their home.

Sources on the ground told correspondents for the Palestinian News Agency ‘Wafa’ that the brothers’ father Akram Musa Al-Madhoun, their mother and two brothers were killed by an alleged Israeli bombing of the neigbouring house during the 2021 Israeli campaign in the Gaza Strip. However, their relative Douha Madhoon wrote on Facebook that in fact their father, their younger brother Abdullah, and Muhammad’s first wife were killed at that time, while their mother had died of cancer years ago.

The deaths of so many members of the al-Madhoun family was reported on by relatives across the globe. In Australia, a family relative Hadeel al-Madhoun spoke to the Sydney Morning Herald to tell the story of her father learning of the loss of life of at least 14 family members through an Al Jazeera report. “A 78-year old Mousa al-Madhoun was sitting in the loungeroom of his Mickleham home, in Melbourne’s northern suburbs, watching Al Jazeera, when a reporter announced an Israeli missile had destroyed the Al-Madhoun family compound in Beit Lahia, an area in the northern part of the territory, killing 14 people. He dropped the cup of coffee he was holding, stared at the screen and started crying”, she told Sydney Morning Herald.. The brothers who owned the house were Mousa’s cousins. Hadeel Al-Madhoun told the Australian reporters that she had lost at least 33 family members in Gaza since the Israeli bombardment began. “I don’t think the world is really seeing what is happening,” she added.

A Palestinian American Hani Almadhoun who lives in Virginia learned Monday morning from a Telegram chat that an Israeli airstrike killed at least 14 members of his family, including five children and elderly relatives. “Death comes very fast,” Almadhoun told HuffPost. “We don’t get any solidarity.” Before he hadn’t been able to reach his family in Gaza for the last four days.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (15)

Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun احمد عبدالرحيم المدهون
Adult male killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's child
Child killed
Ahmed Akram Rahim al-Madhoun's wife
Adult female killed
Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun محمد عبد الرحيم المدهون
Adult male killed
Fatima Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun فاطمة محمود عبدالرحيم مدهون
7 years old female Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 437271125
Amani Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun اماني محمد عبدالرحيم مدهون
4 years old female Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 443264015
Mahmoud Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun محمود محمد عبدالرحيم مدهون
9 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 435199542
Akram Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun اكرم محمد عبدالرحيم المدهون
10 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 433562261
Karam Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun كرم محمد عبدالرحيم مدهون
3 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 445519606
Watan Muhammad Abdel Rahim al-Madhoun وطن محمود عبدالرحيم مدهون
1 years old male Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's child killed Matched to MoH ID 444362024
Amal Mahmoud Zayed al-Zaanin (al-Madhoun) امل محمود زايد الزين المدهون
39 years old female likely to be Muhammad Abd al-Rahim al-Madhoun's wife killed Matched to MoH ID 800343642

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (11 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Mohammed Madhoon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamza Madhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Habib facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Habib facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fayeq al madhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almadhoun facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (11 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0027

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Location

منزل لعائلة شملخ بشارع 10 جنوب مدينة غزة, Street 10, Sheikh Ajlin, south of Gaza City, Gaza Strip, Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

At least 10 members of the Shamlakh family, including three children, were reportedly killed when an alleged Israeli aircraft bombed their home on Street 10, south of Gaza City, on October 8th, 2023. The strike is believed to have occurred at approximately 8:30pm.

Grandfather Abdulnaser Asaad Shamlakh was 56 years old, and was reportedly killed together with his wife, 47-year old Soha Jawan al-Saftawi. Their son, Ahmed Abdel Nasser Shamlakh, 25, and his wife, Warda Khamis Jibril, 21 were also killed. They had two children: two-year-old Abdulnaser Shamlakh, and an infant, Omar Shamlakh, who has been reported as either three or five months old. Abdulnaser and Soha had four other sons killed in the bombing. Marwan Shamlakh was 22. His brother Assad Shamlakh was 20. Mohammed Shamlakh was 18. The youngest, Yazan Shamlakh, was 10. All were killed in the strike.

Several sources described Assad Shamlakh as a freelance journalist killed in his home with nine other members of his family, in Sheikh Ijlin.

Several other sources alleged that twelve people had been killed, though it is unclear who these other two civilians were. No other names have been recorded.

The Palestine chapter of Defense for Children International claimed Israeli forces had fired “several missiles” at the building. Aawsat_News (@aawsat_News), quoting the governmental media office, maintained that the aircraft bombed the home “without warning.”

The home, located in the Sheikh Ajlin neighborhood, consisted of two floors containing four apartments. It housed three families.

The funeral for the family is believed to have taken place the next day, on October 9th, 2023. According to Jacobin, “Shamlakh’s family is one of now dozens of cases of Israeli bombing wiping out not just entire families, but entire family bloodlines.”

Airwars has been able to match all the names of those identified with names listed in the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 8:30 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (10)

Abdulnaser Asad Shamlakh عبدالناصر اسعد شملخ
56 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 954750832
Soha Jawan al-Saftawi سها جواد الصفطاوي
47 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 921577490
Ahmed Abdel Nasser Shamlakh أحمد شملخ
25 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 404132599
Warda Khamis Jibril وردة خميس جبريل
21 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 407915339
Abdulnaser Shamlakh عبدالناصر شملخ
2 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 445238140
Omar Shamlakh عمر شملخ
3-5 months years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 444254551
Marwan Shamlakh ممراون شملخ
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 407122779
Assad Shamlakh اسعد شملخ
20 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408449569
Mohammed Shamlakh محمد شملخ
18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421142951
Yazan Shamlakh يزن شملخ
10 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 434078960

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 12
  • (3 children2 women5 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (27) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mahmoud_qassa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mahmoud_qassa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Jales_tinian2
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Nimer Shamlakh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Nimer Shamlakh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Nimer Shamlakh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Nimer Shamlakh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Nimer Shamlakh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Nimer Shamlakh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Al Nemer Al Khateeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: ِAl Jabour news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @aawsat_News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @aawsat_News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @aawsat_News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @aawsat_News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @m7md_ghazali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: DCI Palestine news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: DCI Palestine news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: DCI Palestine news
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @channeldraw
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Amore_Anarchia_

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 12
  • (3 children2 women5 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0020

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Location

منزلاً لعائلة النباهين شرق مخيم البريج في المحافظة الوسطى, house for the Al-Nabahin family, east of Al-Bureij Camp , Central Governorate, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.437934, 34.403857 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Sunday, October 8th 2023, at least 15 members of the al-Nabahin family, including 10 children, four women and one young man were killed when alleged Israeli airstrikes struck their family home, destroying all four floors and a neighboring house east of Al-Bureij camp. On Twitter, one source commented on the attack: “The family of Hajj #Fathi Al-Nabahin and his children, his children’s wives and his children’s children #east of Al-Bureij camp are all under the rubble. A large family (father, children and grandchildren)”.

The names and ages of 14 of the civilians killed were provided by Al-Mezan Center for Human Rights – and 10 of them were reconciled with the list of victims killed published by the Palestinian Ministry of Health on October 26th: Ola Al-Muqadamah Al-Nabahin (wife of Fadi Fathi Al-Nabahin), Hadeel Abdel Fattah Attiya al-Nabahin (25), Ola Ziyad Abdel Aziz al-Nabahin (26), Areeh Fadi Fathi al-Nabahin (9), Muhammad Fadi Fathi al-Nabahin (8), Adam Fadi Fathi al-Nabahin (7), Qais Fadi Fathi al-Nabahin (2), Kenan Tamer Fathi Attiya al-Nabahin (7 or 8 year-old, depending on local sources, son of Tamer al-Nabahin), Rayan Tamer Fathi Attiya al-Nabahin (5, son of Tamer al-Nabahin), Maryam Tamer Fathi Attiya al-Nabahin (2, daughter of Tamer al-Nabahin), Jamal Ibrahim Attiya al-Nabahin (7), Muhammad Jaafar Attiya al-Nabahin (13 or 15), Rahaf Jaafar Attiya al-Nabahin (15 or 16), and Attiya Fathi Attiya al-Nabahin (24). On Twitter/X, Nihad Abo Ghayoun also identified a fifteenth victim, a woman, Halima Al-Nabahin, without indicating her age. He claimed that six bodies of Al-Nabahin members were initially transported to Al-Aqsa hospital. Multiple sources on social and local media confirmed the strikes and the victims’ details, including the Palestinian Center for Human Rights, the Al-Haq Foundation and the Adalah Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel. According to the Adalah Center and Al-Mezan Center, both organisations had been representing the 24 year old victim Attiya Fathi Attia al-Nabahin in a long-term legal battle since 2014 to demand civil compensation after he was injured at the age of 15 by Israeli sniper fire, which left him permanently paralyzed from the neck down.

Osama Burhem, Attiya’s friend, also shared similar details about this story on social media, recalling in a tearful text that “a soldier shot him for no reason”, adding “this day/The same soldier bombed the whole house / May Attiya and most of his family ascend to heaven (…) This child who was wronged by the entire universe (…)  the heart cries over the injustice you experienced/ May God have mercy on you and your family Goodbye to Uncle Abu Tariq, Umm Tariq, and the rest of the family / Patience for Tamer if he is still alive” Al-Mezan Center for Human Rights recorded Tamer al-Nabahin’s eyewitness testimony. Tamer, Attiya’s brother, told Al-Mezan that he survived the bombing alongside his pregnant wife, and that the house was bombed at a time when his three children were playing with their cousins in the entrance to the house – all of whom were killed.

The Kid’s Palace Kindergarten school posted a tribute to Tamer’s children: 5 year old student Rayan Tamer Fathi Attiya al-Nabahin, his brother 7 year old Kenan Tamer Fathi Attiya al-Nabahin who was a former student, and 2 year old Maryam Tamer Fathi Attiya al-Nabahin, their younger sister. They also mourned the death of the mother of “Fathi Al-Nabahin” without providing her name or age. Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023. Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. Al-Mezan said that there was no warning given prior to the strike. The incident occurred at approximately 11:30 am in the morning.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 11:30 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (16)

Ola Al-Muqadamah Al-Nabahin عُلا المقادمة النباهين
Adult female wife of Fadi Fathi Al-Nabahin killed
Ola Ziyad Abdel Aziz al-Nabahin علا زياد عبدالعزيز النباهين
26 years old female killed
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 434643706
8 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 435805353
7 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 437268766
Qais Fadi Fathi al-Nabahin قيس فادي فتحي النباهين
2 years old male killed
7-8 years old male son of Tamer al-Nabahin, matched with MoH ID number 438156390 killed
5 years old male son of Tamer al-Nabahin, matched with MoH ID number 440668507 killed
2 years old female daughter of Tamer al-Nabahin, , matched with MoH ID number 445201734 killed
Jamal Ibrahim Attiya al-Nabahin جمال ابراهيم عطية النباهين
7 years old male killed
13-15 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429408727
15-16 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 426209417
24 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 404772931
Halima Al-Nabahin حليمة النباهين
Adult female killed
mother of “Fathi Al-Nabahin
Adult female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (10 children4–5 women1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kids Palace Kindergarten
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Kids Palace Kindergarten
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Osama Burhem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Abo Rezq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Abo Rezq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Abo Rezq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Abo Rezq
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Feda M Mubarak
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Um Mahmoud Al Nabahin
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mukhraz misk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Bureij camp (مخيم البريج), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.437934, 34.403857. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    15
  • (10 children4–5 women1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0035

Incident date

October 8, 2023

Location

الزوايدة, Az Zawayda, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.429871, 34.370784 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 8th 2023, seven civilians, Jihad Abdullah Abu Rikab (35 years old), his wife Rabab Marazeeq Abu Rikab (28 years old), and their five children Nida Abu Rikab (11 years old), Tala Abu Rikab (10 years old), Maria Abu Rikab (eight years old), Sewar Abu Rikab (six years old) and Sham Abu Rikab (four years old) were killed in an alleged Israeli airstrike on their home in Az-Zawaida in the central governorate of the Gaza Strip.

Multiple Facebook posts reported the deaths of these civilians as a consequence of the strike, including a post from Jihad Abdullah Abu Rikab’s cousin. Photos shared on Twitter/X by @i_07070 showed the bombed out shell of a house surrounded by rubble.

Shehab agency and an Al-Mezan report noted that at the time people were still trapped under the rubble and therefore the final death toll or number of people wounded might increase.

Al-Mezan’s report noted that seven Palestinians were killed including six children, while all other reports identified two adults and five children killed. All names reported were found by Airwars in the Palestinian Ministry of Health database published on October 26th 2023, with corresponding ages confirming that five of those killed were children.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (7)

Jihad Abdullah Abu Rikab جهاد عبدالله ا ابو ركاب
35 years old male injured Matched to MoH ID 802242560
Rabab Maraziq Farhan Abu Rikab رباب مرازيق فرحان ابو ركاب
28 years old female Jihad's wife injured Matched to MoH ID 400899191
Nadha Jihad Abdul Allah Abu Rikab نداء جهاد عبدالله ابو ركاب
11 years old female their child killed Matched to MoH ID 432190593
Tala Jihad Abdullah Abu Rikab تالا جهاد عبدالله ابو ركاب
10 years old female their child killed Matched to MoH ID 434455499
Maria Jihad Abdullah Abu Rikab ماريا جهاد عبدالله ابو ركاب
8 years old female their child killed Matched to MoH ID 436102685
Sewar Jihad Abdullah Abu Rikab سوار جهاد عبدالله ابو ركاب
6 years old female their child killed Matched to MoH ID 438217895
Sham Jihad Abdullah Aburkab شام جهاد عبدالله ابو ركاب
4 years old male their child killed Matched to MoH ID 438392193

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (5–6 children1 woman1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saleh Suleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Mohammed Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibrahim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aref Hassan Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aref Hassan Facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MFA Palestine facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Az Zawayda (الزوايده‎). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Az Zawayda are: 31.429871, 34.370784.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (5–6 children1 woman1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (12) [ collapse]