Measuring the cost of Iraq’s victory over ISIS

Iraqi forces supported by the international Coalition have driven so-called Islamic State from the nation’s cities and towns. The cost in lives has been significant.

Counting the Uncounted: Azmat Khan and Anand Gopal on their groundbreaking civilian casualty study

US-led alliance has still made no public comment on 18-month investigation, which found that deaths from Coalition airstrikes were up to 31 times higher than acknowledged.

International airstrikes and civilian casualty claims in Iraq and Syria – October 2017

Civilians paid a heavy price in the final days of battle for Raqqa – with thousands of Coalition munitions raining down on the city.

International airstrikes and civilian casualty claims in Iraq and Syria – September 2017

As strikes targeting ISIS in Iraq wind down, an air-backed race against Islamic State in Syria has put civilians in extreme danger.

Intensity of Coalition’s Raqqa bombardment greater than for all of Afghanistan, official data shows

On average one Coalition bomb, missile or artillery shell struck Raqqa every eight minutes in August – with local monitors reporting a devastating toll on civilians

International airstrikes and civilian casualty claims in Iraq and Syria – August 2017

Despite a significant fall in reported Coalition casualty events in Iraq, the fierce battle for control of Raqqa meant August was the third deadliest month for non-combatants.

Former Coalition commander Lt Gen Townsend responds to Airwars article on Raqqa

Lt Gen Stephen Townsend, former commander of the US-led Coalition, takes issue with Airwars assessments of Raqqa civilian casualties