On average one Coalition bomb, missile or artillery shell struck Raqqa every eight minutes in August – with local monitors reporting a devastating toll on civilians
Despite a significant fall in reported Coalition casualty events in Iraq, the fierce battle for control of Raqqa meant August was the third deadliest month for non-combatants.
Lt Gen Stephen Townsend, former commander of the US-led Coalition, takes issue with Airwars assessments of Raqqa civilian casualties
The Commission also accused the US of violating international humanitarian law when it bombed a mosque in March.
The Coalition’s top commander has repeatedly questioned whether large numbers of civilians are dying, even as international investigations are released.
Coalition munition use – and civilian deaths – each drop by one third at Raqqa, as SDF campaign to capture city slows
Coalition commander plays down high civilian toll in Syria, despite findings of monitors and investigators
Our investigation for the Daily Beast examines why likely civilian deaths in the war against ISIS have doubled under Donald Trump