Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT0178A

Incident date

October 13, 2023

Location

ابو جزر, Abu Jazar family house, Badri Camp west of the city of Rafah, Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 13, 2023, an alleged Israeli airstrike on the Abu Jazar family house located in Badri camp west of the city of Rafah in the Gaza Strip killed at least 13 civilians belonging to Abu Jazar family, including at least three women and at least four and up to six children. According to the Facebook tribute by Olifat Soleiman, a grandfather of the family, a 68-year old Juma Sirhan Khalil Abu Jazar was killed together with his five sons, their wives and his grandchildren.

Quds news Twitter/X post showed the bodies covered with white cloth and at least two injured civilians in a hospital,and explained that this was a “new massacre… 10 Palestinians from the Abu Jazar family died”.  A Twitter/X post by @Paldf also featured a video with the bodies of the people from the Abu Jazar family.

Initially local sources reported about 6-10 killed civilians, but later the social media account of Abu Jazar family provided the names of the 14 identified victims, out of them at least 13 having a civilian status. Among them were the late Juma’s eldest son, a 38-year old Ahmed Abu Jazar together with his wife, a 25-year old Yousra Samir Abu Jazar. The late Juma’s other son, a 30-year old Rabie Juma Abu Jaza was killed with his 23-year old wife Islam Mahmoud Abu Jazar and their children – a 3-year old daughter Sham Rabie Abu Jazar and a 6-year old son Yamen Rabie Abu Jazar. The late Juma’s other son, a 32-year old Mahmoud Jumah Sirnan Abu Jazar lost his life together with his 32-year old wife Nariman Ismail Mahmoud Abu Jazar and apparently their children, an 8-year old daughter Ghalia Mahmoud Jumah Abu Jazar, a 4-year old son Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Jazar as well as Yemeni Mahmoud Abu Jazar and ٍRoya Mahmoud Abu Jazar, about whom there is no additional information.

Among the victims were also an 18-year old Juma Anis Juma Abu Jazar and a 21-year old Ahmed Anis Juma Abu Jazar, apparently also the sons of Juma Sirhan Abu Jazar. They are portrayed as young men in elegant suits in the images attached to Olifat Soleiman’s post.

The late family’s head Juma Sirhan Abu Jazar appears on an image attached to the Olifat Soleiman’s post as an elderly man with a moustache in a grey shirt and an embroidered vest. He used to have a Facebook account with 2,400 friends.

Ahmed Abu Jazar is described in social media tributes as a freed prisoner who was released only a year ago after 19 (or 20, according to some sources) years of detention. Hassan Badawi wrote in his Facebook tribute: “The rise of the beloved brother, friend, and cellmate, Ahmed Abu Jazar”, and shared a photo of Abu Jazar in military uniform with a gun in his hand; meaning he may have been a militant in the past. Mohammed Kareem in his post referred to the late Ahmed as “freed captive cousin”.  Zeko Abu Jazar wrote his testimony to the “freed prisoner” and shared an image of Ahmed where he was apparently giving an interview.

Given the image of Ahmed Abu Jazar wearing military uniform with a weapon, he has been accounted for as a militant in Airwars’ upper belligerent range, though not in the lower range as this could not yet be confirmed by other sources. He has also not been included in the lower casualty range. See our methodology for more details on classification of militants and civilians. The range will be updated should further information come to light.

Rabie Juma Abu Jaza was remembered in a Facebook testimony by Ismael Abu Jazar where he was described as a “decent young man”.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (14)

Ahmed Jumaa Sirnan Abu Jazar احمد جمعة ابوجزر
38 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800473019
Yousra Samir Suleiman Abu Jazar يسرى سمير ابوجزر
25 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 404522401
Rabei Juma Sirnan Abu Jazar ربيع جمعة ابوجزر
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803795210
Islam Mahmoud Ibrahim Abu Jazar اسلام محمود ابوجزر
23 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 432113918
Sham Rabie (Rabea) Jua Abu Jazar شام ربيع ابوجزر
3 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 445065170
Yamen Rabie (Rabea) Juma Abu Jazar يامن ربيع ابوجزر
6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 438482853
Mahmoud Jumah Sirnan Abu Jazar محمود جمعة ابوجزر
32 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803308139
Nariman Ismail Mahmoud Abu Jazar نيرمين ابوجزر
32 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803492123
Ghalia Mahmoud Jumah Abu Jazar غالية محمود ابوجزر
8 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 435141981
Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Jazar عبدالسلام محمود ابوجزر
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440878239
Yemeni Mahmoud Abu Jazar يمني محمود ابوجزر
killed
Roya Mahmoud Abu Jazar رؤيا محمود ابوجزر
killed
Ahmed Anis Jumah Abu Jazar احمد انيس جمعة ابوجزر
21 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408440220
Juma Anis Jumah Abu Jazar جمعة انيس جمعة ابوجزر
18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421314287

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–6 children3 women5 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (28) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds news twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds news twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds news twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Quds news twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu Jazar family facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hassan Badawi facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hassan Badawi facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Kareem facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Noura Madhoon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad Ali ABu Basel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Zeko Abu Jazar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Shadi Khatib Abo Jazar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salim Alakhras facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ismael Abu jazar facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Olifat Soleiman facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad ALi Abubasel facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @PalinfoAr
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–6 children3 women5 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (25) [ collapse]