Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT0227

Incident date

October 15, 2023

Location

جوار مدرسة خولة, Vicinity of Khawla School, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.287241, 34.248176 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between 14 and 17 people were killed, including seven children and three women, and at least four people, including two children, were injured when the Barhoum family home, behind Khawla School, in Al-Shawut camp in the west of Rafah, the Gaza Strip, was reportedly bombed by Israeli military aircraft on Sunday, October 15, 2023.

The crews of the Central Emergency Committee in Rafah Governorate responded to the incident, recovered bodies and rescued injured victims from the rubble of the Barhoum family home. According to @samahpal23, the bodies of three of the victims were taken to Al-Kuwaiti Hospital.

The victims were identified as 43 year old Randa Mahmoud Barhoum Jeha (wife of Mahmoud Muhammad Barhoum Abu Al-Baraa) who was killed alongside her daughter, 11 year old Rawand Mahmoud Barhoum, and Randa’s sister, 42-year-old Amal Mahmoud Jeha (Badawi), an employee of the Palace of Justice in Gaza. Seven of Amal‘s children were killed as well as two of her grandchildren. They were identified as 26-year-old Muhammad Iyad Badawi, his daughter Amal Muhammad Badawi and son, Iyad Badawi. 24-year-old Mahmoud Iyad Badawi, who was married, 22-year-old Ahmed Iyad Badawi, who was also married, 19-year-old Rizq Iyad Badawi, 17-year-old Tariq Iyad Badawi, 16-year-old Amr Iyad Badawi, and 15-year-old Basil Iyad Badawi. Mahmoud Hatem Jeha was killed as well as 33 year old Sabreen Mahmoud Jeha.

Lynn Iyad Rizq Badawi (8 years old, who based on her name is likely a child of Rizq Iyad Badawi) was injured and treated in hospital. Adelzourob73 reported that Lynn and her family had been displaced by the bombing of Gaza City. Images posted by Sara show four different children being treated for their injuries. @omayyajoha mentioned that the wives of Amal’s children were injured, but did not specify how many and whose wives they are – based on the sources we know at least four of her sons were married. A child named Sulaf Abdelaziz Zagreb was injured in the incident as well, according to Adelzourob73.

Multiple sources reported there being 17 people killed but only 14 names have been identified. The civilian casualty range for this incident reflects this discrepancy.

Multiple sources reported that the majority of victims were displaced people from other parts of Gaza, with some specifying that the Jeha family were displaced and another that Amal, Randa, Rawand and Basil had been displaced.

Airwars has matched all of the names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Family members (15)

Randa Mahmoud Barhoum رنده محمود برهوم
43 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 903540227
Rawand Mahmoud Barhoum روند محمود برهوم
11 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 433246451
Amal Mahmoud Barhoum أمل محمود برهوم
42 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 909094526
Mahmoud Iyad Badawi محمود اياد بدوي
24 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 405279233
Ahmed Iyad Badawi أحمد أياد بدوي
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 407919547
Rizk Iyad Badawi رزق أياد بدوي
19 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408462497
Lynn Iyad Rizq Badawi اياد رزق بدوي
8 years old female injured
Tariq Iyad Badawi طارق أياد بدوي
17 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421135773
Amr Iyad Badawi عمر اياد بدوي
16 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 424144756
Basil Iyad Badawi باسل أياد بدوي
15 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 426349221
Muhammad Iyad Badawi محمد أياد بدوي
25 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 404028953
Amal Muhammad Badawi أمل محمد بدوي
2 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 443012463
Iyad Badawi أياد بدوي
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 438444689
Mahmoud Hatem Jeha محمود حاتم جحا
17 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 424438828
Sabreen Mahmoud Jeha صابرين محمود جحا
33 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 802592436

The victims were named as:

Sulaf Abdelaziz Zagreb سلاف عبد العزيز زغرب
Child male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 17
  • (7 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–8
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (35) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @_ISpain_
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @samahpal23
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @samahpal23
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @samahpal23
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Benkanaan2
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Benkanaan2
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Benkanaan2
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Groups
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Groups
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Groups
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maystro
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo yazan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sara
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sara
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sara
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: murafah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alarabiya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu almajed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Isalm
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adelzourob73
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Khawla School (مدرسة خولة) in Rafah (رفح), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.287241, 34.248176. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    14 – 17
  • (7 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–8
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (31) [ collapse]