Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RS2995

Incident date

February 7, 2018

Location

معرة النعمان , Marat Al Numan, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.6477913, 36.6591881 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

At least six and as many as 12 civilians, including one woman, were killed and up to 30 were wounded as Marat Al Numan, Idlib, was subject to heavy aerial bombardment, possibly including the use of cluster bombs, allegedly carried out by either Russia or the Syrian regime, local media reported.

In this widely-reported incident, Marat Al Numan was subject to heavy aerial shelling in the al Sharqi neighbourhood as reported by Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR), and the city was in large parts left completely destroyed and buildings were set on fire. The rescuing team worked hard in the following hours to extinguish the fire and rescue civilians from under the rubble.

Step News Agency reported that a whole family was stuck under the rubble, and generally, reports mentioned “dozens” of wounded, with the highest was reported by Al Latamna Youth Group who said that around 30 were left wounded.

Reports spanned from six fatalities as reported by Step News Agency to 12 as reported by Syrians for Truth and Justice (STJ). Several sources mentioned that one woman was among the fatalities. Nine male victims were identified by name.

An activist on the ground told Baladi News that “a squadron of Russian air force aircraft targeted the western neighbourhood and the southern neighbourhood of the city with more than 14 high-impact missile attacks.” Several sources echoed that around 14 missiles had been launched.

For example, STJ reported that residential neighbourhoods were hit with high-explosive missiles and vacuum missiles, which was confirmed by Mohammed al-Dahir on the ground, director of the Maara Media Center. al-Dahir added that the shelling began around 6.40 pm Wednesday night, February 7th.

Baladi News additionally reported that Marat Al Numan had, besides from aerial shelling, also been struck by cluster bombs launched from, what they said to be Russian warships in the Mediterranean Sea. Multiple sources mentioned the use of cluster bombs, including Step News Agency and Mara Today.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), the headquarters of the Free Syrian Army in Idlib had also been struck by two Ballistic missiles, leading to the death of three of its fighters. Smart News Agency also reported the death of three Free Syrian Army fighters.  However, the media said they were killed as they “were marching their cars in the city where they were bombed”, and instead of that, a four-storey building was struck in the eastern part of the city.

SOHR later amended its reporting, saying that six fighters had been killed.

Finally, the large majority of reports, including SN4HR, Edlib Media Center and Step News Agency, identified Russia as responsible. However, the incident remains contested as SOHR pointed to the Syrian regime and Mara Today and STJ attributed blame to both Russia and the Syrian regime.

 

The incident occured at approximately 6:40 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 12
  • (1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3–6

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • Footage from the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, and the immediate, chaotic aftermath on February 7th, 2018 (via Ma’ara Now)
  • Mohammed Ali bin Omar al-Shawaf , one of the victims of the contested aerial shelling of Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Mara Today)
  • Hassan Abdel Hakim Nahhas, one of the victims of the contested aerial shelling of Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Mara Today)
  • Civil Defence trying to extinguish the fire as contested shelling hit Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Mara Today)
  • Aftermath of the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Syrians for Truth and Justice)
  • Location of the structures hit by the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Syrians for Truth and Justice)
  • Location of the structures hit by the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Syrians for Truth and Justice)
  • Location of the structures hit by the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Syrians for Truth and Justice)
  • Aftermath of the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Syrians for Truth and Justice)
  • Several building were set on fire as they were struck by the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Syrians for Truth and Justice)
  • Large parts of the town were set on fire as they were struck by the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via Syria News)
  • Footage from the immediate aftermath of the contested shelling of Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018, where the rescuing team is trying to extinguish the fire (via AJA News)
  • The aftermath of the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018, that inflicted great damage to the city (via EMC)
  • The aftermath of the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018, that inflicted great damage to the city (via EMC)
  • Remnants from the munition used in the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Remnants from the munition used in the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • The aftermath of the contested shelling in Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018, that inflicted great damage to the city (via EMC)
  • Footage from the immediate aftermath of the contested shelling of Marat Al Numan, Idlib, February 7th, 2018 (via EMC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia has not reported any strikes between February 1st - 28th 2018.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 12
  • (1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–30
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3–6

Sources (20) [ collapse]