Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

YS110

Incident date

July 26, 2021

Location

اعزاز, Azaz, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces shelling on the city of Azaz on July 26, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, “a civilian was injured, by missile shelling coming from areas controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces and the regime forces, north of #Aleppo, targeting civilian homes in the city of #Azaz this evening, Monday, July 26th.”

The majority of other sources also identified one civilian as being injured in the strikes. However, a tweet from @dbOFRYEU7XqMrTc reported that there were “no casualties”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the shelling to the SDF.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • White Helmets help an injured civilian following strikes on Azaz on July 26, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS108

Incident date

July 25, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between six and eight civilians, including four children and two women, were injured in alleged SDF or regime strikes on Afrin on July 25, 2021.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, “Civilians injured and SCD center damaged in SDF shelling of Afrin city in Aleppo suburbs on July 25. Syrian Democratic Forces used a missile launcher to fire six missiles at Afrin city in the northern suburbs of Aleppo governorate on July 25, 2021, injuring seven civilians, with one of the missiles landing on the city’s Civil Defense center, partially damaging the center and three of its vehicles (one ambulance and two service cars).”

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported “several rockets hit residential neighbourhoods in Afrin city which is under the control of Turkish forces and their proxy factions, as the rocket fire targeted Ma’rata roundabout, Raju road and al-Villat street, amid reports of injury of civilians. However, it is not known if Kurdish or regime forces fired these rockets.”

Syrian Civil Defense added that “8 civilians were injured in an initial toll (4 children, two women, and two men, one of whom is in critical condition). The toll provided by @zenhom75 was that “6 civilians were injured in the initial outcome”.

A post by @ammar_sakkar listed the names of those injured in the strikes: Nada Al-Zaher, 29 years old (F), child Muawiyah Akash (M), Child Fadi Tawil (M), Qadriya Sido 65 years old (F), child Khadija Ahmed Al-Taweel (F), Child Tamim Ahmed Al-Taweel (M), Hassan Allawi, 38 years old (M)

Volunteer Muhammad Ali Haj Ahmed talks about the moments of targeting the Syrian Civil Defense Center in the city of #Afrin, north of #Aleppo: “I didn’t expect the bombing to be on us, we immediately ran out to save people, but when they saw the bombing of our center, they ran to us to help us, thank God there were no injuries from the team, people’s eagerness for us could not be described, this thing makes us continue to help them and save them. Despite the great danger that we were exposed to, in the last period we lost colleagues with the bombing of the regime and Russia on our centers and teams during the response, and a while ago we were exposed to the city of Afrin by bombing that targeted us while we were treating the wounded to the hospital. Targeting humanitarian workers is a war crime, but unfortunately the criminals when they saw no punishment increased their crime, our message. Today, we have no goal, and the perpetrators of this crime and other crimes of targeting humanitarian workers and civilians must be held accountable, because leaving them is a green light to commit more crimes.”

SN4HR also pointed out that “the targeted area is a civilian one and free of any military presence or equipment” and Shaam News Network referenced that the strikes “targeted indiscriminately the city of Afrin, targeting residential neighborhoods crowded with civilians, and the Civil Defense Center in the city center, leaving great material damage to the center’s mechanisms.”

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes. SN4HR attributed the strikes to the SDF while SOHR was uncertain whether the Kurdish or regime forces fired the rockets. The Syrian Civil Defense also pointed out that the strikes came “from areas controlled by the regime forces and the Syrian Democratic Forces” and @MMCSYR referred to the strikes as a “joint bombardment by the regime forces and the “SDF” organization”. An image posted by @yahya_kadaa shows the location where the shells were launched from but doesn’t identify who was responsible.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Khadija Ahmed Al-Taweel Child female injured
  • Fadi Tawil Child male injured
  • Tamim Ahmed Al-Taweel Child male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (35) [ collapse]

  • Damage to a building caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Strikes damaged a Civil Defense building in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Damage to an emergency vehicle caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage to a building caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • A Civil Defense member after strikes on their center in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Targeting humanitarian workers and Syrian Civil Defense centers is a war crime whose perpetrator must not escape justice.
  • Damage to an emergency vehicle caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Edlib Media Center)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • Damage caused by strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @MMCSYR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @davut1374)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @davut1374)
  • One of the children injured in strikes on Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @zenhom75)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @zenhom75)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @zenhom75)
  • Strikes in Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @zenhom75)
  • Remnants of the shell used in the strikes on Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @syr_television)
  • Smoke and destruction caused by shelling of Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @syr_television)
  • Smoke and destruction caused by shelling of Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @syr_television)
  • Smoke and destruction caused by shelling of Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @syr_television)
  • Smoke and destruction caused by shelling of Afrin on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @YusufAd76532779)
  • "The site of the launcher from which the missiles that targeted the Civil Defense Center in Afrin were launched." Image posted by @yahya_kadaa)

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS109

Incident date

July 25, 2021

Location

مارع, Mare’, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one woman was injured in alleged SDF shelling of the city of Mare’ on July 25, 2021.

Shahba Press reported that “a woman was also slightly injured as a result of the YPG targeting of Marea city”.

Baladi News correspondent in Aleppo said that “SDF” forces shelled with mortar shells residential houses in the city of “Marea”, which resulted in the injury of a woman. @Ahmad_1alshble also pointed out that the woman that was injured was a displaced person.

SY24 added that “residential neighborhoods in the city of Marea in the Aleppo countryside were subjected to mortar shelling, which led to the injury of a woman, and severe material damage to civilian property. In turn, the Syrian Civil Defense went to the location of the shells and worked to provide first aid to the injured woman and to secure the place.”

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to the Syrian Democratic Forces or were ambiguous about who was responsible.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Smoke from shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Image of the impact of a shell launched at Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @abo_aljod84)
  • Smoke from shelling of Mare' on July 25, 2021. (Image posted by @Ahmad_1alshble)

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4353

Incident date

July 24, 2021

Location

بداما, Bidama, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between two and three civilians, including a woman and up to two children, were injured in alleged Russian or regime artillery strikes on the town of Bidama on July 24, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, “a woman and her child were injured by artillery shelling by the regime and Russia forces targeting residential neighborhoods in the town of Badama”. The majority of other sources also identified a woman and a child as being injured.

A tweet from @abo_aljod84 identified “the injury of two children and a woman” from the strikes while @jisrtv referred to “children and women” but did not identify how many.

Syria TV reported that a woman and her child “sustained moderate injuries” from the shelling.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes. While @EdlibNN attributed the strikes to Russia, @baladinetwork blamed the regime.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • A woman and her child were injured by artillery shelling by the regime and Russia forces in Bidama on July 24, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes on Bidama on July 24, 2021. (Image posted by @EdlibNN)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4352

Incident date

July 22, 2021

Location

ابلين, Iblin, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least seven civilians, including three to four children and a woman, were killed and seven other civilians, including two children and one to two women, were injured in alleged Russian or regime artillery shelling the morning of July 22, 2021.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “the strikes have killed seven civilians including a woman and three children, in the morning, in a new ground bombardment by the regime forces on two neighborhoods in Ibleen village”. They also added that “the number of deaths is expected to rise because some of those wounded sustained serious injuries.”

Syrian Civil Defense also reported that seven civilians were killed, including 4 children and a woman, and “7 others were wounded, including two girls and a woman, all of them from the same family.”

Activist “Abdul Razzaq Al-Madhi” from the village of “Iblin” said in an interview with “Zaman Al-Wasl” that “7 others were wounded, including two girls and two women, as a result of the bombing”.

Step News Agency referred to “children, women and the elderly, from the Harmoush family” as being among the seven civilians killed.

@NagiNajjar tweeted the names of the victims who were killed: Emad Fouad Harmoush (man), Fouad Mustafa Harmoush (man), Khadija Mustafa Al-Fouad (child), Alaa Mustafa Al-Fouad (child), Maryam Mustafa Al-Fouad (child), Fouad Mustafa Harmoush (Child), Fatima Nimr (Mustafa’s wife). A tweet from @77yBFnqQYzUS2Ot identified Fouad Mustafa Harmoush as being the grandfather.

Civil Defense volunteer Hossam Al-Sheikh talked about the moments of saving the two girls, Hanadi and her sister Doaa Mustafa Harmoush, from under the rubble of their house in Iblin, south of Idlib: “At the moment of a call, defense, evacuate the place. It will return to work. The option that follows immediately and without thinking, we must take is evacuation, but when you see the eyes of two children under the rubble, the look of fatigue, pain and fear, and a voice crying “Don’t leave us”, here is over. The decision is no longer thought of, and the only option is that We don’t leave, either we follow before the double targeting or we are a victim with them, at this moment I felt them my daughters, how do we want to leave our daughters and evacuate the place, our fate is their fate if what happened. The situation is very difficult and the options are even more difficult, and thank God, we were able this time to catch up with them before the bombing is repeated and we evacuate the place, but at the same moment we looked at them, I remembered my fellow volunteers whom we lost, and many of them in the same position today lost their lives by the double bombing.”

Rozana News reported that one Syrian woman exclaimed “Oh, they died, all of them,” upon her arrival to check on her family’s home, which was destroyed by artillery shelling. They mention another video clip showing “a child in Ibelin, crying when inspecting the bodies of his father and grandfather, and screaming, “Oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, I want to see my grandfather.. Oh, my grandfather, my grandfather.”

Shaam News Network also reported that the White Helmets “indicated that the bombing was carried out with laser-guided shells (Krasnopol), and pointed out that its field teams rescued the injured and retrieved the bodies from under the rubble of their house.”

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes. While various sources, including Shaam News Network, attribute the bombings to both Russia and the regime, a tweet from @abuhuzaifa_ blamed Russia in contrast to Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, who identified the regime as being responsible.

Just after the massacre, a convoy of Turkish military vehicles passed near the site, a video posted by @syriapostnew1 shows.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (7)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (3–4 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (24) [ collapse]

  • Victims trapped under the rubble following strikes on the town of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the victims is trapped in the rubble as Civil Defense crews try to rescue them following the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Rescue crews search for victims trapped under the rubble following strikes on the town of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    There is no sound above the cries of pain and separation, in a place where hardly a day goes by without blood. In Jabal Al-Zawiya...Eid is different
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Words can no longer describe the scene... They all died. Here is Jabal Al-Zawiya, Ibelin, Idlib countryside
  • Rescue crews search for victims trapped under the rubble following strikes on the town of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Victims of the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Destruction caused by the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @Blal_Haj_Ahmad)
  • Mourning the victims of the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @hamzasyriafree)
  • Destruction caused by the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @hamzasyriafree)
  • Victims of the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @hamzasyriafree)
  • Victims of the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @hamzasyriafree)
  • Smoke caused by the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @Reemjihad1)
  • Victims of the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @Reemjihad1)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of one of the victims of the the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @ibrahim78197182)
  • Destruction caused by the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @HalabTodayTV)
  • Destruction caused by the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @HalabTodayTV)
  • Personal items belonging to the family whose home was destroyed in the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by @HalabTodayTV)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • One of the victims of the bombing of Iblin on July 22, 2021. (Image posted by Wael Harmoush via Facebook)

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7
  • (3–4 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS470

Incident date

July 20, 2021

Location

Nubl, نبل, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a woman, was killed and one to three other civilians, including children, were injured in alleged Turkish artillery strikes on the town of Nubl on July 20, 2021.

NPA Syria reported “A woman lost her life and a child was injured, on Tuesday, in the bombing of the Turkish-backed factions on the Shiite towns of Nubl and Zahraa, north of Aleppo, in northern Syria. Local sources in the two towns said that Amina Abbas El-Fil, 35, lost her life, and a six-year-old girl was injured. She added that the bombing came from the positions of the Turkish forces and their loyal factions in the Brad area of ​​Afrin countryside.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also identified “the death of a female citizen succumbed to her injuries as a result of rocket shelling by the factions targeting the town of Nubl” and that the shells caused “casualties among civilians, in addition to causing material damage to the properties of the people”.

A tweet from put the number of injured at “3 civilians” and identified “3 missiles” striking Nubl.

Hawar News added that the shelling occurred at 18:00 and involved ” tens of shells and missiles fired by the Turkish occupation forces and its mercenaries stationed in the occupied city of Afrin”. They also originally reported “deaths and injuries among civilians in the two towns, without knowing the number” and then later identified the killing of a woman, 30 years old, ” in addition to the injury of a child and a girl seriously injured, they were taken to Aleppo city hospitals for treatment.”

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The incident occured at 6:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish shelling on the village of Nubl on July 20, 2021. (Image posted by Hawar News)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4351

Incident date

July 20, 2021

Location

بزابور, Bzabour, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was injured in alleged Russian or regime artillery shelling of the village of Bzabour on July 20, 2021.

A tweet from @allaith12345 reported “the village of Bazabour in Jabal Al-Zawiya was targeted by five shells so far, and a house was destroyed and injured a person.” A post from Syrian Civil Defense referred to a civilian as being “slightly wounded”.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the regime. However, @Step_Agency identified that the shelling coincided with “Russian reconnaissance aircraft over the area” and @SRoudinah2 identified the shells used as “Russian shells”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4350

Incident date

July 20, 2021

Location

الطريق الواصل بين بداما و الزعينية, the linking road between Bdama and Al-Za'iniyah, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a humanitarian medical worker, was killed and between eight and 19 other civilians, including five children, were injured in a guided missile strike on a car on the road between the towns of Bdama Al-Za’iniyah on July 20, 2021.

@RaedAlSaleh3 tweeted “today, we lost our friend “Iyad Al-Lari,” one of the humanitarian workers in the medical field in northern Syria. Iyad passed away on the first day of Eid al-Adha, by targeting the car he was traveling with with a guided missile on the road between the towns of Bdama Al-Za’iniyah”.

@Hasan_Jneed added that Iyad was from the city of Jisr Al-Shughour and @Mohmmad44alsham referred to him as also being a professor. A tweet from @baznewz included the detail that he was a “fourth-year mechanical engineering student from Idlib University.”

Hala Today TV provided information that Iyad ” is a revolutionary activist from the University of Aleppo, and participated in the first demonstrations of the peaceful popular movement in the city of Aleppo, and the regime arrested him in the “Bab Al-Hadid” demonstration in the city of Aleppo on April 21, 2011, before he was released under popular pressure and sit-ins.”

Baladi News also quoted media activist Muhammad Khudair as saying “after [Iyad’s] release from prison he returned to his village liberated from the Assad militia to begin his revolutionary activity there. He was wounded by a tank shell. He was transferred to Turkey for treatment. He returned a month later and then went to humanitarian work, He was elected more than once as a representative of the western sector and a representative of the region in the provincial council for two consecutive years.”

The Assistance Coordination Unit of Syria identified Iyad as one of their colleagues and released a statement mourning his death.

In addition to the death of Iyad, 19 others, including five children, were injured in the strikes, Enab Baladi News reported. Al Jazeera put the injury toll at “eight other civilians, including 4 children”.

According to @ala_hacioglu, the vehicle was struck “in front of a restaurant in the town of Bdama”. @tommycats4 referred to the location as “a gathering of the people in front of a shop distributing sacrificial meat in the town of Badama”.

The majority of sources identified the regime as being responsible for the strikes, including a tweet from @Gurbtwatan attributed the missile strike to “regime forces stationed in Jabal Al-Akrad”. However, a few sources, including the Syrian Civil Defense, blamed both Russia and the regime for the strikes. Various sources refer to the strike as being carried out by a “Kornet missile”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–19
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • A civilian car was struck with a guided missile while driving on the road to the town of Badama-Al-Za’iniya on July 20, 2021. (Image posted by @hadikhraat)
  • A civilian car was struck with a guided missile while driving on the road to the town of Badama-Al-Za’iniya on July 20, 2021. (Image posted by @hadikhraat)
  • Image of Iyad Al-Lari, a humanitarian worker in the medical field who was killed in his car while traveling on the road between the towns of Bdama Al-Za’iniyah. (Image posted by @RaedAlSaleh3)
  • Syrian Civil Defense arrives at a hospital with victims of the bombing of a car that was struck with a guided missile while driving on the road to the town of Badama-Al-Za’iniya on July 20, 2021. (Image posted by @RaedAlSaleh3)
  • A civilian car was struck with a guided missile while driving on the road to the town of Badama-Al-Za’iniya on July 20, 2021. (Image posted by @RaedAlSaleh3)
  • Image of Iyad Al-Lari, a humanitarian worker in the medical field who was killed in his car while traveling on the road between the towns of Bdama Al-Za’iniyah. (Image posted by @Hasan_Jneed)
  • Image of Iyad Al-Lari, a humanitarian worker in the medical field who was killed in his car while traveling on the road between the towns of Bdama Al-Za’iniyah. (Image posted by @Mohmmad44alsham)
  • Image of Iyad Al-Lari, a humanitarian worker in the medical field who was killed in his car while traveling on the road between the towns of Bdama Al-Za’iniyah. (Image posted by @YusufAd76532779)
  • Civil Defense workers sort through rubble following strikes near a car while traveling on the road between the towns of Bdama Al-Za’iniyah. (Image posted by Bissan Radio)
  • Image of Iyad Al-Lari, a humanitarian worker in the medical field who was killed in his car while traveling on the road between the towns of Bdama Al-Za’iniyah. (Image posted by Assistance Coordination Unit)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Syrian Civil Defense help victims of the bombing of a car that was struck with a guided missile while driving on the road to the town of Badama-Al-Za’iniya on July 20, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–19
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (39) [ collapse]