Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

TI086

Incident date

July 20, 2022

Location

برخ, Parkh, Dohuk, Iraq

Geolocation

37.274460, 42.782079 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between eight and 10 civilians, including three children, were killed and up to 45 others, including four women and two children, were injured in alleged Turkish bombing of the village of Parkh on July 20, 2022.

According to BasNews, five tourists were killed and 15 others were injured by Turkish shelling of a summer resort outside Zakho, adding that the death toll was expected to rise as several of the injured victims were in critical condition. BasNews later updated their numbers to eight tourists killed and 23 others injured, and that the injured included women and children, some of them in critical condition.

A Facebook post from ShakwMakw reported that “Abbas Al-Awadi” from Baghdad was one of the victims killed in the bombing. He got married 5 days before and was on his honeymoon in Zakho. Additionally, Al-Awadi “graduated last year from the university and was recently accepted to study a master’s degree in engineering”.

Al Rabiaa TV posted on Facebook that Ali Sabah al-Jubouri from Tuwairej district was among the civilians killed. Sulaymaniyah Eye added the name of Abbas Muhammad Jawad Abdullah, a student of the Department of Biomedical Engineering at the University of Warith Al-Anbiya, who died from his wounds. Baghdad 1 identified  Taha Abdel-Zahra from Orfali as one of the people killed – Taha was married two years ago and father of two children, graduated this year.

Rudaw News provided a list of nine names of civilians killed: Saji Mahmoud Jassim 24 years old – Baghdad, Ali Sabah Ismaiel 43 years old – Baghdad, Abbas Alaa Abdel Hussein 30 years old – Baghdad, Zahraa Kheiri Muhammad 1 year old – Baghdad, Sarah Qais Ali 12 years old – Baghdad, Zahra Qais Ali 16 years old – Baghdad, Taha Abdul Rahman Niema 25 years old – Baghdad, Hassan Abdul Ameer 55 years old – Kerbla, Abbas Mohammed Jawad – Kerbla.

Tahseen Ali, 30, from Babil Province, who said he was standing about 20 meters from one of the strikes, which wounded his brother and sister, told the New York Times “It was chaos ­— tourists’ hands and legs were detached from their bodies.” Tahseen’s sister Ban al-Humnrani, 42, who is a U.S. citizen and was visiting from Sacramento, California, said that “We are used to hearing sounds of war, but I have never seen a horrific scene like this.” Ms. al-Humnrani  suffered a leg wound.

Mustafa Alaa, 24, who was at the resort with a friend when the attack occurred, told Reuters “We go towards the mountainside, there are strikes. We go towards the waterfall, there are strikes. We go towards this side, there are strikes. We pulled up the fence that was around the waterfall. We looked from inside, I saw children lying on the ground. … It’s a scene that I’ve never seen in my life.”

Worood Abbas, a 40 year old from Karbala governorate, who was on holiday in Zakho with her family, reported that her husband, Sabah, had been killed in this attack. She told the Middle East Eye, “I lost my husband, he was everything for me… we came for pleasure but it turned into a funeral.” She also said, “Can words send back my killed husband? Can speech heal my son’s injury? Of course not.”  Her ten year old son and 13 year old daughter were wounded in the attack. 

The Washington Post reported that in an interview broadcast by the Kurdish television network Rudaw, an eyewitness visiting from the capital, Baghdad, said tendrils of smoke had been visible farther up the mountain from the window of his tourist bus as he arrived in Barakh. “We asked our tour guide, but they said it was normal,” he said. About 15 minutes later, four or five strikes landed amid the gathered families, he said. A young boy’s hand was severed. An old man lost two daughters.

Dilsher Abdulsattar, head of the local administration of Darkar, confirmed the casualties to BasNews and said the shelling had targeted a touristic site in Parkh village, with unconfirmed reports saying that the victims were Arab tourists from central and southern provinces of Iraq. Rudaw News specified that the tourists were part of a 200-person tourism group from Baghdad.

Hawar News reported that 10 people were killed and 20 people were injured in the bombing. A Facebook post by “Erbil my city” also put the number of civilians killed at 10 and added that 45 others were injured. The New York Times reported that the dead and wounded were evacuated to Bedar General Hospital in the city of Zakho.

Kurdistan24 identified the location of the Parkh resort site as close to Sharanish waterfall in the Zakho Independent Administration’s northeast. The Washington Post described the scene before the strikes as “families had been gathered by a pool, taking a dip or resting in the dappled shade.”

Zakho mayor Muhsin Bashir claimed that “members of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) were roaming the village, which led Turkey to bombard it.”

Vian Dakhil, the official speaker for the Kurdistan Democratic Party bloc in the Iraqi parliament issued a statement that “9 civilians were killed and 33 others were injured” and blamed the Turkish government for the bombing and the federal government for “failing to preserve the lives of its citizens and the sovereignty of its lands”.

Rudaw reported that following the incident, the Iraqi PM Mustafa al-Kadhimi sent a a security delegation and Foreign Minister Fuad Hussein to Duhok to investigate what happened. The Speaker of Parliament Mohammed al-Halbousi called on the Iraqi government to the take necessary measures to investigate the Duhok bombardment. The Iraqi prime minister media office also released a statement that “the Turkish Forces committed an explicit and blatant violation of the sovereignty of Iraq, and the lives and security of Iraqi citizens by targeting a tourist resort in the Governorate of Dohuk in the Kurdistan region of Iraq”, adding that the attack “led to the deaths and injuries of civilians, most of whom are women and children”.

Turkey’s foreign ministry released a statement that Turkey was saddened to hear about the casualties from the attack and “Turkey is ready to take every step for the truth to come out. We call on the Iraqi government to not make remarks influenced by the heinous terrorist organisation’s rhetoric and propaganda, and to engage in cooperation to uncover the perpetrators of this cruel act,” indicating that the PKK was responsible, whilst denying their responsibility.

The Kurdistan Parliament released a statement which condemned “in the strongest terms the Turkish military’s shelling and calls on the Iraqi Federal Government to act in accordance with international law and norms and fulfill its legal and constitutional obligation to protect the territorial and airspace sovereignty of the Kurdistan region.”

The US released a statement condemning the attack, “the killing of civilians is unacceptable, and all states must respect their obligations under international law, including the protection of civilians,” State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in a statement.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

  • Sarah Qais Ali 12 years old killed
  • Zahra Qais Ali 16 years old killed

Family members (4)

  • Sabah Abbas male killed
  • Worood Abbas female injured
  • Daughter of Worood and Sabah 13 years old female injured
  • Son of Worood and Sabah 10 years old male injured
  • Abbas Al-Awadi Adult male killed
  • Ali Sabah al-Jubouri 43 years old male killed
  • Abbas Muhammad Jawad Abdullah Adult male killed
  • Taha Abdel-Zahra Adult male killed
  • Saji Mahmoud Jassim 24 years old killed
  • Abbas Alaa Abdel Hussein 30 years old killed
  • Zahraa Kheiri Muhammad 1 years old killed
  • Hassan Abdul Ameer 55 years old killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (3 children4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–45
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (54) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (40) [ collapse]

  • The moment alleged Turkish artillery shelling hits a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by BasNews)
  • Tourists run away from the site of alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The moment the dead body of Zahra Hamza is handed to the police by her mother. Zahra was the one-year-old child who passed away due to the artillery shelling on the Parkhe tourist resort in Zakho
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    "Kadhimi where are you, where is your country," a victim of the artillery shelling in Zakho shouts in despair
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The moment Turkish artillery bombed a tourist resort in Zakho
  • A number of Arab tourists have been wounded by the bombardment, including women and children, eyewitnesses told Kurdistan 24. "There are many causalities," one is heard saying in the footage shared with Kurdistan 24. 📹Submitted to K24
  • Image of one of the women injured in the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)
  • One of the civilians injured in the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by Rudaw News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of one of the children injured in the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by Kurdistan Revolution)
  • Tourists run away from the site of alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by Erbil my city via Facebook)
  • Victims of the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by Erbil my city via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of one of the children injured in the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by Almaalomah)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of one of the children injured in the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by Almaalomah)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Very graphic image of one of the men injured in the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by Almaalomah)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    GRAPHIC FOOTAGE The moment of the impacts of the bombardment in Duhok Governorate northern Iraq.
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    The woman says: i think my husband is dead.
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    Turkish airstrikes targeted a resort in Duhok Governorate northern Iraq resulted multiple casualties of Iraqi tourists.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Kadhimi where are you, where is your country," a victim of the artillery shelling in Zakho shouts in despair
  • An Iraqi security delegation visited with the victims of the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by INA)
  • An Iraqi security delegation visited with the victims of the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by INA)
  • An Iraqi security delegation visited with the victims of the alleged Turkish artillery shelling that hit a touristic site in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province on July 17, 2022. (Image posted by INA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Medics transporting the body of a victim on Wednesday after Turkish airstrikes in the city of Zakho in northern Iraq’s autonomous Kurdish region. Credit... Ismael Adnan/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
  • Shoes of victims are seen at the scene of a Turkish attack, according to Iraqi officials, on a mountain resort in Iraq's northern province of Dohuk, Iraq, July 20, 2022. REUTERS/Ari Jalal
  • Security forces inspect the site of a Turkish attack on a mountain resort, according to Iraqi officials, in Iraq's northern province of Dohuk, Iraq, July 20, 2022. REUTERS/Ari Jalal
  • A man pushes a wheelchair carrying a woman wounded by a Turkish attack, next to a hospital in Zakho, Iraq, July 20, 2022. REUTERS/Ari Jalal
  • Abdul Ameer al-Shammari, deputy commander of Iraq's military Joint Operation Command and Iraqi Foreign Minister Fuad Hussein inspect the site of a Turkish attack on a mountain resort in Iraq's northern province of Dohuk, Iraq, July 20, 2022. REUTERS/Ari Jalal
  • A view of the site of a Turkish attack on a mountain resort in Iraq's northern province of Dohuk, Iraq, July 20, 2022. REUTERS/Ari Jalal
  • Iraqi Foreign Minister Fuad Hussein addresses the press after visiting those wounded by Turkish shelling at a hospital in the city of Zakho in the north of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region late on July 20, 2022. - Nine civilians including children were killed in a park in Iraqi Kurdistan region on July 20 by artillery fire that Baghdad blamed on neighbouring Turkey, a country engaged in a cross-border offensive. (Photo by Ismael ADNAN / AFP) (Photo by ISMAEL ADNAN/AFP via Getty Images)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured man lies on a hospital bed following Turkish shelling in the city of Zakho in the north of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region on July 20, 2022. (Photo by Ismael ADNAN / AFP) (Photo by ISMAEL ADNAN/AFP via Getty Images)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured boy receives treatment at a hospital following Turkish shelling in the city of Zakho in the north of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region on July 20, 2022. - Nine civilians including children were killed in a park in Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region by artillery fire that Baghdad blamed on neighbouring Turkey, a country engaged in a cross-border offensive. (Photo by Ismael ADNAN / AFP) (Photo by ISMAEL ADNAN/AFP via Getty Images)
  • Saman Barzanji (C), Health Minister of Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan Region, visits the victims injured by Turkish shelling at a hospital in the city of Zakho in the north of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region on July 20, 2022. - Nine civilians including children were killed in a park in Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region by artillery fire that Baghdad blamed on neighbouring Turkey, a country engaged in a cross-border offensive. (Photo by Ismael ADNAN / AFP) (Photo by ISMAEL ADNAN/AFP via Getty Images)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A man stands outside a hospital with a blood-stained shirt after a Turkish attack, in Zakho, Iraq, July 20, 2022. REUTERS/Ari Jalal.
  • Security forces gather outside a hospital after a Turkish attack, in Zakho, Iraq, July 20, 2022. REUTERS/Ari Jalal
  • Prime Minister of Iraq, Mustafa Al-Kadhimi statement on attack on tourist resort in Iraq (Image via @MAKadhimi / Twitter)
  • A nurse gives fluid therapy to Aseel Fadhel after leaving the operation room inside Zakho General Hospital (MEE/Azhar Al-Rubaie)
  • Abu Mustafa outside Aseel Fadhal's room in Zakho General Hospital (MEE/Azhar Al-Rubaie)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a holiday resort within the village of Parakh (برخي). According to research conducted by @obretix, the exact location of this strike is: 37.274460, 42.782079. Cross referencing evidence from audio-visual material from sources, we can confirm this location.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    8 – 10
  • (3 children4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–45
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (54) [ collapse]