Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

YS093

Incident date

March 19, 2020

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two children were injured in an alleged YPG artillery strike on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 19th, 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Civil Defence in Aleppo reported that the 1-year-old Abdel Halim Hassan and 15-year-old Safa Abu Fras were injured in a missile attack that targeted a residential neighbourhood of Afrin. SCD teams treated the wounded.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “Kurdish forces bombed the city of Afrin with rocket-propelled grenades, causing several casualties.”

Bawaba Aleppo blamed the Qasd militia for the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS092

Incident date

March 18, 2020

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians, including two children, were killed and up to 17 were injured in alleged YPG artillery strikes on a market in Afrin, north of Aleppo, on March 18th, 2020, according to local sources.

Ibrahim Abu Al-Laith from the media office of the Syrian Civil Defence told Bawaba Aleppo that “five shells landed in a local market in the centre of Afrin, killing five civilians and wounding seven others, in varying conditions, which were transferred to Turkish hospitals.” SCD later published the names of the killed victims on Facebook, including the names of two children, and the names of those wounded.

Step News Agency reported that the Qasd militia targeted Villat Street with grad missiles, killing five civilians and wounding 17. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported 12 injured, including women and children, and material damage in the targeted areas. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that the shelling partially destroyed shops and damaged the market’s facilities.

Step added that “the Syrian Civil Defense teams rushed to the area to help the wounded and the injured and transport them to the field hospitals, while the opposition forces closed the street in the city centre until the injured were transported.”

Bawaba Aleppo blamed the Syrian Democratic Forces for the attack, others more specifically the Al Qasd militia. Edlib Media Center reported that Turkish forces “retaliated with firing several shells at the locations of the Qasd militia in Shwaragha and Meng in the northern countryside of Aleppo”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–17
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • Damage at the market after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Bawaba Aleppo).
  • Damaged market stalls after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Bawaba Aleppo).
  • Damaged market stalls after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Bawaba Aleppo).
  • Aftermath of alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Bawaba Aleppo).
  • Some after after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Bawaba Aleppo).
  • Site of impact after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Bawaba Aleppo).
  • Site of impact after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Bawaba Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering the bodies of killed victims and helping wounded civilians after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Firemen distinguishing fire after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Aftermath of alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers and civilians helping the wounded after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • SCD
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers carrying an injured boy into an ambulance after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Aftermath of alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Step News Agency).
  • Destruction after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Step News Agency).
  • Destroyed vehicle after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Step News Agency).
  • Civilians carrying victims out of a hit market stall after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Afrin city, Aleppo governorate, on March 18th, 2020 (via Step News Agency).

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–17
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS091

Incident date

March 6, 2020

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to two civilians were reported injured in alleged YPG shelling on Afrin city in Aleppo, Syria on March 6th, 2020 according to local sources.

@Step_Agency said that “Two civilians were wounded due to the artillery shelling that targeted the city of Afrin, north of Aleppo, from the militia points of Qasd surrounding the area.”

No further information is available at the moment.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged YPG shelling on Afrin in Aleppo on March 6th, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers on duty after alleged YPG shelling on Afrin in Aleppo, Syria on March 6th, 2020. (via Bawabat Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers on duty after alleged YPG shelling on Afrin in Aleppo, Syria on March 6th, 2020. (via Bawabat Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers rescuing civilians after alleged YPG shelling on Afrin in Aleppo, Syria on March 6th, 2020. (via Bawabat Aleppo).

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS090

Incident date

March 2, 2020

Location

جبرين, Jibreen, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Shaam Network reported that “violent clashes took place between the Syrian National Army and members of the Syrian Democratic Forces ‘Qasd’ on the axis of Jibreen – Azaz in the northern countryside, after the latter’s infiltration attempt in the area, and SDF then bombed the town of Jibreen with artillery shells, which led to the fall of two civilian martyrs and wounding others.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS089

Incident date

February 11, 2020

Location

برج حيدر, Burj Haidar, Afrin, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four civilians, including a child, were reportedly injured in alleged YPG artillery strikes on the village of Burj Haidar, Afrin governorate, on February 11th, 2020, according to SMART News.

SMART reported that, according to the Syrian Civil Defence, “a child and three civilians were wounded in the village of Burj Haidar, located in the Afrin region, north of Aleppo, as a result of being targeted with mortars from the areas of control of the nearby Kurdish People’s Protection Units.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS088

Incident date

February 5, 2020

Location

اعزاز, Azaz, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to four civilians were allegedly injured by YPG shelling on Azaz.

Shahba Press said: “Three children were injured and widespread destruction due to shelling of the PYD militia on the city of Azaz in the northern countryside of Aleppo.”

Syria Civil Defense posted: “A woman and 3 children were injured as a result of an artillery attack in the midnight city of Azaz.”

Bawaba Aleppo also said that children were injured and that Azaz was targeted with rocket launchers.

The incident occured around midnight.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Damage after alleged YPG on Azaz on Feburary 5th, 2020 (via Bawaba Aleppo)
  • Damaged house after alleged YPG on Azaz on Feburary 5th, 2020 (via Bawaba Aleppo)
  • Damaged house after alleged YPG shelling on Azaz on February 5th, 2020 (via Syria Civil Defense)

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS086

Incident date

February 4, 2020

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and thirteen others, among which five children, were reportedly injured in alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’ah school in Afrin city on February 4th, 2020, according to local sources.

Shabha Press reported that “wounded and material damages were caused by the PYD militia targeting Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, north of Aleppo, with rocket launchers”. Shaam News Network reported that two civilians were killed. While most sources reported that eight civilians were injured, the Syrian Civil Defence in Aleppo published the names of one killed victim and thirteen injured victims, among which at least five children.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed the SDF for shelling “Al Ittehad al Arabi School – while an educational course took place inside the school – in the middle of Afrin city in the northern suburbs of Aleppo governorate, injuring eight students, partially destroying its building and damaging its furniture, on February 4”.

It should be noted that sources posted photos of a classroom stating it was Al Shari’ah school, whereas SN4HR posted a photo of the same classroom, stating that it was Al Ittehad school. It is possible that Al Shari’ah and Al Ittehad are different names for the same school.

While sources blamed YPG-related militias, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “the Turkish forces stationed in the northern countryside of Aleppo fired several rockets targeting Al Ittihad School, Al Sharia School and some residential neighbourhoods in the Turkish-controlled city of Afrin, north-west of Aleppo”. Hence, Airwars has rated this incident as contested.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG forces, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Damage after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Presumably students in the aftermath of alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Damaged classroom after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via @ShahbaPress).
  • Damaged classroom after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Injured boy in an ambulance after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Injured boy and man in an ambulance after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Injured man in an ambulance after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Injured boy in an ambulance after alleged YPG artillery strikes on Al Shari’a school in the city of Afrin, Aleppo governorate, on February 4th, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential neighborhoods in the Turkish-controlled city of Afrin, north west of Aleppo on February 4th 2020 (via SCD).

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG forces, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS087

Incident date

February 4, 2020

Location

المحسنلي, Al Mihsinli, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Several civilians were allegedly injured by YPG shelling on Al Mihsinli near Jarabulus.

ShahbaPress wrote: “Civilians, including a child, were wounded by mortar bombardment of the YPG on the village of Al Mihsinli, near the city of Jarablus, east of Aleppo.”

There is currently no further information available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]