US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3831

Incident date

August 20, 2019

Location

بنين, Binin, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to two civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Binin, Idlib, on August 20th.

@ShahbaPress tweeted that “two civilians [were] martyred and wounded due to an airstrike by Russian occupation aircraft on the village of Binin south of Idlib.”

All other sources referred to “wounded civilians”, which, according to Edlib Media Center, included children.

Macro Media Center and @Idlib Plus documented the retrieval of four civilians, who had been caught in the rubble, by Syria Civil Defense.

All sources attributed the attack to Russian forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (18) [ collapse]

  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via Macro Media Center)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via @IdlibPlus)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via @IdlibPlus)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via @IdlibPlus)
  • Image caption translation: "Syrian Civil Defense managed to extract four civilians who were trapped under the rubble as a result of the Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of the town of Binin in the southern countryside of Idlib.' (via @IdlibPlus)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3833

Incident date

August 20, 2019

Location

Madani, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Syria.liveuamap reported that “two men and a child were killed in Haysh and Madani village near Kafranbel due to Russian raids.”

It is unclear at this point where the casualties occurred.

Airwars has set a possible fatality range of one to three for this event – and is conducting ongoing research.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (0–1 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (0–1 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3832

Incident date

August 20, 2019

Location

حيش, Heesh , Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Syria.liveuamap reported that “two men and a child were killed in Haysh and Madani village near Kafranbel due to Russian raids.”

It is unclear at this point where the casualties occurred.

Airwars has set a possible fatality range of one to three for this event – and is conducting ongoing research.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (0–1 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (0–1 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3827

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Outskirts of Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A Turkish military convoy crewed by civilian personnel came under air attack from regime forces (or possibly Russian) – leading to the reported deaths of up to three civilians and the injuring of a further 12. The convoy appeared to be attempting to deliver heavy armour including tanks and armoured personnel carriers to the rebel held town of Ma`arat Al Nu`man.

Shabab al Latimina and the Syrian Network for Human Rights named two civilian victims from the city as Hayel Nizar Al-Sejnawi (killed) and the injury of Hayel Naji Al-Sejnawi. Other sources reported only that local faction fighters were killed and injured.

Reports of civilian deaths came from the Turkish military – in a statement first issued and then withdrawn. As Halab Today News noted, “The Turkish Ministry of Defense in a statement condemned the targeting of a military convoy belonging to it on Monday, by the regime forces, while heading to the ninth control point in the area of ​​”escalation reduction” south of Idlib. The Turkish Defense Ministry said that the regime forces targeted the Turkish military convoy heading to the observation point at 8:55[am], pointing out that it informed the Russian side of the destination of the convoy.

In a statement, the ministry pointed out that three civilians were killed and 12 others were injured in the shelling, stressing that the shelling violates the agreements concluded on the “safe area” in Idlib with Russia, noting that the regime forces continue to target civilians increases the human suffering in the region. She stressed that it strongly condemns the attack despite the agreements concluded and cooperation and coordination with Russia, calling on the latter to take all measures to ensure that the attack does not repeat, while Ankara reserves the right to respond.”

Halab Today also noted a report from Aleppo Today which said that the regime had targeted cars from the so-called National Liberation Front which were accompanying the Turkish convoy, which had resulted in the killing of a member of the National Front and the wounding of others. Step News made similar claims. Smart News said the dead fighter belonged to the Faelq Al Sham faction, with three others injured.

Ariha Now published what it said were images both of the convoy, and of the attack. Smart News also published a series of photographs said to depict the attack.

In its original statement the Turkish military blamed the Assad regime for the strike, though said it also held Russia partly responsible. The Syrian Observatory blamed both Russia and the regime for the attack, noting that “Warplanes of the Syrian regime and the Russian “guarantor” carried out airstrikes on the vicinity of the Turkish column, which is stopped on Damascus – Aleppo international highway near Maarrat al-Nu’man city south of Idlib, where the airstrikes killed a fighter of a Turkey-loyal corps which escorts the column and injured several other members.”

The Syrian Observatory was alone in blaming Russia for the attack. All other sources pointed to the regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Hayel Nizar Al-Sejnawi male killed
  • Hayel Naji Al-Sejnawi male injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • According to Ariha Now, this undated image shows the Turkish convoy prior to the August 19th attack.
  • According to Ariha Now, this image depicts an airstrike on a Turkish convoy which killed three civilian drivers.
  • Original statement by Turkish MoD on a fatal airstrike on one of its convoys on August 19th 2019.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3826

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

الدير الشرقي, Deir Al Sharqi, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was reported killed during Russian bombing of Deir al Sharqi in Idlib.

According to Baladi News, “A civilian was killed at dawn on Monday when Russian warplanes bombed town of Deir Al Sharqi in the southern countryside of Idlib. The correspondent of Baladi News said that the cities, towns and villages of the southern countryside of Idlib were exposed at dawn on Monday to heavy shelling of Russian warplanes and helicopters of the regime.”

Shaam News reported that “a civilian was also martyred by night shelling on the village of Deir Al-Sharqi.” It indicated that either Russian or regime assets may have been responsible.

The incident occured between 12:00 am and 6:00 am local time.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3830

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafar Nabil, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to two civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Kafar Nabil, Idlib, on August 19th.

Local Coordination Committee for Syria documented “a martyr and a number of wounded [..] due to the shelling of Russian warplanes on the city of Kafar Nabil in the southern countryside of Idlib.”

Macro Media Center also reported, “a martyr and a number of wounded as a result of the bombing of Russian warplanes with vacuum missiles.”

Meanwhile, Step News cited the “death of two in Kafar Nabil.”

Sources predominantly attributed the attack to Russian forces, however, two sources named both Russian forces and the Syrian regime in reports of the incident.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3829

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

حيش, Heesh , Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Two to three civilians, including a child, were reported killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Heesh, Idlib, on August 19th.

Smart News cited “two civilians killed by Russian warplanes in Heesh town, south of Idlib”, while The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights documented “the death of 3 citizens in the Russian airstrikes on Heesh.”

Syrian Network for Human Rights stated that “at least three civilians, including a child, were killed as warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on Heesh village, on August 19th”.

Syria.liveuamap also reported “several wounded”.

Sources predominately attributed the attack to Russian forces, yet two sources named both the Syrian regime and Russian forces in reports of this incident, among others.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Image caption: " at least three civilians, including a child, were killed as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on Heesh village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on August 19th" (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3828

Incident date

August 19, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

One to two civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on Ma`arat Al Nu`man, Idlib, on August 19th.

Smart News documented “two civilians killed by regime warplanes on the outskirts of Ma’aret al-Nu’man city, south of Idlib”, while @abuhuzaifa_ tweeted, “civilians wounded due to warplanes shelling residential neighborhoods of Ma’aret al-Nu’man city with vacuum missiles.”

Meanwhile @IdlibPlus and other sources cited “a civilian martyr and a number of injuries” as a result of Russian warplanes targeting the outskirts of Ma’rat Al-Nu`man.

Sources variously attributed the attack to Russian forces and/or the Syrian regime.

No other information is known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]