US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

R3489

Incident date

May 19, 2019

Location

Hayan, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Smart News reported that one child was injured in Hayan, Aleppo, in the explosion of a remnant of a cluster bomb. The source stated that the remnant was the product of a previous “aerial bombardment by Russian warplanes”.

A local source quoted by Smart News stated that the cluster bomb remnant exploded while the child was sheep herding, and was hospitalised with serious injuries.

Smart News reported that in spite of collaborative efforts to raise awareness, the explosion of cluster bomb remnants and landmines have “killed dozens of civilians, including children, in central and northern Syria”.

The source didn’t say when the munition was dropped.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3490

Incident date

May 19–20, 2019

Location

كفرنبل , Kafar Nabil, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

According to numerous sources, a series of consecutive overnight strikes devastated a neighbourhood of Kafar Nabil from May 19th to 20th, killing four to 10 civilians, while injuring two to 20. While the majority of sources held Russia accountable for the bombardment, a minority did not positively attribute blame.

Women and children were named by many sources as the highest proportion of those killed and injured, with multiple sources reporting the death of six children.

Young brothers Suleiman and Ibrahim al Ismail were reportedly killed alongside their pregnant mother, according to numerous sources.

While Edlib Media Center initially alleged four fatalities, the same source later stated that the figure had risen to 10, as understanding of the event unfolded. Multiple other sources claimed that there were at least 10 fatalities as a result of the bombardment.

Substantial damage to civilian infrastructure is documented by many sources, with Step News claiming that the strikes deliberately “targeted infrastructure and hospitals”, and Jisr TV stating that 15 homes were destroyed. Many sources reported that Mariam Maternity Hospital in southern Idlib was out of service as a result of the raid, while Step News alleged the “destruction of the hospital”. Documenting the rescue mission, Syria Civil Defense poignantly reported “the destruction of a number of homes above the heads of the residents.”

In spite of the Russian-Turkish agreement, stipulating the cessation of shelling in the region, Step News reported that “Idlib and the northern city of Hama are under frequent air, artillery and missile attacks by the Regime and Russia, resulting in civilian deaths and injuries, and tens of thousands of displaced persons.”

One resident of the neighbourhood, speaking in a video released by Edlib Media Centre, stated; “my uncle was killed, and my cousin was injured. There are another seven to eight killed, and around 10 injured. There are no military bases here. There’s nothing … it’s all civilian.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Ibrahim al Ismail Child male killed
  • Suleiman al Ismail Child male killed
  • Pregnant mother of Suleiman and Ibrahim Adult female killed

Family members (1)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4–10
  • (3–6 children2–4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (36) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Rescue efforts in the aftermath of the May 19th/20th airstrike on Kafar Nabil (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of the May 19th/20th airstrike on Kafar Nabil (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of the May 19th/20th airstrike on Kafar Nabil (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Edlib Media Center)
  • The devastation of civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Edlib Media Center)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following the alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil (via Edlib Media Center)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Edlib Media Center)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of the alleged Russian airstrike on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Structural devastation following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Structural devastation following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Translation: "Idlib, Southern countryside: the evacuation of civilian victims from the rubble of houses in the city of Kafr Nabel, south of Idlib, after the Russian shelling of the area on 20/05/2019"
  • A short video documenting the air raids (via Anas Marawi)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shahba Press)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shahba Press)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shahba Press)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • A video depicting the aftermath of the airstrikes. Translation: "at night after evening prayer, Russian planes started hitting the village including the neighbourhood. They hit with more than ten raids. Among the victims were my uncle and cousin and six others from the neighbourhood and there are around ten injured. “

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4–10
  • (3–6 children2–4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3488

Incident date

May 17, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma’aret Al Nu’man, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Euphrates Post reported that a number of civilians were injured in an airstrike by Russian warplanes the city of Ma’arat al-Nu’man, Idlib, on May 17th. The same source later reported that seven civilians were killed in the strike administered during Iftar, the meal marking the end of daily fasting during Ramadan. In this later report, Euphrates Post appeared to change their position, and attribute the airstrike to the Syrian regime.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–7
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A street in the city of Ma’aret Al Nu’man in the aftermath of the strike (via Euphrates Post)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Media
from belligerent (1) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–7
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3487

Incident date

May 15, 2019

Location

أم النير, Um Nair, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Alleged Russian warplanes launched a number of airstrikes and struck Umm Nair village in Jabal Shashbwa near Taramala town and the town of Khan Shaykhoun, south of Idlib. According to Syria.liveuamap, one civilian was killed.

No other details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3486

Incident date

May 14, 2019

Location

حيش, Heesh, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that airstrikes struck the outskirts of Khan Sheikun and Heesh, south of Idlib. One displaced man from Kafar Zeita was reported killed in Heesh. An unknown number of other civilians was reported wounded.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights blamed Syrian regime forces helicopters and claimed they dropped barrel bombs on Heesh village.  Step News blamed Russia.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammad Yousef Dyab Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3485

Incident date

May 14, 2019

Location

السوق الشعبي في جسر الشغور, Al Souq Al Sha’bi (Al Sha’bi market) in Jisr Al Shughour, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two warplanes believed to be Russian fired missiles and struck the Al Samak Market and a school in the middle of Jisr al Shoghour city.

The Syrian Civil Defense reported that their teams “rushed to the scene of the attack and evacuated the victims and worked to extinguish the fire that broke out in a number of clothing shops as a result of the raids. The Civil Defense vehicles also transferred a number of wounded to Turkish hospitals because of the lack of facilities for treatment inside the city of Jisr al-Shughour.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights initially reported that four civilians were killed and eight wounded. According to the source, one of the civilians who survived the raid, nicknamed “Abu Samer,” said that the warplanes launched raids on the popular market in the city minutes before breakfast. In a later post, the source added that at least seven civilians had died, including a girl. Syrian Network for Human Rights was the only source that blamed the Syrian regime for the attack.

According to Step News, the raids led to the deaths of five civilians and wounded eight other. The source claimed that the number of fatalities was likely to increase in the next hours due to the serious nature of the injuries. Step News later added that the number of fatalities had risen to six civilians.

The Syrian Civil Defense teams who were at the scene recovering bodies and rescuing the wounded, claimed that a total of nine civilians were killed and 20 wounded. Seven of the killed civilians were from the city itself.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ahmed Mohammed Qataroun Age unknown male killed
  • Manaf Dahrouj Age unknown killed
  • Ahmed Sheikh Mustafa Age unknown male killed
  • Mohamed Al Shar Age unknown male injured
  • Ghassan Daber Age unknown injured
  • Ahmed Hehano Age unknown male injured
  • Abdul Karim Al Salama Age unknown male injured
  • Khaled Fatou Age unknown male injured
  • Omar Daber Age unknown male injured
  • Mohammed Kharfan Age unknown male injured
  • Amin Haj Khader Age unknown male injured
  • Mostafa Rasheed Mohamed Ali Age unknown male killed
  • Mohammed Darwish Rajab Age unknown male killed
  • Nour Al-Huda Kanj Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4–7
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–20
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

  • A school and a popular market were struck in the center of the city of Jisr Al-Shughour on May 14th (via @ShahbaPress).
  • An airstrike struck a school and a popular market in the center of the city of Jisr Al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • An airstrike struck a school and a popular market in the center of the city of Jisr Al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • An airstrike struck a school and a popular market in the center of the city of Jisr Al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • An airstrike struck a school and a popular market in the center of the city of Jisr Al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • An airstrike struck a school and a popular market in the center of the city of Jisr Al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • An airstrike struck a school and a popular market in the center of the city of Jisr Al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of an airstrike that struck a school and a popular market in the center of the city of Jisr Al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • An airstrike struck a school and a popular market in the center of the city of Jisr Al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • List of names of dead and wounded victims of the attack on a school and market in Jisr al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • Ahmad Sheikh Mustafa "Abu Fadi", killed in an alleged airstrike on Jisr al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • Mustafa Lahlouh, allegedly killed in an airstrike on isr al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • Mohammed Darwish Rajab allegedly killed in an airstrike on Jisr al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • Mohammed Darwish Rajab, allegedly killed in an airstrike on Jisr al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • Ahmad Qataroun was alleged killed in an airstrike on Jisr al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).
  • Mustafa Mohammed Ali was alleged killed in an airstrike that struck Jisr al-Shughour on May 14th (via Jisir Media Center).

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4–7
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–20
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3484

Incident date

May 14, 2019

Location

شهرناز, Shahrnaz, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

A single source claimed that an alleged Russian airstrike killed a 73 year old man in Shahrnaz in Shahrnaz in the countryside of Hama.

No other details are known at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abo Madien 73 years old male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Abo Madien, 73 years old, was killed by an alleged Russian airstrike on May 14th (via @Tamer_Turkmane).

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R3483

Incident date

May 13, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafar Nabil, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two missiles struck the Syrian Civil Defense Center, destroying the building and damaging several vehicles, according to local source. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “fixed-wing warplanes” believed to be Russian fired the missiles. The director of the Syrian Civil Defense forces was allegedly wounded in the attack.

Smart News posted a number of detailed photographs on their website which are not for public distribution and therefore not included in this assessment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defense (SCD) volunteer in front of the SCD building that was destroyed by an alleged Russian missile in Kafar Nabil on May 13 (via the Syrian Network for Human Rights).
  • Vehicle from the Syrian Civil Defense, destroyed by an alleged Russian missile on Kafar Nabil on May 13th (via Syrian Civil Defense).
  • Syrian Civil Defense (SCD) volunteer in front of the SCD building that was destroyed by an alleged Russian missile in Kafar Nabil on May 13 (via the Syrian Civil Defense.
  • Syrian Civil Defense (SCD) building that was destroyed by an alleged Russian missile in Kafar Nabil on May 13 (via the Syrian Civil Defense).
  • Syrian Civil Defense (SCD) volunteers in front of SCD building that was destroyed by an alleged Russian missile in Kafar Nabil on May 13 (via the Syrian Civil Defense).
  • Moment of impact when an alleged Russian missile struck the Syrian Civil Defense building on May 13th (via Syrian Civil Defense).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]