Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

TS674

Incident date

December 28, 2023

Location

مركز غسيل الكلى, Dialysis Centre, Al Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

37.054172, 41.262636 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On December 28th, 2023, a 65 year-old kidney patient identified as Ahmed Abd al-Rahman Khadr reportedly died as he could not access treatment, following the reported destruction three days earlier of a dialysis center hit by alleged Turkish air or drone strikes in Qamishlo city.

Rojava TV and Ibrahim Sheikho described Ahmed Abd al-Rahman Khadr as a former kidney patient who had been sick for more than two years. Sources both said he was Syrian, born in 1958 in Amuda, Al-Jazira district, and died as he could not access treatment following the destruction of the dialysis center. Ibrahim Sheikho posted a picture of the alleged victim on Facebook. Rojava TV claimed that he had undergone three dialysis sessions in the last two years. It further stated that the dialysis center had prior to the attack capacity to treat 70 patients and was equipped with only one emergency room with one device to provide dialysis treatment. No information was available as to where the victim died.

Qamishlo puls on Facebook alongside other sources reported that on December 25th 2023, alleged Turkish bombing in Qamishlo resulted in putting the “only dialysis center out of service”. Al Hafel on Facebook posted a video showing the damage to the building and piles of rubble – the source further claimed that the Syrian Democratic Forces are using hospitals and schools, such as the dialysis center, as “headquarters”, and that these buildings are hit by alleged Turkish drone strikes. Multiple sources reported that the oxygen plant in Qamishlo was also destroyed by alleged Turkish strikes on December 25th, 2023.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Ahmed Abd al-Rahman Khadr أحمد عبد الرحمن خضر
65 years old male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention an alleged strike on the Dialysis Centre (مركز غسيل الكلى), to the east of Qamishli (ٱلْقَامِشْلِي). As there is no information available as to where the victim died, the location accuracy for this incident is set to “nearby landmark”. The generic coordinates for the Dialysis Centre are: 37.054172, 41.262636.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Denial of access to/destruction of objects indispensable to survival
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Source: Qamishlo puls
  • Source: Ibrahim Sheikho
  • Source: Ibrahim Sheikho
  • Source: Ibrahim Sheikho
  • Source: Ibrahim Sheikho

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Denial of access to/destruction of objects indispensable to survival
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT1135a

Incident date

November 15, 2023

Location

شارع المغربي في حي الصبرة مدينة غزة, Al Maghrabi street in Al Sabra neighborhood, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.521939, 34.476714 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one man and his daughter were reportedly injured by a bombing on the morning of Wednesday, November 15th 2023, while standing on Al Moghrabi Street (also known as Moneer al-Rayees Street) in the Al Sabra neighbourhood, of Gaza City, in the northern Gaza Strip. The father Bilal Al-Ashram reportedly died of his injuries later the same day.

It is not clear if the alleged bombing took place on Al Moghrabi Street or close by. A relative of the victims reported the strike taking place before noon.

The daughter, five-year-old Jewan Al-Ashram, was reportedly injured in the incident. A private source told Airwars that Bilal had been carrying Jewan when they were injured. Jewan was hit on her left thigh by shrapnel and Bilal was hit in the stomach or kidney area.

In a series of three short videos posted on Facebook by her care-giver or guardian, named Naba’ al-Amal, Jewan could be seen sitting in a hospital bed, a blue blanket over her lap, telling the story of what happened to the camera in a quiet voice.

In the first video, she said her father was called Bilal Al-Ashram and that he had been killed. She described the incident, saying that, when the bomb struck, she and her father were thrown to one side and her mother was thrown further away from them.

According to the private source, Bilal and Jewan were taken to al-Ahli hospital by Jewan’s uncles. Jewan received minor treatment and had a plaster cast put over her thigh.

There were no doctors available to treat Bilal at al-Ahli on the day of the incident. Jewan’s uncles then took him to the Indonesian Hospital where he was unable to receive treatment as the hospital had just run out of fuel. The uncles took Bilal – pushing him in a wheelchair – south on the Salah Al-Din road through the Israeli checkpoint, just south of the Kuwaiti roundabout. While queueing for the checkpoint, Bilal reportedly bled out and died, just 10 meters from the checkpoint.

After receiving treatment in al-Ahli Hospital on November 15, 2023, Jewan was returned to her mother, who was sheltering in a cement factory in Gaza City, later the same day. She stayed with her for three days until her wound “began to fester”.

In the second video, she said she was taken from Gaza (City) to the south of the Gaza Strip as there were “no hospitals in the north” and that she had spent two months being treated at the European Hospital.

This is corroborated by the private source who reported that Jewan’s uncles and an aunt took her south on Salah al-Din Road on Saturday, November 18th 2023 to receive treatment for her leg.

In the third video, she spoke about a man named Ibrahim Walie, saying that she loved him because he would “play with us and bring us things and he didn’t let us be afraid” and expressed that she wished he would come to visit her in hospital.

Her aunt and uncle are a couple named Abu Salman Al Ashram and Umu Al Ashram, and her younger paternal uncle is called Hisham Al Ashram. She was seen in Al-Aqsa Hospital on November 18th, 2023.

According to the private source, Jewan is a middle child with two older brothers and two younger sisters.

Neither the videos of Jewan, nor the private sources explicitly name a belligerent therefore, in line with Airwars’ methodology, this incident has been marked as contested between the two groups active in the Gaza Strip, the Israeli Military and Hamas militants.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Jewan Al-Ashram جوان الأشرم
5 years old female injured
Bilal Al-Ashram بلال الأشرم
Adult male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of al Sabra (الصبرة) to the south of Jabalia (غزة). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for al Sabra are: 31.521939, 34.476714.

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Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Causes of injury / death
    Denial of access to/destruction of objects indispensable to survival, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Military, Palestinian Militants

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @marypgkeating
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @marypgkeating
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @marypgkeating
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Palestinian Militants Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Palestinian Militants
  • Palestinian Militants position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Causes of injury / death
    Denial of access to/destruction of objects indispensable to survival, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Military, Palestinian Militants

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

Lib2011-029

Incident date

March 5, 2011

Location

الزاوية, Zawiya, Al Zawiyah, Libya

Geolocation

32.759709, 12.732495 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On March the 5th 2011, Gaddafi forces launched an air and naval bombardment on the city of Zawiya, resulting in the death and the injury of civilians. The rebels fought back and killed some Gaddafi soldiers and also African mercenaries.

According to Sayed Tawfik, Facebook post, said that “there was an air and sea bombardment in Libya on civilian targets in the city of Zawia and eyewitnesses from the field confirmed the destruction of tanks and that mercenaries soldiers were killed on this incident.”

@alalikhalid reported that “thirty people were killed, most of them civilians, in the fight in the Libyan city of Zawiya.”

According to Aljazeera, “a spokesman for the rebels in the city of Zawiya said that the Gaddafi Brigades launched a new attack and cordoned off the city from all sides, cut off phone calls, and violently bombed it from land and air for the second day in a row.

Journalist Ali Al-Mazdawi told Al-Jazeera that the outcome of the battles in Al-Zawiyah was 16 martyrs and 30 wounded.

CMS Aawsat reported that in the city of Zawya, “witnesses said the sound of artillery shelling and military helicopters shook the city, in an attempt by the forces of Gaddafi led by his son Khamis to control the city. The sources said all services were cut off from the city, the most important of which are medical services, water, electricity and telephones. The indiscriminate bombing left dozens of dead and wounded, causing unprecedented damage to the city’s history. The sources said leaders of the rebels «February 17» that there are bodies in the streets can not be reached, and that there are dozens of wounded who are killed by the forces of Gaddafi.”

Many buildings were set on fire in several buildings, including government buildings and a mosque. According to an eyewitness as a doctor at the medical centre “The Qaddafi forces attacked the medical centre, seized ambulances and killed three wounded people in the operating room.”

It was also added in CMS Aawsat that “the rebels killed about 37 Gaddafi soldiers, 13 African mercenaries.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Zawiya (الزاوية‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.759709, 12.732495. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery, Naval bombardment
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    16 – 30
  • (3 undetermined)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30
  • Causes of injury / death
    Denial of access to/destruction of objects indispensable to survival, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Libyan rebel forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    50

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Gaddafi Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Gaddafi Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery, Naval bombardment
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    16 – 30
  • (3 undetermined)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30
  • Causes of injury / death
    Denial of access to/destruction of objects indispensable to survival, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Gaddafi Forces
  • Suspected target
    Libyan rebel forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    50

Sources (5) [ collapse]