Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Contested
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC237

Incident date

November 4, 2019

Location

طريق الشوك, Al Shok Road, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838223, 13.229855 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Street

Airwars assessment

One child was allegedly injured by indiscriminate shelling on Salaheddin in Tripoli.

Afrigate News said: “The [Field Medicine and Support] Center also announced that a Moroccan child was injured by shrapnel from a shell that hit his house on Tareeq Al Shouk in Tripoli and another person was injured in the Ain Zara area of ​​the capital Tripoli.”

The Center itself said: “On Monday morning, 4/11/2019, Nabil Ibrahim bin Ghali, a Moroccan national, was injured by shrapnel from a shell that fell on his house.”

Local reports of fighting point at the GNA or LNA as the culprit.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Nabil Ibrahim bin Ghali Child male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Picture of Nabil Ibrahim bin Ghali, reportedly injured by shelling on Salaheddin on November 4th, 2019 (via FMSC)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention Al Shok Road (طريق الشوك), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.838223, 13.229855. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention Al Shok Road (طريق الشوك).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC299

Incident date

February 18, 2020

Location

ميناء طرابلس, Tripoli: Port, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.906474, 13.186366 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (other)

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reportedly killed and five more injured by an LNA artillery strike on the Tripoli port area.

Al Wasat said: “According to the media center for Operation Burkan Al Gahdab, Fawzi Onis, a spokesman for the Ministry of Health in the Al-Wefaq government, announced the death of three civilians and the injury of five others.

Witnesses confirmed that shells fell on the main port of Tripoli earlier today, and one of the owners of shops near the port indicated in a statement to the Al Wasat that smoke was rising from several sites that were bombed, benefiting that there were ‘news of the burning of a boat that was anchored in the port.'”

Other sources also reported the death toll provided by the Ministry of Health.

218TV said: “A source familiar with 218 exclusive details revealed the truth about the victims of the National Army’s targeting of the Port of Tripoli last Tuesday, confirming that 3 people were killed, two of them were Turkish officers, one of whom was of high rank, in addition to a Syrian fighter, who were in the Port of Tripoli at the moment of his targeting.”

It added: “In search of confirmation of the news and details provided by the source to 218, the website herdem newes referred to the killing of the Turkish intelligence officer, Colonel Ghazi, the former commander of the Olive Branch and Euphrates Shield operations in Syria, and the injury of a Syrian fighter named a Ayman Mahalli from the Syrian Jarabulus.

The website quoted a source close to the family of the Syrian ‘Ayman Mahalli’ that the latter was working as a translator for the Turkish intelligence officer while they were in Tripoli.

It is noteworthy that the media affiliated with Al-Wefaq rushed to report the death of 3 civilians as a result of the bombing, but the reality of the matter seems to contradict this news, the first of which was written by the prominent leader of the Al-Nawasi Brigade, Muhammad Al-Azhar Abu Daraa, known as the ‘Fund’ in his personal page on Facebook in response to statements regarding the fall of civilians as a result of the bombing.”

218TV also quoted the LNA media office on saying that a weapons cache was hit in the port area. However, ImageSat Intl. provided satellite imagery of the incident which shows smoke rising from cargo near the Turkish vessel.

UNSMIL reported “a number of casualties” sadi that the attack “could have led to a real disaster had the vessel transporting liquefied gas been hit.”

The incident occured around midday.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • Video of smoke rising from the port
  • Another video showing the port
  • Satellite imagery of the incident
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via Libya Observer)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)

Geolocation notes

Smoke rising after alleged shelling on Tripoli port on February 12th, 2020 (via ImageSat Intl.)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC204a

Incident date

September 27, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مقر كتيبة النواصي, Tripoli: Nawasi headquarters, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.904167, 13.225278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly killed in an airstrike by the LNA or a foreign fighter plane on Tripoli. However, the combatant status of the victims is contested.

Al Mashhad said: “A spokesman for the Ministry of Health of the GNA in Tripoli said that two civilians, one of them an employee of the Ministry of Health, were killed in an air strike on Friday morning targeting the headquarters of Al Nawasi battalion of the Ministry of Interior of the National Accord government.”

Libya Observer also claimed they were civilians and named the victims: “Witnesses reported that windows to residential buildings nearby the targeted site were broken, due to the force of the explosion.

The Ministry of Health confirmed the death of two people in the attack; one of them was a staff member of the ministry, who was killed by the shrapnel of the shelling.

The head of the ministry’s crisis and emergency committee, Fawzi Onis, said the employee at the ministry’s office, Marwan Jernazi, was killed on the line of duty while treating the patients and injured.”

Hona Souq Al-Khmies and Address Libya said the victims were in fact members of the GNA-affiliated Nawasi battalion

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ali Al Dernawi Adult male Combatant status unclear killed
  • Marwan Jernazi Adult male Combatant status unclear killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Witness)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Witness)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Libya Witness)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Smoke rising after an airstrike on the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)
  • Destruction at the headquarters of the Nawasi brigade after an airstrike in Tripoli on September 27th, 2019 (via 218TV)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–2

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC361

Incident date

April 21, 2020

Location

قصر بن غشير, Qasr Bin Gashir, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.688716, 13.173889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Two men and a child were killed when artillery shells by an unknown belligerent fell near their homes in Qasr Bin Ghashir, Tripoli district, on April 21st, 2020, according to local sources.

Ramadan Al Shatwi died “after a random shell fell on his farm in Qasr Bin Gashir” on April 21st, according to Tk Yahrouq Kl shy, later adding that his son Abdo Ramadan died alongside him.

Tk Yahrouq Kl shy also reported the death of civilian Khalifa Ali Al-Khuwaildi “after a random shell landed in front of his house in Qasr Bin Gashir area.”

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

Reports of fighting the in area point at GNA or LNA as the culprit.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Ramadan Al Shtawi died alongside his son Abdo Ramadan after a shell by an unknown belligerent landed on his farm in Qaser Bin Ghashir on April 21st, 2020 (via Tk Yahrouq Kl shy).
  • Presumbably blood on the floor after shells by an unknown belligerent hit residential homes in Qaser Bin Ghashir on April 21st, 2020 (via Tarhouna 24).
  • Damaged residential house in Qaser Bin Ghashir after shelling by an unknown belligerent on April 21st, 2020 (via Tarhouna 24).
  • Damaged front porch of a residential house in Qaser Bin Ghashir after shelling by an unknown belligerent on April 21st, 2020 (via Tarhouna 24).
  • Photo taken inside a residential house in Qaser Bin Ghashir after shelling by an unknown belligerent on April 21st, 2020 (via Tarhouna 24).
  • Building in Qaser Bin Ghashir after shelling by an unknown belligerent on April 21st, 2020 (via Tarhouna 24).
  • Damaged front porch of a residential house in Qaser Bin Ghashir after shelling by an unknown belligerent on April 21st, 2020 (via Tarhouna 24).
  • Damage in Qaser Bin Ghashir after shelling by an unknown belligerent on April 21st, 2020 (via Tarhouna 24).
  • Damaged front porch of a residential house in Qaser Bin Ghashir after shelling by an unknown belligerent on April 21st, 2020 (via Tarhouna 24).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Qasr Bin Gashir (قصر بن غشير), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.688716, 13.173889. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC246

Incident date

November 18, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مشروع الهضبة, Tripoli: Hadaba project, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One child was allegedly killed by indiscriminate shelling on the Hadaba project in Tripoli.

Tk Yahrough Kl shy said: “The death of Khaled Mohammed Muftah Al-Mashay as a result of an indiscriminate shell landing last night on his house in line 6 in Hadaba project area.”

Hona Souq Al-Khmies published a similar report.

Local reports of fighting point at the GNA or LNA as the culprit.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Khaled Mohammed Muftah Al-Mashay Child male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Picture of Khaled Mohammed Muftah Al-Mashay, allegedly killed by shelling near the Hadaba project on November 18th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Hadaba project (مشروع الهضبة) in Tripoli (طرابلس‎). The coordinates for the Hadaba project are: 32.838333 13.175278. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC365

Incident date

April 23, 2020

Location

أربع شوارع زويته, Al Zuwaita Junction, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.81663, 13.267043 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed by indiscriminate artillery selling on Ain Zara.

Al Wasat wrote: “A spokesman for the ambulance and emergency services, Osama Ali, announced the death of a citizen as a result of a shrapnel wound when ‘shells fell on a house in Zuwita Street in Ain Zara’ in the capital, Tripoli, on Thursday evening.

Ali said that ambulances are still at the scene, pointing out that the Ain Zara ambulance team, supported by the emergency team, joined and appealed to citizens to stay away from balconies and patios.

The spokesman for the ambulance service announced earlier Thursday, that a number of shells had fallen on Zuwita Street in the Ain Zara area of ​​the capital, Tripoli, which caused the fire, and issued an urgent appeal to the civil protection to move quickly to control the fire.”

The Field Medicine and Support Center said two people were killed and one injured

Libya Alahrar TV later reported: “The media advisor to the Ministry of Health, Al-Amin Al-Hashemi, reported the death of three citizens and the wounding of three others, including a foreign expatriate from Niger, as a result of several shells falling on the “four streets of Zuwita” in Ain Zara on Thursday night.

Local reports of shelling point at GNA or LNA as the culprit.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Destroyed car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Damaged car after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim of indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim of indiscriminate shelling on Ain Zara on April 23rd, 2020 (via FMSC)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Zuwaita Junction (أربع شوارع زويته), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.815761, 13.300764. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC188

Incident date

September 1, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مطار معيتيقة, Tripoli: Mitiga International Airport, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.895041, 13.2785 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Between one and seven civilians were allegedly injured because of LNA artillery shelling on Mitiga International Airport in Tripoli.

Alwasat quoted the spokesman for the ambulance and emergency service who said one civilian was injured.

218TV reported: “Mitiga airport wass shelled with more than five rocket-propelled grenades on Sunday, with conflicting reports of injuries among Libyan pilgrims returning from the Holy Land, while media sources confirmed damage to a Libyan Airlines Airbus.”

Al Motawaset said: “Al-Arabiya news channel revealed a number of Libyan pilgrims coming from Saudi Arabia were injured after shells landed on Mitiga airport in Tripoli.”

The Libya Observer wrote: “Airport sources said the pilgrims were leaving the plane around 2:00 a.m. when the rockets started falling a few meters away from their plane, causing panic among the pilgrims and wounding a number of them.”

Libya Alahrar TV said that “Haftar militants targeted Mitiga civilian airport with rocket-propelled grenades on Saturday night, wounding four civilians, including three pilgrims, one of whom was a woman whose plane had arrived at the airport from Saudi Arabia at the moment of the targeting.”

The Libya Herald reported: “The internationally-recognized Libyan government led by Faiez Serraj and the United Nations condemned Saturday’s attack on Mitiga airport which led to civilian casualties. The attack was attributed to the Khalifa Hafter forces attacking Tripoli.

There was some minor damage to infrastructure, parked cars and shrapnel damage to one aircraft. The Serraj Health Ministry reported four civilian injuries, including 3 pilgrim passengers (a woman and two men) and another civilian were taken to Mitiga and Central Tripoli hospitals, while another 30 pilgrims who had fainted and experienced high rates of blood pressure and diabetes as a result of the panic – were also admitted to hospitals.”

According to Reuters, “nearby Mitiga hospital received one small girl who had been wounded, a doctor there told Reuters.”

Afrigate News accused local media of fabricating news that the LNA was responsible and said the shelling was conducted by a local militia. Libya Akhbar and Al Motawaset also accused the Buqra militia.

UNSMIL sent a team to assess the situation and concluded: “Following another attack today, 01 September, on Mitiga airport UNSMIL dispatched an assessment mission to the airport. The mission was able to confirm that four projectiles struck the civilian parts of the airport; three projectiles landed in the parking lot and one hit the runway resulting in damage to an airplane that had carried dozens of pilgrims returning from the Hajj. At least two crew members were injured while rushing out of the plane.”

UNSMIL later quoted the UN special representative for Libya, Ghassan Salamé, saying that seven civilians were injured.

A UN report published in December 2019 said there were various options of responsibility: “Although no armed group has yet taken responsibility for this attack, it is certain that HAF units were not responsible for this attack, as they had no ground forces anywhere near the area of the firing point.

There were some claims from a confidential source that the Tajura-based GNA-AF 33rd Brigade (a.k.a. Rabhat al-Durua’) was responsible for the attack as they are involved in an internal-GNA-AF conflict with the Special Deterrence Force (SDF) who control the prison at the airport in which 33rd Brigade individuals are detained. Notwithstanding this claim though, the “banana project” area has also recently being used as a staging area for the 2nd Brigade, the Nawasi battalion, the Somoud brigade and battalion 301. Elements of the now dispersed Tripoli Revolutionaries Brigade (TRB) may also have transited this area, and as they have recently had a member imprisoned by the SDF, they too would have a motive for the attack.

An alternative claim is that perpetrators were from a mixed group of ex-regime supporters, Haftar supporters and criminals from Ghararaat. They are known to have previously attacked the airport in 2017/2018 and they have serious issues with the SDF.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of the aftermath
  • More pictures from the incident
  • Video report from Libya Alahrar TV
  • Supposed surveillance footage from the airport
  • Picture of the shelling (via Libya Akhbar)
  • Another picture of the shelling (via Libya Akhbar)
  • UNSMIL examining the airport (via Address Libya)
  • UNSMIL examining the airport (via Address Libya)
  • A car supposedly damaged by a shell (via Address Libya)
  • UNSMIL examining the airport (via Address Libya)
  • UNSMIL examining the airport (via Address Libya)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Mitiga International Airport (مطار معيتيقة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.895041, 13.2785. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC251

Incident date

December 3, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مشروع الهضبة, Tripoli: Hadaba project, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed by indiscriminate artillery shelling on the Hadaba project in Tripoli.

Tk Yahroug Kl shy reported: “As a result of indiscriminate shelling yesterday morning on Al Farahit in Al Hadaba project livelihoods of people were destroyed and an African worker was killed.”

The same source reported several other instances of shells dropping on the neighbourhood on that day.

Local reports of fighting point at GNA or LNA as the perpetrator.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Impact of the shelling on the Hadaba project area on December 3rd, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damage to a building caused by the shelling on the Hadaba project area on December 3rd, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damage to an electricity grid caused by the shelling on the Hadaba project area on December 3rd, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damage to a building caused by the shelling on the Hadaba project area on December 3rd, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damage to a building caused by the shelling on the Hadaba project area on December 3rd, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damage to a building caused by the shelling on the Hadaba project area on December 3rd, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damage to a building caused by the shelling on the Hadaba project area on December 3rd, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (5) [ collapse]