US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Discounted
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CI107

Incident date

September 19, 2015

Location

كبيسة, Kabaisa, Anbar, Iraq

Geolocation

33.591421, 42.612228 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

A family home was reported destroyed in an airstrike at Kubais in Anbar province. Photographs showed a number of injured children, although there were no confirmed overall casualty figures. One of the images used, however, had already been posted by a source in incident CI103.

In its July 2017 monthly report, the Coalition said it had not conducted strikes in the area on the day: “Sep. 19, 2015, near Al Kubais, Iraq, via Airwars report: After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographic area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Images of supposed victims, first picture had been used before (see CI103, via Iraqi Revolution)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Al Kubais, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Only one publicly-reported Coalition strike may have been responsible, reported for September 19th-20th 2015: “Near Ramadi, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed two ISIL buildings.”

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jul 7, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographic area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS277

Incident date

July 21, 2016

Location

الحمر الشرقية, Hamr ar Shaqiya, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.2566285, 37.9578066 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

A number of sources reported the deaths of three civilians in an alleged Coalition event, with two alleged victims named as Abu Shaman and his father. However a local Facebook site insisted the claims were “totally untrue… Everything is normal and nothing is happening.”

According to Shaam News, “In the eastern countryside, battles are at their firecest between IS and the democratic forces of Syria amidst raids by international Coalition aircraft over the city and positions in the southern countryside. These led to the martyrdom of three civilians in the eastern village of Hamar.” And the Free Syrian Channel reported that “dead and wounded in coalition raids on al Hamr al Sharqiya village in the Manbij, countryside. Al Ameen shops, destroying 4 shops and a pharmacy. 3 civilians killed and 3 others injured. ” One local media activist claimed that as many as 20 civilians died with up to 50 injured, though there appears no supportive evidence for this.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Abu Shaman Adult male A local Facebook site insisted the claims were “totally untrue". killed
  • Abu Shaman's father Adult male A local Facebook site insisted the claims were “totally untrue". killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Translation: dead and wounded in coalition raids on al Hamr al Sharqiya village in the Manbij, countryside. Al Ameen shops, destroying 4 shops and a pharmacy. 3 civilians killed and 3 others injured.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: destruction in al Hamr village south of Manbij following coalition raids this afternoon. More than 20 dead and 50 injured (via Jana_Alamm)
  • Translation: the coalition bombs the village of al Hamr al Sharqiya iin the southern Manbij countryside.

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For July 20th-21st, the Coalition reported that “Near Manbij, five strikes struck five separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed seven ISIL fighting positions.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS513

Incident date

February 20, 2017

Location

الجلاء, desert of al Jalaa town, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

34.6185172, 40.7867432 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians died in an alleged Coalition airstrike in a car in the desert of al Jalaa, according to local sources. The alliance denies the claim.

According to Euphrates Post and the Shaam News Network, the two deaths occurred when Coalition jets struck a “Hyundai car carrying petrol in the desert of al Jalaa”.

LCCSY reported that the “international coalition carried out several raids on oil fields in the east of the province.” Al Amawi and Fresh Syria also attributed the event to the Coalition.

On April 30th 2017 the Coalition flagged the event as ‘not credible’, noting: “Feb. 20, 2017, near Dayr Az Zayr, Syria, via social media report: No Coalition strikes were conducted on that day in the geographic area of the reported civilian casualties.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Translation: eastern deir ezzor - al Boukamal - international coalition raid target a Hayundai car carrying petrol in al Jalaa desert

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient information on the time and location
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Jalaa (Dayr Az Zawr), Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    1 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU6380632191
    Military Grid Reference System

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For February 19th-20th, the Coalition reported: ” Near Dayr Az Zawr, three strikes destroyed seven oil wellheads.”

France
  • English
    /
    Original

[France reports that in the last week it carried out 36 sorties and three strike destroying three ISIL targets. On February 20th, in support of the Mosul offensive, it conducted two strikes southwest Mosul against ISIL artillery pieces installed in the key area of the airport. A strike was also carried out in Syria in the area of Deir Ezzor, which destroyed a weapons cache.]

‘En Syrie, la situation évolue peu, que ce soit dans la région d’Al Bab où de Raqqah ou les forces démocratiques syriennes progresse méthodiquement en poursuivant leur manœuvre d’encerclement de la ville de Raqqah. En Irak, l’organisation poursuit sa campagne d’attentats terroristes, visant toujours essentiellement la capitale Bagdad, en continuant à faire de nombreux morts parmi la population civile. L’activité des opérations sur le théâtre du Levant a été marquée en début de semaine par le lancement de l’offensive visant à libérer la partie Ouest de la ville de Mossoul. Dans une manœuvre cordonnée et planifiée, appuyée par la coalition, les unités irakiennes ont commencé leur progression. Faisant face à la défense de Daech, les forces irakiennes ont progressé sur le flanc sud-ouest de Mossoul. Ils sont parvenus à proximité d’Abu Saïf sur la rive occidentale du Tigre, au sud de l’aéroport de Mossoul, point clef avant d’atteindre les quartiers plus résidentiels de la ville. Face à la reprise de l’offensive, Daech semble chercher à se réfugier dans la zone urbaine que ses combattants ont fortement fortifiée les semaines passées. Dans le même temps, l’organisation terroriste tente de fragiliser la sécurisation de l’Est de la ville par les FSI en y menant des actions de harcèlement et en en faisant la cible de tirs indirects. Plus à l’ouest, Daech essaie de maintenir un axe logistique vers Tal Afar, porte de sortie vers la Syrie. ACTIVITÉS DE LA FORCE CHAMMAL Cette semaine, les missions aériennes des avions français engagés contre Daech ont ainsi représenté 36 sorties dont 28 de reconnaissance armée ou d’appui au sol, et 8 de recueil de renseignements. Les 3 frappes réalisées ont permis de détruire 3 objectifs. Dès le lancement de l’offensive pour la libération de Mossoul Ouest, les Rafale de l’armée de l’air sont entrés en action au-dessus de la ville. Le 20 février ils ont réalisé, en appui de l’offensive de Mossoul, deux frappes au Sud-Ouest de la ville, contre des pièces d’artillerie de Daech installées dans le secteur clef de l’aéroport. Une frappe a par ailleurs été conduite en Syrie dans la région de Der Ez Zawr pour détruire une 1 cache d’armes. Appui feu – TF Wagram La reprise de l’offensive dans l’ouest de Mossoul et les opérations de sécurisation dans l’Est a également largement mobilisé la TF Wagram cette semaine. Ce sont en tout 45 missions de tirs en appui des forces irakiennes qui ont été réalisées. Le nombre de missions en augmentation sensible et la proportion croissante de missions de destruction (34) soulignent l’évolution des effets recherchés sur le terrain. Une grande partie des appuis fournis a visé l’arrière des défenses de Daech, afin de désorganiser ses unités, sa logistique et ses communications, et faciliter ainsi la progression des FSI.’

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Sep 29, 2017
  • The report contains insufficient information of the time, location and details to assess its credibility.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI603

Incident date

April 3, 2017

Location

تل عفر, Tall Afar, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.379238, 42.44814 Note: The accuracy of this location is to level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In an event previously not tracked by Airwars, the Coalition deinied social media claims of having caused civilian casualties at Tal Afar.

According to the June report, “22. April 3, 2017, near Tal Afar, Iraq, via social media: No Coalition strikes were conducted on that day in the geographic area of the reported civilian casualties.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–1
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Tal Afar, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    1 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    38SKF7109029037
    Military Grid Reference System

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For April 2nd-3rd the Coalition publicly reported that: “Near Mosul, five strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units; destroyed a fighting position, a mortar system, and a rocket-propelled grenade system; damaged three fighting positions, two supply routes, and a supply cache; and suppressed eight ISIS mortar teams and four ISIS tactical units.”

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 2, 2017
  • No Coalition strikes were conducted on that day in the geographic area of the reported civilian casualties.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–1
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS906

Incident date

June 2, 2017

Location

Jamili building, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.957779, 39.001669 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location

Airwars assessment

In an incident not previously tracked by Airwars, on April 1st 2017 the Coalition said it had concluded an assessment on media claims of civilian harm “near Raqqa, Syria”. According to the Coalition report, “113. June 2, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via media report: After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area of the reported civilian casualties.

The Coalition shared the location of this assessed strike with Airwars. The location was stated as the Jamili building in Raqqa.

No additional details are presently known.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Raqqah, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    1 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SEV0015079265
    Military Grid Reference System

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For June 1st-June 2nd, the Coalition reported: “Near Raqqah, 11 strikes engaged nine ISIS tactical units and destroyed five vehicles, three fighting positions, a front end loader and an ISIS crane.” It also later added that on June 1st “Near Raqqah, Syria, five strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units and destroyed 17 fighting positions, an ISIS headquarters, an ISIS-held building, and an IED.”
For June 2nd-June 3rd, the Coalition reported: "Near Raqqah, 10 strikes [1 British] engaged seven ISIS tactical units and destroyed 12 vehicles, five fighting positions, four tactical vehicles, two VBIEDs and an ammunition cache." For June 2nd, it added: "Near Raqqah, Syria, three strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed three fighting positions."

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

"Friday 2 June – Tornados and Typhoons destroyed an armoured truck near Raqqa, and attacked eight targets in Mosul…A mixed Tornado and Typhoon pair used a Brimstone to destroy an armoured truck moving along a main road on the outskirts of Raqqa on Friday 2 June. Two other flights operated over Mosul, where attacks were delivered in very close support to the Iraqi forces, hitting eight Daesh positions with a mix of Brimstones and Paveway IVs. The targets included three machine-gun teams and three groups of terrorists armed with rocket-propelled grenades. In addition, a truck-bomb, concealed close to one of the positions, was also fortuitously detonated by one of the attacks."

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Aug 4, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area of the reported civilian casualties.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1519

Incident date

September 23, 2017

Location

Deir Ez-Zor, Al Husseiniya crossing, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

35.357346, 40.144472 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Multiple local sources reported that one civilian, Mr. Khalil Ibrahim Al-Zaher, was killed as he tried “to get out of the city of Deir al-Zour near the Husseiniya crossing on the Euphrates River after an air raid.”

Sources didn’t say who was responsible for the strike.

The US-led Coalition informed Airwars that as a result of their deconfliction agreements- they have ceased to conduct strikes entirely in Deir Ezzor city.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mr. Khalil Ibrahim Al-Zaher Adult killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • 'The death of Khalil Ibrahim al-Zaher (Abu Mahmoud) while trying to get out of the city of Deir al-Zour near the Husseiniya crossing on the Euphrates River after an air raid', Sept 23rd (via Amer Huweidi)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 22nd-23rd, the Coalition reported: “Near Abu Kamal, one strike engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed a vehicle.” and “Near Dayr Az Zawr, one strike destroyed an ISIS supply route.“

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerents
    US-led Coalition, Unknown

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI022

Incident date

December 16, 2014

Location

الموصل‎, Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.34585235, 43.09857692 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

In an event previously unreported by Airwars, an internal Battle Damage Assessment (BDA) reported “4 unknown persons potentially injured while moving into the engagement area,” during a Coalition airstrike on Objective Nebula, a targeted vehicle.

France later confirmed that it had carried out a targeted strike in Mosul on that date, though it is not presently clear whether this was the incident in question.

A subsequent review of full motion video from the event showed that “the 4 individuals in question eventually fled the scene of the strike.” It was also noted that there were no subsequent media reports of casualties.

However, given the potential risk to civilians during the event, CENTCOM also reported that “TF [Task Force] is still conducting an investigation into decisions made relating to the strike.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • (4 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Other
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 1, 2015
  • BDA on strike on named objective (Nebula). FMV received; storyboard received. Initial BDA was 4 unknown persons potentially injured while moving into engagement area. TF assessed the allegation not to be credible based on a review of all source intel. Review of FMV showed that the 4 individuals in question eventually fled the scene of the strike. XXX indicated that the only persons killed or injured were those in the targeted vehicle. No reflections of ClVCAS received through XXX and media reports. However, TF is still conducting an investigation into decisions made related to the strike.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • (4 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI146

Incident date

November 25, 2015

Location

الموصل‎, Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.34585235, 43.09857692 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

A high-ranking officer with the Iraq Army was the reported source for a highly contested claim – most likely Daesh propaganda – that French aircraft had bombed a school in Mosul, allegedly killing 28 pupils.

According to German news agency DPA, Brigadier-General Thanon Sabawi from the Second Division of the Iraqi Army claimed that “French aircraft today bombed Fatima Zahra Primary School in the eastern area of Mosul, in Zuhoor region, killing 28 pupils and wounding five others.”

The explosive claim led Egypt’s Grand Mufti Shawki Allam to condemn France: “This French military operation that targeted innocent civilians, children, is a mark of shame on France. It is no less abhorrent than the way terrorist organisations target innocents.”

The Nineveh Reporters Network challenged the claimed attack, insisting that ‘there has been no Coalition strike in Mosul for the past three days.’ MNB also described the claim as Daesh propaganda, while an Iraqi official told Shafaaq there was “no truth as reported by some media about the killing of a number of pupils in an aerial bombardment of a primary school by French aircraft.”

France subsequently confirmed that its aircraft had carried out a 9.30pm airstrike near Mosul the evening before, on November 24th, telling Middle East Eye that “At 19:30 French time [21:30 local time] four Rafale fighter jets from an aircraft carrier stationed in the eastern Mediterranean, along with some US aircraft, dropped 20 bombs on an IS command centre“ at nearby Tal Afar.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    28
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For November 25th-26th 2015, the Coalition reported that “Near Mosul, five strikes struck three separate ISIL tactical units and an ISIL checkpoint and destroyed five ISIL fighting positions, an ISIL vehicle, and an ISIL building.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    28
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]